Essay - Mine Safety Innovations in Mine Safety Technology the Recent String...

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Mine Safety

Innovations in Mine Safety Technology

***** recent string of mine disasters in the United States and Ch*****a proof-positive that *****s are dangerous places to work, and even with the most sophisticated mine safety technologies in place, accidents can and do happen all the time. Therefore, identifying opportunities for improvements in exist*****g techniques in mine safety represents a *****ly field of endeavor. To this end, this report will provide a review of the relevant peer-reviewed, scholarly and organizational literature to develop an overview of the various types of sensors currently being used in rescue operations when look*****g for trapped miners, including gas *****, heat detectors, pressure gauges ***** new camera technologies. A discussion of how these technologies are currently deployed as well ***** what mining experts recommend for the use of these ***** is followed by an assessment of their environment impact. A summary of the research and ********** for further directions in future ***** are ********** in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Regulation and Oversight of Mines in ***** ***** States.

***** mine is broadly defined by Cooper, Ryan ***** Sinback (2003) as being "an area of land from which minerals are extracted in non-liquid form or, if in liquid *****, are extracted with workers underground"; this definition includes private roads, tailing ponds, retention dams, and other facilities associated with the mine as well (p. 367). In the United States, mines ***** regulated by both the state ***** federal governments, with ***** Federal Mine ***** and Health Act of 1977 (FMSHA) being the primary legislation protecting the safety ***** health of American mine workers through a combination of civil, criminal, and administrative enforcement mechanisms today (Cooper et al., 2003). In those cases where violation of the statute is determined to have been willful, ***** operator of the mine is subject to ***** and civil liability; however, even in those ***** where the ***** was found to be not willful, operators can be found liable in a civil proceeding without a showing ***** fault (***** et al., 2003)

The FMSHA imposes civil and criminal liability on corporate officers, directors, and agents of a corpor*****te operator who knowingly authorize, order, or carry out a violation; agents of non-corporate *****, though, are ***** subject to any penalties under FMSHA (Cooper et al., 2003). ***** addition, any person may be found criminally ***** who:

Gives advance notice of any inspection ***** ***** conducted under FMSHA;

Knowingly makes any false statement, representation, or cert*****ication in any application, rec*****d, report, plan or other document filed or required to be ma*****tained pursuant ***** FMSHA; *****,

Distributes, sells, *****fers for sale, introduces, or delivers in commerce any non-complying equipment ***** use in a m*****e, ***** components and accessories of such equip*****nt, which is represented as complying with FMSHA or other relevant provisions (Cooper et al., *****).

This legislation and the introduction of various innovations in mining safety techniques have resulted in improvements in ***** number ***** disasters and incidents that have taken ***** in U.S. m*****es


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