Essay - Introduction the Problem of Counterfeit Drugs Has Reached Epic Proportions...

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***** problem of counterfeit drugs has reached epic proportions in nations throughout the world. Counterfeit drugs can lead to social health crises and a host ***** other problems related to smuggling ***** crime. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze the mechanisms by which National Drug Regulatory Authorities in "Developing" Nations and "Developed" Nations Address ***** Pharmaceutical Issues with emphasis on Regulatory Authorities in Nigeria and the United States. Let us beg***** our discussion by defining Counterfeit pharmaceuticals ***** the impact on ***** ***** States and Nigeria.

********** of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals ***** the problems they cause in the United States and Nigeria

According to ***** American Food and Drug administration (FDA) counterfeit drugs are defined as fake medicine that may be contaminated or contain the incorrect or no active ingredients (Consumer Education: Counterfeit Medicine). According ***** the World Health organization researchers have found an abundance of ***** drugs throughout the globe. The most common counterfeit drugs were homemade counterfeits, mislabeled measurements ***** insufficient active ingredients. The World Health Organization reports that Counterfeit medicines ***** deliberately and fraudulently mislabeled medicines with respect to identity and/or source...*****ing applies ***** both branded and generic products, and ranges from the illegal use of copyrighted commercial brands to manufacturing fake medicines. Counterfeiting is a far more pronounced problem in developing countries. National measures alone have not been proven adequate to combat th***** activity (Counterfeit Medicines)."

According to Pisik (2002), ***** World Health Organization has found that one in four of the doses of medicine consumed in developing ***** were substandard. The proportion of substandard ***** being ***** in developed countries is one in ten doses. In ********** f*****dings the ***** Health ***** also noted a difference in ***** types of ***** th*****t were being counterfeited. For instance, in the developed countries the ***** of drugs being counterfeited ***** considered to be lifestyle ***** ***** include steroids, herbal remedies and hormones (Counterfeit *****). The damage done by such drugs ***** usually not lethal (Are You Sure Your Medicine Is Genuine? 2004). However, in ***** countries the ***** that are ***** are ********** to treat serious diseases ***** as malaria ***** AIDS. ***** article further ***** that "At *****st, the regular use of substandard or counterfeit medicines leads to therapeutic failure or drug resistance," the WHO said. "In many cases, it can lead to death (Pisik 2002)."

The United ***** reports ***** on the continent of Africa, the counterfeit drug problem is rampant. The UN asserts that the abundance of counterfeit drugs in Africa is closely ***** to the AIDS epidemic and the high cost and limited availability of ***** life sustaining drugs ***** people desperately need. In an article entitled "Take a stand on *****, African *****ers told"

Antiretroviral drugs are prol*****ging the life ***** those infected ***** the virus in ***** parts of the world. In Africa the ***** of these ***** poses the greatest single challenge to individuals and health care systems. They are not only putting a barrier between rich and


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