Essay - This is a Paper on Galton's Prediction of What Would...


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This is a paper on Galton's prediction of what would happen if person took a standardized college exam twice. There are three references used for this *****.

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Galton created theories on what determined a pers*****'s mental capabilities.

By examining the man, an idea can be formed ***** what his predictions would be concerning retaking a ***** college ex*****m.

The man, his theories and those who were influenced by him will be explored to warrant this prediction.

***** Galton Would Predict

***** believed intelligence is inherited and people are predisposed to only achieving so much on test. Therefore, he would predict a pers***** taking a standardize ***** entrance exam twice ***** have similar scores on each test. He would feel that no matter how many times the test was administered, the chance of having any significant improvement on the ***** would be doubtful due to the pers*****'s genetics.

The Man and his Theory

***** Francis Galton was an English scientist and cousin of Charles Darwin. He founded eugenics, which is the "study of hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding (http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html)."

***** believed that talent ***** an ***** characteristic (unk*****wn, 2002).

Eugenics and Tests

Galton devised ***** and soon had a following in some circles ***** the scientific community. Fellow eugenicists eventually became interested in psychometrics which is the "psychological theory of mental measurement (Garland, 1996)."

Psychometrics ***** ***** used to develop standardized IQ tests.

Psychometricians ***** formed IQ test for preschoolers and the Army felt genetics determined a person's mental ability, ***** because of *****, certain social and ethnic groups could ***** achieve what their mental abilities would allow ***** no more. Eugenicists looked at the IQ test as an "objective and quantitative *****ol ***** measuring innate mental ability (*****, 1996)."

***** ***** tests were ***** to new immigrants at Ellis Isl*****, eugencists found that "more than 80 percent of the Jewish, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Russian immigrants were ********** defective, or feebleminded (Garland, 1996)."

********** lead eugenicists to theorize the defects were transmitted through ***** in a manner similar to the way a person's hair and eye color are determined.

***** Society

***** Galton Society began monthly meetings in 1918 in New York to study new *****formation on eugenics and ***** ideas, and by 1923, the were ***** than 1,200 members in 29 states. One of the most famous members was J.H. Kellogg, ***** cereal giant from Michigan, who founded the Race Betterment Foundation. The theory of ***** finally made it to colleges in 1928 ***** by the mid-30's high school biology textbooks contained information about and support of eugenics.

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Galton believed that no matter ***** hard people studied, they could only do so well on tests due to their hered*****y. His thoughts would effect many people, cause stereotyping ***** eventually lead to the Nazi's attempt to create a *****ciety ***** intellectual supremacists.

***** eugenics (accessed 10-07-2002) (http://educati*****.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/index.html).

2002, 01 January). SIR FRANCIS GALTON. The Columbia Encyclopedia.

*****, Allen E. (1996, 18 August). Science

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