Essay - Bipolar Disorder Abstract: the Paper is Presenting Arguments in Favor...

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Bipolar disorder


***** paper is presenting arguments in favor of a di*****gnosis of bipolar ***** in the main character and narrator ***** the JD Salinger's novel, The Catcher in ***** Rye. After consider*****g, comparing and corroborating the symptoms indicated in medicine today and ***** story told by Holden Caulfield, the conclusion is that he is highly likely to have suffered of the illness, especially under the extraordinary circumstances of h***** younger brother's death, his parents', professors and peers unawareness of his medical problems and his own ability to hide for several years ***** aggravated state of mind.

Bipolar disorder

The key symptom of bipolar ***** is the swing in moods that has to be observed ***** an adolescent over a period ***** a few ye*****rs *****d in a much more severe way than it happens to be *****istic of puberty. Holden Caulfield, the sixteen year old boy who is the narrator and the main character in The Catcher in ***** ***** is clearly present*****g ***** swings in moods pass*****g from episodes ***** mania to episodes of depression rapidly and with no periods of *****rmal behavior between them.

He is telling the ***** that led to his current state of being an in-patient in a hospice. It starts with him being expelled for the fifth time out ***** high school. ***** setting is that of Pencey Prep, a private ***** in Agers*****wn, Pennsylv*****ia.

Medicine today is still searching for answers related to ***** causes and treatment of th***** mental illness. Its comorbidity with other juvenile disorders makes it even harder ***** set a reliable diagnose and decide upon the correct treatment. "Difficulties in diagnosing early, especially prepubertal on*****, bipolar disorder are not specific to the past half century. As early as 1931, Kasanin reported that n***** 25% of childhood-*****set cases were misdiagnosed" (Geller, DelBello, 2003). The ***** when Holden Caulfield is taken to a psychiatrist for an evaluation is exactly in his prepubertal **********, following ***** auto-mutilation manifestations during the night his youngest bro*****r died of leukemia.

***** he is mentioning being ***** into a doctor's office and being evaluated, he never discloses the conclusions of ***** medical examination ***** the results ***** any kind of treatment the doctors might ***** chosen ***** him. The researches in the field of bipolar ***** in children and prepubertal stages were still in their incipient fazes ***** the middle of the twentieth *****.

Today, researchers are still conducting studies to help them understand the ***** that lead to the onset of ***** *****. There are three main factors that are taken into consideration, like: biochemical factors, genes and environmental factors. Environmental factors, although may be a key factor, they are ***** necessarily established as the ***** cause, but rather as contributors to the onset ***** an illness.

While telling ***** story, Holden ***** is repeatedly saying that people often do not pay attention to anything and he is specifically making reference to his own problems and ***** no adult around him seemed bright


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