Essay - Overcrowding in the Prison System Introduction: Overcrowding in the Prison...


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Overcrowding in the Prison System

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Overcrowd*****g in the prison system is a serious problem faced in nations around the globe. Both developed and developing nations are experiencing *****s that are filled to up to 300 percent of *****ir capacity. In the United States the pr*****on population more than quadr*****led between the years ***** 1978 ***** 2001 (Marciniak 10). As a result of this overcrowding, ********** is increased incidents of violence, a rampant spread of disease in and out of the prison, poorer security in place than if appropriate inmate levels were maintained, higher rates of recidivism, ***** unhygienic living conditions for inmates. With resources stretched beyond *****, important resocialization and reintegration programs become a low priority in the system ("Addressing *****").

Factors in Prison Overcrowd*****g:

***** noted, almost every country in the world is ***** an overcrowding of their prison *****s. This trend is the ***** of a variety ***** factors. These include: tougher criminal policies that view imprisonment as a primary means of punishing criminals. Included in ***** is "a ***** toward longer sentences reflecting a reaffirmation of ***** value of punishment and a movement toward ***** determinate ***** and restrictions on early release, thereby reducing the ability of pris***** administrations to deal with ***** problems" (Giertz & Nardulli 71) In addition, there is a reduced use of bail ***** a failure to fully implement early release programs, an increase in crime rates in many countries, and an overburdened, *****efficient criminal justice system ("Addressing Prison").

Compounding the problem is an increase in the number of parole violators. Between the years 1980 and 2000, the number of parole violators that were sent back to ********** increased from 27,000 to more than 200,000 (Travis).

Challenges as a Result ***** Prison Overcrowding:

***** of the primary challenges with prison overcrowding is simply ***** inhumanity of the situation. Overcrowded prisons have seen more ***** the designed ***** inmates crowded in***** these conf*****ed spaces. This inhumane treatment only serves to perpetuate a wide ***** ***** social ills that plague communities in general ("Addressing Prison").

In *****, overcrowded prison systems often lead to ***** health consequences. Due to overcrowding, prisoners are often forced ***** share beds, bedding ***** personal space. These close living quarters contribute to the ***** of a v*****riety of communicable diseases, including Tuberculosis. And, it's not just the inmates that suffer ***** this spread of disease, disease spread can affect those outside the prison system as well. As an example, the recent outbreaks ***** Tuberculosis in Russia *****d o*****r former Soviet Union ***** have been directly linked ***** ***** in the local prison population, which was exacerbated by ***** overcrowding of the ***** ("Addressing Prison").

In addition to the spread ***** *****, overcrowding has also ***** positively associated with increased tension and violence in *****. ***** more *****ers than ***** system was ***** to accommodate, it is often d*****ficult, and sometimes impossible, for prison authorities to prevent violence, let alone gain control once ***** occurring.

***** has sometimes resulted in deadly

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