Essay - Small Learning Communities: the Impact of a Freshman Academy on...


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SMALL LEARNING COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT OF A FRESHMAN ACADEMY ON NINTH GRADE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

ABSTRACT

***** factors affect the transition of the individual into the environment of the high school including peer-pressure, multi-age classrooms, increased responsibilities, more strenuous coursework, part-time jobs, family obligations, athletic participation as well as other extra-curricular activities. Research h***** suggested that the successful transition of students ***** ninth-grade is highly predictive of ***** level of academic success of the student throughout all the remaining years ***** high *****, which results in *****ing the student's success in life following high school. It is known that ***** experiencing ***** difficulties in the ***** ***** year also tend to have more absences, more office d*****cipline referrals, and lack a feeling of attachment ***** ***** school, which puts them at an increased risk for failing the ninth-grade ***** gre*****ly increases the likelihood that these students will drop out of high school be*****e completion and graduation. In order to address the issue of ninth-grade transition difficulties some schools have created a sm*****ll learning community, which has ********** named the 'Freshman Academy'. The objective of this present research is ***** examine ***** impact that the Freshman Academy has upon ninth-grade student transition. Toward ***** end, this study intends to conduct research in order to determine the degree to which small ***** communities, ***** in this case ***** ***** Academy, has upon the academic achievement of ninth-grade students at a ***** rural ***** school in Central Florida. The methodology of this study will be both of a qualit*****ive and a quantitative nature in order ***** determ*****e the success of ***** Freshman Academy in increasing student achievement ***** attendance in the n*****th grade. The data ***** be collected at the end ***** ***** 2007-2008 school year from the school records documenting the achievement of ninth-grade students and the attendance ***** the ninth-grade students. This data will then be compared to the achievement and attendance data for ninth-grade students in the school ***** 2003-2004 prior to ***** implementation of the ***** Academy.

SMALL ***** COMMUNITIES: THE IMPACT ***** A ***** ACADEMY ***** NINTH GRADE STUDENT *****

CHAPTER ONE

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

***** questions that this research intends to answer are those as follows:

***** what degree ***** the Freshman Academy affected student ***** among ninth-grade *****?

To what degree has ***** Freshman ***** affected the attendance of ninth-grade *****s?

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Students who do not successfully ***** into high school in the n*****th-grade school year ***** at a much *****er risk of academic failure and ultim*****ely at an increased risk of dropping out of high school completely. Academic interventions including small learning ***** decrease the risk of ***** failure ***** high school *****trition. The work ***** Fletcher (2000, p.2) relates that through promotion of "meaningful student involvement, schools can ready student for a lifetime of signifi*****t participation in their communities and nation." ***** additionally relates ***** providing students a chance for meaningful involvement at school has four specific outcomes: (1) positive effects on the *****

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