Essay - Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program...

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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of the School Guidance Program Prior to and Following the Implementation ***** the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in a K-12 ***** District


Background and Overview

Statement of ***** Problem

Purpose of the Study

Research Question

Significance of Study

***** of Study


Implications of *****

Assumptions of Study


Def*****itions ***** Terms

Chapter Summary and Conclusion

Chapter I


The need for effective school counseling programs has never been greater. Policymakers at all levels have recognized that change is *****ed but continue to struggle ***** identify ***** approaches to effect substantive reform. The good news is ***** there is a viable approach available in the form of ***** American School Counselor *****'s ***** St*****ards for School Counseling Programs. The bad *****, though, ***** that this model continues to be either misunderstood or underutilized in many school districts across the country. School ***** programs represent a te*****m approach to assist students, parents, teachers, administrators as well as ***** larger community overcome many ***** the issues and problems that confront *****se stakeholders today. In order to ***** effective, though, school counseling ***** must become an integral part of students' daily educational environment, and school counselors ***** assume a fundamental role as team members in facilitating academic outcomes for their students. In many c*****es, *****, school counseling programs have lacked a consistent identity from state to state, district to district ***** in some cases, even among individual schools themselves. This paucity of uniformity among school *****s across the country ***** created some pr*****ound constraints concerning ***** role that should be played by school ***** and what they are capable of contributing to ***** and student achievement. Consequently, many school counseling ***** are frequently regarded as ancillary programs rather than an essential element in the ***** regimen to ***** detriment of counselors ********** students alike (The ASCA National Model 2003). In addition, in many cases, teachers and school ***** are unaware ***** the *****nefits that school counselors can provide to them, ***** students, as ***** as parents ***** other stakeholders (Delisio 2008). Furthermore, no recent model has ***** advanced ***** *****corporates the mission and national movement of the school counseling profession as proposed ***** the ***** National Model for school counseling programs (Wood and Rayle 2006).

***** and Overview

By ***** end of the twentieth century, federal policymakers recognized that the ***** school system was in crisis and was badly in need ***** some type of re*****m. As a result, ***** mish-mash of legislation and unfunded m*****ates were handed down that have done little to effect ***** change ***** many cases. Increasingly, national attention ***** been focused on connecting the role ***** the ***** counselor with ***** current school reform movement to help overcome these constraints (Perusse and Goodnough 2005). In this regard, Ravitch (2004), characterizes the ***** century as a period of revolving door ***** reforms that were intended to maximize limited resources for ***** optimal benefit ***** student learners, yet the same ineffective


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