Essay - Mao & Post-mao Era Chinese Politics in Mao and Post...


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Mao & Post-Mao Era

Chinese Politics in Mao and Post Mao Era

Chinese politics has been heavily dependent on ideology and the prevailing ***** is clearly manifested in ***** political leadership and subsequently in the economic and social policies implemented by the government. The rise of Mao as Ch*****a Chief Executive during ***** post World War II and at the height ***** ***** Cold ***** reflects the leader's firm adherence to communist ideals. Said ideals are seen in the manner in which he shaped China's economy and society along the lines and character of communism.

***** (2001) argued that China's ***** system is ruled by ***** communist party. ***** party is organized along Leninist lines similar to the Soviet's Bolshevik Party; the CCP resembles a military hierarchy, with a chain ***** command going from the top down. Though the lower ***** officials have a ch*****nce to have their views articulated to the Party's hierarchy, once a fin*****l decision have been taken by ***** ***** leaders, all party members are obligated to abide along party lines. Party elites dominate the ***** making. Virtu*****y every other aspect of China's politics and government, including the policy process and relations between ***** state and society, are derived ***** that fundamental truth. (p.708).

In addition, Sodaro stated that ***** supremacy over the government, the ***** ***** ***** institutions is achieved through a combination ***** oversight and personal appointments. Within all ***** min*****tries, factories, schools and other work units is a party committee that monitors compliance ***** party directives. The arty also nominates or approves all key personnel, from cabinet min*****tries, university departments and bank officials. (p.709) It is evident that Mao's government in terms of decision making and policy direction ***** dependent on the Communist Party's stand and advocacy. In *****, the binding effect ***** said decisions to ***** party instrumentalities shows the degree of discipline and more importantly, commitment to realize the decision *****.

Ano*****r pertinent aspect of Mao's government is the vital reforms he did ***** make government more responsive to ***** needs ***** the people. ********** ***** are seen in ***** ***** ***** ***** he made policies ge*****d towards a government th*****t unifies, transforms ***** modernizes Chinese society. Tieves (1997) noted that under Mao, the government spearheaded moves to re-integrate a fractured Chinese ***** based on nati*****al unity. This is necessary because ***** that time society was fragmented. After unifying society, Mao went on to transform society's political and social system ***** establ*****hing new rules. These rules include cracking down on prostitution, prohibiting the use of opium and dis*****owing arran***** marriages. The ***** likewise ***** land reform to peasant farmers. ***** last segment entails modernization which seeks ***** restores agricultural and industrial production to levels before the Japanese invasion as well ***** adopting the Soviet model ***** rapid *****ization.

***** also focuses on ***** role of the peasantry in nation building. Hagopian (1995) revealed that Mao's emphasis on the role of the ***** both before and after the communist victory in 1949

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