Essay - Mao & Post-mao Era Chinese Politics in Mao and Post...


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Mao & Post-Mao Era

Chinese Politics in Mao and Post Mao Era

Chinese politics has been heavily dependent on ideology and the prevailing ideology is clearly manifested in the political leadership and subsequently ***** the economic and social policies implemented by the government. The rise of Mao as China Chief Executive during the post World War II and at the height of ***** Cold War reflects the leader's firm adherence to communist ideals. Said ideals are seen in the manner ***** which he shaped China's economy ***** society along the lines and character ***** communism.

***** (2001) argued that China's ***** system is ruled by the ***** party. The party is organized along Leninist lines similar to ***** Soviet's Bolshevik Party; the CCP resembles a military hierarchy, with a chain of command going from ***** top down. Though the lower party officials have a ch*****nce to have their views articulated ***** the Party's hierarchy, once a final decision have ***** taken by ***** ***** leaders, all party members ***** obligated to abide along party lines. Party elites dominate the decision making. Virtually every other aspect of ***** politics and government, including the policy process and relations between the state and society, are derived ***** that fundamental truth. (p.708).

In addition, Sodaro stated that party supremacy over the government, the ***** and other institutions is achieved through a combination ***** oversight and personal appointments. Within all government min*****tries, factories, schools and ***** work units is a party committee that monitors compliance ***** party directives. The arty also nominates or approves all key personnel, from cabinet ministries, university departments ***** bank officials. (p.709) It is evident ***** Mao's ***** in terms of decision mak*****g and policy direction are ***** on the Communist Party's stand and advocacy. In additi*****, the binding effect of said decisions to lower ***** instrumentalities shows the degree ***** discipline and m*****e importantly, commitment to realize the decision through.

Ano*****r pertinent aspect of ***** government is the vital reforms he did to make government more responsive to the needs of the people. ********** reforms are seen in ***** ***** ***** which he made policies ge*****d *****wards a government that unifies, transforms and modernizes Chinese society. Tieves (1997) noted ***** under Mao, the government spearheaded moves to re-integrate a fractured Chinese ***** based on national unity. This is necessary because ***** that time society was fragmented. After unifying *****, Mao went on to transform society's political and social system by establishing new rules. These rules include cracking down ***** prostitution, prohibiting the use of opium and disallowing arranged marriages. The ***** likewise ***** l***** reform to peasant farmers. ***** last segment entails modernization which seeks ***** restores agricultural and industrial production to levels before ***** Japanese invasion as well ***** adopting the Soviet model of rapid *****ization.

Mao ***** focuses on the role of ***** peasantry in nation building. Hagopian (1995) revealed that Mao's emphasis on the role ***** the ***** both ***** and after the communist vic*****ry in 1949

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