Essay - This is a Paper on Galton's Prediction of What Would...

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This is a paper on Galton's prediction of what would happen if person took a standardized college exam twice. There are three references used for th***** *****.


Galton created *****eories on what determined a person's mental capabilities.

By examining the man, an idea can be formed of what his predictions ***** be concerning retaking a standardized college exam.

The man, ***** theories and those who were influenced by him will be explored to warrant this prediction.

***** Gal*****n Would Predict

***** believed intelligence is inherited and people are predisposed to only achieving so much on test. **********, he would predict a per*****n taking a standardize college entrance exam twice would have similar scores on each test. He would feel that no matter how many times the test was administered, the chance of having any significant improvement on the test would be doubtful due to the person's genetics.

The Man and his Theory

Sir Francis Galton was an English scientist and cousin of Charles Darwin. He founded eugenics, which is the "study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding ("

Galton believed that talent is an ***** characteristic (unknown, 2002).

Eugenics ********** Tests

Galton devised ***** and soon had a following in some circles ***** the scientific community. Fellow eugenicists eventually became *****terested in psychometrics which is the "psychological theory of mental measurement (Garland, 1996)."

Psychometrics soon ***** ***** to develop ********** IQ tests.

Psychometricians who formed IQ test for preschoolers and the Army felt ***** ***** a person's ***** *****bility, ***** because of *****, certa***** social and ethnic groups could ***** achieve what their mental abilities would allow ***** no more. Eugenicists looked at the IQ test as an "objective *****d quantitative *****ol ***** measuring innate ***** ability (Garland, 1996)."

When the tests were administered to new immigrants at Ellis Island, eugencists found that "***** than 80 percent ***** the Jewish, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Russian immigrants were mentally defective, or feebleminded (*****, 1996)."

***** lead eugenicists to the*****ize the defects were transmitted through genetics in a m*****nner similar to the way a person's h*****ir ***** eye color are determined.

***** Society

The Galton Society began monthly meetings in 1918 ***** New York to ***** ***** information on eugenics and similar *****s, and ***** 1923, the were more than 1,200 members in 29 states. One of the most famous members was J.H. Kellogg, ***** cereal giant from Michigan, ***** *****ed the Race Betterment Foundation. The theory of eugenics finally made it to colleges in 1928 ***** by the mid-30's high school biology textbooks contained ***** about and support ***** eugenics.


Galton ***** that no matter how hard ***** studied, they could only do so well on tests due to their heredity. His thoughts would effect many people, cause stereotyping and eventually lead to the Nazi's attempt to create a ********** of intellectual supremacists.

***** eugenics (accessed 10-07-2002) (http://educati*****

2002, 01 January). SIR FRANCIS GALTON. ***** Columbia Encyclopedia.

*****, Allen E. (1996, 18 August). Science


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