Essay - Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies Existential-humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies...

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Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies

Existential-Humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal *****

There are fundamental differences between Existential-Humanistic Psychologies and Transpersonal Psychologies. First of all, the ***** ***** do not agree on basic questi*****s having to do ***** human personality ***** change as a result from *****ir widely different origins. Significantly different programs of application and therapy ***** used by these psychologies. And they do not agree on the final goal for the human psyche. But they do agree on their basic approaches.

***** Transpers*****al Psychologies find their similarities in their approach ***** the body-m*****d relationships and trans*****mation. Essentially they believe that the mind controls the body and if you can put *****r ***** at peace, the body will respond. Based on the work of Carl Jung, who first coined the term "transpers*****al" (uberpersonlich) in the phrase "transpersonal unconscious" which he used as a synonym for his well-known "collective unconscious," it refers to ***** hum*****n condition as essentially healthy and full of potential, ***** as ill ***** diseased (Schneider,2004).

The mind is everything to the Transpersonal psychologies. The ***** ***** just the "crust" covering the transpersonal essence, ***** is, the mind and soul ***** spirit that navigates ***** body through the world. ***** psychotic and unstable are seen as not having developed and achieved object constancy or ego identity, as the normal mind h*****. Yet t*****e "normal" mind st***** has not reached its full po*****ntial and it is believed ***** there are several steps upward from the normal in***** disidentification from one's ***** or personal identity, with recognition of object impermanence or transiency. This stage is typified ***** the states of consciousness obtained by advanced meditators. A further step in development may be obtained when the person realizes the Supreme Identity (i.e., enlightenment or connection with God), and the relative state of normal reality, as ***** in saints ***** mystics. (Cortright, 1997)

Similar to the mystics' Transcendental Meditation," the ***** psycholog*****s study the different states of *****, recognizing certain states in attaining them, such as dreaming, hypnotic trance, "waking" consciousness and all their sub-levels. Transpersonal psychologies believe that there is a mystical experience that becomes permanent, and ***** development of ***** ***** or stations of consciousness, one can come ***** live in superconscious state continually. (Daniels, 2005)

***** offspring of Freud and his successors, Jung, Rank, and Reich. Roberto Assagioli, who believed in a superconscious, *****s well as a subconscious, the therapeutic stream integrated ***** and depth psychology, b*****ed on the beliefs ***** ***** Jung. The transpersonal psychologists like to say ***** ***** ***** be most simply defined as spiritual *****, recognizing that humanity has both drives toward sex and aggression and drives toward wholeness, ***** connecting ***** and experiencing the divine. *****y believe one *****not separate the spiritual and ***** psychological, as the mainstream psychologies have up to this time. Originally, the texts of ancient India, China and Greece did not distinguish between the psyche or spirit and practices associated with religion. ***** in the 18th and 19th centuries *****malized psychology


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