"Agriculture / Food / Culinary" Essays

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Best Meal Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (426 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


Best Meal Essay
Many people when asked what their best meal had ever been would
automatically think of the food served, its taste, aroma and how the entire
atmosphere was just perfect, yet I think of the people I had a chance to
speak with and know better. The best meal I ever had was with my family
after being out of the country for six weeks.

We didn't go to a really fancy, expensive restaurant. In fact we went to a
cafeteria; my little sister's favorite. It was one of those warmly-lit,
wood grained places that had pictures from children's stories on the wall,
and the waiters and waitresses were dressed in Lederhosen as the Northern
Germans wear. The atmosphere was so comfortable and home-like yet the
aromas of simmering chicken soup, pasta and coffee were very enticing.

There we sat as a family in our favorite restaurant, enjoying each others'
company and catching up on so many things I had done while traveling in
another country. I gave my sister a small heart necklace I'd purchased
while overseas, and gave my Mom and Dad a clock from the Black Forest of
Germany. We were all happy to just be together and the presents I had
bought for them seemed like evidence…… [read more]

Fertilizers Affects on Aquatic Life Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,543 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6


¶ … Chemical Fertilizers on Aquatic Life

Following World War II, innovations in fertilizer production resulted in an explosion in their use. To date, chemical fertilizers have been credited with saving millions of people around the world from starvation, but the accumulated impact of their continued use on aquatic life in surrounding areas has been the source of an increasing… [read more]

Economics Case Study

Case Study  |  2 pages (637 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Economics Case Study


While examples of purely monopolizing companies in the world of business are hard to find, dominant firms are more numerous. Examples of these could for example include Microsoft for the computer software industry and Nestle for the food industry. In the fast food industry, the most well-known global companies that come immediately to mind are Kentucky Fried Chicken and McDonald's. In terms of market share, McDonald's is currently the dominating firm in the fast food industry.

Indeed, dominating the global fast food market has been a corporate vision since the beginning of the company. Having begun nearly fifty years ago, the McDonald's company's automation and reasonable pricing practices have made it a favorite among worldwide consumers. These elements have helped in skyrocketing the company to surpass its first billion dollar mark after only 22 years, in comparison with other giants such as Xerox, who took 63 years to reach a billion dollars, and IBM with 46 years.

The company's history and philosophy demonstrate its wide ranging success. In the five years after the opening of the first McDonald's in 1955, 200 more were opened. It went public after ten years, with the share price doubling in just the first month. The year 1995 saw 18,000 restaurants globally.

Other practices that ensure the success and continued domination of the company is its partnerships. One of these is the ten-year global marketing agreement the company signed with the Walt Disney Company. Another strategy to maintain its global dominance is McDonald's policy of adaptation when this proves necessary.

Traditionally, McDonald's franchisees are obliged to adhere to a 700-page manual referred to as "the Bible." However, this policy proved to be impractical in terms of globalization. The company has adjusted its products to cater for local taste sensibilities. Example of these include the 34 restaurants in India featuring the Maharaja Mac containing mutton, and the vegetarian…… [read more]

Narrative: Billy Goes Camping IT's Perfect Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (640 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Narrative: Billy Goes Camping

It's perfect for Billy," said Mrs. Napoli. "Healthy environment, clean air, and plenty of sunshine and normal boys."

Mr. Napoli took a bite of his turkey meatloaf and chewed thoughtfully. "I'm not so sure."

Why, dear?" Mrs. Napoli sprinkled salt on her low-fat whipped potatoes. Soon she would arise from the table and fix Billy some peanut butter and jelly sandwiches. Peanut butter and jelly sandwiches were all Billy had eaten for the last six months. Dinner was a smooth peanut butter and jelly sandwich with grape jelly on wheat for Billy, and chunky peanut butter on white with bananas for Robert. Billy ate them, under his bed with Robert, where he also stored his Dungeons and Dragons dice.

What if the other boys make fun of him? He's not exactly Little League material."

He can swim. There is swimming at the camp," said Mrs. Napoli, uncertain. She stood and cleared her husband's plate.

A wonder if they'll charge extra for Robert," said Mr. Napoli, watching his wife cut off the crusts of Billy's sandwich, but not those of his son's imaginary friend.

July was a dry, hot month at the camp. Billy was still bunkered securely in, however, writing a letter to his parents. "I know you told me to be brave," he wrote. "But Robert is having trouble being brave. Tomorrow we're supposed to be going canoeing. I know you said I'd be okay because I could swim, but everyone else is a much better swimmer here."

Billy felt tired and weak. The camp never served peanut butter sandwiches, which meant he was living on jelly and Wonder Bread. Poor Robert was living on nothing except the occasional banana. And he wasn't allowed to have a second plate, so they had to share the food. Billy rolled a dice after he sealed the letter to his parents. He wanted to calculate how many strength…… [read more]

Abalone Industry in New Zealand on October Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,789 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Abalone Industry in New Zealand

On October 4, 2006, the various sections of the aquaculture industry in New Zealand united, with government support. The government will provide $70,000 towards the establishment of New Zealand Aquaculture Limited, a united industry body for the aquaculture sector, Economic Development Minister Trevor Mallard announced in Nelson today.

The formation of New Zealand Aquaculture Limited… [read more]

Life on the Overland Trails Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (648 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Life on the Overland Trails

As can be imagined, the journey west along the overland trails was difficult. The earliest migrants used covered wagons, pulled usually with oxen, to carry their belongings to a new life in the West. As author White notes, "Along these trails, all migrants shared a basic technology and faced the same physical hardships."

Everyone was equal along the trail, despite money or social class. That was proved by the Donner Party, who traveled west in 1846 and became stranded in the Sierra Nevada mountains in California during winter. The party had many wealthy members, but their wealth meant nothing against the elements and the rigors of the trail.

There were many dangers along the trails, and about three percent of those who traveled the trails died along the way. Accidents such as gunshot wounds or falling from the wagon could occur, but the most deaths were caused by disease. White continues, "Diphtheria was nearly endemic on the trail and killed many children, but the major killer was cholera."

Interestingly, while most romanticized western films portray migrants under constant Indian attacks, in reality, these attacks were responsible for relatively few deaths along the trails. Natural causes were much more costly than Indian attacks. Many of the families walked beside their wagons rather than riding inside them, and they camped out along the trail, cooking their meals in the open, no matter the weather.

When the oxen could not find feed or the loads grew too heavy, migrants would abandon their belongings alongside the trail. White notes, "In one 40-miles stretch of the Nevada desert in 1850, a migrant counted 2,000 abandoned wagons. The oxen pulling them had died or given out."

The migrants had to have feed for their animals along the way, and water to drink. Some areas of the trail passed through desert, (such as the 40-mile Desert in Northern Nevada), where none of these were available, and…… [read more]

Tale of Two Stores Non-Verbal Language Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (378 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Tale of Two Stores

Non-verbal language is incredibly important in communicating with others, and so many people have no idea what they look and sound like when they communicate. If they did, it might change the way they interact with people, and how successful they are at whatever they do.

In this situation, I was interacting with a person at a grocery store. I was ordering some take-out food for dinner, and I wasn't sure what I wanted. It was incredibly clear the person behind the counter could have cared less about my questions. I felt myself getting irritated, but I tried to really think about what I was saying and worked at being pleasant, even when the clerk was not. I forced myself to smile, and continue asking questions about what was in the food and how it was cooked. I explained I have food allergies, and smiled again. I could see the clerk getting more irritated as another customer came to the counter behind me. She glanced at her watch, looked away, and leaned on the counter as she answered my questions.

I felt uncomfortable, even pushed…… [read more]

Comparison Contrast Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (919 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … technologically advanced time, a lot of people are thinking that life now is better and with lesser stress than the life in the past. However, other believes otherwise, and they equally strong reasons to believe so. Hence, it really is worth noting to compare and contrast the kind of stress that people has then and now.

One of the biggest differences of the life then and now is the presence of technology. Now people need not stress themselves with problems of communication, long distance relationships, unavailable information and the likes. The presence and easier access to communication (such as telephones, mobile phones and Internet messaging) materials enable today's generation to be connected with friends and relatives (even from far away distance) and be up-to-date with their status and latest life stories, without having to travel or walk several miles.

Unlike before, the only means of communication was postal mails and telephone lines. Postal mails would take several days before the message could reach the intended receiver. There are a number of 'for emergency purposes' postal mails, but still it would take at least a day or two before the receiver could read the message. Meanwhile communication through telephone is also very hard, specifically to some areas where there were still no telephone lines.

However, it is also good to consider that the means of communication then and now are both high maintenance. This is n the way that maintaining a good communication system in the past and in today's time - may it be the advanced way of internet messaging or mobile communication or the snail mail and telephoning in the past - both requires good sum of money. Most of the financial resources will be consumed to pay the bills for communication. This always happens, both in the past and until now.

The second point is the easy accessibility to sources of information. Now thousands or even millions of information are already available in the internet, the data banks, and the online galleries - all of which can be used through the computers. Of course back then these sources of information do not exist. Hence the information seldom or rarely reach the people in due time. Or researchers would still need to go to the libraries and manual search from the books, journals or reports that are present in the libraries to get the needed information.

However, it cannot be denied that libraries are still very useful until now. Both the life and the past and until now has the presence of libraries in the schools and in the communities. Libraries are still one of the useful areas where information is abundant.

Third aspect of life tat has been gradually changed is the advent of medical…… [read more]

Japanese Pastries Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,087 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


French pastries have made a name for itself as the best and most delectable treats found anywhere in the world. The Japanese has taken on this tradition of French pastries by combining Japanese ingenuity and pastry making with French styles to create an amazing blend of pastries that have changed and redefined the pastry world. In the below examination we will look at how Japanese pastries are made and how they employ traditional Japanese pastry techniques with French pastries and how these combinations have created the new flavors of Tokyo.

An easy introduction into the world of Japanese pastries starts with the revolution that is occurring in Tokyo. Just as the Japanese perfected the making of cheap and reliable automobiles, they have adapted their ingenuity to the pastry industry as well. They have created delicacies of French origin but at prices that one cannot find on the streets of Paris. Traditional Japanese pastries are significantly different from their western counterparts. The Japanese prefer baking products that are generally light in taste and flavor, rather than the dense and heavier dough used within western cooking. They also use much less buttery substances and low on sweeteners as well. In greater part, these types of pastries are much more palatable to Japanese tastes precisely because they are a lighter and less flavorful than French pastries. Flour is the main difference when one attributes the conditional differences between French and Japanese pastries. Traditional Japanese pastries are made with flour that is primarily light grains produced native to Japan and other parts of Asia. Whereas French pastries use rough grain grounded flour and tend to be much coarser and thus "heavier" than the Japanese counterpart. The butter used within both formulas are also very different in that traditional Japanese pastries use butter produced from cows that graze on nutrient rich fields within Japan, while French butter is produced from cows with a very different diet. The Japanese also use pastries that are often made with yeast that is produced through heavy sake-brewing rather than traditional yeast, and this also produces a significantly different flavor.

Despite this traditional difference, Japan has become notorious for its "fusion" pastries that blend Japanese pastry ingredients with French techniques. The French style of pastries that are famous employ complicated techniques such as the current trend of "jewelry" pastry made famous by Pierre Herme. The baking technique is to ensure that the heavier flour has an accurate and balanced saturation of sugar, cream and animal gelatin. The result is that the pastry achieves a blended taste and is very balanced in texture. Thus French pastries are known to be delectable because they provide a far more coalesced texture. Japanese pastries that use the "fusion" of Japanese ingredients and French technique tend to achieve this balanced texture, while still maintaining the purity of the ingredients. The final product is a flavorful blending that is both rich and pure, which provides the pastries with a concentrated taste. This fusion technique is unique… [read more]

Beef Hormones Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,695 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Beef Hormones

Hormones are naturally produced by man and woman and the child. This plays a vital role in human's normal physiological functioning, body development and maturity. Hormones are produced by almost, if not, every organ system and tissue type in an animal body. In animals, the best known sources of hormones are those that are produced by… [read more]

Differentiation in a Low Cost World Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (537 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Discount Retailers

Wal-Mart is the big gorilla on the street when it comes to marketing. Whether the store is a store located in Sandy, Utah or possibly Huber Heights, Ohio the customer finds the same items located in the same place in the store, for approximately the same price. The customer knows, and is comfortable with the environment which is presented in any of the Wal-Mart locations around the nation.

