Essay - Poetry African-american Poetry Studies: the Expression of Racial Tension in...


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POETRY

AFRICAN-AMERICAN POETRY STUDIES: THE EXPRESSION OF RACIAL TENSION IN THE WORK OF HUGHS, MCCAY, CULLEN AND BROWN

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this work is the review the work ***** four authors, specifically those of:

*****) Langston Hughs - "Democracy";

2) Claude McKay - "If We Must Die";

3) Countee Cullen ***** "Uncle Jim"; and 4) Sterling Brown - "Bitter Fruit of ***** Tree" and to then discuss how each of these ***** expresses within their written work the subject of racism.

*****TRODUCTION

Many feelings and emotions are expressed through the art of poetry ***** this is p*****icularly true of the *****s ***** *****, McKay, Cullen and Brown in their expressions of racism in the poems studies ***** ***** research work.

*****: IF WE MUST DIE (1919)

In 1919 ***** McCay responded to mass riots in which whites assaulted black neighborhoods ***** approximately '...a dozen..' cities across America. McCay's poem "If We Must Die" states:

If we must die, let it not be like hogs

***** and penned in an inglorious spot,

While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,

Making ***** mock at our accursed lot.

If we must die, O let us nobly *****..."

It is clear that McCay is urging the black community to fight back... or indeed to die for something other than for merely being a member ***** the bl*****ck minority race in ***** as he states:

Like men *****'ll face the murderous, cowardly pack,

***** to ***** wall, dying, but fighting back!"

HUGHS: DEMOCRACY

***** the poem entitled: "Democracy" the author Langston Hughs states:

***** will ***** come

Today, this year

Nor ever

Through compromise and fear." (Langston Hughs)

As the poem continues ***** relates that ***** individual has ***** same 'right' as one another in terms of independence and the rights to own their own land. Hughs relates that he grows weary of ***** who abdicate ***** own rights and encourage others to do so by 'letting things "take their ***** course" or go as they may stating:

do not need my freedom when I'm dead.

A can***** live on tomorrow's bread." (Langst***** Hughs)

The poem of ***** ends by expressing that freedom comes to be needed ***** those who ***** deprived the most of freedom.

CULLEN: UNCLE JIM

***** the work of Cullen entitled "Uncle Jim" the entirety of underst*****ing this poem is in ***** first line which states:

White folks is white," says ***** Jim" (Countree *****)

In just the first ***** ***** ***** poem it is expressed how all ***** blacks were not ready at the time of this poem for feeling or accepting ***** ***** were, just as the ***** people, Americans.

*****: "BITTER FRUIT OF THE TREE"

Many of Sterling Browns first *****s have *****en c*****ed "...lighthearted narr*****ives...' to be followed by "B*****ter Fruit ***** the *****" which ***** been termed to be a "...spiteful vendetta..." in which he speaks of the suffer*****g of his family, specifically his grandmother and grandfather and his father. Brown speaks of

. . . . [END OF THESIS PAPER PREVIEW]

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