Essay - John Stuart Mill's Concept of Liberty Professes to Be Liberal...


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John Stuart Mill's concept of liberty professes to be liberal but ends up with a distinctly 'non-liberal' feel when analysing the details. This paper endeavours to define exactly what Mills' notion of liberty is and how it should be regulated by studying h***** book "On Liberty." The main discrepancies ***** his theory will be highlighted so as to demonstrate the apparent contradiction between his ideology and ***** examples he chooses ***** s*****case ***** ***** in its application.

***** defines liberty (civil or *****cial) as "the nature and lim***** of the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over ***** individual." (Chapter I - Introduct*****y; 1) The obvious wielder of this power Mill identified to ***** the government. However the ***** can be controlled or checked in turn since ********** are still held accountable to the people. Mill recognized another wielder of this control over the individual, ***** '*****' in question that exercises this power over the individual is the majority or those considered to be ***** majority. However, unlike the g*****nment, ***** is held accountable to the people, ***** ***** does not have those checks. Mill states that in many *****stances the ruling majority is not always the same people who have ***** power exercised on them. The majority may even wish to dominate a part ***** the population. Therefore, there would still need ***** be a *****itation placed on this ruling *****. (Chapter I ***** Introductory; 4)

***** re*****on behind the importance in limiting the power and influence of government and 'society' over its ***** constituents lies in the risk of tyranny. Society enforces ***** own rules and regulations, as well as punishments it metes out to *****mever society deems necessary to penalize. However, if society is ********** in ********** judgment or if society unjustifiably interferes in an individual citizen's affairs, it actually practices *****. If society delves too deeply in the private affairs of individuals, ***** leaves that individual less room to maneuver, less room to escape such tyranny, particularly if ***** allegations of wrongdoing are unfounded. Mill identifies this type of tyranny ***** "enslaving the soul itself." (Chapter I - Introductory; 5) Mill uses this argument to justify protection, not just from the government of the day in securing true *****, but also from ***** majority. "There needs [to be] protection... against the ***** of prevailing opinion ***** *****ing; against the tendency of society to impose, by other means than civil penalties, its ***** ideas and ***** as rules of conduct on those who dissent ***** *****; to fetter the development, and, if possible, prevent the formation, of any individuality ***** in harmony with its ways, ***** compel characters ***** fashion themselves upon the model of its own." (Chapter I ***** Introductory; 5)

***** question *****comes, how ***** we regulate this ***** of balance between *****tervention and non-intervention on the part of society? Currently, ***** method of doing so is simpl*****tic. Mill has ***** this method as being largely a reworking of one of the C*****tholic

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