Essay - Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program...

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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of ***** School Guidance Program Prior to and Following the Implementation ***** the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in a K-12 ***** District


Background and Overview

Statement of ***** Problem

Purpose of the Study

Research Question

Significance ***** *****

Rationale of Study


Implications of *****

Assumptions of Study


Def*****itions of Terms

***** Summary and Conclusion

Chapter I


The need for effective school counseling programs has never been greater. Policymakers at all levels have recognized that change is needed but continue to struggle to identify ***** approaches ***** effect substantive reform. The good news is ***** there is a viable approach available in the form of ***** American School Counselor *****'s ***** St*****ards for School Counseling *****s. The bad news, though, ***** that this model continues to be either misunderstood or underutilized in many school districts across the country. School ***** programs represent a te*****m approach to assist students, parents, teachers, administrators as well as the larger community overcome many ***** ***** issues and problems that confront these stakeholders today. In order to be effective, though, school counseling programs must become an integral part of students' daily educational environment, *****d school counselors ***** assume a fundamental role as team members in facilitating academic outcomes for their students. In ***** cases, *****, school ***** programs have lacked a consistent identity from state to state, district to district and in some cases, even among individual schools themselves. This paucity of uniformity among school ********** across the country ***** created some pr*****ound constraints concerning ***** role ***** should be played by school ***** and what they are capable of contributing to schools and student achievement. Consequently, many school counseling ***** ***** frequently regarded as ancillary programs rather than an essential element in the educational regimen ***** ***** detriment ***** counselors ***** students alike (The ASCA National Model 2003). In addition, in many cases, teachers and school ***** are unaware of the *****nefits that school counselors can provide to them, their students, as ***** as parents ***** other stakeholders (Delisio 2008). Furthermore, no recent model has ***** advanced that incorporates the mission and national movement of the school ***** pr*****ession as proposed ***** the ASCA National ***** for ***** counseling programs (Wood and Rayle 2006).

***** and *****

By ***** end of the twentieth century, federal policymakers recognized that the ***** school system was in crisis and ***** badly in need of ***** type of reform. As a result, a mish-mash of legislation and unfunded mandates were handed down that have done little to effect substantive change in many *****. *****creas*****gly, ***** attention has been focused on connecting the role of the ***** counselor with ***** current school ***** movement to help overcome these constraints (Perusse and Goodnough 2005). In this regard, Ravitch (2004), characterizes the ***** century as a period of revolving door school reforms th*****t were intended to maximize limited resources for ***** optimal benefit of student learners, yet the same ineffective


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