"Abortion / Pro-Life / Pro-Choice" Essays

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Should Abortion Be Encouraged Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (919 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Autonomous Reproductive Rights

Argument Outline

Abortion should be encouraged as an autonomous right of the individual but its use as a callous method of birth control should be discouraged in favor of better alternatives.

Reproductive rights are legally protected by constitutional principles.

Supreme Court determined that abortion is not a matter of state law and that anti-abortion laws violate fundamental rights and privacies presumed under the U.S. Constitution

That means women have a constitutional right to terminate pregnancy if they wish without interference from the government.

Therefore, nobody may legally try to interfere with or prevent an adult woman from seeking an abortion if she wants to terminate a pregnancy.

According to the Supreme Court, state laws may only restrict abortions for specific reasons and only during the last two trimesters of pregnancy.

State laws may regulate abortion during the second trimester only as necessary to ensure maternal health.

2. State laws may only regulate more generally or prohibit abortion during the third trimester. Still, they may not interfere if abortion is necessary to protect the health of the mother.

II. The principal objections to abortion are seriously flawed.

A. The religious objection to abortion is absolutely impermissible as a basis for U.S. law.

B. The ethical objection to early-term abortion is logically invalid.

III. Support for reproductive rights does not negate certain ethical obligations.

A. There is an ethical obligation not to inflict pain on any fetus capable of feeling pain.

B. There is an ethical obligation to reserve abortion as a last resort and not as a callous form of birth control instead of more socially (and medically) responsible forms of birth control.

Since 1973, abortion has been legal throughout the United States (Dershowitz, 2002). According to the Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade, state laws could no longer prohibit abortion. The Court determined that those constitutional protections and rights that are expressly included in the Bill of Rights also give rise to certain privacies such as in reproductive decisions. States may not interfere at all with abortion during the first trimester at all; they may impose certain decisions during the second trimester if medically necessary to protect the health or life of the mother; they may prohibit abortion outright in the third trimester (Dershowitz, 2002).

That is because the Supreme Court decided in 1973 that reproductive autonomy could not be infringed upon by government (Dershowitz, 2002). While the U.S. Constitution does specifically refer to any right of privacy, the Court had already established in earlier decisions that such a general right does flow from the more explicit constitutional protections and principals (Dershowitz, 2002; Edwards, Wallenberg, & Lineberry, 2008). Those decisions also arose in connection with reproductive rights, such as the right to receive…… [read more]

Roe v. Wade Roe, Et Al Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,243 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1



Roe, et al. v. Wade 410 U.S. 113 (1973)


In 1973 a pregnant women identified as 'Roe' brought a class action before the U.S. Supreme Court on the constitutionality of the criminal abortion laws in Texas which banned seeking or attempting an abortion except for in the case of medical advice which stated an… [read more]

Ideology of a Conservative and Liberal Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (508 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Conservatives and liberals want the same things but their ways of approaching them are different. Their views often clash on important issues like abortion and education but they seek the same social and economic stability that every American dreams of. Their differences on issues originate from their values and beliefs some of which are discussed below.

Conservatives want accountability and personal action. They want minimum government intervention and seek to bring change through individual actions. They seek government action only in a manner that facilitates personal actions and aids people in pursuing their goals. Thus individual is more important than government. They value traditional American family setup and uphold traditional norms.

Liberals on the other hand seek governmental action in everything. They believe that it is the responsibility of the government to bring social equality and economic stability. They push for state's support on issues, as they believe in effective action from the top to solve the grass root problems.

Now that we know what they believe, it is important to see their views on some important issues. This will help us see the different ways in which conservatives and liberals approach problems. On the issue of abortion, Conservative being traditionalists believe that fetus has the right to live. They equate abortion with murder. They do not support Partial Birth abortion. Liberals feel abortion is the right of a woman. It is her choice and if she doesn't want the baby, no one should stop her from abortion. They feel that fetus is not…… [read more]

Mother by Gwendolyn Brooks Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (703 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Mother" by Gwendolyn Brooks

One of the most striking things about the poem "The Mother" is that it speaks of abortion with a poignant angst and regret, and yet makes it clear that the speaker in the poem is a woman who has had multiple abortions. Therefore, the entire poem is cloaked in ambiguity. It begins with a woman's statement: "Abortions will not let you forget. You remember the children you got that you did not get." (Brooks).

