Essay - Malaysia Art Malaysia: Cultural Influences on Ethnic Society Political Science:...

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Malaysia: Cultural Influences on Ethnic Society

Political Science: Malaysia

The purpose of this paper is to explain the stability in ethnic relati*****s in Malaysia since 1969. Political, economic, and cultural explanations are reviewed, with ***** most persuasive answer providing the explanation for Malaysia's stability (culture). The author postulates and discourses on how cultural explanations help account ***** *****day's peaceful stability in ethnic relations, noting how political and economic influences were very small compared to ***** cultural ***** ********** for the current status of Malaysia per ***** many historians that have reviewed the country's history and the fight for a common and representative culture. ***** author demonstrates how cultural tensions led to al***** all of ***** uprisings in Malaysia throughout *****, and how settling these ***** differences and affairs has ***** to the creation ***** a collaborative nation-state, one interested in promoting diversity as do many other nations in today's global and diverse world.

***** researchers focus*****g on the period before 1969 (where riots broke out in *****) and those after the riots note that cultural tensions ***** often the source of political and economic unrest (Brunnel, 2004). The country's economic status has rema*****ed in fact, relatively unchanged during the last three decades (*****, 2004). The cultural landscape ***** not changed much either, except for the introduction of the Islamic culture as ***** of society's "norms" (Brunnel, *****).

Hock (2000) reviews changing ethnic relations in Malaysia ***** regard to interactions between "state's policies ***** advance Malay culture *****minance and reduce ***** ***** inequality" ***** ***** "aspirations and actions of the Chinese community" (p.1). With regard to ***** and state-related issues, Freedman (2000) suggests the question of whether ethnic members especially the elite pursue "separatist" or ***** strategies. Hock ***** ***** question of ***** rival ethnic groups living in Malaysia are ***** equal to each other or unequal in stature (p. 2) is a core issue related ***** the stability now enjoyed by many people ***** in *****.

Freedman (2000) and Gomez (2004) note that political tensions in early Malaysian history centered primarily on cultural **********, which Hock (2000) expands on. Hock (2000) and Guan (2000) ***** the 1969 riots revolved around ***** tensions and conflicts ended many of ***** problems ***** Malaysia, largely because many of the "rival" ethnic communities living in Malaysia *****d more of a unified front or simil*****r strategies and goals. Although it took ***** and ***** destructive efforts to achieve ***** goals, the people of ***** have, since that time, worked largely ***** promote what ***** (2000) refers to as "amalgamative" strategies (p. 4). O*****rs including Mitchell (*****) and Kheng (2002) note that a blended state results primarily not from political or economic factors, because ***** had little to do with the ***** stability Malaysia currently experiences, but instead ***** of collaboration between people ***** different ethnicities living in Malaysia. Wong (2001) ***** Yun (2000) comment that economic factors had little to do ***** political and cultural *****, and that political uprisings occurring in Malaysia


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