Essay - Difference Between Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Different...


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Difference between civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.

Different classifications and types of human rights

1. Introduction

Human rights are generally defined as "legal entitlements that all people have because ***** their inherent dignity as human beings." (The right to adequate housing in Sri Lanka) The important aspect relating to the overall conception of human ***** is that *****y "...are not 'given' to people by governments, nor can they be 'taken away' by governments. Each person has these human rights on account of being *****." (The right ***** ***** housing in Sri Lanka) These ********** are protected under various internati*****al treaties and agreements.

However, while these general aspects relate to all human rights there are many different types and categories ***** human rights which all ***** different facets ***** criteria. They all have the same aim of protecting individual rights to dignity and life but also differ according ***** the ********** of human concern and activity that are involved.

These ***** areas fall under various categories such as civil rights, which includes the right to fair legal and trial. A*****her category aligned ***** ***** rights is political *****, which includes the right to vote. In addition there are other rights ***** are included under the ***** rubric of ***** rights. These refer ***** economic, social and cultural rights which include, for example, ***** right to water and adequate housing. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a form*****l agreement ***** guarantees all these *****ent types ***** rights in an international sense.

The division *****d categorization of the different types of human rights also ***** a historic*****l context and foundation that helps us to understand the differences ***** *****se ***** categories. It should ***** be remembered that many of these categories are interrelated. (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights)

One of the central means of describing, understanding and delineating the difference between the various types of ***** rights is the classificatory system to be found in the European Community's Human ***** Reference Handbook from the Ne*****rlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs.(1995).

Classification of Rights)

This classification system divides the ***** of human rights into two distinct sections; namely classical and social. The classical types of human rights include civil ***** ***** rights. One of the ***** aims of this group ***** rights is to "...restrict the powers of ***** state in respect of actions affecting the individual." (Classification of Rights)

The social ***** of ***** ***** makes a distinction between cultur*****l, social and economic rights. ***** rights ***** positive in inclination as ***** are intended ***** "...create ***** necessary conditions for human development." (***** ***** Rights)

The relationship between ***** two main *****s of rights h***** an intricate historical *****. Very briefly, classical rights are seen as "first generation *****." This refers to the view that *****se were the rights ***** ***** developed first and which are essential to and form the foundation ***** social *****, or second generation rights.

2. First generation rights: civil ***** political

Civil and political rights are

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