Essay - Nephropathy Recent Searches for Information in Diabetic Nephropathy Yielded a...

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***** searches for in*****mation in diabetic nephropathy yielded a limited amount of ********** concerning the disease, its diagnosis and ***** treatment. What was evident was the fact that it is another concern for those individuals who have been diagnosed with diabetes, ***** further, that proper (and early) ***** can do much to stop the disease's progression and in many cases will prevent the disease.

***** ***** presents itself in individuals with ***** but it is closely related to nephrolithiasis which is a common condition that affects "n***** five percent of U.S. men and women during *****ir lifetimes" FN1. Nephrolithiasis includes a number of different nephrop*****thy diseases. "Nephrolithiasis specifically refers to calculi in the kidneys (including) both renal ***** ureteral calculi (ureterolithiasis)" FN2 Ureteral calculi almost always originate in ***** kidneys, although they may continue to grow once they lodge in the ureter. ***** is commonly referred to as kidney s*****nes, ***** other problems can occur pertaining to the kidney including two of the most prevalent conditions ***** ***** nephrolithiasis, which are IgA nephropathy ***** diabetic *****.

According to ***** National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) IgA nephropathy occurs "when IgA - a protein that helps us fight infections ***** settles in the kidneys" FN3.

***** nephropathy, on the other hand, occurs ***** there is too ***** prote***** and/or blood leaking from the kidney into the blood stream. Many of ***** symptoms for both diseases are very similar.

Symptoms can include "swelling in the hands and feet, nausea, fatigue, headaches, ***** sleep problems" FN3.

Approximately 20 - 30 percent ***** individuals ***** ***** nephropathy suffer ***** failure while 25 percent of IgA nephropathy sufferers ***** suffer kidney failure within 10 to ***** years of diagnosis. Nephrolithiasis produces a calculi that ***** "be prevented in most patients by the use of a simplified evaluation, reasonable dietary and fluid recommendations, ***** directed pharmacologic **********" FN1.

Dia*****tic nephropathy is normally referred to as diabetic kidney disease and it can lead to ***** failure. "Diabetic nephropathy presents in its earliest stage with low levels ***** albumin (microalbuminuria) in ***** urine" FN4. Low levels of albumin can be detected by a number of methods ***** three of the most common being; a spot urine test, a 24-hour urine sample ***** a three to six month urine *****. "The ***** practical method ***** screening for microalbuminuria is ***** assess the albuminto-creatinine ratio with a spot urine *****" FN4.

Once the di*****gnosis has been made early treatment ***** help to control the progress of the disease and many times will stave off kidney ***** for a number of years. Thorp's study showed that "***** is good evidence that early treatment delays or prevents ***** onset of diabetic nephropathy, or ***** kidney d*****ease" FN4. Early treatments can include a change in diet, exercise, improved blood sugar control, pharmaceuticals and even a regime of vitamins.

A team of investigat*****s for the journal Diabetes C***** "demonstrated that ***** C and E, along with mineral supplementation (including magnesium) appear


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