Wal-Mart differentiates itself from the other 'discount merchandisers' by providing substantially more product for much higher prices than the others. The dollar discounters concentrate on supplying the consumer with products that appeal to the impulse shopper than does Wal-Mart. Whereas Wal-Mart will offer many products of higher quality (and corresponding pricing), the discount shoppers concentrate primarily on price, especially those stores that tout the $1 or less mantra. In Wal-Mart's 'SuperCenter' the customer can do the weekly shopping, have a car repaired, get a haircut or nail manicure, or purchase prescription drugs, eyeglasses and examinations and even have a family photo taken. These services are nowhere to be found in the dollar discounting stores.

In the dollar discounting store's defense their goal is not the same as Wal-Mart's. It would not make sense for them to appeal to convenience shoppers. They are not trying to be everything to everybody, they are not trying to offer as many convenience services as Wal-Mart does, instead; the key to their success is moving as much product, in as short a period of time as possible.

Their primary focus is to entice the customer to purchase as many $1 products…… [read more]

Wild Oats Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,019 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Wild Oats: Pricing

Pricing of Wild Oats Markets

Objectives of pricing objectives: profit-oriented, sales-oriented, or status quo

With food shopping, pricing is usually be assumed to be 'all.' Most persons do not wish to spend a great deal of money on their weekly food budget, especially if cheaper alternatives are offered elsewhere, within a reasonable distance. The organic market Wild Oats must sell its products at slightly or much higher prices to make a profit, given the financial demands of organic and small-scale local farming and sustainable local fishing. Wild Oats' pricing must be low enough so that consumers do not grow outraged at the prospect of spending an obscene amount of money for fruit, but enough to cover the costs of production. Partially to distract the customer from this fact, the Wild Oats website advertises: "Besides countless on-sale items, Wild Mail also contains delicious recipes, event information, health resources, exclusive offers and more." ("Wild Oats: What's on Sale," Wild Oats Official Web page, 2006) Thus, pricing is sales-oriented, rather than purely profit-oriented because Wild Oats does not and cannot offer the lowest prices, or even competitive or status quo prices in comparison to competing, more traditional grocery stores (much less budget grocery stores like Wal-Mart).

Markups in the distribution channel

Wild Oats notes its: "The Fair Trade Certified label guarantees that farmers and farm workers receive a fair price for their labor, the equivalent of a living wage. This allows them to meet production costs, feed their families, send their children to school, protect the environment and invest in their farms for the future." ("Community Commitment: Fair Trade," Wild Oats Official Web page, 2006) This also means, however, that labor costs are higher for producers of Wild Oats' Fair Trade products. Although Wild Oats' commitment to buying from local producers whenever possible may mean cheaper shipping costs small farmers may have to sell their goods at higher prices to make a profit, as these small farmers function on less of an economy of scale, unlike larger agricultural farms. Organic produce, as it is grown without pesticides, is also more costly for the farmer, and this cost is passed onto Wild Oats, and therefore onto the Wild Oats shopper.

Pricing flexibility: discounts, personalized pricing, negotiable pricing

Wild Oats thus has limits upon its pricing flexibility, as it cannot negotiate the lowest possible price on, say, tomatoes, if it demands fair trade, fair labor practices, and that certain farming standards be met by its producers. There are limited negotiation possibilities with a small, local farmer who must sell his limited crop at a certain price to make a profit. This limits the availability of discounts on a regular basis, even to regular shoppers. Shoppers may occasionally gain a small discount on seasonal goods, or through personalized rewards programs via a shopping card or coupon, but it is not a reliable occurrence.

Price strategies over the product life cycle

Wild Oats offers email notifications to subscribing consumers of sales, and thus consumers… [read more]

Western Religion Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (374 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Tribe to Transcendence

From Tribe to Transcendence": How an indigenous tribe develops into a classical society:

An indigenous tribe is usually composed of a network of closely related individuals. There is usually little initial specialization in terms of labor, except based upon gender or age. Most tribes begin as hunter-gatherers. They forage for food and hunt for game. Eventually some tribes put down roots and establish ties to a specific area of land or territory, and use the land to plant and harvest crops. This use of work establishes a tribal sense of ownership to a particular patch of land. It also results in the tribe becoming divided into family groups based on the acquisition of different areas of private property. Some division of labor may occur as certain individuals specialize in the production of certain goods, and this division becomes especially intense after the introduction of a pastoral way of life, or the use of fenced-in land to feed animals used for food production. Grazing land requires even more territory, and the care of animals requires even more specialization of labor, as certain individuals care for…… [read more]

Working Conditions in Meatpacking Industry Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,561 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Working Conditions in Meatpacking Industry

Working Conditions in the Meat Packing Industry report by the Human Rights Watch called "Blood, Sweat and Fears" claims that "...workers in the U.S. meat and poultry industry endure unnecessarily hazardous work conditions, and the companies employing them often use illegal tactics to crush union organizing efforts." The report, which was published in January, 2005,… [read more]

Resource Shortage Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,330 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Resource Shortage

Water Resource Shortage in the state of Arizona

One of the greatest challenges for any community located in a desert region is how to conserve enough water during times of drought and still satisfy the commercial and home demands of the populace. The natural beauty of the American Southwest, the expansion of its regional economy, as well as its relatively cheaper cost of living compared to the American coasts, has caused a recent influx of migration to the area. This population growth has largely been blamed for exacerbating the effects of the catastrophic droughts that have affected the region, in combination with unfortunate weather conditions. Between 1990 and 2000, Arizona experienced a 40% population growth rate, three times the national average. By 2025, the state is expected to have 6.4 million people, an increase of more than 2 million individuals from its 1995 figure of 4.2 million. (Norton, 2003)

The crux of any water shortage problem is that of competing demands for finite supplies. In Arizona, the rapid population growth and economic expansion has increased concerns about future water supplies in an already drought-plagued area. (Norton, 2003) During periods of drought, such as during the spring and early summer of 2006, the reservoirs of cities such as Las Vegas can plummet as low as 64% of capacity. ("Las Vegas to restrict residents' water use," 2006, U.S. Water News Online) To improve water conservation policies during periods of prolonged drought, cities such as Las Vegas have Stage 1,2, and 3 level conservation measures. These measures restrict outdoor watering of plants and cars, filling hot tubs and swimming pools, and restrict professional car-washing businesses to four days a week. Stage 3 measures restrict water use at motels, restaurants, laundries, construction companies and car washes. The city limits its own construction companies to using city water only two days a week. It stops all construction activity that uses city water during periods of extreme drought. ("Las Vegas bans outdoors watering," 2006, U.S. Water News Online). Restaurants are banned from serving water to customers unless the customer requests water. First-time violators get a warning, along with a copy of the conservation ordinance. Second-time violators can be fined $125 to $150. Afterward, the water service to the offending organization is terminated by the city. ("Las Vegas to restrict residents' water use," 2006, U.S. Water News Online) review of these restrictions demonstrates how droughts are not merely an irritant to persons wishing to have beautiful gardens and pools, but can cause real economic damage to construction companies, tourist destinations, and other businesses that are economically vital to the area. Also, droughts have caused resentment between cities, such as Las Vegas and Tuscan, which have active water conservation programs, and rural communities that do not place similar burdens on residents and farmers. Councilman Louie Trujillo of Las Vegas said it was unfair that city residents had to conserve their water rural areas place no such restrictions during droughts. "We would like more cooperation from our… [read more]

Panera Bread SWOT Analysis SWOT

SWOT  |  2 pages (580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … opportunities and threats that Panera Bread is encountering going forward with their strategies. The company is well positioned to take advantage of future growth with its chain of bakery stores, yet has several significant challenges to overcome. Presented below is a SWOT analysis of Panera Bread.


Leadership in an emerging specialty bread/cafe category of combined stores and eat-in light restaurant locations - Operating combined stores and small eat-in restaurants or cafes with both the names of Panera Bread and Saint Louis Bread Company continues to differentiate this company's retail strategies. Both of these names, Panera Bread and Saint Louis Bread Company, are given to franchised and company-owned stores. Panera Breads have been able to accomplish this leadership through their unique series of breads, many of them unavailable anywhere else, and their casual dining experience that includes free WiFi in many locations.

As of Dec. 27, 2005, the company's retail operations consisted of 311 company-owned bakery-cafes and 566 franchise-operated bakery-cafes. At that date, there were commitments to open an additional 416 franchise-operated bakery-cafes. The company's bakery-cafes were principally located in suburban, strip mall, and regional mall locations and operated in 36 states. As of Dec. 27, 2005, the company's fresh dough operations, which supply fresh dough items daily to both company-owned and franchise-operated bakery-cafes, consisted of 16 company-owned fresh dough facilities.

Exceptionally strong revenue growth in their specific food category - Panera Breads continue to deliver above industry-average financial performance as is illustrated in the continual growth in sales shown in Appendix A.

Best-in-class customer listening and focus - One of the company's core strengths is also its ability to change direction and menu items specifically in response to the changing preferences of customers. Panera Bread was ranked…… [read more]

Jared Diamond's Guns Germs and Steel Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (452 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Guns, Germs, Steel

Based on Diamond's, Guns, Germs and Steel, what does Diamond conclude about the way we as a species have evolved? Also, Why is the west so "dominant" i.e. why did we wipe out the Indians in America instead of their diseases wiping us out?

According to Jared Diamond, who 'wins' the various struggles for dominance in world history has little to do with one group's moral or cultural superiority and more to do with biological and ecological circumstances. The fact that the native populations of the Americas were decimated in such great numbers can be traced to the fact that the European invaders had been exposed to varieties of 'the pox' through domestic animals -- most famously through cow pox, which would, many years later provide the basis of the vaccine for the disease. Because the American Indians were not exposed to domestic animals in such close proximity, and largely evolved as hunter-gathers rather than surviving through agricultural means, they did not have the ability to build up immunity over generations from exposure to animals. Also, the native's exposure as a people was sudden, rather than slowly over generations, which also allows immunity to build up. This is yet another example of the superior advantage, according to Diamond, that domesticating animals conveys to a people like the Europeans and accounts for the reason…… [read more]

Mcdonalds Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (943 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


So taste is definitely one of the factors that McDonalds failed to monitor.

McDonald became a name to reckon with because it also came up with unique idea and expanded all over the world with the help of franchising that was again another first from McDonalds. It blazed the trail rather then being the follower. Many other fast food organizations followed McDonalds and its approach. The strategies and services became benchmark at McDonalds that others adopted. With the passage of time tastes and preference of people have changed. McDonalds stopped blazing the trail and could not keep pace with the changes in consumers' tastes with its standardization and worldwide franchising. Critics have argued that McDonalds after looking at its revenues dropping in the western target market have moved their concentration in the developing nation to cash in on people's proclivity towards fast food chains and western outlets. "Stilted growth, poor quarterly earning reports and surveys show that McDonald's is no longer the staple of American culture that it used to be" (Johns, 2003). But with geo-political changes and globalization and proliferation of media and health awareness this approach seems short-term. If McDonalds wants to keep its brand name alive and happening in the long-term then it has to realign its strategy according to the changes in the market segment at least. Ideally, McDonalds must assume the position of torchbearer and trailblazer again to retain market leadership position with a proactive approach.

