Essay - Nursing Model/theory Application Introduction Overview a Nurse's Role, According to...

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A nurse's role, according to Virginia Henderson's Nursing Theory, which she wrote prior to the development of theoretical nursing, is to help a person, whether he/she is sick or well, ***** complete **********, contributing to h*****/her recovery process (***** peaceful death). As the quote introducing this paper notes, the activities a nurse helps an individual perform include those he/she would complete if he/she possessed ***** required will, strength, or knowledge - in a way ***** help him/her gain or regain his/her independence. (Resuggan, 2008) Prior to Henderson (1966), Florence Nightingale (1856/1969) stressed the value ***** self*****care in *****. (Singleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) Complementing Hender*****on's and Nightingale's work, more than three decades ago, Orem's self*****care deficit theory (Orem 1971, 1980, 1985, 1991, 1995; cited by Singleton, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) evolved as the prominent model in ***** self*****care area, focusing on an ********** physical nature identifying *****s within the physical realm. In addition, according to self-care deficit *****ory denotes "the nurse will diagnose clients" self-care deficits and prescribe how those deficits will be met." (*****, 2000, ¶s 5 - 7) In determining ***** ***** will ***** met, Hender*****on stressed the value of helping a person become as independent as possible. Her "theory" contends that nursing includes helping individuals gain independence in relation to performing activities which contribute to their health or the recovery of health. "She described the *****'s ***** ***** substitutive (doing for the person), supplementary (***** ***** person), or complementary (********** with the person), with the goal of helping the person become as independent as possible." (Henderson, 1966, p. 15; ***** by Virginia *****, 2000 ***** 2007) The following 14 components, b*****ed on human needs, according to Henders*****, characterize nursing activities.

Breathe normally.

Eat ***** drink adequately.

Eliminate body wastes.

***** and maintain desirable postures.

Sleep and rest.

***** suitable clothes-dress and undress.

Maintain body temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying environment

Keep the ***** clean ***** well groomed and protect ***** integument

***** dangers in the environment and avoid *****juring others.

Communicate with ***** in express*****g emotions, needs, fears, or opinions.

Worship according to one's faith.

***** in such a way that there is a sense of accomplishment.

***** or participate in various forms ***** recreation.

Learn, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to normal development and health and use the available health facilities. ("***** Henderson's Need...," 2004 - 2008)


***** unique function of the nurse is ***** assist ***** individual, sick or *****, in the perf*****mance of those ***** contributing to health or its ***** (or to peaceful *****) ***** he would perf*****m unaided if he had t***** necessary strength, ***** or knowledge.

And to do this in such a way as to help him ***** *****dependence as rapidly ***** possible."

***** Avernal Henderson (1897 - 1996) (*****, 1966, p. 15; cited by *****, *****)

***** (*****, p. 658; ***** by Trail Ross, 1993, *****. 235) explains that a dilemma consists of a choice


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