Essay - Chronic Renal Failure, also Sometimes Called Chronic Kidney Failure, is...


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Chronic renal failure, also sometimes called chronic kidney failure, is a serious disease that can be fatal if not treated, and can lead to many other sign*****icant health problems as well. The dise*****e progresses slowly, and can take months or years *****f*****e it gets to the point where it is noticed, but there are ***** changes in the body that can be seen earlier on, if *****y ***** *****ing looked for, ***** these ***** can make physicians aware of the problem so that it can be treated as early ***** possible (Vernon & P**********er, 2003). If ***** d*****ease progresses far enough, it is known as end-stage renal disease, and when this takes place, a renal replacement therapy such as ***** dialysis is required to keep the patient alive. When the kidneys do not function properly, *****y ***** not remove the toxins from ***** blood, and this can result in the person ***** being able to remain *****y.

In ***** beginning of the *****, ********** are virtually no symptoms, unless the serum creatinine is studied (Ruggenenti, *****na, Gherardi, Gaspari, Benini, & Remuzzi, 1998). However, ***** progression of the disease can cause an increase in blood pressure, an accumulation ***** potassium in the blood, an accumulation of urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmias, and vascular calcification (Ruggenenti, et al, 1998). In addition to these *****, those that have chronic renal failure ***** have a high incidence of atherosclerosis, usually at a more accelerated rate, ***** also a high ***** of cardiovascular ***** with a prognosis th*****t is not as good as this disease in someone that does ***** have chronic renal failure as well (Ruggenenti, ***** al, 1998).

Usually, there is a previous ren*****l disease or some other kind of underlying disease ***** is the ***** of the ***** renal failure (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Garini, Zoccali, Salvadori, Scolari, Schena, & Remuzzi, 1999). *****re are some patients, however, ***** a cause for the problem cannot be found. Sometimes, th***** cause is identified in retrospect (i.e. at a l*****ter date) ***** ***** be discovered when the diagnosis of chronic ***** failure is first made. It ***** important to be *****, however, that chronic renal failure is not ***** same disease as acute renal failure, as acute renal ***** can sometimes be corrected or even reversed.

***** order ***** diagnose chronic renal failure, ***** ***** several tests. Generally, there is an abdominal ultrasound that is performed, *****d during that time the size ***** the kidneys are measured (*****, et al, *****). The kidneys of someone that has chronic renal ***** are generally smaller than average kidneys, with some notable and important exceptions. Two of these exceptions would be polycystic kidney disease and diabetic nephropathy (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). An***** diagnostic tool that is used, that of the study of ***** serum creatinine levels, can not only diagnose chronic ren***** failure, but ***** help to distinguish it ***** acute *****al failure, as the acute version ***** see a r*****pid and sudden spike

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