Essay - Plato and the Value of Education Ancient Greek Culture Valued...

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Plato and the value of education

Ancient Greek culture ********** athletic ***** musical pursuits, in spite of the *****s having no centralized media such as television or radio. However, cultural pursuits including the visual arts, literature, philosophy, and music were highly valuable to the Greek tradition. The birthplace of the Olympics, Greece also treasured athleticism. Greek vase paintings and sculptures display the ancient culture's fascination with athletics. While modern American society also values music and sports, ***** and ***** have been undervalued in the public school system ***** increasingly, in schools of higher education. Part ***** ***** reason for the low priority of athletics and music is the economic structure of American society and the political ***** ***** values of the United States. Because the United States is a capital*****t society, any endeavor that does not make large profits is valued less than pursuits ***** do reap f*****ancial rewards.

***** schools have cut athletic and ***** programs in ***** part because they ***** ***** reflect the philosophy of education held by most Americans. The current focus rema*****s on the "three R's," reading, writing, and arithmetic. According to th***** viewpoint, music ***** sports are considered to be luxuries and hobbies that have no real place in the public school system. Only ***** most talented students are believed to have what it takes to become successful musicians or athletes.

One ***** the reasons why American culture does ********** value music or ***** as much as ***** ancient Greeks is that the ***** system reflects the ideology of industrialization. Since the Industrial Revolution, the American economy has been driven by material production ***** consumerism. ***** drive *****ward prosperity meant ***** only those activities that reaped monetary reward would be considered valid. Because ***** a small num*****r of musicians and athletes reap financial rewards from their efforts, these two subjects are considered to be ancillary to the purpose ***** schools. *****s basically believe that schools should teach children how ***** become productive citizens who are willing to *****icipate in capitalist enterprise, a philosophy ***** Pl*****to did not contend ***** in ancient Athens.

Today, millions of Americans are obese or out of shape. At the same time, ***** are obsessed with bodies, which are plastered on ***** cover of almost every newsstand magazine. But because schools do not promote physical education as being integral to the development of the whole human *****, exercise is conveyed as a struggle. As a result, people force *****mselves to go to the gym knowing that the exercise will keep them fit. The pursuit of money in modern American society has made care of the body secondary.

***** the other hand, care ***** the body was a primary concern for many ancient *****. The ***** Greeks were aware of both ***** aesthetic and salutary benefits of physical exercise and were there*****e keen ***** cultivate the body along with the mind. In spite ***** evidence that a healthy ***** promotes a he*****lthy ***** as well as healthy body, ***** Americans continue


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