Essay - Student Centered Teaching Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism Vs.' Essentialism...


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Student Centered Teaching

*****, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism vs." Essentialism and Perennialism

The face of the American educational system has been changing dramatically over the past several decades. Since the inception of standardized education in the US, the fabric ***** society itself has undergone dramatic changes. Yet, ***** educational system continues to promote the paradigms that prevailed since the *****s very beginning. It can be argued ***** the system is in need of some dramatic ***** if we are ***** compete in a world where globalization means coping with increasing competition. Th***** research will explore teacher centered and student centered philosophies. It will support ***** hypothesis that student centered philosophies benefit the ***** more than ***** centered philosophies.

St*****ardized education was developed on teacher-centered philosophies. However, recent trends suggest that student centered philosophies would better prepare student's to meet the demands of today's job market. Teacher ***** philosophies do not consider the student's active role in the learning process. Students are treated as *****thing to be acted upon a head to be filled with facts. *****, student centered ***** consider the whole student and the ********** of the student in ***** *****al process. These are the key differences *****tween teacher centered ***** student centered philosophies.

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***** Centered Philosophies

***** are two primary types of ***** philosophies. They are essentialism and perennialism. Essentialists believe ***** the subject matter is ***** center of the curriculum. Many of them feel that greater educational opportunities are the reason for lowered standards in ***** schools. One of their key criticism of student centered philosophies is they place the emphasis on the child and teaching utilizing a v*****rieties and activities. ***** criticize progressives ***** allowing the ***** too much freedom in choos*****g their ***** (Cliff, 1996.).

Teacher centered methods of treating include rote learning methods that have been proven to be minimally effective at best. ***** of the key problems ***** ***** learning is that the ********** fail to integrate the material into their daily lives. They might do well ***** the tests, but they ***** difficulty making real life description Students taught in this manner might receive good grades, due to their ability to memorize material. Therefore, the teacher ***** look good, as ***** students appear to be high achievers.

However, in ***** case, the numbers ***** not tell the entire picture. Essentialist philosophies, with their curriculum-centered basis, hold students to high academic st*****ards. Standardized testing in one ***** the ***** elements of ***** teacher centered essentialist viewpoint. One of the key advantages of standardized testing is ***** it provides specific benchmarks for evaluation purposes. One ***** easily determine if the student has met the prescribed *****.

However, there are those that feel this advantage is underscored by the many arguments against standardized testing. For instance, there ***** some ***** feel standardized ***** increases drop-out rates (Amrein & Berliner, 2002). Teacher centered philosophy holds that if a child performs poorly on the tests, *****n ***** need to work a little harder for the next

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