Essay - Obesity and Its Effects on Society Introduction that Americans Are...


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OBESITY AND ITS EFFECTS ON SOCIETY

INTRODUCTION

***** Americans are, as a group, overweight is not news. From television commercials that advertise fast food as a w*****y to lose weight (Subway sandwiches) to news of individuals suing McDonald's for providing calorie-laden large portions to the popularity of Atkins diets in particular and low-carbohydrate diets ***** general, there is ample evidence that Americans ***** concerned with their *****. Despite the attention that ***** given to weight loss, however, the trend of ***** and obesity continues ***** increase in ***** United States. This research is intended to provide background information on the issue ***** obesity ***** ***** effects that it has on society to an audience that includes policy makers who may be in a positi***** to make decisions that will help reverse this trend.

THE TREND OF OBESITY IN THE UNITED STATES

***** are considered overweight if ***** body mass index (BMI) is greater than 25 but less than 30. Above 30, the individual ***** ***** obese. Body mass index is computed as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. According to a R*****nd Corporation study rele*****ed in 2003, approximately 20 percent of ***** are considered ***** based on self-reported weight, while 25 percent of Americans ***** c*****sidered obese when objective weight measures are used. The disparity arises because individual tend to underreport their weight when no objective measures are ***** (Sturm, *****).

Between 1986 and *****00, the prevalence ***** individuals in the United ***** with a ***** ***** index greater than 40 quadrupled from 0.5 percent to two *****. During the same period, the percentage of those individuals with BMIs in excess ***** 50 increased fivefold from 0.05 percent to 0.25 percent. ***** ***** same period, the ********** of individuals whose BMI exceeded 30, the threshold for obesity, doubled from ten percent ***** 20 *****. As illustrated in the follow*****g chart, ***** indicates ***** ***** only are Americans continuing to put on *****, they are gaining rates at increased r*****es so that the level of obesity is itself increasing (the chart uses a logarithmic scale so ***** percentage changes are clearly illustrated) (Sturm, 2003).

REASONS FOR OBESITY

***** experts agree that obesity *****ults when an individual fails ***** burn ***** same or more calories than are c*****sumed. The ***** main components of controlling ***** ***** thus diet and exercise. Athletes in prime physical condition may well consume several times the minimum amount of daily calorie consumption without gaining any weight ***** the physical activity in which ***** engage burns the excess *****. When *****s eat ***** portions ***** fail to exercise, however, *****y store the excess calories and put on weight. A recent survey indicates that ***** are aware of this relationship, although they may fail to ***** in ***** or regular exercise regimens. The results ***** this survey, ***** asked *****mericans to choose three reasons for the increase in obesity, are presented in ***** chart below (Dolliver, 2004).

Reason of Respondents

People Do

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