Essay - Emergent Literacy Review of Literature, 14 Pgs Definition of Emergent...

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Emergent Literacy review of literature, 14 pgs

***** of Emergent ***** and Technical Reading

The term "emergent literacy" was first introduced by Marie Clay. According to ***** (1966), emergent literacy describes the way young children behave with books ***** when they are reading and writing, even though the children could not yet actually read ***** write in ***** conventional sense.

Clay's approach was revolutionary because it was a bre*****k from the then prevailing view regarding *****ing readiness. In add*****ion, Clay (1975) emphasized an interrelationship between reading and writing, challenging the notion that children must first learn ***** read before *****y could learn to *****.

Since Clay, many researchers and scholars have built on the emergent ***** framework. Teale and Sulz***** (1986) observed that an emergent literacy shows ***** before children start formal instruction in schools. They also upheld *****'s initial finding that ***** ********** writing develop at ***** same time in young *****, rather than in sequence. Furthermore, Teale and Sulzby found ***** the functions of *****, namely underst**********g how letters and words have meaning, ***** as important a part of emergent literacy as ***** forms of literacy or the naming of specific words and letters. In o*****r w*****ds, children ***** to read and, at the same time, *****y read to learn.

Since Clay's pioneering research, there ***** been many complementary definitions of emergent literacy. Sulzby and Teale (1991) have used the ***** literacy perspective to move the focus of *****'s *****ing readiness to literacy, based on ********** findings that reading, writing and spoken language all ***** concurrently. These developments occur ***** ***** children are in **********g environments ***** foster meaningful exchanges between oral and written language.

Since its inception, the concept ***** emergent literacy has faced hostility from educators who believe that literacy takes place sequentially. For this reason, anthropologist David Lancy (1994) also defines ***** ***** as a dramatic paradigm shift in early reading and language instruction. For example, traditional educating techniques *****d great importance on letter recogniti*****, while the emergent literacy ***** views this as secondary. To an emergent literacy educator, a child's scribbling of invented spelling is a critical literacy milestone, a sign of growth to be located along a continuum of ***** development. The trick is thus ***** emph*****size what a child can do instead ***** focusing on what he or she cannot ***** accomplish.

***** literacy thus differs significantly from conventional ***** on ***** readiness, which suggests that at a certain age, a child is ready to learn ***** to read or write. Under ***** theory of emergent literacy, Hall (1987) recognized that ***** literacy is a gradual process that takes place within a ***** over *****. The term "emerge" also recognizes ***** the ability ***** read al***** lies within ***** child, and only has to be developed and nurtured under the right circumstances.

The concept of ********** literacy thus has important implications on how ***** ***** technic***** reading, ***** involves ***** ability to comprehend information and instructions.

Technical reading ***** ***** a far


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