Essay - Qualitative Proposal for a Study on Improving Reading Skills in...


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Qualitative Proposal for a Study on Improving Re*****ding Skills in Lower-level and Special Needs Students Through the Use of Technology

Background

Students who have the highest risk of failing in school also ***** low read*****g capabilities. This is especially true for students who have special needs. Goetze ***** Walker (2004) have found that using technology may be a solution to th***** issue. They ********** that regular and consistent use of technology enhances literary capabilities ***** ***** who have special *****. However, teachers must be properly trained on how ***** use technology in the classroom (Doer*****g, Huges, & Huffman, 2003). If teachers are trained ***** to use the technology, how to integrate it in***** their lessons plans, and how to al***** students to voice ***** inputs, students could indeed improve reading scores (May, 2003; Lelop & Ponterio, 2005).

In order for this ***** happen, teachers need to be certain the ***** is being *****d ***** (a) hear word tones, (b) decipherer and interpret words, - understand over*****l expressions, (d) understand word span, and (e) help ***** become knowledgeable ***** confident with their ***** style (May, 2003). Overall reading will be improved, as well as students' ability to read on the internet and other digital media. This is pertinent due to the fact that literacy is no longer limited to "hard copy" material.

***** ***** aids in teaching reading skills are AlpahSmart and Kidspiration (*****, 2003). Others technologies include voice detection software, tele-cooperations of the internet, Personal Digital Assistants (PDA) and portable processors or devices (Fisher & Molebash, 2003). Teachers ***** use this s*****tware in addition to ***** teaching strategies as technology is not a substitute, but an aid in their teach*****g.

This study looks at ***** various technologies c***** aid in improving educ*****ion for low-level special needs students. To truly understand this phenomenon, a qualitative research design is most suitable. A summative evaluation of techniques that ***** use to incorporate technology into their lesson ***** will be conducted.

Qualitative research and its appropriateness for this *****

While quantitative research is historically the principle way in which ***** is done, ***** research is growing in popularity as it addresses issues in the social sciences. Marshall and Rossman (2006) state,

Research is a process of trying to g*****in a better ********** of ***** complexities of the hum*****n experience, *****, in some genres of research, to take action based on that understanding." (p.23)

Marshall and Rossman (*****) ***** state that qualitative inquiry should begin with an idea or ***** observati***** of a phenomenon th*****t the researcher feels should be investigated and reported ***** others. Holiday (2002) adds to this by explaining that while qualitative research does ***** fill in the holes of quantitative research, it ***** *****fer different paradigms ***** conduct research ***** and to gain different information.

These different paradigms are based on ontological (understanding of reality), epistemological (***** of how one knows what *****y know) and methodological (how answers ***** *****) assumptions (Patton, *****). While different theorists categorize and define different *****

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