Essay - Plato's Myth of the Cave According to the Greek Philosopher...


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Plato's Myth of the Cave

***** to ***** Greek philosopher Plato, what we commonly think of as 'the real world' is not real at all, but merely an imperfect version ***** ***** ideal world, a world full of ***** Pl*****o calls the 'the forms.' The forms are the ideal versions of everything that exists in this false world. Instead of an ordinary horse, for example, in the ***** of the *****ms there is a perfect version of a horse—and there is an ideal version in the world of ***** forms ***** what we think of as love, a kind of Pl*****tonic love that tr*****scends the physical world.

To illustrate the limits of earthly cognition, trapped in ***** materiality ***** existence, Plato created ***** h***** come to be called the "***** of the Cave." In the real world, we are d*****ll*****g in a d*****rk cave, isolated from enlightenment and heaven. Puppeteers have chained us ***** a rock so we can***** escape, and worse still, we do not know that we are ***** because the ***** is dark, lit only by a fire in the center of the cavern. The puppeteers manipulate shadow-puppets and we ***** ***** false shadows on the walls are '*****' ***** they are in fact only copies of copies.

***** of us live ***** total darkness, mistaking the shadows for ***** whole of human existence. Some people see beyond the shadows, but even ***** often fixate on the puppets which are ***** truly 'real,' either. It takes a true, enlightened ***** to underst***** the nature of ***** existence, and only a philosopher can gain enough insight ***** liberate people from the cave. People need to shake off their chains, turn away ***** the seductive ***** reality of the shadows and puppets and ***** from ***** *****, into a world that is lit by sun rather than false fire. This heavenly world of pure forms away ***** material ***** is the Platonic world.

A good example of how even people less philosophically ***** than Plato experience the levels ***** ***** of ***** Myth of the Cave is found in ***** example of love. When we first feel what we call ***** for other human beings, it ***** *****ually a form of self-love. We love our m***** ***** she loves us, we love ***** parents because they buy us Christmas gifts and take us to softball practice, and ***** love the prettiest girl in the class because looking at her makes us ***** good. Then we feel ***** ***** acknowledges the ot***** person, but is still often very shallow—we might give our first cr*****h a rose on Valentine's Day, but don't understand the ********** person's needs. Perhaps when they have a bad day, or need time with their friends, we ign*****e them or get upset ***** they seem to be ignoring us. This shallow love deepens into the ability to experience and appreciate a more m*****ture ***** self-sacrificing relationship, like what occurs during a long-term relationship, or when ***** *****

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