Essay - Esl Education Teaching Strategies for English as a Second Language...


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ESL education

Teaching strategies for English as a second language

Picture yourself in an international airport. You have a few minutes to reach your connecting flight, and all the signage is in the native *****. There are no clues as to which corridor will lead to ***** airline, and the people, while appearing friendly, and speak no more words of your language than you know ***** theirs. You know that ***** around you the words are printed that will point you in the direction of your flight, but you might as well be blind as expect to be able to decipher the words. How would you feel? Frustration, may***** anger at the impossible nature of ***** situation would likely fill *****r mind. The unpredictable energy of these emotions ***** make it even ***** difficult to ***** positive progress toward learning to decipher the coded signs and monitors

***** setting is an adult version of what a child encounters who comes to *****n ***** *****ing school who does not know how to speak, or read the English language. His home is a place in which the language of his parents is spoken fluently, but in school, the teachers, book, bulletin boards ***** assignments are all printed in a ***** language that he neither can ***** nor understand.

The good news is ***** while ***** elementary school, the prospects of a student learning a new language are ***** most favorable. The ********** that ***** acqu*****ition is a gradual process ***** not universally accepted in the teach*****g community. Field studies have pointed to the child's ability ***** acquire a l*****nguage during specific times in his development that the common belief regarding language acquisition is ***** children are preprogrammed to acquire language at a definite point in their development. The view th*****t the child possesses a capacity for language that the ***** has lost is widely sh*****d (e.g., Andersson, 1969; Jakobovits, 1972; Wilkins, 1972) and has been formalized in what is known as the "critical period" hypothesis

The critical ***** for language learning is usually defined as lasting from about age 2 ***** puberty. Before the ***** reaches age 2, language ***** ***** impossible because of maturational factors, and after ***** ***** natural acquisition ***** language is thought to be blocked by a loss of "cerebral plasticity" resulting from the completion of the development of cerebral dominance through lateralization of the ***** function. (McLaughlin, 1984) The application of this predisposition toward language ***** ***** young childhood is ***** in the classroom, in early elementary school ESL students are at *****ir most operative learn*****g ability. ***** ***** teacher's job, as difficult as it is, will never ***** easier than in the formative elementary school years.

According to ESL teacher Kristen Miles (2004), assistance from ***** child's home can not be *****ed. "The parents are completely supportive ***** the school, and want the child ***** learn English. It's just that the ***** believe that it is the schools ***** to teach the Engl*****h ***** as part

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