Essay - ERP Enterprise Resource Planning Introduction the Basic Concept of an...

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Enterprise Resource Planning


***** basic concept of an Enterprise Resource ***** (ERP) system is to act as the coordination and synchronization point of inbound supplies, matching up customer orders while also scheduling production ***** manuf*****uring *****. ***** systems typically also include Accounts Payable (AP) and ***** Receivable (AR) systems so that financial reporting of transactions can be completed. In previous generations of ERP systems it was considered sufficient to support a single location, yet today multi-instance ERP systems that are capable ***** managing ***** coordination of inbound orders and their fulfillment across multiple locations is increasingly a commonplace requirement (Yang, Lin, Lin, Huang, 2006). ERP systems ***** *****ten have Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Supply Chain ***** (SCM), and often Distributed Order Management (DOM) systems integrated into them to make the underlying business processes more efficient and agile, capable of responding to market requirements.

The Implementation ***** Use of ERP *****

The greatest impediment to any successful ERP implementation is resistance to change on the part of both the managers who will use ***** system and their employees (Youngberg, Olsen, Ha*****r, 2009). Overcoming ***** to ***** takes a series of strategies called change management, as they seek to provide those who will use the ***** with an opportunity to "own" the *****s ***** ***** jobs and ***** processes and procedures they rely on daily to do their *****. Key ***** the ***** ***** of any ERP system is ***** transfer of knowledge and its being organized ***** tax*****omies that ***** usable in the context ***** ***** new system ***** its processes (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once initiatives and ***** are in place for nurturing ***** providing those employees and managers most affected by the implementation of ***** new system, intensive ***** process re-engineering (BPR) typically takes place (Xu, *****, 2008). Once business processes have been re-engineered and then integrated into the ***** ERP systems' workflows, standardization ***** processes typically occurs so that the company implementing the system ***** attain higher levels of efficiency and productivity (Chtioui, 2009). From the workflows to the processes and procedures ***** even down to the graphical interfaces of ***** ERP applications, it is critical to get user's input and allow them to ***** ownership of the system before actually implementing the software (Youngberg, Olsen, Hauser, 2009).

The actual and potential benefits of implementing an ERP system in many organizations center around ***** ***** driven by ***** needs and be*****g more responsive to key markets and customer segments. The ***** of becoming a demand-driven organization through ***** use of ***** systems h***** been well-proven, has the ability to get greater levels of ***** performance ***** more process efficiency as well. The near-term benefits are ***** levels ***** process and in many cases, system integration ***** allow ***** ***** perform ***** efficiently. In addition, ERP systems can greatly reduce ***** number of errors an organization makes in its supply chain, order management, manufacturing, and fulfillment processes as well. Future potential benefits include the ability to anticipate and


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