However, the conclusion of the poem makes it clear that, at some point in time, the woman has forgotten something about abortions, because she has done this more than once. The speaker makes it clear that she is not speaking of an isolated incident when she says, "If I stole your births and your names." (Brooks). In fact, this ambiguity permeates the entire poem.

Initially, the reader gets the impression of a woman who deeply regrets the fact that she killed her child and who is aching because of her missed opportunities to mother her children. The woman says "You will never leave them, controlling your luscious sigh, Return for a snack of them, with gobbling mother-eye." (Brooks). This is such an apt description of how a mother feels about her children, that one is immediately given the impression that here is a woman who has had an abortion and who carries the ghost of her child with her on a daily basis. Furthermore, one is left with the impression that here is a woman who is completely aware of what she is missing by making the choice not to have a particular child. However, the speaker makes it clear that, even with that knowledge, she has made that choice more than once. Despite that, the speaker tries to make an appeal to these unborn children, by telling them, "If I poisoned the beginnings of your breaths, Believe that even in my deliberateness I was not deliberate." (Brooks). Such a statement undermines the entire concept of choice. Here is a woman who makes it exceedingly clear that she is aware of…… [read more]

Declaration of Independence Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (635 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


They are perhaps the best evidence that Jefferson's idea of the right to pursue one's happiness is a reality.

As for liberty, the United States is perhaps the best example where one's individual freedom has never been fenced and, hopefully, it never will be. We should agree on the fact that anyone is entitled to do whatever he pleases, in order to "pursue one's happiness," with the only restriction that exercising one's freedom should be done with respect to the state's laws and to the other individuals' personal liberties.

Of course, some may argue that, after September, 11, the citizen's liberties have somewhat been restricted and that fighting terrorism has been used as an excuse to touch essential American rights. However, is this really true? Do we have any hard facts or evidence to back this? I am referring here to actual acts from the government, like restricting the freedom of the press. Obviously, there are no such governmental actions and everything seems to be rather suppositional.

Finally, the right to life is another of Jefferson's fundamental rights that has, in my opinion, been fulfilled. The only counterargument in this case would be the abortions. Indeed, abortions somewhat restrict the unborn child's right to life. However, I do not intend to start a discussion about whether abortion is ethical or not. The only aspect that needs to be assessed here is whether it respects the right to life guaranteed by the Constitution. And it is my opinion that it does not.

Concluding my evaluation, it seems that the American society, as it appears in the 21st century, fulfills to a high degree all three aspects mentioned by Jefferson: the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Counterarguments to prove contrary can surely exist, but clear facts and evidence show the degree to which these rights have…… [read more]

Domestic Terrorist Groups Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (731 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … Domestic Terrorist Groups

Group 1 -- the Army of God (AOG)

Membership Demographics (Ethnicity, Religion, etc.)

The Army of God (AOG) is a domestic terrorist group formed in the early 1980s and dedicated to opposing abortion through violence, arson, and the intimidation and murder of abortion service providers (Horsley, 2011

The group is composes primarily of Caucasian-Americans who subscribe to fundamentalist Christian beliefs.

Terrorist Activity

The AOG actively disseminates literature proclaiming that abortion services are a moral abomination, that physicians who provide abortions should be killed or abducted to have their hands cut off, and that abortion clinics should be bombed or burned down to protect the lives of unborn children. Individuals affiliated with the AOG have killed physicians and abortion clinic workers and promoted their efforts as doing "God's work" (Horsley, 2011

Geographic Influence

The geographic influence of the AOG is nationwide, as evidenced by the 1993 murder of two abortion clinic workers in Florida by Paul Hill, a Presbyterian minister with ties to the organization and the murder of a New York physician by James Kopp (Schmalleger, 2009).

Code of Conduct/Behavior

The fundamental code of the AOG is that they are morally justified in taking any action necessary to prevent abortion because abortion is simply a legalized form of murder. They view all unborn embryos as human beings from the moment of conception and they believe that their actions to protect them are justified by the higher authority of "God's law" to oppose unjust manmade laws. They believe that they will be regarded as heroes in the future for their actions (NAF, 2010).