So the leading companies that stop blazing the trail the start drifting. This strategic drift leads the organization on ways other than success and competitiveness, as such organizations are unable to maintain the lead. With McDonalds corporation there are so many positives they have that there is hope that the organization can get back to its leadership position. Complete sclerosis or total collapse or failure of the organization has not taken place. Over the years the management has become more operations oriented than market oriented. They were able to achieve cost leadership and quick response with the help of their standard operations. They got so stuck in streamlining and improvising their operation that they could not monitor the changes in the market. They still have the formula of quality, service, cleanliness and value but as time passes the definition of quality also changes. With many health organizations pointing fingers at the calories level in the Macdonald's food and with people showing inclination towards healthier foods the same concept and definition of quality cannot work all the time. In order to truly revive the entrepreneurship of McDonalds a holistic and strategic view rather than functional view should be taken to get back to track.


Johns, D. (2003). McDonald's Losing Revenue in worldwide Market. Retrieved from website: http://www.thehilltoponline.com/media/paper590/news/2003/04/11/NationWorld/Mcdonalds.Losing.Revenue.In.WorldWide.Market-415308.shtml… [read more]

Treadle Irrigation Pumps Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,170 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Physics Can Help the Economy of Developing Nations

While the demand for Persian Gulf oil continues to increase among the developed nations of the world, many observers caution that water is more important than oil and more attention should be given to this issue immediately, particularly in emerging nations that do not have the infrastructure in place to… [read more]

Ethics of Eating by Rich Heffern Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (535 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Ethics of Eating" by Rich Heffern

In "The Ethics of Eating," Rich Heffern describes how the shift away from local food sources has contributed to a variety of problems in modern society. Among those problems, Heffern cites a disconnect between people and their food which leaves people hungry even when their stomachs are full (Heffern, 2). According to Heffern, there are many reasons for this disconnect; concerns about food quality, the decline in the family farm, a spiritual disconnect between the production and the consumption of food, environmentally irresponsible food production processes, and the fear that America will not be capable of keeping food production at its current levels (Heffern, 2). Furthermore, Heffern points to the human costs of cheap-food production, by pointing out the increase in industrial accidents and the low standard of living enjoyed by those who work in most of the food industry (Heffern, 3). His arguments are compelling, and they certainly make one stop to think before picking up an Extra Value Meal at a local fast food restaurant.

However compelling Heffern's arguments may be, they are flawed by the fact that he minimizes the positive contributions of a cheap food supply. While acknowledging that Americans "probably eat better, with more variety, thrice-daily with snacks in between, than any people at any time in history," Heffern does not fully acknowledge the benefits of such an abundant food supply (Heffern, 1). The fact is that an abundant and affordable food supply has changed the fabric of America. It was not long ago that food was produced locally; in fact, the Great Depression…… [read more]

Demonstration Speech Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (868 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … saying, "As American as apple pie." This day and age, you could easily say "As American as Kraft Dinner and Philadelphia Cream Cheese." If you ever live overseas, bring plenty of boxes of Kraft Dinner with you. I promise that you'll miss it, especially if it was a staple while you were growing up.

That's why the meal I have to demonstrate today will satisfy most people's picky palates. It comes from a book Kraft Best Ever Holiday Collection that uses name brand foods that we all love like "Jell-O" deserts, "Oscar Mayer" meats, and "Good Seasons" salad dressing for snacks, dinners, side dishes and deserts. Naturally (or should I say unnaturally, since these are anything but "natural" foods), the meals in the recipe book are not the height of gourmet ... sort of American kitsch (not quiche). Yet they do have a lot of nostalgia and some very tasty dishes.

The blurb on the jacket states, "This book offers ideas for Thanksgiving, Hanukkah, Kwanzaa, Christmas and New Year's (very politically correct), even a bonus section on Halloween. Recipes are tested and approved in the Kraft Kitchens taking advantage of the quality Kraft products you can trust." The recipes are even tested and approved in the Kraft Kitchens (impressive) and "uses recipes from one of the most trusted names in cooking."

This Halloween recipe that I am demonstrating today is called "Chili Cheese Dip." The ingredients are very simple to remember. For 8 to 10 servings, all you need are

1 package (8 ounces) Philadelphia Cream Cheese softened. (not said, of course, is that a store brand would be cheaper and taste just the same; also, a low-fat cream cheese would be good for dieters. But what is the fun in that?). Cream cheese can be softened either by leaving it out for an hour or so, or by putting it into the microwave oven (totally unwrapped and placed in a microwavable bowl) covered (no tinfoil, remember) for 15 seconds. Any longer and it turns to cream cheese mush.

1 can (15 ounces) chili without the beans (no brand name is mentioned here, but since Taco Bell is owned by Kraft Foods, this is probably desired)

1 cup Kraft Shredded Sharp Cheddar Cheese (Once again, generic is just as good.)

Apparently, what makes this Halloweenish is the color of the dip. There are no ghoulish or nasty things in it ... just orange.

It only takes five minutes to prepare this dish, so no rocket science is involved.

1) Spread cream cheese on the bottom of a nine-inch pie plate or quiche…… [read more]

Business Letter /Ms. X CEO and Founder Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (432 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Business Letter

/Ms. X

CEO and Founder of Poppa John's Pizza

Re: beginning my own franchised food business

Dear Mr. John Schnatter, CEO and Founder of Pappa John's:

Over the years, I have followed the successful founding of The Pappa John's Pizza franchise with great interest. Of course, I have eaten Pappa John's pizza with great gusto with my friends and family. But even more importantly, I have been inspired by the story of the Pappa John organization. I know the tale of how as just an Indiana high school student, 'Pappa John' Schnatter saw a need for quality, traditional Italian food delivered hot and fresh to the door in his local community, and met the need effectively.

In my own local community, I am attempting to start a food delivery organization that meets a similar need to honor tradition and provide quality fast food to local consumers.

I would like to start my own fried chicken delivery service. I believe this is an unmet need in my area. In my location, most chicken establishments such as Kentucky Fried Chicken do not deliver food or, like McDonald's do not specialize in chicken, or are local establishments that merely cater to the fast-food interests of teenagers, rather than provide the quality fried Southern chicken that consumers really…… [read more]

Mike Davis' Argument How Persuasive Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (675 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Mike Davis' argument

How persuasive is Mike Davis's argument that European racism, free trade, and the environment conspired to murder millions between 1875 and 1910? Which of the three holds the most blame?

The book of Mike Davis "Late Victorian Holocausts" was all about the economic devastation of the India, China and Brazil and successive famine. These countries suffered most during the holocaust period that results in failure to produce more food and not just that they also suffered exploitation of modernization.

Mike Davis begins the analysis of his book through the natural phenomenon that happened during the late 19th century which is known as the El Nino - Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The ENSO caused droughts and floods all over the world but he emphasized his analysis to the most affected country which is the Brazil, India and China. It stated there that they blame the death of millions of people because starvation. They have starved for the reason that there were no more crops to harvest. The lands were dry because of El Nino.

Mike Davis argued about the treatment of the rich people in Brazil that they opt to support the British imperialists than supporting their own countrymen. The British country made the Indians as their laborer in exchange for food; they made them a slave and suffered till death especially when famine came. The Brazilian elites did the same way with the Indians. The Brazilians developed the southern part of their country because most of the people that lived there were rich and white men and they encouraged Europeans to settle there for the reason that they were modernized. On the opposite side of the country of Brazil which is north, they refused to modernize it and left it alone because most of the people living there are black men and most of them are poor. They were a victim of racial discrimination. They work hard; they sold their crops and foods for a cheaper price so that they could earn money.…… [read more]

Rj Gators Casual Diners Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,251 words)
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RJ Gators

Casual diners are always looking for a restaurant where they can get quality food for everyone from the seniors to youngsters in their family. Plus, it is more entertaining to eat somewhere that has a different schtick, as long as it goes along with good taste. Even the finest decor will not make up for bad food. R.J. Gator's has an interesting mix of this schtick and wide variety of decent food for all ages. Also, the owner of the restaurant is hungry enough for franchise expansion that he is still very concerned about service and reputation.

Tim Timoteo, who founded R.J. Gator's with his late wife Joan, had previously owned and run Mr. Angus Steak & Seafood, a restaurant chain in Pennsylvania before selling and relocating to Florida in 1986. Timoteo wanted to open another restaurant, since that was his expertise, so he began searching for a niche. He looked for a type of place that would stand out from all the other restaurants in the area plus fit into the Florida culture. After traveling around the state and checking out the competition, Timoteo realized that most establishments catered to tourists, rather than to locals who lived in the respective communities. This led him to create a place where residents could enjoy pub food amid a rustic everglades lodge theme with real Florida springs.

There are two tales (or "tails") behind the name of the restaurant. Initially, the "R.J." portion of the name was conceived by taking Timoteo's first initial (his birth name is Reginald) and the first initial of Joan. Then, as the restaurant opened, Timoteo got an idea for a rockin' and jammin' gator as the restaurant's logo and mascot. The first 100-seat restaurant was located in Jupiter, and now there are about 20 establishments mostly Florida as well as in North Carolina, Louisiana and Texas. Georgia will soon be added to the mix. The company expects to open 12 new sites this year and are advertising for franchisees. Sales were up 6% in 2004 and 15% so far this year. (It is unknown what has happened to the restaurant in Louisiana.)

J.Gator's continues to serve its market fresh seafood, hot and spicy chicken wings, burgers, and specialty sandwiches. Now the menu also includes unique salads and Florida signature foods such as Havana Banana Chicken with black beans, rice and sweet plantains, Hand Made Coconut Shrimp as well as the Market Fresh Catch of the Day.

Food includes the alligator tail ($5.49), one with tender chunks of golden fried meat served with cocktail sauce and another thyme-laden Caribbean-style; a plate of "strings" ($6.99), a mile-high pile of thin, fried onions that is rolled in a spicy batter before being plunged into hot fat; and the standards such as nachos, quesadillas, spinach dip, wings, fingers, pizza, burgers etc.

The Florida catch ($8.99) is often grouper and there is an assortment of seafood including platters of scallops, clams, shrimp and myriad types of fish. There is also… [read more]

Migraine Management Term Paper

Term Paper  |  14 pages (3,782 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


At birth or shortly after the birth, tissues flap and close this hole. But in about a quarter of the U.S. population, complete closure never occurs (Harder, 2005). What remains of this tunnel like opening is called patent foramen ovale or PFO and it can act as a valve. It is normally shut but occasionally throws blood to the lungs… [read more]

Arrival of Horses in Canada Before Confederation Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (907 words)
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Horses Canada

Arrival of Horses in Canada Prior to the Confederation

The arrival of horses in Canada before the confederation changed the history and culture of Canada indefinitely and helped shape society in Canada as we know it today. The purpose of this research proposal is to examine the arrival of horses in Canada prior to the confederation.

The researcher also intends to explore what impact the arrival of the horse has had on Canadian life and horse breeding. Specifically the researcher will attempt to answer the following research question: (1) how the arrival of the horse affected early Canadian society and helped shape the material culture and lifestyle of the people living in Canada at the time. The researcher will explore this question primarily by investigating society and culture in Canada prior to 1871 and examining the significance the arrival of horses had on society prior to and during the 1800s and even through modern times. In addition the researcher will examine what factors have shaped the modern day Canadian horse breed and consider how the modern Canadian horse impacts Canadian lifestyles compared with the historical impact the horse has had on Canadian society.

Currently there is a large gap in research related to the contributions horses have made to society aside from agriculture. Pervasive discussions in the past have focused on farming and the role farming has had economically and socially on farming in the past and present. The introduction of horses in Canada however impacted multiple aspects of Canadian culture aside from farming. Rural and urban dwellers gained significantly after the horse became a staple in modern Canadian society. People began associated life as enhanced and became motivated by improved opportunities for transportation and monetary gain among other factors (Hedley, 1988).

It is important that researchers understand the continuing significance the horse had on the generation in Canada then and now to recognize how the Canadian way of life has been shaped and molded. Many believe the Canadian Horse shaped the lives of early settlers within Canada and abroad (Crow, McNaught & Kenneth, 1964). Among the early responsibilities imparted to Canadian horses included transporting man and children, working farms and the land, pulling carriages and performing common agrarian work tasks.

