Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...

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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a p*****per concerning the development stages of an adolescent ***** depression. Erickson's and Piaget's ***** of ***** Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.


***** five percent of children and adolescents experience ***** at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson studied the ***** of the adolescents. Their *****ories ***** give clearer understanding to why teenagers become ***** and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a v*****riety of problems in the adolescent's life. Recogniz*****g depression is important. "Out of 100,000 adolescents, two to three thousand will have mood disorders out of which 8-10 ***** commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teenager can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

***** and ***** Adolescent

The teenager *****gins to be to function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive development. He/she realizes that not every one feels the same way he does. He/s***** begins ***** think about others. The teen begins to reason deductively. *****y look at things concretely and literally. The ***** is able to communicate their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem begins when the teenager ***** ***** reason ***** ***** ***** he is not equal with his peers. ***** is especially harmful if the child ***** experiencing bullying at ***** school. As they reason deductively they ***** view the picture as hopeless. Depression begins to over-ride the truth. This is especially true if the ***** has started in early school years and ***** continued to middle *****. "...***** h*****tory ***** victimization is a strong predictor of the onset of self-reported symptoms of anxiety and ***** ***** remains so after adjustment for other measures of social relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, and Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% ***** all students ***** depression stemmed from the h*****tory of victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who ***** bullied at school and ab***** at home. When *****ness builds up in a teenager, ***** teenager may decide to commit *****.

Fac*****rs Causing Depression

Other factors that might lead to depression in the adolescent are self-esteem issues, poor body image, stressful ***** events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's *****ories stated ***** in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of *****ir skills and stage five the adolescent begins to identify ***** ***** *****. If ***** adolescent does ***** master the ***** of education in his m*****d and he ***** that ***** is worthless eventually th***** might ***** to depression and suicide (***** 2002). "In ***** last ***** decades, depression among ***** has emerged as a major mental health problem" (*****, Fortin, ***** ***** ***** 2002). Girls have more trouble in accepting their ***** image than boys. They face


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