Political Influence

The AOG enjoys the tacit support (if not overt encouragement) of conservative political voices such as several current hopeful Republican presidential candidates who are firmly opposed to abortion under any circumstances. While the group is too radical and violent either to publicly support or receive public support from candidates and established political parties, there is no doubt that the AOG is emboldened by public statements of elected officials that mirror their message about abortion. The group enjoys the same tacit support for its more recent opposition to homosexuality (NAF, 2010) under the same fundamentalist Christian-based moral…… [read more]

Freakonomics How it Relates to Public Policy Book Report

Book Report  |  2 pages (792 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Steven D. Levitt is a professor of Economics at the University of Chicago.

Other books by the author

Superfreakonomics (2009).

Who is the target audience for the book?

Freakonomics is aimed at a general audience with no background in the study of economics.

Is it historical, contemporary, emerging?

Contemporary, the book is aimed at current socioeconomic phenomena and proposes explanations based on neoclassical economic theory, supported by sample studies.

• Discuss the issues as it relates to public administration and how it relates to; the individual, the group, the workforce, the organization, and the community in Public Administration.

Economic theory is important to Public Administration because it attempts to explain and predict human behavior and thought processes in certain situations. The basic goal of policy-makers is to shape human behavior through the use of incentives and disincentives, which often take the form of laws or institutions. A policymaker's view on human behavior, and its motivating factors, will determine how that policymaker tries to incentivize desirable behavior and disincentivize undesirable behavior.

Summarize the overall theme of the book

The main theme is that "incentives are the cornerstone of modern life." By understanding the incentives controlling certain behaviors, we can better understand those behaviors.

Identify the main issue(S) or premise you agree with and why?

I agree with Levitt for the most part. It is undeniable that most people are pursuing their own interests when making decisions. That is, most human behavior can be understood, and perhaps shaped and controlled, by identifying the particular incentives which motivate that behavior.

Identify the issue(s) or premise you disagree with and why?

The books' focus on incentives is premised on the "rational actor" model, which assumes that a person's behavior has a rational relationship with the person's behavior. This relationship would yield the type of incentive that Levitt emphasizes as the cornerstone of modern life. However, it is not certain that people pursue always their interests rationally. That is, whether people have an accurate understanding of how certain behavior affects their interests.

There are a number of reasons someone may behave irrationally when pursuing her own self-interest. Some people believe they are acting in their best interests when making a decision, but may make a decision that hurts their interests because of bad information. Also, there may be some sort of a "bias" which distorts their understanding of that…… [read more]

Stem Cell Research Thesis

Thesis  |  1 pages (318 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


Stem Cell Research

The Need for Stem Cell research

There are few issues in modern medicine as controversial in the United States as stem cell research. This is due almost exclusively to he fact that much of human embryonic stem cell research -- which has been the most promising and for a long time the only real way to study human stem cells -- is tied to a different highly sensitive and controversial medical, moral, and political issue. For most of the George W. Bush's two terms as President, federal funding was only available for certain already-established lines of human embryonic stem cells because deriving any new lines would have required the destruction of an embryo. Human research embryos are retrieved with consent from abortions, and though these abortion were legal the Bush administration was against them, and refused to allow science access to the embryos.

This might not be such a huge problem if the promise of stem…… [read more]

Reasons Why Someone Made an Important Decision Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (386 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0



Because she was pregnant but still in college and unmarried, Marnie decided to have an abortion and afterwards she felt relieved. Marnie got pregnant because she was a promiscuous girl who had a number of different boyfriends. As a result, she did not know who the father of the child was and even if she did would not have wanted to marry him. For Marnie, child rearing was an important event that depended on a strong stable home environment. Marnie planned on having children later in life when her career was stable and so was her home life: when she was married. Until then, Marnie would remain single and vowed to herself to go back on the pill. Moreover, Marnie was still in college and only in her sophomore year. Being in college meant several things: she was broke, she was busy maintaining her grades; and she had no time to deal with anything else but her schoolwork. Being broke meant that Marnie could never afford to have a child at this point in her life, even if she decided to carry it to term. The doctor's visits would cost too much,…… [read more]

14th Amend to the United States Constitution Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (402 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution has powerful implications for basic rights of Americans, including justice and a fair trial. Although the 14th is best known in the last thirty years or so as the reason why abortions in the U.S. are legal (right to privacy), it is a major force for justice and national security. Meanwhile, a quick look at that decision (Roe v. Wade) offers an explanation to the 14th Amendment.

