Essay - Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies Existential-humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies...


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Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies

Existential-Humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies

There are fundamental differences between Existential-Humanistic Psychologies ***** Transpersonal Psychologies. First of all, the Existential-Humanistic Psychologies do not agree on basic questions having to do ***** human personality and change as a result from their widely different origins. Signific*****ntly different programs ***** application and therapy are used by these psychologies. And they do not agree on the final goal for the human psyche. But ***** do agree on their basic approaches.

The Transpersonal ***** find their similarities in ***** approach to the body-mind relationships and transformation. Essentially they believe that the mind controls the body and if you can put *****r ***** at peace, the body will respond. Based on the work of Carl Jung, who first coined the term "transpers*****al" (uberpersonlich) in the phrase "transpersonal unconscious" which he used as a synonym for his well-known "collective unconscious," it refers to the ***** condition as essentially healthy ***** full of potential, not as ill and diseased (Schneider,2004).

***** mind is everything to the Transpersonal psychologies. The body ***** just the "crust" covering ***** ***** essence, that is, the mind and soul ***** spirit ***** navigates the body through ***** world. ***** psychotic and unstable ***** seen as ***** having developed and achieved object constancy or ego identity, as the normal mind has. Yet the "*****" mind still ***** not reached its full potential and it is believed that *****re are several steps upward from the normal into disidentification from one's ***** or personal identity, with recognition of object impermanence ***** transiency. This stage is typified by the states of consciousness obtained by advanced meditators. A further step in development may be obtained when the person realizes the Supreme Identity (i.e., enlightenment or connection with God), ***** the relative state of ***** reality, as seen in saints and mystics. (Cortright, 1997)

Similar to the mystics' Transcendental Meditation," the ***** psychologies study the different states ***** *****, recognizing certain states in attaining them, such as dreaming, hypnotic trance, "waking" consciousness and all their sub-levels. Transpersonal psychologies believe ***** there is a mystical experience that becomes permanent, and through development of ***** ***** or stations of *****, one can come to live in superconscious state continually. (Daniels, 2005)

***** offspring of Freud and his successors, Jung, Rank, ***** Reich. Roberto Assagioli, ***** believed in a superconscious, as well as a subconscious, the therapeutic stream integrated transpersonal and depth psychology, b*****ed on the beliefs of Carl Jung. The transpers*****al psychologists like to say ***** they may be most simply defined as spiritual psychologists, recognizing that humanity has both drives *****ward sex ***** aggression and drives toward wholeness, toward connecting ***** and experiencing the divine. They believe one cannot separate the ***** and the psychological, as the mainstream ***** have up to this time. Originally, ***** texts of ancient India, China and Greece did not distinguish between the psyche or spirit and practices associated with religion. But in the 18th and 19th centuries *****malized *****

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