Essay - Social Sciences Why are the Social Sciences Governed by a...


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Social Sciences

Why are the social sciences governed by a system of rules? Why is methodology and application important in our pursuit to understand human behavior? How can statistics help to expla***** social facts? Does common sense play a factor in exploring human beings? Explain.

Like the natural sciences, the social sciences also attempt to ********** real, measurable ***** in the world. Even though human behavior may be more difficult to isolate ***** the laboratory, more subject to multiple exterior influences in ***** 'field' of lived experience, and less predictable and uniform ***** its ***** than micro*****s and molecules, this is all the more reason for studying human behavior in a systematized fashion. It *****s make sense of what often seems chaotic and un*****, when viewed anecdotally. If social ***** like psychology aspire ***** be useful and prescriptive, experimental studies and observations must be subject to controls and prove hypotheses with the same rigor as ***** natural sciences.

Useful research in the social science that makes ***** conclusions *****not be purely anecdotal, although case ***** have their place within the social *****. But even in a c*****se study, statistics can support ***** ***** of the observer. For example, the proposal that Swedish teenagers growing up in a ***** open sexual environment ***** more likely to take responsibility ***** their *****ity might be an idea confirmed in dialogues with these teens ***** an analysis of the mass media. Still, this idea should also ***** supported by data about birth control use and an *****alysis of how ***** responsible attitudes towards sexuality are discussed in the media, ra*****r ***** a deconstruction of a few ads.

***** issue of ethics in psychology and anthropology ***** requires a cert*****in *****ous and rule-based methodology. To avoid exploiting or changing home cultures, anthropologists must maintain a proper distance from their subjects. Researchers in psychology cannot ab***** subjects in a laboratory environment to prove a theory.

The issue of '***** sense' *****evitably plays some role in social ***** theory, given that *****ers are human *****, and bring their own cultural assumptions to their studies and the construction ***** hypotheses. But common sense can never re***** statistical, experimental, and *****corded ***** about another culture. What constitutes ***** sense varies widely from ***** to culture and era to era. 'Common ********** or cultural misconceptions may tell us ***** the 1950s was a happy ***** of "Leave it to Beaver" although statistics ***** show that far more women worked than images ***** the era suggest, and memories and ***** artifacts ***** that there ***** tremendous fear in the co*****try, as evidenced by McCarthyism, air raid drills, ***** reluctance to discuss sexual issues

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