Background to the Problem

The Canadian Horse today is often considered a utilitarian animal. The breed, a general purposes horse of sorts, offers a perfect solution for farmers, ranchers and other agricultural workers needing a utilitarian breed (Hambleton & Lanctot, 1963). The horse is often considered part of Canada's heritage. Specifically the researcher intends to determine what factors contributed to the arrival of horses in Canada and how the unusually well proportioned breed and docile animal emerged from the masses…… [read more]

Description on a Fruit Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (682 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Fruit

Description of Mango

There are several countries in Southeast Asia where mangoes originate. This is because Southeast Asia is the main producer of mangoes worldwide. The physical characteristics of which are different from those that originate in countries whose mangoes are not among their export products.

Southeast Asian mangoes, such as those that come from the Philippines, are usually elongated or kidney-shaped. One end of a mango has a beak-like shape while the other end has an oval shape. There are also round-shaped ones but this is rare to Southeast Asian mangoes. The length of such mangoes ranges from 2 to 9 inches and the colors are usually yellow-orange, indicating that the mango is sweet. There are also those in a mixture of green, yellow, and red colors. In terms of weight, mangoes usually weigh from 8 to 24 ounces (online).

A mango has a smooth leathery skin surface that is sometimes greasy due to the extracts that come from the veins of the stems where it was harvested. When still unripe, greater wax can be seen on the skin of the mango. The fruit of a mango has similar texture as with a peach. It produces great amount of juice. In fact, the flesh of a mango is usually made into a fruit drink because of its soft characteristic that can be easily crushed to turn into a juice. The flesh of a mango contains fibers that are not noticeable because they are very soft and easily melts when turned into a juice.

The flavor of a mango is very tempting to one's taste and smell because of its sweet characteristic. Its juice has a rich taste that is sugary when ripe and somehow acidic when still unripe. Such features of the mango's juice are the reasons why it is recommended for a good health especially for good digestion.

Mangoes contain a seed at its core. The seed usually takes 10% of the mango's weight. It is usually hairy which in fact turns as the fibers of…… [read more]

Jungle by Upton Sinclair Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (990 words)
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¶ … Jungle by Upton Sinclair: What is Upton Sinclair's portrait of industrial capitalism in the Jungle? How is the meatpacking industry connected to other institutions represented in the novel? Why does Sinclair focus on European immigrants in this book?

Upton Sinclair wrote his expose of the meatpacking industry The Jungle partly as a way of demonstrating the rapacious and inhuman nature of capitalism, when it was not curtailed by some government controls regarding worker and consumer safety, and partly to demonstrate to the consumers of meat products themselves the dangers posed to their health when they ate such tainted foods. Sinclair wrote his muckraking work when he was still a "desperately poor, young socialist hoping to remake the world when he settled down in a tarpaper shack in Princeton Township and penned his Great American Novel." (Blackwell, 2005) Meat was an ideal industry for Sinclair to target in his 1906 novel, because the production of food was not a commodity, like cloth, that could merely harm the producers of the good. Even readers far away from the factories were struck with fear as well as compassion, reading the text.

Over and over again Sinclair underlined that it was not only the individuals caught in the jungle of packing and cutting of who were at risk for disease and infection. Rather, the ordinary, middle class consumers who fed such products to their unsuspecting loved ones and children could also die from the unsanitary conditions the workers of The Jungle must suffer. Thus, the book was effective in that it 'hit' the early 20th century reader where she or he lived -- and ate. The metaphors of meat in The Jungle also provided Sinclair with many potent metaphors for human life under capitalism. Americans of his day all dwelled in a capitalist society that was a jungle of unregulated human greed. Like wild animals stalking meat, the capitalists of Sinclair's jungle stalked the prey of higher profits, without a care for the consumers they serve, or the workers who make such profits possible.

In the novel's narrative, meat, the flesh of animals, constantly becomes a metaphor for how Sinclair's workers are ground into similar meat through the factory. The workers, over the course of the novel, become like the hamburger or sausages ground through the great, grinding mills and metal apparatus of the factory system. Later, the unwholesome meats are ground through the poor digestive systems of the consumers of the foodstuffs.

The production of food and meat does not have to be like it is depicted in The Jungle, however, in the author's view. Sinclair was no vegetarian. Sinclair focused on European immigrants in his work, partly as a reflection of the reality that such immigrants were usually chosen first and foremost for the low wages that accompanied the horrific task of working in the meatpacking plants. But these immigrants also represented a tie with an earlier and more wholesome relationship with the land. Despite…… [read more]

History of the Texas Cattle Trade Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (6,519 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


History Of the Texas Range Cattle

Arrival of Cattle in the Americas:

A) History of Beef Cattle:

Today, there are numerous breeds of cattle, all over the world, but the fact is that all these breeds have one single ancestor, and that is the 'auroch'. There is a widespread belief that cattle were first tamed and domesticated during the Stone… [read more]

Fungi (Singular: Fungus) Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (940 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


2. Antibiotics, Fermenting Agent & Food Source:

Fungi are used for producing of antibiotics. In fact, the first ever antibiotic, the penicillin, was derived from a fungal mold and was initially effective against a wide range of disease-causing bacteria.

Other fungi are extensively used in the manufacture of foods. Yeast, for example, is used to ferment fruit juice and produce wine. It is also used for manufacturing beer, and bread and certain types of fungal molds are used to ripen some types of cheese. In addition, fungi are also an important food source with some mushrooms and truffles being highly prized delicacies.

3. Cleaning Agent:

In recent times, the role of fungi as an important tool in cleaning the environment has been realized. It has been successfully used for controlling insects, and other organisms that cause damage and disease to agricultural crops. They are also used to decompose the organic material in pollutants and thus detoxify them. (Ammirati and Seidi, para on "Uses of Fungi")

Harmful Effects

Fungi cause a number of plant and animal diseases. It is estimated than more than half of major crop diseases are caused by fungal growths and cause billions of dollars of economic loss every year. Such diseases attack seeds, crops, young as well as mature plants including forest trees and even wood structures. Fungal diseases of plants include rusts, smuts, and leaf, root, and stem rots.

They also cause a number of minor and serious diseases in humans and other animals such as ringworm, athlete's foot. Fungal diseases of the skin are relatively less serious but infection of the entire body such as 'systemic mycosis,' which typically affect people with depressed immune system such as AIDS patients, are extremely serious and life threatening. Inhalation of certain fungal spores cause respiratory disease and are particularly troublesome if the fungi penetrate internal tissues. (Ammirati and Seidi, para on "Harmful Fungi")

Apart from causing diseases, many species of fungi including some mushrooms are poisonous and must be eaten with caution. Fungal growth on cereals, nuts, fruits, and vegetables also produce mycotoxins that may prove fatal to humans and/or animals, if ingested.

Works Cited

Ammirati, J.F. And Seidl, M.T. "Fungus." Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia, 2005. August 9, 2005.

Blackwell, M. Vilgalys R. And Taylor, J.W. "Fungi." Tree of Life Project. February 14, 2005. August 9, 2005.

"Fungi: Life History and Ecology." University of California Museum of Paleontology. 1998. August 9, 2005.

Gradually, most bacteria have developed resistance against penicillin, but when it was first discovered the antibiotic saved millions of lives… [read more]

Economic Factors of Slavery Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (718 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Black Studies

The Economics of Slavery

The economics that led to slavery in the U.S. were complex, but the South had certain things that did not exist in the North that were the perfect breeding ground for slavery. Slavery had a huge impact on the nation, as history shows.

First and foremost, the South's economy was primarily based in agriculture, and extremely labor-intensive agriculture at that. The crops that were most successful in the South, such as tobacco and cotton, required extensive labor in the fields to plant, nurture, and harvest the crops. The importation of cheap, abundant labor was the only economically viable way to make these crops and their growers successful, and so, slavery made sense to the plantation owners who wanted to make a living in the South.

Second, the South's transportation system was extremely weak compared to the North's. Thus, they had a bigger problem getting their crops to market and competing with northern goods. The South had to rely on more primitive transportation, and so, they had to rely on only a few crops, such as cotton and tobacco, that were economically viable on a very large scale. Getting these crops to market was more difficult, and so they had to grow and distribute more to make money, and the more the slaves they owned, the more they could grow and eventually distribute.

Third, the South relied almost entirely on agriculture as their base for their economy because their cities were smaller than those in the North, and never really became thriving economic centers like cities such as New York and Boston in the North. Southern cities were smaller because most people still lived in the country, and so, they never really grew to encompass manufacturing and other, less labor intensive forms of commerce. They did not develop much international trade, either, and that also was a big problem in creating a more diverse and healthy Southern economy. Their major overseas export was cotton to the cotton mills of Great Britain - again, a reliance on agriculture as the main form of trade.

Finally, the educational level was far lower in the South than…… [read more]

Perdue Farms Case Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,182 words)
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On the other hand, when the estimates are very high, this will lead to outdated products that cannot be sold and will entail losses for Perdue Farms. As regards forecasting, it has always been very intricate on the poultry industry as the processor is required to have knowledge ahead of 18 months as to the number of broilers that will be needed so as to size hatchery supply flocks and contract with growers to supply live broilers. Besides, it is also outside the realm of Perdue to have knowledge regarding when competitors will affect a price cut which can impact the sales of Perdue or when the weather will turn hostile and other factors beyond the control of the company might reduce the demand.

Excepting, Japan, which has tremendous acceptance for high quality branded chicken, the rest of Asia is yet to accept the concept of branded chicken. Hence Perdue's tremendous asset which is quality that it has built over the years will have little relevance in Asia and therefore it cannot command a better price on its brand strength. (ii) Import duties and tariff barriers are also a dampener for Perdue. Import duties in China are as high as 45% for favored nations and 70% for unfavored nations. Apart from that, there is also 17% Value-added Tax in every nation. Similarly, import duties and taxes in Russia have also been on the higher side. Therefore, profits can take a beating on this account. (iii) Issues relating to environment also present a constant challenge in case of every poultry processor. Activists have always been raising voices that the poultry processing is a dangerous vocation to the workers, and the environment pays a price for this industry because the processing plants leave a toxic waste and that the food might not be safe for consumption. (iv) The poultry industry is a heavily regulated one. The Food & Drug Administration or FDA supervises safety of products. Chickens after being killed are subjected to routine checking by the FDA authorities to find traces of avian disease or any other contamination. Poultry processing plants, equipment are examined and published online. Even though poultry produces less waste compared to cattle meat producing industries, industries have come under the scanner as regards to waste disposal in general. On instances of EPA violation, company operating the plant faces severe fines amounting to millions of dollars.

Question: 5)

The responsibility encountered by the strategic managers at the business level is to place a company as regards differentiation and cost structure. This indicates that the choice at the business level strategy hinges around (i) the manner in which to offer differentiated products to create more value for customers that allows a broader range of pricing options and (ii) the manner in which to invest the functional activities to achieve a cost structure, which also provides a wider range of pricing choices.

While developing a business level strategy and business model, normally strategic managers underline one of the five generic… [read more]

Regulatory Structure Policies and Process in Water Law Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (353 words)
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Regulatory Structure, Policies and Process in Water Law

California water law has experienced three distinct periods of development. First was the initial settlement of California, spurred by the gold rush in the mid-1800s. Next came the era of massive irrigation projects in order to expand and promote agriculture throughout the state, even in arid regions with little rainfall. Finally, continued population growth and increasing concerns over environmental issues have led to the more recent era of California water law, which centers predominantly on the reallocation and management of the state's existing water supply.

Factors having major influence on water management and policy over the past six years have been the 1987-1992 drought, expanding water needs due to growth and increasing recognition of the need for in stream water uses, endangered species considerations, and the increasing difficulty of developing new water supplies, due in large part to environmental restrictions. In response to these problems, water managers are paying added attention to used water transfers, which is an important tool for solving some of California's water supply and…… [read more]

Marketing Quiznos Subs Marketing Plan Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (2,834 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


I., low salt, low fat, or no added preservatives.

Quiznos's products are freshly made, which is something that consumers are seeking.

Quiznos's image as a slightly upscale fast food restaurant matches well with the current potential market of buyers seeking a better fast food product.

