Essay - Eastern Religion Part One Summary of the History of Hinduism...

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Eastern Religion

Part One

Summary of the History of Hinduism and Buddhism


The history of Hinduism, according to Kinsley (45), dates back to the Indus Valley in India, with the Indo-Aryan people, or Vedas, around 1500 B.C.E. (bef*****e the Christian era). This period was known as "The Formative Period" - and the Vedas created four key volumes ***** literature (Sambitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas ***** Upanishads) which is believed to contain the moral roots of what is today ***** as Hindu*****m. Interestingly, in one of the early Sambitas texts, a "heroic visionary figure and poet" (***** 45) named "rishi" experienced "directly" the "gods and powers" ***** the Vedic world, *****cluding ***** Vedic god Agni (representing fire and heat). The rishi also reportedly drank "soma" - probably a hallucinogenic mushroom ***** ***** thus were "transported" to the "realm of the gods."

***** ***** Speculative Period (800 - 400 B.C.E.), the Upanishads writings dominated Vedic literature. The Upanishads were the first call in Hinduism for a "quest for liberation" (Kinsley 46) from the world, and ***** the first form of Yoga emerged from those writings.

In the Epic ***** Classical Periods (***** B.C.E. - 600 C.E.) ***** two great Hindu epics (the Mahabharata and the Ramayana) ***** written. ***** writings reflected ***** "tension" between the desire ***** "uphold" world order on *****e hand, and on ***** other *****, the desire to isolate a person from society to "achieve individual *****," ***** to Kinsley. During this *****, ***** *****s settled into communities, abandoning their nomadic ways.

In the Medieval Period (***** - 1800 C.E.) there were a number of temples built, in conjunction with the rise of the devotional movement. Deities ***** part of the *****, and they represented Puranas, or "stories of old" (Kinsley 48). And in the Modern ***** of Hinduism (1800 to present), Islam moved into India, as did the Europeans (Britain), and the original purity of Hinduism was somewhat under attack and watered down. So, as a result ***** that, there ***** a movement to revive some of the ancient customs. Then, some years later, G*****hi interpreted the Gita teachings ***** a nonviolent p*****thway to the expression ***** truth. Also, Transcendental Meditation and Krishna Consciousness became important tools for ***** Hindus to return to ***** ***** traditions, and ***** interest the Western ***** in the Hindu spiritual search for truth and personal identity.


The Indian prince who was to become known as a Buddh***** was *****ly called Siddhartha Gautama. He lived 2500 years ago (roughly 566 - 486 B.C.E.), although scholars differ on exactly when he lived, and ***** d*****'t agree on many of the historical data of his life and times. But, according to Lopez (101), the original Buddha achieved "enlightenment" in an ********** - or, at least in a single night of meditation - and afterward began putting forth ***** "four noble truths" (Lopez 102). Buddha reportedly died at the age of 80, passing in***** nirvana. When he passed away, he left relics ***** his followers, called


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