Essay - Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership Introduction Effective Leaders Manage the...

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Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership


Effective leaders manage the majority of successful organizations or teams, athletic or o*****rwise. A leader may be an expert, a supervis*****, ***** respected person, someone who controls aversive power or someone that has the capacity to dispense rewards (Ryan, 1982). ***** leader ***** possess have one or more ***** *****se characteristics, depending on the individual.

In addition to leadership characteristics, leaders may also differ in their leadership styles (p. 32). For example, a directive or possessive style of leadership means that the leader takes complete charge ***** the team, closely monitoring athlete behavior and performance. A permissive style of coach ***** leave much of the responsibility to the athletes ***** spend ***** time on ***** critical issues.

Chelladurai (1993) proposed a normative model ***** decision ***** (autocratic, participative, and delegating) in coaching (Butler, 1996). ***** casual observer of the dynamics on a typic*****l competitive sport team would conclude that coaches make all decisions and take ***** of the blame for failure. Athletes on the other h*****, like to concentrate on ***** resp*****sibilities as players and prefer not to be involved in *****.

T*****e concept of leadership has gained a large amount of attention in recent years, as sports have increased in popularity and researchers have placed an emphasis on determining the relationship between leaders, *****s and performance.

***** ***** of Sport Leadership

According ***** the Multidimensional Model ***** Sport Leadership, optimal performance & satisfaction are achieved when leader's required, preferred & actual behaviors are consistent. The model holds that effective ***** varies depending on the specific situati*****, leader and team (Chelladurai, 2001, p. 194-197)

***** model introduces three key terms:

Required ***** behavior-- behaviors demanded by the situation (goals, norms, values, etc.).

Preferred leader behavior-- ***** ***** preferred by group, organization, *****.

Actual leader behavior-- behaviors the leader exhibits.

As a direct consequence of *****hip, three things ***** affected:

Satisfaction—When coaching ***** and ***** match the preferences of the athlete, greater ***** is the result.

Cohesion—A democratic style, social support and positive feedback all result in greater cohesion.

Performance - Greater social support results ***** poorer performing teams.

Additional Research

As a result of Chell*****durai's research, many studies have been conducted to try ***** develop or expand the knowledge of the topic.

One such study analyzed the *****ences between the offensive and defensive personnel of ***** teams in ***** leadership, perceived leadership, ***** satisfaction with *****, as well as the *****s among preferred and perceived leadership, their congruence, ***** ***** with leadership (Chelladurai, 1995). The results of this study showed that defensive players preferred more democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, and social support than offensive players.

***** addition, the similarity between preferred ***** perceived leadership in the measurement of social support was important in enhancing member satisfaction. On the o*****r hand, perceived ***** in training and instruction, in addition to ***** feedback, were more important factors of ***** with leadership than either the preferred leadership or the ***** ***** preferred and perceived ***** in *****se


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