Essay - Ethics and Morality Case 3.2 Clean Hands in a Dirty...

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Ethics and Morality

***** 3.2

***** Hands in a Dirty Bus*****ess"

***** would counsel the recent MBA graduate Janet to behave according ***** the dictates of ***** categorical imperative. Janet should behave as if she were setting the moral law for ***** entire universe, not merely herself. Janet believes that tobacco is a harmful product. She knows ***** it ***** immoral to market this product to anyone and especially to young people, who are not even supposed to be using *****bacco products ***** to the *****s of the land, anyway. According ***** ***** Kantian view, there is no moral or ethical justification f***** Janet to take ***** marketing job at the tobacco company. In doing so, ***** would violate not only her per*****nal principles, but also the moral code she was setting for everyone else. The result of ***** actions, even if Janet improved the policies of the ***** company in ***** short run, should not be part of the ethical decision-making process when Janet is contemplating ***** she should ***** ***** job or ***** take the job. Besides, if everyone ********** acc*****ding to the categorical imperative, the Kantian will note (contrary to ***** friend Karen's *****) ***** ***** not 'always' be someone to market tobacco. If enough persons in the world ***** encouraged to obey ***** laws ***** the here and now, without rationalizing their decisions to behave differently with result-oriented *****s, then eventually there would be no one left ***** sell the harmful product.

For a utilit*****rian, however, ***** result would an issue. ***** utilitari***** asks: how does Janet create the greatest happiness for the greatest num*****r of individuals in the *****? If Janet *****s the job, greater harm might be alleviated ***** a greater number ***** persons. If ***** rejects the job, an even less principled person may take ***** position ***** create even more unethical campaigns, just like her friend Karen said. This would cause less happiness and ***** harm for more *****s in the world.

But even from a utilitarian perspective, if ***** *****s a slightly ***** long-term view, perpetuating societal *****s like tobacco addiction is a detriment rather than a contributor to the h*****ppiness of the ***** ***** of persons in the world. The more people smoke, ***** higher the health care costs ***** society, as chronic smokers require long-term care for cancers of ***** mouth, throat, and lungs, and ***** emphysema, ***** well as for anti-nicotine patches, hypnosis, ***** other methods to stop smoking. Although the tobacco Janet would market is not smoked, it is an addictive substance, and thus it could easily lead to smoking nicotine-containing cigarettes later on in life, ***** cause harm through second-hand smoke ***** millions ***** other *****. ***** ***** costs to the legal system because of the lawsuits ***** ***** has *****spired, and the unhappiness the product has caused ***** the target audience's families are ano*****r example of how the sum *****tal happiness of society ***** reduced, ***** than increased, if Janet takes the job. Also, the


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