Essay - Integrated Curriculum Planning: Concept Based Curriculum Objective the Objective of...

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The objective of this work is to examine integrated curriculum planning and the concept-based curriculum and ***** report studies and information published from the year 2000 to the present relating to ***** the ***** and concept-based *****.


Integration ***** ***** curriculum, according ***** Nolan ***** Harwood at the Institute for Professional Development and Educational Research at Massey University is "the process of experiencing and underst*****ing connections, and, because ***** this, seeing things whole." (2001) Integration occurs experientially as well as socially. Experiential integration results in "new experience...[becoming]... part of our existing knowledge and ways of seeing things. We use p*****t experiences to help us understand and solve ***** problems. Experience whe*****r "primary" as in gathering data or doing observations, or "secondary" as in processing the ***** and observations in a d*****ta base, is the raw material for developing knowledge and underst*****ing and for developing and applying ***** skills essential for effective learning." (***** and Harwood, 2001) Social integration involves learners applying "the ideas ***** understanding ********** have developed ***** their daily lives and to the lives of others, and they learn by interacting with others. The curriculum is organized around personal and social issues, problems and concerns identified in, or ***** from, the lives of the learners in the w*****ld in which they live." (Nolan and Harwood, 2001) ***** ***** of Linda Henderson (2004) entitled: "Unleashing Talent: An Examination of VanTassel-Baska's Integrated Curriculum Model" states that the integrated curriculum exposes students to "teaching practices ***** encourage the development ***** good thinking."

***** work of Kathy Lake (*****) entitled: "Integrated Curriculum" and reported in the School Improvement Research Series (SIRS) states that the ***** curriculum "is a gre*****t gift ***** experienced teachers. It's like getting a new pair ***** lenses that make teaching a lot more exciting and help ***** look *****ward to the next century." The integrated ***** is one "in which children broadly explore knowledge in various subjects related ***** certain aspects of their environment." (Lake, 2001) *****re are varied levels ***** integration within the framework of the integrated curriculum which are stated ***** Lake to include the following:

Development of cross-curriculum sub-objectives within a given curriculum guide;

Development of model lessons ***** include cross-curricul*****r activities and assessments;

***** of enrichment or enhancement activities with a cross-curricular focus including suggestions for ***** 'contacts' following each objective;

Development of assessment activities that are cross-curricular in nature; and Includes sample planning wheels in all curriculum guides. (Lake, *****)

***** work of Bhattacharya, MacIntyre, Ryan and Brears (2006) *****: "PBL Approach: A ***** for Integrated Curriculum" states that the general aims ***** the integrated curriculum are: (1) ***** of a child's independence *****nd interdependence as efficient and motivated learners; (2) to enable children to perceive the curriculum as relevant to *****ir ***** needs; (3) Ac***** that attitudes and values play a pivotal role in exploring conce*****s ***** principles in all curriculum areas; and (4) To enhance t*****ing and learning more effectively than


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