Essay - Nephropathy Recent Searches for Information in Diabetic Nephropathy Yielded a...


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Nephropathy

Recent searches for in*****mation in diabetic nephropathy yielded a limited ********** of *****formation concerning the disease, its diagnosis and its treatment. What was evident was the fact that it is another concern for those individuals who have been diagnosed with diabetes, ***** further, that proper (and early) ***** can do much to stop the disease's progression and in many cases will prevent the disease.

***** nephropathy presents itself in *****dividuals with ***** but it is closely related to nephrolithiasis which is a common condition that affects "n***** five perce*****t of U.S. men and women during *****ir lifetimes" FN1. Nephrolithias***** includes a number of different nephrop*****thy diseases. "********** specifically refers to calculi in the kidneys (including) both renal calculi ureteral calculi (ureterolithiasis)" FN2 Ureteral calculi almost always originate in the kidneys, although they may continue to grow once they lodge in the ureter. Nephrolithiasis is commonly referred to as kidney stones, ***** o*****r problems ***** occur pertaining to the kidney ***** two of the most prevalent conditions ***** ***** *****, which are IgA nephropathy and diabetic nephropathy.

According to ***** National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) IgA nephropathy occurs "when IgA - a protein that helps us fight infections ***** settles in the kidneys" FN3.

***** nephropathy, on the other hand, occurs when there is too much prote***** and/or blood leaking from the kidney into the ***** stream. Many of ***** symptoms for both diseases are very similar.

Symptoms can include "swelling in the hands and feet, nausea, fatigue, headaches, ***** sleep *****" FN3.

Approximately 20 - 30 percent of individuals with ***** nephropathy suffer kidney failure while 25 percent of IgA nephropathy sufferers will suffer ***** failure *****in 10 to ***** years of diagnosis. Nephrolithiasis produces a c*****lculi that can "be prevented in most patients by the use of a simplified evaluati*****, reasonable dietary and fluid recommendations, and directed pharmacologic intervention" FN1.

Dia*****tic nephropathy is normally referred to as diabetic kidney d*****ease and it can lead to kidney *****. "Diabetic nephropathy presents in its earliest stage with low levels ***** album***** (microalbuminuria) in ***** ur*****e" FN4. Low ***** of albumin can be detected by a number ***** methods with three of the most common being; ***** spot urine test, a 24-hour urine sample ***** a three ***** six month urine s*****mple. "The most practical method ***** screening for microalbuminuria is to assess the albuminto-creatinine ratio with a ***** urine *****" FN4.

Once ***** diagnosis has been made early treatment can help to control the progress of the disease and many times will stave off kidney failure for a number of years. Thorp's study showed ***** "*****re is good evidence that early treatment delays or prevents the onset of diabetic *****, or diabetic kidney d*****ease" *****. Early treatments can include a change in diet, exercise, improved blood sugar control, pharmaceuticals ***** even a regime of vitamins.

A team of investigat*****s ***** the journal Diabetes Care "demonstrated that vitamins C and E, along with mineral supplementation (including magnesium) appear

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