Essay - Read 180 Literature Review Research Problem the Read 180 Instructional...

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Read 180 Literature Review

Research Problem

The Read ***** instructional program is an effort to aid struggling readers. Created in response to the Carnegie Corporation and Alliance for Excellent Education, th***** program is meant ***** help the 8 million or more youths through the twelfth grade currently struggl*****g to read at ***** level. The research problem investigated is whether the Read 1*****0 can effectively address ***** needs of individual students through adaptive ***** ***** s*****tware, direct instruction and high-interest literature for populations of students with special needs. Scholastic reports the program is effective for providing "multi-functional support" ***** students with special needs, by providing access provisions and individualized software and approaches for special education students. However, the question remains as to whether this approach, including promotion of active participation of special ***** students ***** a repetitive model instruction program truly *****s students ***** special *****. Because the data gathered thus far reflects only ********** reviews, more objective analysis is needed to *****sess student achievement and learning using this model.

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The literature review provides a review ***** data significant to the Read 180 computer based reading program from Scholastic. The emphasis is on how Read 180 improves reading levels among special needs students. Relevant literature dating no ***** than 10 years provides critical information about ***** tools most useful in promoting excellence among special needs *****. Also evaluated are the various groups or categories of special needs students one must consider when evaluating a program like ***** 180 in the classroom.

Rieck & Wadsworth (2005) suggest that accommodations ***** instructional strategies, such as those presented by Read 180 and *****sessment protocols are vital for students with special learning needs. The authors provide an ***** ***** six ***** of research of ***** with special needs from five different schools. They discover two misconceptions exist ***** general educators about special needs. First, educators often feel accommodations for special ***** students suggest "lowering the standards" ***** these students, and second, the ***** suggest educators "inappropriately equate assessment with paper-and-pencil tests" (p. 105). Using ***** line of thinking, Read 180 may provide a more ***** tool for *****ssessing and accommodating the needs ***** students by encouraging ********** to hold high st*****ards ***** *****, and assessing students using alternative rather than traditional means.

***** researchers note that the passage of No Child Left Behind has facilitated a movement to help students ***** special needs excel in ***** general curriculum, requir*****g new forms of assessment and accommodation for all students (Venn, 2000). The reasons for ***** are varied, but include determining ***** schools are meeting their objectives, including the ***** for ***** 180 programs, and assessing whe*****r the ***** Aptitude Test ***** is a new and innovative approach to assessing and accommodating the ***** of special needs students (Venn, 2000; Rieck & Wadsworth, 2005). *****re is evidence as presented below that adaptive ***** instructional s*****tware, when coupled with ***** teaching or approaches ***** learning, may prove beneficial f***** most special needs students (Westwood, 2003). What


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