Essay - Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive...

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Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive Policing


The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in the world. Stanford Professor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of ***** US criminal justice system in curbing or preventing crime to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos ***** their Manifest Destiny as a superior people and ***** demand for individual freedom and rights. From these taboos grew out prison buildings, the police, ***** courts, more severe court sentences and the celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing crime rates, preventive measures, like preventive detention, were tried. But preventive detention did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of ***** were racism, poverty and social injustice and provided funds for States ***** local governments to address ***** root causes. Congress passed three bills ***** support his initiative. But it was not until the 90s that a workable alternative to crime prevention and control was introduced. Proactive or commun*****y policing actively involves the citizens in preventing or solving crimes through non-punitive or adversarial procedures. The proactive movement has earned the cooperation of prosecut*****s and o*****r members of both the public and private sectors. When fully successful and accepted by the American public, it will make ***** ***** the model in crime prevention and *****.


Americans pride themselves of their Manifest ***** as a superior race and their *****dividual freedom and *****. But crime rates in the midst of the practice of freedom continue to increase. ***** Friedman ***** ***** University of Stanford identified cultural taboos *****ing this demand for individual freedom and rights as ultimately behind the unrestrained rise in crime rates. The existing criminal justice system is adversarial and punitive. Its ***** ***** and control mainly deal with suppression. ***** this could ***** curtail crime, ***** detention was tried. Nonetheless, crime rates continue to increase till the late 70s. President Johnson *****fered the notion ***** the root ***** of crime ***** racism, poverty and ***** injustice. He provided funds ***** ***** States ***** the ***** government in an effort at curbing these root causes. Congress also responded *****d signed bills to support President Johnson's *****.


But it was not until the 90s th***** a new concept was *****. This was proactive or community policing, which would actively involve ***** citizens or *****e community in averting or settling conflicts. ***** concept is based on the philosophy that ***** ***** the enemy of all relationships and its ultimate objective is to draw both sides ***** a conflict ***** a life of harmony. The proactive policing movement has made marked gains and, when fully accepted ***** ingrained into the mainstream, can make the US the model in crime prevention and control.

A decade ago, Stanford University law professor and author of "Crime and Punishment in American History" said that cultural taboos stood on the way of reforms, aimed at lowering the ***** rate (USA Today 1994). This was


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