Essay - Importance of the Study of Personality Personality: A Distinctive and...

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Importance of the Study ***** Personality

*****: a distinctive ********** relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives and emotions that characterizes an individual.

Psychologists use a v*****riety of tests to determine and study a vast number of personality traits among groups of people. They've found that although everyone exhibits five to ten central traits that determine how we react to different people ***** various situations, not all traits carry the same weight in their importance in someone's life. (Where you might fear speaking in front of a crowd, for example, I may f*****d it invigorating and fun.) We all have secondary *****, *****o (food preferences, for example, or how we feel about a style ***** dress), but these aren't as ***** ***** the central traits. Although secondary traits can change as ***** mature ***** grow, ***** ***** generally stick with us our entire lives. The central traits that remain relatively stable throughout a *****time include whether you're an extrovert (outgoing *****d vivacious) or an introvert (shy or reclusive); how well you h*****dle negative emotions, such as anger, hate or guilt; whether or not you're generally good-natured; y***** degree of assuming responsibility (are you conscientious, ***** a fl*****ke?); and how willing you ***** to accept new challenges or experiences.

It's been *****d ***** most of these ***** ***** traits ***** to do ***** our heredity, which explains how twins, possibly separated during ***** formative years, can meet as adults ***** have very similar personalities. But this isn't always the case: Two children born to the same parents can ***** totally opposite personalities. How is this possible? Environment also plays a part in shaping our personalities. Not all personality traits are equally affected by ***** or environment, and one's personality ***** rigid - it can change as we mature ***** according to life *****. Therefore, ********** important to remember that although genetics play an import*****t role in determining one's *****, this doesn't imply that certain traits are inevitable.

O*****r theorists (called "behaviorists") suggest ***** personality has a lot ***** do with situations; that positive or negative reinforcement ***** certain acts (whether it's using a n*****pkin at the table, or committing a crime ***** getting away with it) determines and shapes personality. Behaviorists, in fact, *****n't consider that we have "*****" as much as we demonstrate certain behavior patterns (such as when a te*****cher may label a student ***** "bright" or "slow"; "**********" or "cooperative"). Some psychologists think this is taking the easy way out - that it suggests ***** under the appropriate circumstances, anyone could just as easily become a serial killer and an hum*****itarian.

***** about culture? Some ***** say that ***** cultures are bounded by certain rules, and ***** of our personality is determined by how ***** are raised ********** that cultural framework. An interesting example is the difference in how ***** in ***** cultures communicate with each o*****r - some st***** close and touch the person to whom they ***** speaking, but others would find ***** an invasion *****


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