In the years prior to Roe v. Wade, abortion was illegal, but thousands of abortions were conducted every year, and many deaths were attributed to those "back room" abortions. The Abortion Law Homepage explains that abortion law comes from two basic governmental sources; the legislatures of states and the Supreme Court of the United States. Most states made abortion a criminal offence, up until 1973, when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the 14th Amendment "provided a fundamental right for women to obtain abortions." The 14th Amendment to the Constitution led to the Court's decisions in the 1960s and 1970s, which established that a woman had a "right to privacy" in cases of contraception.

Meanwhile, on a rights basis, the 14th prohibits any state from depriving…… [read more]

Medical Ethics: Stem Cell Technology Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,191 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Medical Ethics: Stem Cell Technology

Stem cell technology has already demonstrated its potential to revolutionize modern medicine. The latest indications are that embryonic stem cell research holds the key to eliminating neurological diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, many types of cancer, cystic fibrosis, diabetes, Huntington's, Sickle Cell, and Tay-Sachs disease.

Furthermore, stem cell technology will eventually enable victims of traumatic paralysis to recover use of their limbs and even offer hope to many thousands of patients in need of organ donations who die every year before a suitable organ becomes available, by making it possible to replace their failing hearts, lungs, livers, and kidneys with synthetically grown organs (Kaku, 1999).

Critics suggest that developing technology based on embryonic stem cells is immoral, primarily because they accept the Vatican's traditional position that human life begins at the moment of conception. Proponents of stem cell medical technology maintain that medical ethicists have already developed appropriate guidelines to regulate stem cell research in the same way that other medical ethics issues are incorporated into modern research guidelines (Abrams & Bruckner, 1983).

The controversy surrounding the ethics of stem cell research transcend the field of medicine, because they raise legal issues at the core of our constitutional system. Secular medical ethicists define life much differently than traditional religious philosophers, in that scientists employ objective criteria like the development of neural structure, circulation, brainwaves, and the concept of consciousness or sentience. Religious philosophers object to any research use human tissue from the moment it is fertilized, at which point they consider it exploitation of a human being who is fully entitled to human rights and to the protection of law (Sagan, 1997).

The imposition of religious definitions into secular laws violates the fundamental constitutional principle of separation of Church and State upon which the United States was originally founded. At present, federal funding restrictions passed by the Bush administration severely constrains the field of embryonic stem cell research, forcing some patients to seek derivative therapies abroad, where valuable stem cell research continues without governmental interference.

The medical value of stem cells lies in their recently discovered ability to develop into different types of living tissue in a way that permits us to direct their development into specific tissues. If these avenues are allowed to be pursued, they will allow us to seed the synthetic growth of replacement organs in the same way that we already grow partially synthetic human skin to repair burns (Kaku, 1999).

Presently, the only types of stem cell derivative therapies eligible for federal funding are those for which adult stem cells are useful. Adult stem cell procurement requires painful extraction of bone marrow or organ biopsies from donors; they are also far less useful for the most beneficial potential uses of stem cell technology. Whereas embryonic stem cells derived from embryonic tissue are practically unlimited in their ability to develop into myriad types of human tissue, adult stem cells have much more limited flexibility by comparison (Kaku, 1999). Germ cell lines… [read more]

Sternberg v. Carhart Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,630 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Sternberg v. Carhart

Stenberg v. Carhart

Plaintiff, Dr. Leroy Carhart, an abortion provider, brought suit in Federal District Court against defendant, Don Stenberg, Attorney General of the State of Nebraska, challenging the constitutionality of Neb. Rev. Stat. Ann. 28-328(1) (Supp. 1999), which prohibited partial birth abortion, and seeking an injunction forbidding the enforcement of that statute. Carhart prevailed in the… [read more]

American Courts Have Established Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (406 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Wade remains standing to this day.

Roe vs. Wade had a tremendous influence on the lives of the American people. In the United States, about 1,365,000 million women have abortions each year, and there have been about 40 million abortions performed since 1973. Today, abortion remains a highly controversial issue within the United States, despite the fact that the Roe v. Wade decision has held since 1973.

