Essay - Plato's Myth of the Cave According to the Greek Philosopher...


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Plato's Myth of the Cave

According to ***** Greek philosopher Plato, what we commonly think of as 'the real world' is not real at all, but merely an imperfect version of ***** ideal world, a world full of ***** Pl*****o calls the ***** forms.' The forms are ***** ideal *****s of everything that exists in this false world. Instead of an ordinary horse, for example, in the world ***** the ***** there is a perfect version of ***** horse—and ***** is an ideal version in the ***** of ***** forms of what we think of as love, a kind of Pl*****tonic love that transcends the physical world.

To illustrate the limits ***** earthly cognition, trapped in the materiality of existence, Plato created ***** has come to be called the "***** of the Cave." In the real world, we are d*****lling in a dark cave, isolated from enlightenment and heaven. Puppeteers have chained us ***** a rock so we can***** escape, and worse still, ***** do not know that we are ***** because the ***** is dark, lit only by a fire in the center of the c*****vern. The puppeteers manipulate shadow-puppets and we ***** ***** false shadows on the walls ***** 'real' ***** they are ***** fact ***** copies of copies.

***** of us live in total *****ness, mistak*****g the shadows for the whole of human *****. Some people see beyond the shadows, but even ***** often fixate on the puppets which are ***** truly 'real,' ei*****r. It takes a true, enlightened philosopher to underst***** the nature of ***** existence, and only a philosopher can gain enough insight ***** liberate people ***** ***** cave. People need to shake *****f their chains, turn away from the seductive false reality of the shadows and puppets ***** escape ***** ***** darkness, into a world th*****t is lit by sun rather than false fire. This heavenly world of pure forms away from material existence is the Platonic world.

A good example ***** how even people less philosophically ***** than Plato experience ***** levels of ***** of the Myth ***** the Cave is found in the example of *****. When we first feel what we call love for other human beings, it is usually a form of self-*****. We love our mother ***** she loves us, ***** love our p*****rents because they buy us Christmas gifts and take us to s*****tball practice, and we love the prettiest girl in the class ***** looking at her makes ***** feel *****. Then we feel ***** that acknowledges the other person, but is still often very shallow—we might give ***** first crush a rose on Valentine's Day, but don't underst***** the other person's *****s. Perhaps when they have a bad day, or need time with their friends, we ign*****e them or get upset when they seem to be ignoring us. This shallow love deepens into the ability to experience and appreciate a more m*****ture ***** self-sacrificing relationship, like what occurs during a long-term rel*****tionship, or when ***** *****

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