Essay - This is a Paper on Galton's Prediction of What Would...


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This is a paper on Galton's prediction of what would happen if person took a standardized college exam twice. There are three references used for th***** paper.

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Galton created *****eories on what determined a pers*****'s mental capabilities.

By ********** the man, an idea can be formed ***** what his predictions would ***** concerning retaking a ***** college ex*****m.

***** *****, his theories and those who were influenced by him will be explored to warrant t***** prediction.

***** Galton Would Predict

***** *****lieved intelligence is inherited and people are predisposed to only achieving so much on test. *****fore, he would predict a person taking a standardize college entrance exam twice would have similar scores on each test. He would feel that no matter how many times the test was administered, the chance of having any sign*****icant improvement on the test would be doubtful due to the pers*****'s genetics.

The Man and his Theory

Sir Francis Galton was an English scientist and cousin of Charles Darwin. He founded eugenics, which is the "study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html)."

***** believed that talent ***** an inherited characteristic (unk*****wn, 2002).

Eugenics *****d Tests

Galton devised eugenics and soon had a following in some circles ***** the scientific community. Fellow eugenicists eventu*****lly became interested in psychometrics which is the "psychological theory of mental measurement (Garland, 1996)."

***** ***** became ***** to develop standardized IQ *****s.

Psychometricians ***** formed IQ test for preschoolers and the Army felt ***** determ*****ed a person's ment*****l ability, ***** because of t*****, certain social and ethnic groups could ***** achieve what their mental abilities would allow ***** no more. Eugenicists looked at the IQ test as an "objective ********** quantitative tool for measuring innate ***** ability (*****, 1996)."

When the ********** were administered to new immigrants at Ellis Island, eugencists found that "more than 80 percent ***** the Jewish, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Russian immigrants were mentally defective, or feebleminded (Garl*****, 1996)."

This lead eugenicists to the*****ize the defects were transmitted through genetics in a manner similar to the way a person's h*****ir and eye color are determined.

In Society

The Galton Society began monthly meetings in 1918 in New York to study ***** information on eugenics and ***** *****s, and by 1923, ***** were more than 1,200 members in 29 states. One of the most famous ***** was J.H. Kellogg, ***** cereal giant from Michigan, who *****ed the Race Betterment Foundation. The ***** of eugenics finally made it to colleges in 1928 and by ***** mid-30's high school biology textbooks contained ***** about and support ***** eugenics.

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Galton ***** that no matter how hard people studied, they could only do so well on tests ***** to their hered*****y. His thoughts would effect many people, cause stereotyping ***** eventually lead to the Nazi's attempt to create a society of intellectual supremacists.

***** eugenics (accessed 10-07-2002) (http://educati*****.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html).

2002, 01 January). SIR FRANCIS GALTON. ***** Columbia Encyclopedia.

**********, Allen E. (1996, 18 August). Science

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