Essay - Importance of the Study of Personality Personality: A Distinctive and...

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Importance of the Study ***** Personality

*****: a distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives ***** emotions that characterizes an individual.

Psychologists use a variety ***** tests to determine ********** study a vast number of personality traits among groups of people. They've found that although everyone exhibits five to ten central traits ***** determine how we react to different people and various situations, not all ***** carry the same ********** in their importance in someone's life. (Where you might fear speak*****g in front of a crowd, for example, I may find it invigorating and fun.) We all have secondary traits, *****o (food preferences, for example, or how we feel about a style ***** dress), but these aren't as ***** as the central *****. Although secondary traits can change ***** we mature ***** grow, central traits generally stick with us our entire lives. The central traits that remain relatively stable throughout a *****time include whether you're an extrovert (outgoing and vivacious) ***** an introvert (shy or reclusive); how *****ll you h*****dle negative emotions, such as anger, hate or guilt; ***** or ***** you're generally good-natured; your degree of ********** responsibility (are you conscientious, or a fl*****ke?); and how willing you ***** to accept new challenges or experiences.

It's been *****d that most of these ***** central traits ***** to do ***** our heredity, which explains how twins, possibly separated during their formative years, can meet as adults ***** have very similar personalities. But this isn't always the case: Two children born to ***** same parents can have totally opposite personalities. How is this possible? Environment also plays a part in shaping our personalities. Not all personality traits are equ*****y affected by ***** or environment, and one's personality ***** rigid - it can ***** as we mature ***** according to life experiences. Therefore, it's important to remember ***** although genetics play an important role in determining one's personality, this doesn't imply that certain traits are inevitable.

Other theorists (called "behaviorists") suggest that personality has a lot ***** do with situations; that positive or negative reinforcement ***** certain acts (whether it's using a n*****pkin at the table, or committing a crime and getting away with it) determines and shapes personality. Behaviorists, in fact, don't consider that ***** have "traits" as much as we demonstrate certain behavior patterns (such as when a te*****cher may label a student *****s "bright" or "slow"; "aggressive" ***** "cooperative"). Some psychologists think this is taking the easy way out - that it suggests that under the appropriate circumstances, anyone could just as easily become a seri*****l killer and an hum*****itarian.

What ab***** culture? Some theorists say that certain cultures are bounded ***** certain rules, and much of our personality is determined by how ***** are raised within that cultural framework. An interesting example is the difference in how ***** ***** ***** cultures communicate with each o*****r - some stand close and touch the person to whom *****y ***** speaking, but others would find ***** an invasion *****


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