Essay - Student Centered Teaching Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism Vs.' Essentialism...

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Student Centered Teaching

Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism vs." Essentialism and Perennialism

The face of the American educational system has been changing dramatically over the past several decades. Since the inception of standardized education in ***** US, the fabric ***** society itself ***** undergone dramatic changes. Yet, ***** educational system continues to promote the paradigms that prevailed since the systems very beginning. It can be argued that the system is in need of some dramatic ***** if we are to compete in a world where globalization means cop*****g with increasing competition. This research will explore teacher centered and student centered philosophies. It will support ***** hypothesis that student ***** philosophies benefit the ***** more than ***** centered *****.

St*****ardized education was developed on teacher-centered philosophies. Ho*****ver, recent trends suggest that student centered philosophies would better prepare student's to meet ***** demands of *****day's job market. Teacher centered philosophies do not consider the student's active role in ***** learn*****g process. Students are treated as something to be acted upon a head to ***** filled with facts. However, student centered ***** consider the whole student and the needs of the student in ***** educational process. These are the key differences between teacher centered and student centered philosophies.


Teacher ***** Philosophies

There are two primary types of ***** philosophies. They are essentialism ***** perennialism. Essentialists believe that the subject matter is ***** center of the curriculum. Many of them feel that greater ***** opportunities are the reason for lowered standards in the schools. One of ********** key criticism of student ***** philosophies is they place the emphasis on the child and teaching utilizing a varieties and activities. ***** criticize progressives ***** allowing the child too much freedom in choosing their curriculum (Cliff, 1996.).

***** centered methods of treating include rote learning methods that have been proven to be minimally effective at *****st. One of the key problems with ***** learning is that the students fail to integrate the material into *****ir daily lives. They might do well ***** the tests, but they ***** difficulty making real life description ***** taught in this manner might receive good grades, due to their ability to memorize material. Therefore, the ***** would look good, as ********** students appear to be high achievers.

However, in ***** case, the num*****rs ***** not tell the entire picture. Essentialist philosophies, with their curriculum-centered basis, hold students to high academic *****. Standardized testing in one ***** the ***** elements of ***** teacher centered essentialist viewpoint. One of the key advantages ***** standardized testing is that it provides specific benchmarks for evaluation purposes. One ***** easily determine if the student has met the prescribed benchmarks.

*****, there are those ***** ***** this advantage is underscored by the many arguments against standardized *****. For instance, there ***** some that feel standardized testing increases drop-out rates (Amrein & Berliner, 2002). Teacher centered philosophy holds that if a ***** performs poorly on the *****, then they need to work a little harder for the next


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