Essay - Ethics and Morality Case 3.2 Clean Hands in a Dirty...

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Ethics and Morality

CASE 3.2

Clean Hands in a Dirty Business"

Kantian would counsel the recent MBA graduate Janet to behave according ***** the dictates of ***** categorical imperative. Janet should behave as if she were setting the moral law for ***** entire universe, not merely herself. Janet believes that tobacco is a harmful product. She knows ***** it is immoral to market this product to anyone and especially to young people, who are not even supposed to be using *****bacco products ***** to the laws of the land, anyway. According to the Kantian view, there is no moral or ethical justification f***** ***** ***** take ***** marketing job at the tobacco company. In doing so, Janet would violate ********** only her personal principles, but also the moral code she was setting for everyone else. The result of her actions, ***** if Janet improved the policies of the ***** company in the short run, should not be part of ***** ethical decision-making process when Janet is contemplating ***** she should ***** the job or not take the job. Besides, if ***** ********** acc*****ding to the categorical imperative, the ***** will note (contrary ***** the friend Karen's counsel) ***** ***** not 'always' be someone to market tobacco. If enough persons in ***** world ***** encouraged to obey moral ***** ***** the here and now, without rationalizing ********** decisions to behave d*****ferently with result-oriented justifications, then eventually there would be no one left to sell the ***** product.

For a utilit*****rian, however, the result would an issue. The utilitari***** asks: how does Janet create the greatest happiness for the ***** number of individuals in the *****? If Janet takes the *****, greater harm might be alleviated ***** a greater number ***** persons. If Janet rejects the job, an even less pr*****cipled person may take ***** position *****d ***** even more unethical campaigns, just like her friend Karen said. This would cause ***** happiness and more harm for more ***** in the world.

But even from a utilitarian perspective, if one *****s a slightly more long-term view, perpetu*****ting societal harms like tobacco addiction is a detriment r*****ther than a contributor to the h*****ppiness of the greatest number of ********** in the *****. ***** ***** people smoke, the higher the health care costs ***** society, as chronic smokers require long-term ***** for cancers of ***** mouth, throat, and lungs, and ***** emphysema, ***** well as for anti-nicotine patches, hypnosis, and other methods to stop smoking. Although the tobacco ***** would market is ***** smoked, it is an addictive substance, and thus it could easily lead to smoking nicotine-containing cigarettes later on in life, ***** cause harm through second-hand smoke to millions ***** other people. The societal costs to the legal system because of the lawsu*****s ***** ***** has *****spired, and the unhappiness the product ***** caused for the target audience's families are another example of how the sum total happiness of society is reduced, rather than increased, if Janet takes the job. Also, the


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