Essay - Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership Introduction Effective Leaders Manage the...

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Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership


Effective leaders manage the majority of successful organizations or teams, athletic or otherwise. A leader may be an expert, a supervis*****, ***** respected person, someone who controls aversive power or someone that has the capacity to dispense rewards (Ry*****, 1982). A leader may possess have one or more of these characteristics, depending on the individual.

***** addition to *****hip characteristics, *****s may also differ in *****ir leadership styles (p. 32). For example, a directive or possessive style of leadership means ***** the leader takes complete charge of ***** team, closely moni*****ring athlete behavior and performance. A permissive style of coach may leave much of the responsibility to the *****s ***** spend more time on ***** critical issues.

***** (1993) proposed a normative model of decision ***** (autocratic, participative, and delegating) in ********** (Butler, 1996). ***** casual observer ***** the dynamics on a typic*****l competitive sport team would conclude that coaches make all decisions and take all of the blame for failure. Athletes on the o*****r h*****, like to concentrate on t*****eir resp*****sibilities as players and prefer not to be involved in coaching.

The concept of leadership has gained a large amount of attention in recent years, as sports have *****creased in popularity and researchers have placed an emphasis on determining the relationship between leaders, *****s and performance.

***** Model ***** Sport Leadership

According to the Multidimensional Model of Sport *****, optimal performance & satisfaction are achieved when leader's required, preferred & actual behaviors are consistent. The model holds that effective ***** varies ***** on the specific situati*****, leader and team (Chelladurai, 2001, p. 194-197)

***** model introduces three key terms:

Required leader behavior-- behaviors demanded by the situation (goals, norms, values, etc.).

Preferred leader behavior-- leader behaviors preferred ***** group, organization, etc.

Actual leader behavior-- behaviors the ***** exhibits.

As a direct consequence of *****hip, ***** things are affected:

Satisfaction—When ***** ***** and behaviors match the preferences ***** ***** athlete, greater satisfaction is the result.

Cohesion—A democratic style, social support and positive feedback ***** result in greater cohesion.

Performance - Greater social support results ***** poorer performing **********.

Additional Research

As a result of Chelladurai's research, many studies have been conducted to try to develop or expand ***** knowledge of the topic.

One such study analyzed the *****ences between the offensive and defensive ********** of ***** teams in ***** leadership, perceived leadership, and ***** with *****, as well as ***** relationships among preferred and perceived leadership, their congruence, and satisfaction with leadership (Chelladurai, 1995). The ***** of this study showed that defensive players preferred m*****e democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, and ***** support than offensive players.

In addition, the similarity between preferred and perceived ***** in ***** measurement of social ***** was important in enhancing member *****. On the o*****r hand, perceived leadership in training and instruction, in addition to ***** feedback, were more important factors ***** satisfaction with ***** than either the preferred leadership or ***** congruence of preferred and perceived ***** in these


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