In conclusion, Roe vs. Wade is an excellent example of how legal precedent creates a "rule of law" that influences later legal actions and the lives of the people. The Supreme Court's ruling emphasized individual Fourteenth and Ninth Amendment rights for later courts, and also created a ruling that has impacted millions of Americans.

Works Cited

About.com. Roe vs. Wade - What You Need to Know About Roe vs. Wade. 11 May 2005.


Legal Information Institute. Syllabus, SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES,

U.S. 113, Roe v. Wade. 11 May 2005.



'LECTRIC LAW LIBRARY. The 'Lectric Law Library's Lexicon On Precedent. 11 May 2005.

http://www.lectlaw.com/def2/p069.htm… [read more]

Bumper Sticker the Day Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (329 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Since Bush got the majority of votes, it does suggest that this group is the majority at least of those who care enough about their country to vote.

The second question, "Are they moral?" is a little more tricky. Those who believe in abortion choice, or the choice of two people to decide whether or not to get married without restricting it to heterosexual couples, also no doubt consider themselves moral. However, that does not make those who disagree with them "immoral." It appears that those who voted based on their personal moral values also acted in a moral way. They considered what they believed to be right and wrong, and voted accordingly.

Any given individual could rationally agree with the bumper sticker, and perhaps it was true once, but it appears now that the sentiment in the bumper sticker, "The moral majority is neither," is inaccurate.… [read more]

Physiological Perspective, the First Trimester Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (641 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


It is generally held, for example, that brain cells do not regenerate: as a result, diseases of progressive neurological impairment such as Parkinson's or Alzheimer's, or diseases involving other defects in the nervous system like epilepsy or spinal cord injuries, are faced with a human body that is not capable of reproducing new brain cells to replace the damaged ones. After embryonic development, the human organism has nerve cells that are capable of dying or being damaged but not capable of being regenerated. Likewise the pancreatic beta-cells that produce insulin -- damage to which causes type 1 diabetes -- are also not self-regenerating. As a result, embryonic stem cells may present the best means of regenerating these types of cells in affected adults and reversing the course of disease. The ethics of medical use of embryonic stem cells are complicated in the United States by those who are morally opposed to abortion. Stem cells used for medical research cannot be obtained without destroying the embryo. Miscarriage represents an available source of embryonic stem cells that does not require the embryo to be killed by the researcher. Legal abortion represents an available source of embryonic stem cells as well. The ethical question here does not seem to be the use of the stem cells themselves. Childress (1997) notes the "well-established social practice of using cadaveric human tissue in research, transplantation, and education…cadaveric fetal tissue has already been used in all these ways, too (though not widely for transplantation)" (323). What would be preferable, of course, is regular laboratory production of non-viable embryos that serve purely as a source of stem cells -- this seems to raise no ethical questions unless one's ideas about the ethics of fertilizing an egg derive exclusively from Thomas Aquinas.


Blackburn, ST. (2007). Maternal, fetal, and neonatal physiology: A clinical perspective. St. Louis: Elsevier.

Childress, J.…… [read more]

Health Care Reform Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (926 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The issue could prove to be precedent setting because it would be the first time that law would prohibit people from using tax credit funds for a legal medical procedure.

The issue has created extensive debate because the right to choose abortion is protected by law. New laws related to the proposed health reform could eventually require women to pay out of pocket for expenses related abortion. This, in turn may have a particularly negative affect on vulnerable women, such as younger women with fewer economic resources, low-income individuals, or victims of domestic violence. In all of these cases, a woman may have a compelling reason to seek an abortion based on a lack of resources or concerns about raising a child in a violent household. In addition, victims of rape and women with serious medical concerns may not be able to access an abortion without paying out of pocket. Hospital officials at institutions with federal funding may also be prohibited from performing an abortion, even in cases where the mother's health is act risk (Alonzo-Salvidar, 2011)

Abortion opponents, however, maintain that federal funding of abortion procedures could essentially be viewed as federally sponsored abortion, and patients could use the low-cost procedures as a form of birth control, thus leading to an abuse the of system and misuse of federal healthcare coverage (Sonmez, 2011). Likewise, many politicians and their constitutions with socially conservative views are extremely resistant to the idea that tax money or federal tax deductions could in any way used to finance abortion, despite the fact that the right to choose is protected by law.

