Essay - Occupational Health and Safety Introduction: There are Hazards in Most...

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Occupational Health and Safety


***** are hazards in most occupations. The importance lies in recognizing the hazard and how we ought to react and take care to minimize the *****. Preventive measures ***** to be inculcated in ***** workers and there must ***** care and rules to regulate the work that has health *****. This is of paramount importance. We are concerned in this paper over the hazards of radiation ***** other related work hazards. (Brune; Edling, 1989, p. 167)

In hospitals the health ***** to ***** come in many forms. Though we consider ***** effects ***** radiation and the use of thermal and other ions, ***** have to bear in m*****d that ***** are other pollution ***** occur in hospitals that also could be harmful. Though there is no radiation, noise for example and lighting is two areas that relates to the lighting levels and no*****e which affect health. Although noise does not constitute a part of the ***** hazard, noise ********** are present in hospitals with the noise above 85 deci*****l level. They ***** at ***** central processing, electrical install*****ions and in the laundry and cleaning mechanism. (Stellman, 1998, p. 7) Boiler rooms, laundry and kitchens are the source of excessive noise. There can be permanent hearing loss on constant exposure to noise over 80 decibels. Hot liquids ***** hot surfaces ***** ***** hazardous. (Occupational Hazards ***** Hospital Workers, 1995) The hazards and the working environment ***** stress ***** to the work including shifts which interfere with ***** biological clock can have disastrous consequences on the health of the workers and their performance. The excessive workload demand combined ***** the stress and the hazards and risk at hospitals ***** take a physical ***** psychological toll among ***** workers.

*****. All lighting, non-ionising radiation and ionising radiation hazards that may be ***** in the workplace environment of a l*****rge general Hospital

The occupational ***** at the hospital are a broad spectrum that encompasses all activities at ***** hospital, health care, patient care, food, laboratory, and so on. Broadly we can classify these hazards into psycho *****cial, *****, physical chemical and ergonomic hazards. Infections by bacteria and virus, contamination and risk ***** are inherent in handling body fluids of infected patients form the biological hazard. HIV, Hepatitis etc can be spread to health workers from patients. Some other diseases that could be spread include Rubella, Pulmonary tuberculosis, Herpes simplex virus, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome --AIDS and many such communicable diseases. Health workers in hospitals are subject to ***** ***** chemicals like cleaning ***** sterilizing *****, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, anaesthetic chemicals, anti-*****cer medicines, and reagents are around and cause illness. Added to those ergonomic disasters like slippery floors, sharp instruments, and explosive gases are ergonomic hazards. The most important ***** ***** affecting hazards emanate from the electric installations, ionizing and non-***** radiation. (***** Hazards for Hospital *****, 1995)

X-Ray, LASER therapy, nuclear therapy Magnetic resonance and more and ***** methods ***** diagnosis and treatment are creating *****. (Brune; *****, 1989, p.


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