Essay - Differentiated Instruction 1. What is Differentiated Instruction? Differentiated Instruction is...

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Differentiated Instruction

1. What is differentiated instruction?

Differentiated instruction is the practice of modifying and adapting instruction, materials, content, student projects and products, and assessment to meet the learning needs of students. In a ***** classroom, teachers recognize that all students are different ***** require varied teaching methods ***** be successful (Logsdon). Therefore, an instructor varies his or her teaching in order to create the best learning experience possible for the student instead of applying a one-size fits all approach.

2. How do we differentiate content?

Tomlinson (2001) provides several suggestions for differentiating content. The author suggests the use ***** ***** elements *****d materials to support instructional content. These include acts, concepts, generalizations, attitudes and skills. Next, ***** author advises the alignment of tasks and objectives to learning goals. Objectives can be written in increments steps that facilitate a continuum of skills-building *****. The teacher can then more easily find the appropriate instructional step ***** learners entering at different levels. Finally, instruction should ***** concept-focused and principle-driven. ***** teacher should used broad-based instructional concepts ***** focus on the ***** principles and skill th***** ***** ***** ***** learn. The content should address the same concepts for all students, but it ***** be differentiated by the degree of complexity for ***** diversity ***** learners in the classroom.

***** do we differentiate process?

According to *****, ***** instruction *****s the following processes:

Teachers review curriculum and students' special ***** ***** plan instruction;

They include ***** ***** of difficulty in materials and assignments to ensure each child learns;

They keep a variety of materials near ***** ***** and student use;

Students with learn*****g disabilities are accommodated

Special education students ***** less segregation in resource or self-contained classrooms.

Tomlinson (2001) recommends that instruction should be concept ********** ***** principle driven. She also explains that on-going assessment of student readiness and growth should ***** built into the ***** and advises t*****ers to guide student exploration. Tomlinson states that flexible grouping should be consistently used so that learners interact and work *****gether as they develop knowledge of new content. Teachers may provide introductory discussions to the entire class and follow this up ***** sm*****er working groups ***** are coached by mem*****rs and the teacher. Based on ***** results, content and projects, grouping and regrouping should be a dynamic process to meet objectives.

*****. How do ***** differentiate ***** evaluate products?

*****, Brown, and Cocking (2000) advise that the use ***** tools in the classroom provides no guarantee ***** student learning will improve unless that are part of a coherent learning *****. The authors suggest the avoidance ***** ***** that are driven by the game ***** play market and to select only those tools ***** have been *****ed with a full underst*****nding of ***** of learning. Tools that are ********** make it easy for *****s to revis***** specific parts of ***** environments to explore them, to test ideas, and ***** receive feedback. Noninteractive environments should be avoided because they are much less effective ***** creating contexts ***** students


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