Quiznos's products are healthy and not as associated with fast food as hamburgers, pizza, and… [read more]

Cracker Barrel Restaurant Diners Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (799 words)
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Cracker Barrel Restaurant

Diners always seem to have something for everyone to eat -- from eggs and bacon to prime rib. The food is not gourmet; neither is greasy spoon. Put a Southern "small town, country-store" spin on the diner format and add a large gift shop and you have Cracker Barrel.

First opened in Lebanon, Tennessee, off of I-40 by Dan Evins, Cracker Barrels are not for fine dining, but for the down-to-earth folk that inhabit the earth. In the late 1960s when the Interstate was just starting to significantly expand, Evins began thinking of how to better meet the needs of travelers. He also saw that the fast-food restaurants were taking over many of the older established restaurants that served up traditional American food and provided a relaxed atmosphere for friends and family with a home-cooking-type menu. To make the atmosphere more homey, he added big jars of candy and homemade jellies. The store was a hit with tourists and locals and there are now about 520 of them in 41 states.

The meals include pancakes and waffles with real butter, pure maple syrup blueberry syrup with Wild Maine Blueberries. The company says the "best of the breast" is used in the Chicken N' Dumplins, Chicken Salad and our Chicken Tenderloin Dinner. The retail store contains items such as rocking chairs, cast iron cookware, clothing, collectible dolls, and classic children's toys.

Restaurant critics who have been to several Cracker Barrels, such as Colleen Coffield from the Emerald Coast Dining Guide in Florida, say, "have visited many Cracker Barrel restaurants and always appreciated them for being a reliable place to stop when traveling. They have the same menu, the same decor, and the same merchandise in their shops. The setting is generally secure, and the food is homey and comforting." Although appreciating the food, a restaurant reviewer from Toledo, Ohio, writes that the places with their nostalgia items can reach "the point of kitschiness." The difficulty in parking and waiting in lines, he says, are deterrents.

The restaurants are normally very busy, especially at prime season, but it does not take long to get a table. The waiters hustle and bustle and come back to the table often to see if the diners need anything. The kitchen seems to be able to handle the crowds well, too, since the food is hot and fresh when served. The portions…… [read more]

American Farmers and Workers Problems in Society Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (500 words)
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¶ … industrious order of farmers in America between 1865 and 1900; the writer explores the changes the industry faced and how those changes impacted the farming community. There was one source used to complete this paper.

From 1865 to 1900 American farmers and workers were confronted with a new industrious order. The farmers and workers had to strive to meet the challenges of the order and still make a living. They faced many obstacles during this time period and still managed to survive as an industry. The time frame proved once again the strength and stamina that the American farmer and worker maintains even in the face of adversity.

Farmers have worked from sun up to sun down since the beginning of time. They are a hearty lot.

A farmers http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/trouble/timeline/

In 1862, it was approximated that 90% of Americans at the time were farmers. They made their living off the land and worked to sow and sell their crops to the locals and each other. It was an interactive mutually profitable business for all involved. At that time President Lincoln called the U.S. Department of Agriculture the "people's department" because of the large number of farmers in the area.

From then until 1870 farmers began to dwindle. Corporation standards, Mother Nature issues and other things began to send farmers out of the fields and into the job market. By 1970 which was only three years later it was reported that only 47.7% of American workers were farmers. For…… [read more]

Communication the Mcdonald's Menu Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,085 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The preceding discussion illustrates how the concepts of the theory is applied in the context of analyzing McDonald's menus from three food cultures, namely, Canadian, Indian, and Filipino. At the objective self-awareness level, the individual is illustrated as scanning the social environment of McDonald's through their menu offerings. At the subjective self-awareness level, the individual consults himself/herself, ascertaining whether the food offerings in the menu reflect his/her food taste, preference, and diet.

McDonald's menu offerings in various countries reflect the process of uncertainty reduction. In Canada, menu offerings are similar with those offered in the United States; however, two specific food items have been included to suit the Canadians' preference for toasted sandwiches and salads. To fit into the country's food culture and gain the acceptance and patronage of the consumers, McDonald's created the Lighter Choices and Toasted Deli Sandwiches menus, which offer these favorite food items with different combinations.

A similar marketing strategy was adopted in McDonald's branches in India and Philippines. In the Philippines, where the staple food is rice, special rice meals with meat products are offered. Salads are not included in the menu since apparently, rice meals -- that is, heavy meals, are the preferred food products by Filipinos. Thus, in the Philippines, its rice-based food culture made McDonald's create a menu wherein rice is a primary product and rice meals (combination of rice, meat viand, and beverage) are offered at cheap prices.

Indian food culture proved to be a more challenging adjustment for the fast food chain. The Indian food culture is rigid and strict, primarily due to the influence of the culture's religion, which is dominated by Hindus and Muslims. In order to entice people to eat at McDonald's -- that is, reduce the people's uncertainty of the kind of food offered by the well-known fast food chain -- it created a menu that involves non-vegetable and vegetable food items. New products such as McVeggie, McAloo Tikki, and Paneer Salsa Wrap are vegetable-based food items that are also spicy, which is another distinct characteristic of the Indian food diet.

From the analyses of the menus of Canada, India, and Philippines branches of McDonald's, Berger's theory that explains the process of reducing uncertainty toward an artifact, activity, or phenomenon is highlighted. McDonald's communication strategy shows that menus act as communication artifacts that reflect the food culture of a new culture that they are trying to entice as potential customers and hopefully, loyal customers of the food establishment. In the process of reducing uncertainty towards McDonald's, individual scan first their social environment, and when the social environment (projected through the menu) matches the food diet, preferences, values, and beliefs of the people, then uncertainty would be reduced and thus acceptance and interaction would take place.


Littlejohn, S. (1999). Theories of Human Communication. CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co.

Official web site of McDonald's-India: http://www.mcdonaldsindia.com/ourfood/veg/.

Official web site of McDonald's-Canada: http://www.mcdonalds.ca/en/food/lighter.aspx

Official web site of McDonald's-Philippines: http://www.8mcdo.com/whatsnew.asp.… [read more]

How Sushi Went Global Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (567 words)
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¶ … Sushi Went Global

Sushi is a widely popular food and cultural fad in America today. However, it is a largely misunderstood and misrepresented food and piece of history. The average person does not know the history of sushi becoming a worldly dinner event rather than an obscure tradition mentioned briefly in accounts of Japanese culture. In Theodore C. Bestor's article, "How Sushi Went Global," the introduction of sushi into Western culture is discussed, but also some of the larger economical and foreign relations issues that naturally accompany a shift in any market.

American patrons of the now-popular Japanese-style sushi establishments throughout the Western hemisphere may assume that their favorite high-priced restaurant is importing fish from the East in order to be accurately Japanese. However, Japan has actually turned to other fishing markets to supply fish, like the blue finned tuna that is used in many sushi dishes. Once Japan had a booming fishing industry that dominated the world, however strict regulations on fishing boats changed that. Combined with other factors, Japanese fishermen had to restrict the distance from the shore that they sent fleets, and this cut the amount of fish they were able to provide. Japan had to turn to global fishing supplies instead of providing fish to other countries.

Sushi entered the American cultural vocabulary slowly over the course of many decades. Brief mentions of it in magazines as early as the 1920s can be found, however the representation of this food was misleading or inaccurate. These wraps made of rice, seaweed, and fish (cooked or raw) were exotic and frightening to the general Western population. However, Eastern influence on Western culture is strong. Although highly "Americanized" in many…… [read more]

How Sushi Went Global Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (562 words)
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¶ … Sushi's global popularity, Bestor has focused not just on sushi alone but on Japanese cuisine in general to show how Japan has been influencing American taste. The author first presents am extraordinary auction scene where bluefin tunas are exhibited for potential buyers, most of whom have arrived from Japan to purchase quality tuna. Many will even depart from their home country with bluefin tuna the very next day. The import of tuna from United States to Japan has increased tremendously in last few years, thanks for ever-increasing popularity of Japanese cuisine and demand for high quality fish back home. While Bluefin tuna may sound like an unlikely item for globalization, it has certainly played a huge role in reversing the global trends from East to West.

Tuna's popularity in Japan is not something we should even be discussing since it should be taken for granted. Fish with rice has always been high in demand and campaigns for tuna are run on large scales. There is even a mascot which appears in Tuna fish advertisements in Japan symbolizing the changing trends in tuna's popularity around the globe. On Oct 10, tuna day is commemorated in Japan coinciding with the day when Tuna first appeared in Japanese literature.

While Tuna has always been popular within Japan, its demand outside of its home county has been a result of slow calculated process that trained western appetites and tastes to become more accepting of eastern cuisine. It started after the Second World War, to be very precise even though North American readers had been introduced to Japanese cooking first time in 1929. However for many decades after that, sushi's recipe and in fact…… [read more]

Classical Conditioning Pavlov's Roommate Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (316 words)
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Therefore, the unconditioned response was running down the stairs. The previously neutral sign that I used to grab his attention was that I took his cell phone and set a specific ring tone for when I called him with my cell phone. His cell phone is always on and is always very loud, so it would startle him and get his attention. Furthermore, during conditioning, I never used my cell phone to call him for any other purpose. When the brownies would start to smell, I would call him using my cell phone. Eventually, he came to associate that ring tone with brownies the conditioned reflex was developed through my use of classical conditioning and my roommate would come running downstairs as soon as he heard the specific in on his cell phone. Once he was downstairs, I had his attention and could talk to…… [read more]

Aquaculture in the Midwest Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,344 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


79 million. In 2002, there were more than 200 fish farms. Other states have seen similar growth. In 1997, Illinois had only 10 commercial fish farms, with 50 in 2002.

Wisconsin has experienced expansion in aquaculture, also, although possibly not as dramatic an increase as elsewhere. On the other hand, they started bigger, with 280 fish farms in1997 and 300… [read more]

Safety at Home- O2 Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (580 words)
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Safety at Home- O2

Home is where the family expects to be safe and secure from all outside influences, but the truth is that even at home there must be a measure of safety in all respects. Home safety can protect the family from, for example, intruders, but can in some cases turn out to be more dangerous than the actual hazard, like for example, in the case of a fire, safety measures taken against an intruder must not interfere with easy escape for the family from the fire. Persons who want to provide safety within the home may end up, albeit unwittingly, putting themselves at risk from other risk factors. Therefore, it must be stated that home safety and home security must work together if it is to provide any solution to the problem of safety within the home. Home security measures include a gamut of alarm systems like the fire alarm, the smoke alarm, the burglar alarm, the gas detector, the medical alarm and alerts, and so on. However, home safety is another issue. (Explaining Home safety: Educate yourself about the best fire, smoke, gas, flood and medical alarm)

The issue of home safety has been taken up by the 'Home safety council' with the partnership of the University of North Carolina Injury Prevention Research Center in order to analyze the causes and the costs and the demographics of home injuries and various types of accidents that occur at home. According to the Council, injuries that occur within the home is a major issue that most Americans in general are not aware of at all. Education on safety must be undertaken with immediacy, so that more people are made aware of this fact, and so that safety measures…… [read more]

Ethical Issues Involved the Increased Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,517 words)
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Ethical Viability of the Actions

The actions outlined above are not ethically viable. The various industries should certainly not stop their activities within the economic sector, and of course it is recognized that the economy within the country depends in large part upon these industries. Nonetheless, it should also be recognized that human lives are being destroyed by the imbalance between health and the abuse of unhealthy substances for the sake of coping with stress. The government as a major player should be the first to take remedial steps.

The public firstly needs to be adequately educated about the hazards of harmful substances such as fast food and alcohol. The value of moderation should be stressed, while healthy alternatives should also be offered. Health clubs can then also join the government and advertising industry in order to promote healthy living by means of special pricing offers. Furthermore the sense of well-being often promoted by the fast food industry can also be promoted by health clubs and health food stores. Fast food chains can join the competition by offering a health food alternative to their regular meals.

