Essay - Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847) Sex...

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Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847)

***** And Sensibility

It is well known that the Victorian era was one in which massive inequalities ex*****ted between men ***** women. Women were not allowed to vote, in many cases *****ir right to own property was tenuous, and their place in society ***** extremely conscribed. One would expect, then, to see this reflected in the literature of the era ***** dealt with ***** lives ***** relationships of women. This expectation is in fact realized in three of the classics which have survived this era: Tess of ***** d'Urbervilles by ***** Hardy, Sense and ***** by Jane *****, and Wuthering Heights by Emily *****. Each ***** these s*****ries deals ***** the romance of a strong Victorian heroine struggling to survive in a male dom*****ated world. In each, ***** astute reader will notice the difference in f*****ancial power ***** men and wo*****, the inconsistencies in sexual mores that exist between the genders, and the difference in status made obvious ***** their different approaches ***** marriage.

Yet the ***** very significantly not only in terms of plot and conclusion, but also in their treatment of gender differences. Generally speaking, Tess of the D'Urbervilles deals in polemics the *****equities ********** face and their serious consequences for the sex, Sense ***** Sensibility deals with the full spectrum of gender issues while approaching the *****ed system as posing problems for both male and female lovers, and Wu*****ring Heights seeks to transcend gender within love altogether, even though its characters in this sense often fail. It is difficult to say how much of the difference ***** ***** three writers ***** due to ***** ***** the era in ***** they lived (the various authors were as much ***** forty years apart ***** their dates ***** publication) and how much was ***** to the differences in artist temperament and personal experience or conviction.

What is certain ***** that, taken *****gether, the three can provide a poign*****nt vignette of the rights, privileges, ***** constrictions of *****ity in the Victorian era, as it collided painfully with class upheaval and ***** redistribution of wealth among the new rich.

The difference in financial power between men and women is a very signifi*****t issue in all three novels. In fact, this ***** arguably provides ***** central ***** motivator for both Hardy ***** Austen's stories, and ***** idealization is a huge part of the social plot prods in Wuthering Heights as well.

In Sense and Sensibility, the ***** difference ***** men and women affects every ***** of ***** characters, and is in ***** the cause of the family cr*****is at ***** novel's beginning. In the opening scenes, ***** reader discovers that the Dashwood girls have been left impoverished by their father's death. The family's entire estate has been ***** to their father's son by his first marriage, due to the patriarchal nature of ***** inheritance laws in England, which dictates ***** an estate goes ***** the nearest male relative. However, it appears the ***** are


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