Essay - Reading and Decoding: Identifying Improved Techniques and Approaches for Helping...

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Reading and Decoding: Identifying Improved Techniques and Approaches for Helping Children Learn to Read


*****. Because reading is essential to overall academic success, one of the most serious and explosive issues in the United States today is how to meet ***** educational needs ***** an increasingly diverse population of students with a wide range ***** developmental *****. The situation ***** urgent as well, since current trends in educational achievement suggest that millions of students will not acquire the education necessary ***** fully participate ***** the economic ***** political aspects of society. Additionally, the inequality ***** results from differences in ***** educational achievement of children is likely to further widen the gap between the rich and poor. Children cannot learn ***** read without an understanding of phonics.

***** National Association for ***** Education ***** Young ***** (1996) points out that all children must know their ABCs and the sounds that letters make in order to communicate verbally. Therefore, the question in early childhood ***** programs should not be whether to teach "phonics" or "whole language learning," but rather how ***** teach ***** in context instead of in isolation so that young learners make the appropriate connections *****tween letters, sounds, and meaning.

Purpose. The purpose ***** this study is to identify ***** *****, research, procedures ***** materials ***** are related to the recent findings on word decoding.

Structure. Th***** study employs a critical review of the scholarly and relevant literature concerning reading and decoding ***** determine what role, if any, the small group decoding instruction plays in ***** improvement of reading achievement for students. Determining the importance of this relationship has implications ***** how to effectively increase student achievement as well as how resources ***** allocated ***** achieve the best results. Given ***** current ***** gap between proficient readers and non-*****, the findings of this study ***** as a starting point, diminish ***** disparity and will ultimately help create more ***** better l*****e-long readers. This research is significant in several ways. First, it addresses a crucial issue, important not only to school *****, but the success of the public school system. It also addresses a problem that is widespread, and impacts most ***** America's ***** school students. School success seems ***** be an import*****t precursor to success in careers. ***** this study ***** ***** only ***** in school but throughout later life.

***** need clearly exists and intervention programs in reading can greatly benefit struggling readers in this country, as most of them go to public schools that do not routinely offer such *****.

***** of the Relevant Literature

Background and Overview. Differences in the academic performance of children appear early. The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NEAP) (1996) reported that students ***** low socio-economic backgrounds ***** many minority students consistently achieve below ***** national average in ***** skills. Unfortunately, there is no relief as students continue on through the grade levels. In fact, according ***** the NAEP study, the gap *****s. The longer some ***** stay in school, the greater


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