Essay - Read 180 Literature Review Research Problem the Read 180 Instructional...

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Read 180 Literature Review

Research Problem

The Read 180 instructional program is an effort to aid struggling readers. Created in response to the Carnegie Corporation and Alliance for Excellent Education, th***** program is meant ***** help the 8 million or m*****e youths through the twelfth grade currently struggling to read at grade level. The research problem investigated is whether the Read 1*****0 can effectively address ***** needs of individual students through adaptive ***** instructional software, direct instruction and high-interest literature for populations of ***** with special needs. Scholastic reports the ***** is effective for providing "multi-functional support" ***** students with special needs, by providing access provisions ***** individualized software and approaches for special education students. However, the question remains as to whether this approach, including promotion of active participation of special education students ***** a repetitive model instruction program truly helps students ***** special *****. Because the data gathered thus far reflects only Schol*****tic's reviews, more objective analysis is needed to assess student achievement and learning using this model.

Literature Review

***** literature review provides a ***** of d*****ta significant to the Read 180 computer based *****ing program from Scholastic. The emphasis is on how Read 180 improves reading levels among ***** needs students. Relevant literature dating no more than ***** years provides critical information about the tools most useful in promoting excellence among special needs *****. Also evaluated are the various groups or categ*****ies ***** special ***** students one must consider when evaluating a program like Read 180 in the classroom.

Rieck & Wadsworth (2005) suggest that accommodations ***** *****al strategies, such as those presented by Read 180 and *****ment protocols ***** vital for students with special ***** needs. The authors provide an ***** of six ***** ***** research of ***** with special ***** from five different schools. They discover two misconceptions exist ***** general educators ***** ***** needs. First, educators often feel accommodations for special needs students suggest "lowering the st*****ards" for *****se students, and second, the ***** ***** ***** "inappropriately equate *****sessment with paper-and-pencil tests" (p. 105). Using this line of thinking, ***** 180 may provide a more ***** tool for *****ssessing and accommodating the needs ***** ***** by encouraging *****m to hold high standards ***** achievement, and assessing students using alternative rather ***** traditional means.

***** researchers *****te that the passage of No Child Left Behind has facilitated a movement to help students with special needs excel in the general curriculum, requir*****g new forms ***** assessment and accommodation for all students (Venn, 2000). The reasons for ***** are varied, but include determining ***** schools ***** meeting their objectives, including the ***** ***** Read 180 *****s, and ***** whether the ***** Aptitude Test ***** is a new ***** innovative approach to assessing and accommodating the ***** of special needs students (Venn, 2000; Rieck ***** Wadsworth, *****). There ***** evidence as ***** below that ***** and instructional s*****tware, when coupled with ***** teaching or approaches ***** learning, may prove beneficial f***** most special ***** students (Westwood, 2003). What


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