Essay - Bipolar Disorder Abstract: the Paper is Presenting Arguments in Favor...

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Bipolar disorder


***** paper is presenting arguments in favor of a diagnos***** of bipolar ***** in the main character and narrator ***** ***** JD Salinger's novel, The Catcher in the Rye. After considering, comparing and corroborating the symptoms indicated in medicine today ***** the story told by Holden Caulfield, the conclusion is that he is highly likely to have suffered of the illness, especially under the extraordinary circumstances of his younger brother's death, his parents', pr*****essors and peers unawareness of his medical problems ***** ***** own ability to hide for several years his aggravated state of mind.

Bipolar disorder

***** key symptom of bipolar disorder is the swing in moods ***** has to be observed ***** an adolescent over a period ***** a few years *****d in a much more severe way than it happens ***** be *****istic of pu*****rty. Holden *****, the sixteen year old boy who is the narrator and the main character in The Catcher in ***** Rye ***** clearly presenting ***** swings in moods passing from episodes of mania to episodes of depression rapidly and with no periods of *****rmal behavior between them.

He is telling the story that led to ***** current ***** ***** being an in-patient in a hospice. It starts with him being expelled for ***** fifth time out of high school. The setting ***** that ***** Pencey Prep, a private ***** in Agers*****wn, Pennsylv*****ia.

***** today is still searching for answers related to the causes ***** treatment of this mental *****. Its comorbidity with other juvenile disorders makes it even harder to set a reliable diagnose and decide upon the correct *****. "Difficulties in diagnosing early, especially prepubertal on*****, bipolar disorder are not specific to the past half century. As early as 1931, Kasanin reported that n***** 25% of childhood-o*****set cases were misdiagnosed" (Geller, DelBello, 2003). The ***** when ***** Caulfield is taken ***** a psychi*****trist for an evaluation is exactly in his prepubertal *****s, following ***** auto-mutilation manifestations during the night his youngest brother died of leukemia.

***** he is mentioning being ***** into a doctor's *****fice ***** being evaluated, he never discloses the conclusions of ***** medical examination and the results of any kind of treatment the doctors might ***** chosen ***** *****. ***** researches in ***** field ***** bipolar disorder in children ***** prepubertal stages were still in their ********** fazes by the middle of the twentieth century.

Today, researchers are still conducting studies to help ***** *****stand the causes that lead to the onset of the illness. There are three main factors that ***** taken ***** consideration, like: biochemical factors, genes and environmental factors. Environmental factors, although may be a ***** factor, they are ***** necessarily established as the ***** cause, but ra*****r as contributors to the onset ***** an illness.

While telling ***** story, Holden ***** is repeatedly saying that people often do not pay attention to anything and he is specifically making reference to his own problems and manifestations no adult around him seemed bright


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