Essay - Wic Program Wic, Women, Infants, and Children Program, a Special...


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WIC Program

WIC, Women, Infants, and Children program, a special supplemental nutrition *****, provides nutritious foods, nutrition counseling, ***** referrals to health and other social services to participants at no charge. WIC serves low-income pregnant, postpartum and breastfeeding women, and infants and children up to age 5 who are at nutrition risk.

WIC is not an entitlement program; th***** *****, congress does not set aside funds to allow every eligible individual to participate in the program. Instead, WIC is a Federal Gr*****t ***** for which Congress authorizes a specific *****mount of fund*****g each year ***** program operations. The Food ***** Nutrition Services, which administers the program at the Federal level, ***** these funds to WIC State *****ncies (State health departments or comparable agencies) ***** pay for WIC *****, nutrition counseling and education, and administrative costs.

HISTORY

WIC saves lives and improves the health of nutritionally at-***** women, infants and children. The results of studies conducted by FNS and other non-government entities prove that WIC is one of the nations most successful ***** cost-effective nutrition intervention *****s. Since its beginning in 1974, the ***** Program has earned ***** reputation of be*****g one of the most successful Federally-funded nutrition programs in the United *****s. Collective findings of *****, reviews and reports demonstrate that the WIC Program is cost effective in protect*****g or improving the health/nutritional status of low-income women, ***** ***** children. The following highlights some of ***** *****:

Im*****d Birth Outcomes and Savings in Health Care Costs

Improved Diet and ********** *****

***** Infant Feeding Practices

Immunization Rates and Regular Source of Medical Care

Improved Cognitive Development

Improved Preconceptional Nutritional Status

PURPOSE AND SCOPE

***** part announces regulations under which the Secretary of Agriculture shall carry out ***** Special S*****plemental Nutrition ***** ***** *****, Infants and Children (WIC Program). Section 17 of the Child ***** Act of 1966, as amended, states in part that the ***** finds that substantial numbers of pregnant, post*****um and ***** women, infants and young ***** from families with inadequate income are at special risk with respect to ********** physical and mental health by reason ***** inadequate nutrition or ***** care, ***** both. The purpose of the ***** is to provide supplemental foods and nutrition education through payment of cash grants to State agencies which administer ***** Program ***** local agencies at no ***** to ***** persons. The Program shall serve as an adjunct ***** good health ***** during critical times ***** growth and development, in order to prevent the occurrence of health problems, including drug and other harmful substance abuse, ***** to improve the health ***** of ***** persons. The program shall be supplementary to the Food Stamp *****; any program under ***** ***** are distributed to needy families in lieu of food stamps; and receipt of food or meals ***** soup kitchens, or shelters, ***** o*****r forms of emergency food assistance.

MISSION

***** mission of WIC is to safeguard the health ***** low-***** women, *****, and children up to age 5 who are at nutritional

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