A balance between unhealthy foods and other substances and healthy choices is vital in order to curb the heart disease problem currently experienced in Asian countries.… [read more]

Eat, Drink, and (Don't) Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,042 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


But alcohol and dissipation takes the woman's life, rather than preserves her life and joy in the world around her. Sophie uses alcohol to escape life, much as the sisters of Dinesen's tale use asceticism to escape from and deny life and pleasure, because they find life confusing, frightening, and because life holds the potential to bring pain and loss rather than delight.

Thus rather than using her love of drink to sustain others, Sophie uses alcohol to escape from others, and to cut herself off from feeling, something she fears after the death of her husband and child. She is an addict, rather than someone who uses her substance of choice to connect herself to the lives of others, as Babette does with her expertise and love of food. Although the self-denying sisters who insist upon consuming poor food that Babette must indulge may seem a far cry away from Sophie, essentially both are different extremes of selfishness. Sophie collapses after the death of her husband and her child, physically and spiritually. She returns to the momentary pleasures of addiction, seeking destruction. Her actions ultimately leave Larry alone in the world, while Isabel, who essentially encouraged Sophie to try drinking again after the woman was attempting to recover from her sickness, now has Larry all to herself -- for better or for worse.

Sophie's addiction confirms to Larry that life is purposeless, an idea that he first conceived during his wartime service. Likewise, Babette's foolish sacrifice confirms a truth for the religious community in which she dwells, but a positive truth for the religious community of ascetics of the village she can now never leave, having lost her available funds. Through her great sacrifice Babette shows that grace comes in mysterious ways, like a pearl of a great price that was earned in exchange for everything a man or woman might possess. Babette shows that faith can come through acts of joy and taste in worldly, bodily delights of joy, rather than denying such joy.

In sad contrast, Sophie states that her addiction was born of a desire to deny the world. She began to drink as a result of a random act, a car accident that destroyed the life of her husband and child. Rather than accept the existence of such random actions in life and in war, Sophie like Larry uses this action as an excuse to seek loneliness and self-destruction, much as Larry has used his experiences in wartime as an excuse for all of his own misbehaviors over the course of the novel.

Everyone loses -- loses money and loses loved ones, a comparison of these two female protagonists suggests. Everyone must live in the world, eat and drink and die. However, it is the emotional connections one makes through these actions that matter, whether they be positive as in Babette's case, and spiritually beneficial, or spiritually deadening and killing to one's soul in self as in the alcoholic Sophie's case.

Works Cited

Dinesen, Isak.… [read more]

Geography of Mice and Men Land Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,043 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Geography of Mice and Men

Land, both literal and symbolic, plays a key role in John Steinbeck's novel of Mice and Men. The mystique of place and space guided migrant farmers like Lennie and George, both of whom craved a place they could call their own. In fact, Steinbeck's book captures the essence of American expansionism and manifest destiny, dreams that often remained distant and illusory. Land and place were important to the author, who self-consciously incorporates the geography of his native California into novels like of Mice and Men. In particular, Steinbeck captures the geographical essence of the Salinas Valley in south-central California, wherein of Mice and Men is set. The two main characters, Lennie and George both relate strongly to the land; they toil on it and land-ownership is an integral part of their dreams for a better future. Central to their desire for land is its agricultural viability. The Salinas valley was in their time used primarily for cattle ranching. In fact, the bulk of the tale involves Lennie and George's life as migrant workers on a ranch in Salinas. Prior to their stint there, the two friends worked in a similar capacity in Weed, California, which is located farther north near Mount Shasta. Although Steinbeck describes Salinas in far more geographical detail in of Mice and Men, both places imply an earthly paradise to which Lenny and George aspire. Therefore, in Steinbeck's of Mice and Men, geography means more than just a place to call home or land to cultivate; it represents freedom, independence, success, and spiritual liberation.

Of Mice and Men is a tragic tale of friendship and broken dreams. George and Lennie are migrant workers. Although their original birthplaces are not openly divulged in the novel, it is highly possible the two men came from one of the plains states like Oklahoma. Okies comprised a large portion of migrant workers in California during the turn of the century, when of Mice and Men was set. At the outset of the novel, Lennie and George get off a bus in Salinas and spend the night camping outdoors. George finds the two men work on a nearby ranch. Lennie is mentally challenged and acts much like a child. He does not know his own size and so although he loves petting soft furry things like bunny rabbits, he frequently crushes them to death unwittingly. George is more than a friend to Lennie: he is his protector.

Lennie and George soon run into trouble on the ranch. The ranch owner's son Curley is a mean man, and his wife seems to be a manipulative flirt. One night Curley's wife asks Lennie to caress her hair, knowing he enjoys touching soft things. Lennie unintentionally pulls her hair too roughly and when she screams out for him to stop, Lennie panics and accidentally breaks her neck.

Knowing that he committed a crime, Lennie flees the farm. He runs to a spot that George had designated should such an emergency… [read more]

Cutting at Starbucks Japan Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (362 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Consumers also have expressed a dislike of the food -- even the supposedly specifically developed ice and-salmon wraps and white peach muffins were a flop. Such innovations indicated more about American perceptions of Japanese food tastes and needs than the Japanese palate itself.

By eliminating unpopular foods and unpopular but expensive drinks, Starbucks may be able to cut costs, especially if expensive and un-Japanese drinks like Carmel lattes are replaced by less pricey teas. Stressing the local nature of different locations of Starbucks stores to prevent competition overlap might be possible. For instance, entering into negotiations with popular local food vendors, rather than importing foods might be another way to cut costs and render Starbucks more specific and popular to Japanese tastes, as one Starbucks in one area caters more to business person's needs and tastes, and others to schoolchildren to make just one example.

Works Cited

Dawson, Chester & Stanley Holmes (December 19, 2002) "Is Japan losing its taste for Latte Already?" Business Week Online. Retrieved…… [read more]

Greek Revolutionaries Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (300 words)
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Green Revolutioners

The theory of Malthus held that the human population, at its growth rate according to statistics available during the 18th century, would eventually outgrow the supply of food available. The New Malthusians have revived this theorem, and warns that the world population is growing at a rate that is not sustainable in terms of either food or other resource supplies. This is supported by the fact that many people worldwide are starving. Cornucopians on the other hand have a more optimistic view of the human future. Their philosophy holds that economic growth and technological advance result in improvements such as a resource-rich world that is less crowded and where pollution is a decreasing problem. This philosophy is supported by an apparent lack of historical evidence of declining resources, and goes hand in hand with the Green Revolution. This phenomenon focuses on increasing food production by means of advances…… [read more]

Jim Crow System Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (926 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Neurological Assessment

Jim Crow in Texas

Poor Whites," Blacks, & Mexican Immigrant Laborers

It has been claimed that Roosevelt's "New Deal" was an act of genus that saved many desperate individuals during the depression through the passing of his Roosevelt's "New Deal Agriculture Adjustment Act." Neil Foley argues that the system of farming in Central Texas, in economic terms, gave birth to a societal hierarchy established on elements of race.

Foley claimed that the thought of "whiteness" was that which was determinant of social interactions and relations among farm owner as to their status. White farmers, or poor whites as they became, believed in the possibilities held in "working their way up" from the position of sharecropper to landowner gradually had to squarely face the fact that it was not to be.

Higher Cotton Prices & Lower Wages:

High land prices in combination with the falling of cotton prices was inclusive of a flooding of cheap Mexican labor into the market undercut efforts of gaining property resulting in a loss of "whiteness" for these farmers. The Mexican laborers were hated by practically all whites who argued against the dirtiness and lack of education as well as the Mexican adherence or tolerance to ideas of socialism and anarchism "anti-American' ideals. However, the landowners were glad to receive the cheaper labor for harvesting of crops and then followed the social persecution of the "poor whites" by those wealthy enough to own land. In fact the poor whites were viewed as just as lowly, if not more so than the blacks of the day.

Foley makes performs a close examination of the white racist frame of mind in view of the Mexican immigrants as well as shedding light on the impacts of the "New Deal" in terms of agriculture in the South. The incorporation and mechanization of farming served to undermine the whites, blacks and Mexicans in Foley's opinion. Recurrence of his argument in relation to the constrictions that society held at that time in terms of race and "whiteness" is seen as the revealing story of the problems that poor peoples of all races faced at this juncture.

Prior to this time, working as a sharecropper or tenant farmer would eventually allow the worker to purchase and own land. This act was actually something that afflicted the migrant laborers throughout the South. Praise for the policies of Roosevelt during the Depression Era in reference to the passage of the "New Deal" has not taken into account elements which render those praises as merely a "storybook" description of an act that impacted the lives of millions of poor workers. It is true that the "New Deal" was the salvation of a few individuals however, the only people-receiving benefits from the "New Deal" were the…… [read more]

Monosodium Glutamate Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,940 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


In the end, monosodium glutamate contains approximately one third of the sodium as table salt. In comparison to natural glutamic acid, found naturally in our bodies and in foods organically grown, MSG contains both L-glutamic acid and D-glutamic acid, whereas naturally produced glutamic acid contains only L-glutamic acid. Both the European Union and the United States Federal Food and Drug Administration have declared MSG as a food additive and regulate when it can be used. Both have also declared the product safe for human consumption (WHO, 1998). It is estimated that demand for MSG yearly is 2000 tons as a food additive alone (Kusumoto, 2001).

There are some individuals who display sensitivity to foods prepared with MSG. Symptoms are said to include burning along the back of the neck, tightness in the chest, nausea, and sweating. However, double blind studies of individuals claiming symptoms of MSG reaction failed to confirm that MSG was the causative agent (WHO, 1998).

However, recognizing that some individuals may have sensitivity to MSG, the FDA requires all foods with synthetically produced MSG to be labeled accordingly. Other ingredients which may contain natural MSG, such as monopotassium glutamate, hydrolyzed soy protein, and sodium caseinate are not required to be labeled. In addition, foods treated with growth enhancers such as AxiGrow, which contains glutamic acid, are not required to be labeled (WHO, 1998).

MSG, or monosodium glutamate, the sodium salt of glutamic acid, is a flavor enhancer with a long history. While there are some that show sensitivity to MSG, studies have shown the product to be a safe and healthy alternative to regular table salt. As long as the entire fermentation process, from microorganism selection to fermentation, purification, crystallization and packaging, are done with careful planning and proper equipment, MSG can be a safe alternative for everyone.


Aida, K., Chibata, L. Nakayama, K., Takinami, K., and Yamada, K. 1986. Biotechnology of Amino Acid Production. Amsterdam: Elsevier, p. 215.

Ajinomoto Company, Inc. 1996. Production process of amino acids. Encyclopedia of Amino Acids. Tokyo, Japan: Ajinomoto Company, Inc.

Blue Diamond. 2004. History of MSG. Facts About MSG. Obtained October 18, 2004 from Direct Food Ingredients, LTD. Web site: http://www.directfood.net/bluediamond/history.asp.

DeSilva, F.J. 1997. Removing organics with ion exchange resin. Water Conditioning and Purification Magazine, 2, p. 5-8.

Kusumoto, I. 2001. Industrial Production of L-Glutamine. Journal of Nutrition, 131, p. 2552 -- 2555.

Leung, A. And Foster, S. 1996. Encyclopedia of Common and Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics. New York: Wiley, p. 373 -- 375.

Nampoothiri, K.M., Pandey, A. 1999. Fermentation…… [read more]

Freshman Fifteen Dear Editor Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (704 words)
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The cafeteria is a popular choice, but it's easy to overdo it when everything is spread out before you, tempting you when you're most vulnerable, hungry and stressed over a long day of classes.

I think the best solution to the problem of weight gain is two-fold. First, the campus dining options need to be more versatile and healthier. Fast food is fine, but there have to be some other dining options for students. The cafeteria has a salad bar, but even then, with dressings and add-ons, the calories can pile on. Instead of strictly fast-food options in the food court, how about a local restaurant owner that specializes in healthy food, even vegetarian? How about Wild Oats, bringing in some of their foods from their deli, or Sweet Tomatoes setting up in the food court? That would be a great alternative to the fast-food choices, and healthier, too. How about removing some of the high calorie options in the vending machines, and replacing them with healthier choices, like fruit, juice, and low-fat chips. I hear my friends complaining about the food choices, that everything's "fattening and gross," but I don't see them doing anything about it. Maybe it's time we did. The university could help by distributing nutritional information, including calorie counts of the food available on campus now, to every new student each semester. It might be costly to start, but ultimately, our health is more important than printing costs.

