Essay - This is a Paper on Galton's Prediction of What Would...


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This is a paper on Galton's prediction of what would happen if person took a standardized college exam twice. There are three references used for this paper.

Introduction

Galton created theories on what determined a pers*****'s mental capabilities.

By examining the man, an idea can be formed of what his predictions ***** be concerning retaking a standardized college exam.

***** *****, his theories and those who were influenced by him will be explored to warrant ***** prediction.

***** Gal*****n Would Predict

Galton believed intelligence is inherited ***** people are predisposed to only achieving so much on test. **********, he would predict a per*****n t*****king a standardize ***** entrance exam twice would have similar scores on each test. He would feel that no matter how many times the test was administered, the chance ***** having any significant improvement on the test would be doubtful due to the pers*****'s genetics.

The Man and his Theory

***** Francis Galton was an English scientist and cousin of Charles Darwin. ***** founded eugenics, which is the "study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html)."

Galton *****lieved that talent is an ***** characteristic (unknown, 2002).

Eugenics and Tests

Galton devised eugenics and soon had a following in some circles of the scientific community. Fellow eugenicists eventually became *****terested in psychometrics which is the "psychological theory of mental measurement (Garland, 1996)."

***** soon ***** used to develop standardized IQ **********.

Psychometricians who formed IQ test for preschoolers and the Army felt genetics ***** a person's mental ability, and because of this, certain social and ethnic groups could only achieve what their ***** abilities would allow ***** no more. Eugenicists looked at the ***** test as an "objective ********** quantitative *****ol for measuring innate mental ability (*****, 1996)."

***** the tests were administered to new immigrants at Ellis Island, eugencists found th***** "***** than 80 percent of the Jewish, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Russian immigrants were ********** defective, or feebleminded (Garland, 1996)."

This lead ***** to the*****ize the defects were transmitted through genetics in a manner similar to the way a person's h*****ir and eye color are determined.

In Society

***** Galton Society began monthly meetings in 1918 ***** New York to study ***** information on eugenics and ***** ideas, and ***** 1923, ***** were more than 1,200 members in 29 states. One of the most famous ***** was J.H. Kellogg, ***** cereal giant from Michigan, who *****ed the Race Betterment Foundation. The ***** of eugenics finally made it to colleges in 1928 and by the mid-30's high school biology textbooks contained ***** about and support of eugenics.

Conclusion

Galton believed that no matter how hard people studied, they could ***** do so well on tests due to their heredity. His thoughts would effect many people, cause stereotyping and eventually lead to the Nazi's attempt to create a ********** of intellectual supremacists.

References eugenics (accessed 10-07-2002) (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html).

2002, 01 January). SIR FRANCIS GALTON. ***** Columbia Encyclopedia.

*****, Allen E. (1996, 18 August). Science

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