In the long run, measures taken to block access to abortion through restriction of funding may cause drastic setbacks and ethical dilemmas for medical and social services providers. In fact, many abortions advocates note that these measures could lead women without financial resources to seek procedures with unqualified providers, a practice which was commonplace prior to Roe V. Wade. Nevertheless, if the procedure is costly and an individual cannot pay the fees independently she may be forced to seek a lower cost alternative. Historically, the use of unlicensed or "back-alley" abortions created significant physical and psychological risks for patients. A short survey of these most recent debates indicates that access to and safety of abortions could be, once again, in question.


Keating, P. 2009. "An Idiot's Guide to Healthcare Reform." New York Magazine. Retrieved from http://nymag.com/daily/intel/2009/08/the_idiots_guide_to_health_car.html. 3, March. 2011

Sonmez, F. 2011. "Abortion Debate Heats Up on Capitol Hill." The Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/02/08/AR2011020806099.html. 3, March. 2011.

Alonzo-Salvidar, R., 2011. "Spin Meter: Abortion Wars Break Out in Congress." Forbes Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/feeds/ap/2011/02/10/general-us-abortion-q-amp-a_8301309.html. 3, March. 2011.… [read more]

Laminaria Is an Algae-Based Seaweed-Like Plant Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (431 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Laminaria is an algae-based seaweed-like plant used to induce labor in pregnant patients. Typically, its stems are pressed together and processed into rounded stick-shaped "tents" approximately 6 centimeters long and one-third to one-half centimeter in diameter. The Laminaria tent is designed for manual insertion into the cervical canal where its hygroscopic properties promote the absorption of moisture. This drying of the surrounding tissues results in the softening and increased pliability (or "ripening") of the cervix, thereby inducing cervical contractions associated with labor. Possible side effects and complications associated with the use of Laminaria include infection of the mother and/or fetus. Because Laminaria induces labor, its use is contraindicated by pregnancy except for the specific purpose of inducing labor or abortion (Drugs.com, 2009).

Laminaria Side Effects and Contraindications:

The principal side effects associated with the medicinal use of Laminaria are cervical infection and neonatal infection of the fetus. Several methods of mitigating this infection risk have been employed, such as the coating of the Laminaria tents with antimicrobial agents and the concurrent insertion of topical antibacterial gels. However, evidence suggests that certain sources of the raw material for the Laminaria tent present more of a risk of infection than other sources.

Specifically, the species of marine kelps from which the product is produced come…… [read more]

Live Speech Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (869 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Sermon is a Speech

Last Sunday when I went to church, our minister was absent, and we had a substitute. He started out by making a joke. Everybody laughed and it seemed to warm up the audience. The only trouble was that the joke had nothing to do with the topic of his speech. I thought it should, that an attention-getting joke should lead into a discussion of the topic and the central idea of the speech. His sermon was about how we should vote for Republicans because President Bush is against abortion and stem cell research and a "praying man." His topic was really abortion. The central idea was that abortion is murder and therefore a sin. I guess he couldn't think of a joke for such a serious topic. I've never heard anybody joke about it, anyway.

The minister said women that have abortions are murderers. He gave statistics showing that last year more than 1.5 million babies were killed this way. He said every baby was a child of God and that women who have abortions are just taking the easy way out. They have irresponsible and immoral sex and then they don't want to pay the price for their behavior. They knew they could get pregnant when they did what they did. They could have their babies and give them up for adoption instead of killing them. He said that the Rowe v. Wade decision to make abortion legal in the first trimester had opened to door to sin, premarital sex, and immorality and that stem cell research is a logical consequence of condoning murder.

I thought his speech was structured pretty well and well-organized. He did have a central idea and he stuck to it throughout -- except maybe the part about stem cell research -- that seemed to be going off course a little bit, although I guess it is related because the research uses aborted fetuses. He felt if we make it all right to do research on aborted fetuses, that might make it seem like something good was coming out of something very evil. And women who had abortions wouldn't feel so guilty about what they had done.

The first thing I noticed about him as a speaker was his voice. It was deep and ringing and could be easily heard everywhere in the church. He used it to enhance his message, too. He seemed like he was about to cry almost when he talked about the poor little babies. He used his voice in ways that kept people listening. I didn't think it was a…… [read more]

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