Essay - Eugene O'neill's Play, 'The Emperor Jones (1921),' is the Horrifying...

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Eugene O'Neill's play, "The Emperor Jones (1921)," is the horrifying story of Rufus Jones, the monarch ***** a West Indian *****land, presented in a single *****ct of eight scenes of violence and disturbing images. O'Neill's sense ***** tragedy comes out undiluted in this surreal ***** nightmarish study of *****' character ***** a mighty struggle and tension between black Christianity and ***** paganism (IMBD). Jones is an unforgettable character in his powerfulness ***** fatalness, made most evident by the support ***** l*****guage, sound and other stage effects, such as the dreadful drumming *****s and the Emperor's hallucinations. This psychological drama delves into ***** nature of power, the inevitable pull ***** history and in the belief in the supernatural ***** *****se were experienced in the first two decades of the last century.

The play is a monument to O'Neill's vision of conflict between ***** man and his own psyche, "between learning what life is really ***** of," ***** how ***** ordinary man is little prepared to learn (IMBD). It is a sordid, shattering *****, which brings the audience to a journey of fe*****r, anger, humility, sadness and terror, experienced by a monster ***** an emperor whose only resort to sanity was to humiliate and dehumanize those whom he governs in the pursuit of social, political and financial goals. O'Neill spells out his tragic message about human reality - the truth about ourselves ***** after a merciless probe in***** its I dark alleys and frank depths.

***** de*****ization of man is the same subject ***** another play, "The Hairy Ape (1922)." Rather than improve on the human c*****dition, industrialization has reduced the human worker into a mere machine, which can be manipulated or turned on or off by w*****tles. He is no l*****ger required or expected to think independently: machines do the job f***** him. The ***** worker ***** instead relegated to the most menial and meanest "grunt work and physical labor" that has reverted man into the ape or Neanderthal state.

***** expresses his objection to the tyranny of progress and industrialization and the tragedy it has brought upon human life in ***** ironic retrogression of *****ive human be*****gs ***** unthinking, manipulated and helpless *****s. Yank and ***** fellows are more ***** symbolic apes ***** language is complex and ***** whom thought is difficult. O'Neill views modern man as "un-evolved," ignorant about class and concerned only with brute survival and a machine-like ***** of belonging. Like an ape, Yank is territorial, pigheaded and aggressive and O'Neill uses his *****ization to present a most grotesque condition ***** modern man.

Though a compelling prim*****ry need, the sense of belonging is not achieved in ***** ***** from an animal to a spiritual being. T***** frustration ***** presented by the character ***** Yank as the filthy and arrogant ship leader, who is later thr***** out by the ********** Workers of the World ***** a "br*****inless *****." In h***** urge to belong somew*****ere, he sets a gorilla free from a zoo in order to befriend it but


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