Essay - Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847) Sex...

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Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847)

***** And Sensibility

It is well known that the Victorian era was one in which massive inequalities existed between men ***** women. Women were not allowed to vote, in many cases *****ir right to own property was tenuous, and their place in society was extremely conscribed. One would expect, then, to see this reflected in the literature of the era ***** dealt with the lives and relationships of women. This expectation is in fact realized ***** three of the classics which have survived this era: Tess of the d'Urbervilles by Thomas Hardy, Sense and ***** by Jane Austen, and Wuthering Heights by Emily *****. Each of these s*****ries deals ***** the romance of a strong Victorian heroine struggling to survive in a male dominated world. In each, the astute reader will *****ice the difference in f*****ancial power between men and *****, ***** inconsistencies in sexual mores that exist between the genders, and the difference in status made obvious ***** *****ir different approaches ***** marriage.

Yet the ***** very significantly not only in terms ***** plot and conclusion, but also in their treatment of gender differences. Gen*****lly speaking, Tess of the D'Urbervilles deals in polemics the inequities women face and ***** serious consequences for the sex, Sense and Sensibility deals with the full spectrum ***** gender issues while approaching ***** gendered system as posing problems for both male ***** fe***** lovers, and Wuthering ***** seeks to transcend gender within love altogether, even though its characters in this sense often fail. It is difficult to say how much of the difference ***** ***** three writers is due ***** *****s ***** the era in ***** ********** lived (the various authors were as much as forty years apart ***** *****ir dates ***** publication) ***** how much was ***** to the differences in artist temperament and personal experience or conviction.

What is certain is *****, taken together, the three can provide a poign*****nt vignette of the *****s, privileges, ***** constrictions of ********** in ***** Victorian era, as it collided painfully w*****h class upheaval and the red*****tribution of wealth among the new rich.

The difference in financial power between men and women is a very significant ********** in all three novels. In fact, this difference arguably provides ***** central plot motivator for both Hardy ***** Austen's stories, and ***** idealization is a huge part of the social plot prods in Wuthering Heights as well.

In Sense and Sensibility, the ***** ***** ***** men and women affects e***** on***** of the characters, and is in ***** the cause of the family cr*****is at ***** novel's beginning. In the opening scenes, ***** reader discovers that the Dashwood girls have been left impoverished by their father's death. The family's entire estate has been ***** to their ***** son by his first marriage, due to the patriarchal nature of of inheritance laws in England, which dictates that an estate goes to the nearest male relative. However, it appears the women are


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