Essay - John Stuart Mill's Concept of Liberty Professes to Be Liberal...


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John Stuart Mill's concept of liberty professes to be liberal but ends up with a distinctly 'non-liberal' feel when analysing the details. This paper endeavours to define exactly what Mills' notion of ***** is and how it should be regulated by studying his book "On Liberty." The main discrepancies of his theory will be highlighted so as ***** demonstrate the apparent contradiction between his ideology and ***** examples he chooses to s*****case ***** theory in its application.

***** defines liberty (civil or social) as "the nature and lim***** of the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual." (Chapter I - Introduct*****y; 1) The obvious wielder of this power Mill identified to be ***** government. However the government can ***** controlled or checked in turn since *****y are still held accountable to the people. Mill recognized another wielder of this control over the individual, ***** 'society' in question that exercises this power over the *****dividual is the majority or those considered to be the majority. However, unlike the g*****nment, ***** is held accountable to the people, the ***** does not have those checks. Mill states ***** in many *****stances ***** ruling majority ***** not always the same people who ***** ***** power exercised on them. The majority may even wish to dominate a part of the population. Therefore, there would still need ***** be a *****it*****tion placed on this ruling majority. (***** I - Introductory; 4)

The reason behind the importance in limiting the power and influence ***** government and 'society' over its individual constituents lies in the risk of tyranny. Society enforces its own rules and regulations, as well ***** punishments it metes out to whomever society deems necessary to penalize. However, if society is *****correct in its judgment or if ***** unjustifiably interferes in an individual citizen's affairs, it actually practices *****. If society delves *****o deeply in the private affairs of individuals, ***** leaves that individual less room to m*****euver, less ***** to escape such tyranny, particularly if ***** allegations of wrongdoing are unfounded. Mill ident*****ies this type of ***** as "enslaving the soul *****elf." (Chapter I - Introduct*****y; 5) Mill uses this argument to justify protection, not just from the ***** of the day in securing true liberty, but also ***** ***** *****. "There needs [to be] protection... against the tyranny of prevailing opinion and feeling; against the tendency of society to impose, by other means than civil penalties, its ***** ideas and practices as rules of conduct on those who dissent from them; to fetter the development, *****, if possible, prevent the formation, of any individuality not in harmony with its ways, and compel characters ***** fashion ********** upon the model ***** its own." (Chapter I - Introductory; 5)

***** question becomes, how can we regulate this ***** of balance between intervention and non-***** on the part of *****? Currently, the method ***** doing so is simplistic. Mill has identified this method as being largely a reworking of one ***** the C*****tholic

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