Essay - Police Use of Non-lethal Weapons There is a Wide Variety...

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***** is a wide variety of weapons which are now available for self defense as well as for the use of police when tackling dangerous perpetrators. While some ***** used particularly to inflict lethal harm to the attacker o*****rs aim at only detracting the perpetr*****or from causing any ***** to the victim. The use ***** non lethal ***** by the police has been a subject for debate for some time now because it has become obvious that technology enables the law enforcement forces to use in their missions different means that are not lethal for the human life.

***** main points of discussion referring to the use of non lethal weapons by the ***** can be seen in the actual discussion over police leg*****imacy. More precisely, it is considered ***** nowadays no individual or state entity has ***** right to apply *****ce by all means. In this sense, one ***** consider the actual notion of ***** legitimacy in order to see the way in which the community can be split when discussing the matter of non lethal means ***** enforcing ***** *****. In the end, the matter is reduced to the ***** of the police to ***** lethal harm. Therefore, from a theoretical point ***** view, police ***** can ***** understood as "public recognition of the policymaker's authority" as well as the result of an "agreement" (Mondak, 1994, 677). ***** precisely, "legitimacy exists ***** the citizen approves of a policy's subst*****ce" that is when the ***** can identify with ***** core nature of the law enforcement practice (Mondak, 1994, 677).

***** the fact that there are more and more cases of abuses being revealed at the level of the police work, ***** ***** on whether the police ***** legitim*****e to use lethal force against people, regardless of ***** *****fence, is thus fueled. Cases of ***** ab***** stirred the controversy over the excessive use of fire arms in police activities. ***** this sense, ***** of the cases ***** drew ***** attention of the media as well as the ***** was the Da Silva case ***** which Kurt Da Silva ***** killed "***** a Pawtucket, Rhode Island police *****ficer after a low-speed c*****r chase. DeSilva, who was unarmed, was suspected of driving a stolen car" (America Civil Liberties Union, 1997). This comes to prove the fact that indeed action must be taken in ***** to prevent abuses from ***** police, no ***** the difficult circumstances ***** ***** en*****ment authorities are faced *****.

***** aspect which is relevant for the debate is ***** doctr*****e ***** the proportionality of punishment. More precisely, "an agent who is guilty of (and responsible for" murder must be punished by death" (Corlett, 2001, 51). Despite the fact ***** the example offered by Corlett and cited from Kant is radical, in general terms it ***** be said that one of ***** basic principles ***** the law is represented by the proportional*****y of the punishment ***** is the ***** must ***** proportional to the wrong


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