Sure, what we eat is our own choice, and we have to learn about choices. As we make our way through our freshman year, we are living a new, exciting life, and food is part of it. We celebrate with food, we use food to sooth us when we miss home, or fail a test, and we eat because we're bored, or tired, or whatever. Food is all around us on campus, and it's hard not to enjoy, and worry about weight gain tomorrow. With some healthier alternatives, and some help in education from the university, the freshman fifteen could be a thing of the…… [read more]

Supply Push to Demand Pull Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (602 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Packaged foods, including pre-cooked meats, provide consumers with all of the convenience of a restaurant meal of food from a local deli.

Thus, as consumers are more and more busy, the demand has risen for pre-packaged food products. Complete meals can now be purchased at a majority of food stores in the U.S. This is a trend that has been growing and is likely to continue to grow particularly in the U.S.

According to the article, this change has impacted the way agribusiness conducts business. Technological advances have enabled farmers to cater to consumers needs and process foods on their farm. The article points out that the poultry industry was among the first agribusinesses to jump on the bandwagon, offering processed food products that include patties, breaded chicken strips, nuggets and other pre-planned meals (Martinez & Hayden, 2003).

The price of prepared foods such as these is expected to decrease over time as technology becomes more advanced and allows agribusinesses to process food less expensively. Agribusinesses are even responding by providing diverse cuisine options in new ways, such as offering ethnic lines within supermarkets. In fact many chains are offering Hispanic and Asian items to cater to the increased demands from these populations for prepackaged food products (Martinez & Hayden, 2003).

Even specialized retailers and natural food product providers are offering more and more selections for consumers interested in finding quick ways to cook and prepare food on the go. The supply of such products is likely to continue in today's rapidly paced society, and agribusinesses will likely stay on top of the market as they have in the past.


Martinez, S. & Hayden, S. (2003). "From supply push to demand pull: Agribusiness

strategies for today's consumers." Amber Waves, November. [online] October 13, 2004, from: http://www.ers.usda.gov/amberwaves/november03/Features/supplypushdemandpull.htm… [read more]

Apple Trees Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,593 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Apple Trees

Apples are among the oldest of all fruits cultivated by fruit growers. (a Modern Herb: Apple) Compared to any other type of fruit that grows on a tree, the apple is more extensively cultivated and more useful to man. From the long past, apple trees have been cultivated for their fruit. Many people have articulated about the fruit… [read more]

John Steinbeck's the Grapes Capstone Project

Capstone Project  |  5 pages (1,788 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


At least one of the smaller farmers would like to do better by his workers than the association -- the big farmers -- allow. He wants to pay 30 cents an hour; they insist he cut it down to 25, and he has to do it because if he doesn't, the bank (which is controlled in large part by the big farmers), will not provide his crop money. When the farmer is confronted with Timothy's good work, he explains it in brief:

Ain't you got it yet? Mr. Bank hires two thousand men and I hire three. I've got paper to meet. Now if you can figure some way out, by Christ, I'll take it! They got me." (Steinbeck, 1939, p. 402) They may not totally control the market, but clearly there are a few producers who have a significant effect on it.

All of these market structures are interrelated. One might say there is a parallel between the pickers competing for jobs and the farmers competing for market share. Indeed, when the small farmer tells Timothy the lay of the land, it is clear that the market structures form a sort of economic 'food chain,' with the big farmers at the top, the small farmers coerced into following their (as Steinbeck would say) greedy lead, and the pickers at the mercy of all of it. They have no power, despite their numbers. In fact, it is their numbers vs. The amount of work available, that destroys any economic power they might have had. For all its bias against big business, The Grapes of Wrath explains one thing abundantly clearly.…… [read more]

Anthropology Domesticates in the Old Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (369 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Another argument is that our modern dinner plates hold foods that were developed in far-off places, and that we do not really recognize the debt we owe to other countries for developing the food we enjoy today. This argument is quite effective because it makes the reader think about the food we eat and where it really came from. Most people do not recognize that most of the food we call "American" is really just as much of a melting pot as the country itself, and that the food we eat has been around a long time. The argument is compelling and thought provoking and entirely effective for both the reader and the author.

In conclusion, this article, though brief, made a number of excellent points, and gave the reader quite a bit of information in only two pages. The food we take for granted today was the main sustenance for millions of people for centuries, and most of it came from the Old World, and migrated to the New World because of exploration, discovery, and colonization.… [read more]

North Korea Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (376 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


This decline is in part due to the competing demands of Afghanistan. There are three main reasons why the U.S. has helped to shore up the North Korean regime (Cohen, 2002). First, U.S. food aid has made it easier to engage the North Koreans in talks on military-strategic issues. Second, the U.S. does not want to see North Korea collapse because sudden disintegration could overwhelm South Korea with massive refugee flows and spark political and economic throughout the region. Third, there is an overriding humanitarian objective to prevent massive starvation and disease. More than 2 million North Koreans have died from starvation and related diseases between 1994 and 1998, and large pockets of hunger and starvation remain.


Bray, M. (2003, December 10). North Korea: What are the options? Retrieved June 18, 2004 from Web site: http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/asiapcf/east/08/28/nkorea.options/

Cohen, R. (2002, May 16). Aid meant for the hungry. New York Times. Retrieved June 18, 2004 from Web site: http://www.brookings.edu/views/op-ed/cohenr/20020516.htm

The World Fact Book. Retrieved June 17, 2004 from Web site: http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/kn.html#Econ… [read more]

Poor Working Conditions Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,173 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Few of the poor had expensive ovens, and either ate cold meals, purchased hot food, or cooked over open fires. Often, families had insufficient utensils and pots, and that sanitation was poor. Further, there was a lack of cheap fuel, and a great ignorance of hygiene and nutrition coupled with often spoiled food. The result, was a nation of "pygmies, who were undernourished, anemic, feeble and literally rickety" (Wohl; Victorian Diet). Meat, eaten relatively rarely, was often of poor quality or spoiled. In Coventry, 17% of laborers had never tasted meat, while many individuals (such as needle women and shoe makers) ate less than one pound of meat each week. In the cities, the poor ate broxy (diseased sheep), tripe, and slink (calves born prematurely). Standard fare was often butter, bread, beer, tea, and potatoes, with occasional bacon (Wohl; Victorian Diet).

Poor working conditions in factories in the Victorian era were also reflected in general problems with sanitation and disease during the era. There were a large number of problems with odor, pollution, and health hazards that stemmed from poor sewage, and poor working conditions in factories. Typhoid was common, even among the higher classes, as were other disease, including cholera. Even the Royal Family was forced to deal with "sewers and filth diseases" and "forced to live amidst stink, and water and air pollution," while the poor were even more deeply immersed in these problems of sanitation and disease (Wohl; Sanitation and Disease).

In conclusion, substandard working conditions in the Victorian Era resulted in serious health problems among the working class. In the factories, workers faced long hours in often hazardous conditions with poor pay that condemned them to a life among the poor. Poverty itself impacted their health, as they could not afford good food, adequate housing, education, or medical care. As a result, the average Victorian worker was a poor specimen of physical health. Workers were commonly malnourished, bones and teeth were stunted and of poor health, and hours in cramped factories sometimes resulted in skeletal deformations, especially among children. Overall, the Victorian Era provides a vivid and disturbing example of how poverty and poor working conditions can have a profoundly negative effect upon human health and well-being.


Burnett, John. Victorian Working Women: Sweated Labor. Excerpted from introductions and other editorial matter in John Burnett's superb collection of working-class life-histories, The Annals of Labour: Autobiographies of British Working Class People, 1820-1920. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1974. Victorian Web. 07 June 2004. http://victorianweb.org/history/work/burnett2.html del Col, Laura. The Life of the Industrial Worker in Ninteenth-Century England. Victorian Web. http://victorianweb.org/history/workers2.html

Hanover College, The Department of History. The Sadler Committee Report. Excerpts from the Original Electronic Text at the web site of the Victorian Web (Laura Del Col). Parliamentary Papers, 1831-1832, vol. XV. pp. 44, 95-97, 115, 195, 197, 339, 341-342, reprinted in Jonathan F. Scott and Alexander Baltzly, eds., Readings in European History Since 1814 (New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., 1930.] 07 June 2004. http://history.hanover.edu/courses/excerpts/111sad.html

Pearcy, Thomas, Ph.D and… [read more]

Ecology, Kinship, and Social Structure Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,582 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


However, the Germanic village exhibited a far more reserved style of interpersonal and kinship relations, and a far more structured day, focused on time, that is often considered to be 'typically German' even amongst fellow European nations.

Thus, ultimately, when asking how does ecology affect kinship and social structure, one might, upon reading Always Hungry, Never Greedy and The Hidden Frontier be tempted to say, not at all. Clearly, the ways that environment, subsistence strategy shape social relations in these two very different environments cannot easily be predicted. The similar climate and topography of Cole and Wolf's text did not result in similar ways of structuring and relating to the land, rather the social and kinship structures and history, and the language of the peoples involved had more of an impact. New Guinea used its relationship to the land and its relative perceived abundance or lack of abundance not simply during times of feast or famine, but as a way of understanding a larger network of social, gender relations. The texts, taken in pair are humbling to the predictive capacity of social scientists, as well as illustrative of how symbolic understandings of food, kinship, culture, and language, transcend the mere need to eke out an existence upon a particular piece of territory in the best way possible.

Works Cited

Cole, John, and Eric Wolf. The Hidden Frontier. University of California Press, 1999.

Kahn, Miriam. Always Hungry, Never Greedy Waveland…… [read more]

London Restaurant Might Change Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (633 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Although ethnic eating may have had its faddish day, the actual institution of British food has from an industry perspective seen little development. Even Nigella Lawson's food show was more famous for the hostess' popularizing of the term 'food porn' as she sucked batter from her fingers, rather than changing notions of British quality food and bringing more foodies to London. Even The Naked Chef felt the need to infuse his most recent British television show with do-good spirit that had nothing to do with food, and everything to do with extending charity and hope to those on the dole by making the homeless his new chefs. A notable achievement morally -- but still leaving the actual British food establishments at a crossroads.

Where we will be in ten years?

To stand tall, the London restaurant industry can to one of two things. It can remain faddish and gimmicky, piggy backing off different international cuisines and relying more on having the 'right' people and chefs upon the red carpet leading up to a meal. Or it can really attempt to make what is uniquely British include new international options, such as the spices and seasonings of India, but still make sure that the fish and chips of old are given a new and more international flavor, reflecting the changed face of Britain. One cannot simply turn to the new.

Thus the answer is two fold

British food as a cuisine must grow more expansive, but still retain its definition as British. The British restaurant and industry must retain its status as a national institution, but continue to grow in its cultural as well as its stylistic and entertainment components.


By becoming less traditionally British, British restaurants can grow more expansively and ultimately retain a British identity, rather than simply becoming curry houses or Thai restaurants that happen to be located within the confines of…… [read more]

Nature Conservation of Red Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,021 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The Forestry Commission had launched the Welsh Black Grouse Recovery Projects that started in 1997. The project helped improving the habitat by clearing the mature conifers in the forest so that the forest edge widened and more space were available for cotton grass and heaths, followed by increasing population and diversity of insects for the grouse to feed on. As the result, during the project time from 1997 to 2002, the populations of black grouse in the spot lands have increased by 88%.

A similar action taken to recover the moorland also saves the population of black grouse, as a main priority due to its position in the red list. This time the Game Conservancy Trust has been taking actions to improve the habitat by controlling deer and sheep grazing. Black grouse cannot compete with red deer and sheep with the over-grazing, as the high-intensity grazing has cleared up the low vegetation and shrubs the grouse usually need for food and cover. Over-grazing only leaves short grass, making it easy for the predators such as foxes and crows to spot the grouse.

