Essay - Social Sciences Why are the Social Sciences Governed by a...


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Social Sciences

Why are the social sciences governed by a system of rules? Why is methodology and application important in our pursuit to understand human behavior? How can statistics help to expla***** ***** facts? Does common sense play a factor in exploring human beings? Explain.

Like the natural sciences, the social sciences also attempt to explain real, measurable ***** in the world. Even though human behavior may be more difficult to isolate in the laboratory, more subject to multiple exterior influences in ***** 'field' ***** lived experience, and less predictable ***** uniform ***** its behavior than microbes and molecules, this is all the ***** reason for studying human behavior in a systematized fashion. It helps make sense of what ********** seems chaotic and un*****, when viewed anecdot*****y. If social ***** like psychology aspire ***** be useful and prescriptive, experimental studies and observations must be subject to controls and prove hypotheses with the same rigor as ***** ***** sciences.

Useful research in the social science that ********** ***** conclusions *****not ***** purely anecdotal, although case studies have *****ir place within the social *****. But even in a c*****se study, statistics can support the conclusions of ***** observer. For example, the proposal that Swedish teenagers growing up in a more open sexual environment are more likely to take responsibility for their *****ity might be an idea confirmed in dialogues with these teens and an *****alysis of the mass media. Still, this ***** should also be supported by data about birth control use and an *****alysis ***** how often responsible attitudes towards sexuality are discussed ***** the media, ra*****r than a deconstruction of ***** few ads.

***** issue ***** ethics in psychology and anthropology ***** requires a certain rigorous ***** rule-based *****. To avoid exploiting or changing home cultures, anthropologists must maintain a proper distance from their subjects. Researchers in psychology *****not abuse subjects in a laboratory environment to prove a theory.

***** issue of 'common sense' inevit*****bly ********** some role in social science theory, given that *****ers are human *****, and bring their own cultural assumptions ***** their studies and the construction ***** *****. But common sense can never replace statistical, experimental, ***** recorded data about another culture. What constitutes ***** sense varies widely from ***** to culture and era to *****. 'Common ********** or cultural misconceptions may tell us ***** the 1950s was a happy era of "Leave it to Beaver" although statistics ***** show that far more women worked than images ***** the era suggest, and memories ***** cultural arti***** show that there ***** tremendo***** fear in the country, as evidenced by McCarthyism, air raid drills, and reluctance to discuss sexual issues

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