Essay - Difference Between Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Different...

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Difference between civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.

Different classifications and types of human rights

1. Introduction

Human rights are generally defined as "legal entitlements that all people have because of their inherent dignity as human beings." (The right to adequate housing in Sri Lanka) The important aspect relating to the overall conception ***** human ***** is that they "...are not 'given' to people by governments, nor can ***** be 'taken away' ***** governments. Each person has these human rights on account of being human." (The right to adequate housing in Sri *****) These *****s are protected under various international treaties and agreements.

However, while these general aspects relate to all human rights there are many different types and categories ***** human rights which all have different facets and criteria. They all have the same aim of protecting individual ***** to dignity ***** life but also differ according to the *****as of human concern and activity that are involved.

These different areas fall under ***** categories such as civil rights, which includes the right ***** fair legal and trial. A*****her category aligned to ***** rights ***** ***** *****, ***** includes ***** right ***** vote. In addition there are other rights ***** are included under the general rubric of human rights. These refer to economic, ***** and cultural rights which include, for example, the right ***** water and ***** housing. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a form*****l agreement which guarantees all *****se ***** types of rights in an international sense.

The division *****d categorization of the different ***** of human rights also has a historic*****l context and foundation that helps us to understand the differences ***** *****se various categories. It should also be remembered that many of these categories are interrelated. (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights)

One of the central means of describing, underst*****ing and delineating the difference between the ***** types of ***** rights is ***** classifica*****ry system to be found in the European Community's Human ***** Reference Handbook from the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs.(1995).

Classification of Rights)

This classification system divides the ***** of human rights into two distinct sections; namely classical and social. The classical types of human rights include civil ***** political rights. One of the ***** aims of this group of ***** is to "...restrict the powers of the state in respect ***** actions affecting the *****." (Classification of Rights)

***** social ***** of human rights makes a distinction between cultural, social and economic rights. These rights ***** positive in inclination as *****y are intended to "...create the necessary conditions for human development." (Cl*****sification ***** *****)

The relationship ***** these two main groups of rights has an intricate his*****rical **********. Very briefly, classical rights are seen as "first generation *****." This refers to the view that these were the rights ***** ***** developed first and which are essential to and form the foundation of ***** *****, or second generation rights.

2. First generation *****: civil ***** political

***** and political rights are


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