Essay - Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive...


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Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive Policing

Abstract

The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in ***** world. Stanford Pr*****essor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of ***** US criminal justice system in curbing or preventing crime to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos of their Manifest Destiny as a superi***** people *****nd ***** demand for individual freedom and rights. From these taboos grew out prison buildings, the police, ***** courts, more severe court sentences and the celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing crime rates, preventive measures, like preventive detention, were tried. But preventive ***** did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of crime were racism, poverty and social in***** and provided funds ***** States ***** local governments to address ***** ***** causes. Congress passed three bills ***** support his initiative. But it was not until the 90s that a workable alternative to crime prevention and ***** was introduced. ***** or community policing actively involves ***** citizens in preventing or solving crimes through non-punitive or adversarial procedures. The proactive movement has earned the cooperation ***** prosecut*****s and other members of both the public and private sectors. When fully successful and accepted by the American *****, it will make the ***** ***** model in crime ***** and control.

Introduction

***** pride themselves of their Manifest ***** as a superior r*****ce and their *****dividual freedom and rights. But crime rates in the midst of the practice of freedom continue to increase. Professor Friedman of ***** University of Stanford identified cultural taboos supporting this demand for individual freedom and ***** as ultimately behind the unrestrained rise in ***** rates. The existing criminal justice system is adversarial and punitive. Its crime prevention and control mainly deal with suppression. When this could ***** curtail *****, preventive detention was *****. Nonetheless, crime rates ***** to ***** till the late 70s. President Johnson offered the notion that the root causes of crime were racism, poverty ***** ***** injustice. He provided ***** ***** the States and the local government in an effort at curbing *****se root causes. Congress also responded *****d signed bills ***** support ***** Johnson's *****.

*****

But it ***** not until the 90s that a new concept was introduced. This was ***** or community *****, which would actively involve the citizens or the community in averting or settling conflicts. The concept is based on the philosophy that crime is the enemy of all relationships and its ultimate objective is to draw ***** sides ***** a conflict to a life of h*****rmony. The proactive policing movement ***** made marked gains and, when fully ***** ***** ingrained into the mainstream, can make the US the model in ***** prevention and control.

***** decade ago, Stanford University law pr*****essor ***** author of "Crime and Punishment in American History" said that cultural taboos stood on the way of reforms, aimed at lowering ***** crime rate (*****A Today 1994). This was

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