Essay - Obesity and Its Effects on Society Introduction that Americans Are...


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OBESITY AND ITS EFFECTS ON SOCIETY

INTRODUCTION

That Americans are, as a group, overweight is not news. From television commercials that advertise fast food as a way to lose weight (Subway sandwiches) ***** news of individuals suing McDonald's for providing calorie-laden large portions to the popularity of Atkins diets in particular and low-carbohydrate diets ***** general, there is ample evidence that Americans ***** concerned with their weight. Despite the attention that is given ***** weight loss, however, the trend of overweight and obesity continues to increase in ***** United States. This research is intended to provide background information on the issue ***** obesity and the effects that it has on society to an audience that includes policy makers who may be in a position ***** make decisions that will help reverse this trend.

***** TREND OF OBESITY IN THE UNITED STATES

Individuals are considered overweight if their body mass index (BMI) is greater than 25 but less ***** 30. Above 30, the individual ***** ***** obese. Body mass ***** is computed as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. Accord*****g to a R***** Corporation study released in 2003, approximately 20 percent of ***** are considered obese based on self-reported *****, while 25 percent of Americans ***** c*****sidered ***** when objective weight measures are used. The d*****parity arises because individual tend to underreport their weight when no ***** measures are ***** (Sturm, *****).

Between 1986 and **********, the prevalence ***** ***** in the United States with a body ***** index gre*****ter than 40 quadrupled from 0.5 percent to two *****. During ***** same period, the percentage of those individuals with BMIs in excess of 50 *****d fivefold from 0.05 percent to 0.***** percent. During the ***** period, the *****age of individuals whose BMI exceeded 30, the threshold for obesity, doubled from ten percent to 20 *****. As illustrated in the follow*****g chart, ***** indicates ***** not only are Americans continuing to put on weight, they are gaining rates at increased rates so that the level of ***** is itself increasing (the chart uses a logarithmic scale so that percentage changes are clearly illustrated) (Sturm, 2003).

REASONS FOR OBESITY

***** experts agree that obesity results when an individual fails to burn the same or m*****e calories than are c*****sumed. The two main components of controlling ***** are thus diet and exercise. Athletes in prime physical condition may well consume several times the minimum amount of daily calorie consumption without ***** any weight ***** ***** physical activity in which ***** engage burns the excess calories. When individuals eat large portions and fail to exercise, however, they store the excess ***** ***** put on *****. A recent survey indicates that *****mericans are aware of this relationship, although they may fail to engage in ***** or regular exercise regimens. ***** results of this survey, ***** asked Americans to choose three rea*****ns for the increase in obesity, are presented ***** ***** chart below (Dolliver, 2004).

Reason of Respondents

People Do

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