Essay - Emergent Literacy Review of Literature, 14 Pgs Definition of Emergent...

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Emergent Literacy review of literature, 14 pgs

***** ***** Emergent ***** and Technical Reading

The term "emergent literacy" was first introduced by Marie Clay. According to ***** (1966), emergent ***** describes the way young children behave with books ***** when *****y are reading and writing, even though the children could not yet actually read ***** write in ***** conventional sense.

Clay's approach was revolutionary because it was a bre*****k from the then prevailing view regarding reading readiness. In addition, Clay (1975) emphasized an interrelationship between reading and writing, challenging the notion that children must ***** learn ***** read before ********** could ***** to *****.

Since *****, many researchers and scholars have built on the emergent literacy framework. Teale and Sulz***** (1986) observed ***** an emergent literacy shows ***** before children start formal instruction in schools. They also upheld Clay's initial finding that reading and writing develop at the same time in young *****, ra*****r than in sequence. Furthermore, Teale ***** *****by found that the functions of *****, namely understand*****g how letters and words have meaning, are as important a part of emergent literacy as ***** forms of literacy or the naming of specific words and letters. ***** other words, children learn to read and, at the same *****, *****y read ***** learn.

Since Clay's pioneering research, there ***** been many complementary definitions ***** emergent literacy. Sulzby and Teale (1991) have used the emergent literacy perspective to move ***** focus of children's *****ing readiness ***** literacy, based on their findings that reading, writing and spoken language all develop concurrently. These developments occur when young children are in learning environments ***** foster meaningful exchanges between oral and written language.

***** its inception, the concept ***** emergent literacy has faced hostility ***** educators who believe that literacy takes place sequenti*****y. For this reason, anthropologist David Lancy (1994) also defines ***** literacy as a dr*****matic paradigm shift in early reading and language instruction. For example, traditional educating techniques *****d great importance on letter recognition, while the emergent literacy ***** views this as secondary. To an emergent literacy educator, a child's scribbling of invented spelling is a critical literacy milestone, a sign of growth to be loc*****ted along a continuum of literacy development. The trick is thus to emp*****ize what a child c*****n do instead ***** focusing on what he or she cannot ***** accomplish.

***** literacy ***** differs significantly from conventional ***** on ***** readiness, which suggests that at a cert*****in age, a child is ready to learn how to read ***** write. Under the theory of ***** *****, Hall (1987) recognized that emergent literacy is a gradual process that takes place within a child over time. The term "emerge" also recognizes ***** the ability ***** read already lies within ***** child, and only has to be developed and nurtured under the right circumstances.

The concept of ***** literacy thus has important implications on how ***** learn technical reading, ***** involves the ability ***** comprehend information and instructions.

Technical reading ***** thus a far


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