An experiment in North Pennines observed a controlled management on grazing had successfully improved the black grouse breeding. Allowing lower grazing intensity in such areas provides spaces for shrubs. The shrubs stock insects for young brood, appropriate nesting place and enough cover for adults and the young birds to hide from predators. This experiment records significant improvement on the number of chicks per hen during the period of 1996-2000.

The exclusive position of red grouse as sporting bird or target for seasonal shooting should also help the conservation organizations to bargain with land owners so that the community also fulfills the social responsibility to recover red grouse's habitat. Gamekeepers are also intended to save red grouse's population by keeping control on predators. The biggest lost of grouse population is caused by birds of prey (44%), followed by stoats (28%) and foxes (6%), according to the Game Conservancy Trust's brochure. Gamekeepers help trapping the predators to allow the red grouse to breed normally. On the other hand, black grouse population can also benefit from this effort, getting less threat from predators and safely continue to increase their numbers.

Works Cited

The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB). Black grouse. RSPB Web site. 28 Apr. 2004. http://www.rspb.org.uk/birds/guide/b/blackgrouse/index.asp

The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB). Red grouse. RSPB Web site. 28 Apr. 2004. http://www.rspb.org.uk/birds/guide/r/redgrouse/index.asp

Montgomery Wildlife Trust. "Red Grouse." 2004. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. 28 Apr. 2004. http://www.rspb.org.uk/birds/guide/r/redgrouse/index.asp

Bingham, Derek, Kirkman, F.B. And Jourdain, F.C.R. "Red Grouse Natural History."

The Country Man Weekly Online. 28 Apr. 2004. http://www.countrymansweekly.co.uk/quarry/redgrouse.htm

Forestry Commission. "The Welsh Black Grouse Recovery Project." 2004. UK Forestry Commission. 28 Apr. 2004. http://www.forestry.gov.uk/forestry/infd-5mjlhv

The Game Conservancy Trust. "Black Grouse Conservation Brochure." The Game Conservancy Trust. 28 Apr. 2004. http://www.gct.org.uk/research/blackgrouse/frameset.html… [read more]

Prospective Marketing Plan Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,046 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Also, like most chains, until a following is developed in the outer lying suburbs, urban locations more dependant upon non-chain, local businesses and possessing a wider variety of ethnic and health foods alike, are unlikely to be as receptive to a new chain as more suburban locations, largely trafficked by foot rather than car.

Employment is key to our success -- staff must be loyal, as preparing food in a healthy fashion is important, as well as the fact that much of the food will not be as prepackaged and prefabricated as most fast food. Concentrating on employing more reliable employees than the usual staff of first-time workers at most fast food establishments will require a slightly higher but still competitive wage, compared with local McDonald's and Wendy's.

Positioning map

Positioning will place us between sit-down restaurants such as TGIF and Applebee's in terms of cost, as SIMON offers more speed -- and ultimately more family and community, as the meals are to be eaten at home -- but with far greater quality at a slightly higher price than McDonald's or Wendy's.

Marketing Mix

One of the four P's of the marketing mix that is critical to SIMON is Pricing. Pricing is not so exorbitant SIMON cannot be patronized frequently, but consistency and quality come at this low price


The product range is narrow and not necessarily very large in terms of food size, but the value of health and taste is key. Thus, a narrow product line of narrow services that provides an important component to everyday lives.

SIMON'S menu will encompass burger, both meat and vegetarian, and fish and chicken sandwiches with home baked bread, fresh produce as fixings, and potatoes prepared in a way that is either baked, fried, or fried and seasoned -- all with very low quantities of oil. The food is healthy, not super sized, but filling and tasty and can even be dry-fried upon request. In short, a quality meal.


SIMON will be priced slightly higher than its competitors, but offer more satisfaction and health for one's value. Quality not sheer quantity results in a trimmer waistline, more active children, and a tastier lifestyle.


SIMON SAYS -- eat healthy, eat right, eat right now, and eat with your loved ones after you stop by and see SIMON!


In and Out Burger, a chain with a similar corporate philosophy has established its niche on the West Coast. SIMON has, however, substantial room to grow in the Eastern seaboard while providing similar quality products. SIMON believes that In-and-Out has tapped into a national philosophy that is expressed on the East Coast but remains unsatisfied by current dining options. Before In-and-Out can spread, SIMON hopes to take advantage of this untapped need and establish its own unique, customized, and more family-focused niche in the industry of fast and quality food.

Works Cited

Thorson, Esther. (1989) "Products, Positioning, and Market Segmentation." Advertising Age: The Principles of Advertising at Word. Lincolnwood, IL: NTC Business… [read more]

Leadership in the Restaurant Environment Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (459 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The menu of the establishment, and other variable inventory costs such as food and wine, are closely managed by individuals with a financial interest in the establishment as well as those who simply have an interest in collecting a paycheck at the end of the week.

Antonio's also has a highly charismatic managerial staff that knows how to motivate both the kitchen and the floor, and maintain an amicable, if harried state of tension between two areas of a restaurant that can frequently come into conflict. Rather than transformational in leadership, these motivational staff members could be better characterized as supremely adept in finessing the personal acumen that can occasionally develop on a rushed Friday night between kitchens and wait staff. Because of familial and personal loyalties to the owners, they keep a close eye on potential areas of financial seepage in terms of waste of food, pilferage of stored goods, and other aspects of a restaurant that can result in a drain upon the establishment's finances. Above all, in this service-oriented industry, "Antonio's" keeps its food priced competitively in the upscale Italian market, and keeps its regular customers satisfied and happy in a highly pressured environment. The food staff is knowledgeable, and the chefs are listened to by the owners, again creating loyalty rather than tension between individuals whom perform different…… [read more]

Globalization and the Corporate Environment Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (695 words)
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To answer criticisms that such meals unfairly target the impressionable young minds of children, the children's versions of such healthy global 'Harmony Meals' can also come with small fact books about the different countries and regions that inspired the meals, and explanations of why such 'Harmony Meals' are heart healthy in general and promote a healthy lifestyle.

This strategy has the potential to generate value for our company on several levels. Firstly, it will channel current allegations regarding the negative effects of globalization in a positive fashion, exploiting the opportunity of the average American consumer's elevated interest in regional trends and fusion foods and interest in reducing obesity. It will help our company avoid the threat of lawsuits from those who allege the fast food industry increases obesity without giving proper information regarding healthier choices. It will reduce our risk of using potentially hazardous beef products, as much of the cuisine used in such 'Harmony Meals' for children and adults comes from fish, vegetable, and poultry using nations. The meals will also introduce a surprising and educational, fun element to dining not expected within the industry, which usually makes use of purportedly mindless tie-ins with movies and cartoons.

The introduction of global 'Harmony Meals' could potentially make the company more competitive internationally, as even healthy American foods could be incorporated into the 'healthy' Harmony meals marketed to the international consumer of our products. Thus, rather than simply incorporate regional and national trends and spices into the American-style, current menu, regional international areas of our chain could market such menu items as chicken and egg salad wraps and explain the industry of the American family farm to individuals living in Pakistan, in the literature. Carbohydrate-lacking chicken salads in ranch dressing could be marketed as having the lean, mean taste of the American cowboy sought abroad, without the fat of the expanding American waistline.… [read more]

Retail Grocery: Industry Strategic Employment Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,497 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+



Types of Benefits Provided in Sector.

Big "multiple" stores have proliferated across the nation because of their economies of scale that allow them to stock at a wide range of products reasonable prices. Reflecting this mood on a national level, grocery managers have been under the gun to reduce labor costs because of their razor-thin profit margins, which has… [read more]

Black Diamond Equipment: Products, Services, &amp Promotion Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,033 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


My Catering Company plans not only to provide on-to-one catering services, but also plans to meet the demands in wedding and other special occasions.

As a start-up company, I will target my products to families that want to receive one-to-one personal catering service. Customers can assign their wedding menu and other catering responsibilities to the company. My Catering Company will serve these special needs of the wedding and other occasions.

Most of the customers who want personalized catering are likely to be affluent, ages 18-38, and whose household income is likely to be $60,000 or more. The main customers of the company will be classified as following: Company Executives; Honeymooners & newly married couples; high-Income people; and small party buffs.

Therefore, My Catering Company will capitalize on these above stated target groups for taking advantage of opportunities and manage threats. Firm weaknesses in their start-up are common and include the problems of budget, competition, and lack of experience.

My Catering Company's team will strive to meet the seasonal catering needs of various parties, honey-mooners, and company executives. The company will use the Internet and WWW.fortargeting its customers. This is important as a start-up company, My Catering will get the advantages of cost reduction in the price of the services, as the company can serve large number of people from the same location with the Internet advertisement.

My Catering Company will also use TV advertisement and print advertisements. Both of these promotional channels provide the advantages as still a majority of people watches TV and they can become aware of My Catering Company. In addition, as a start-up company, it is important that I plan to advertise my products from doors to doors pamphlets. This kind of promotional strategy will show that My catering Company can meet the unique needs of individual families to serve them the menu of their choice (Kotler, 584).

My Catering Company's products will be prepared according to the occasions. Some of these factors affecting menu planning include the type of event, time of event, number of people to be served, available equipment, number of food preparer and servers and the amount of money to be spent.

In general, the menu will include a variety of foods that are acceptable to the customer and the occasion. Some of these products will be: Meat, poultry, fish, dried beans, eggs and nuts; Bread, cereal, rice and pasta; Vegetables; Fruits; Milk, yogurt and cheese (Kotler and Armstrong, 265).

In sum, the company plans for eye appeal by using at least four colorful foods on each menu or food tray that provide contrast in texture and flavor and crisp foods with soft, creamy foods.

As a caterer, I plan to make all foods "from scratch."

In this regard, it is important to prepare a quality product of standard consistency. Develop a quality standard for each item and use "high-tech" equipment designed to produce a consistent product.


Kotler, P. (1991). Marketing Management. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Kotler, P. And Armstrong, G.… [read more]

Location Will Lend Knowledge Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,095 words)
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Though NASA has since moved its west coast base of operations, the city of Downey has acquired the land and buildings which once housed the NASA industry and has partnered with a non-profit known as the Aerospace Legacy Foundation to preserve the history that can be found there and to use part of the land as a well used rented movie location. In current news the City Council has approved a new zoning plan that will continue the expansion of the use of the old NASA site, including business and commerce activities and also a new hospital. This information is both intriguing and also a testament to the continued ingenuity of the people of Downey. In so many cases these large industrial sites, once they have been deserted become industrial wastelands with little or no value other than the nostalgia of those who have witnessed their development and downfall.

Downey boasts a very active and productive historical society, a very small example of their many, many works is the outline by John Adams in the Downey Eagle from February 22, 2002. The Downey Historical Society was given a four-reel film set that showed many varied scenes of old Downey. The society's plans for the film, now converted to VHS is to develop a narrated audio accompaniment to help preserve both the images and the legacy of the events that were preserved by the unnamed photographers. In many ways the flavor of the regional cultural offerings are surprising, as they tend to reflect a view of the feelings and morality of the past. Downey, even with one hundred thousand plus residents, as well as a very close proximity to so many very large cities, still gives the researcher and the visitor the feeling of its small town agricultural history. The surprising, homey feel of the area is very unique and welcoming.

With John Downey, setting the standard for growth and public improvement the region has embraced a wealth of economic and cultural progress, yet retained the feeling of a small farming town. From a long association with NASA to a fundamental retail industry that can boast many great companies, not the least of which The McDonald's Corporation and the Taco Bell enterprise Downey has much to boast of the modern. Even today Downey is known for a strong retail trade and also affordable housing, a rare commodity within southern California.

City of Downey, California website 2001, retrieved November, 10, 2003 at http://www.downeyca.org/city_about.php#origins.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=91642286

Robert Glass Cleland, The Cattle on a Thousand Hills: Southern California, 1850-1870 (San Marion, Ca.: The Huntington Library, 1941), 12.

City of Downey, California website 2001, retrieved November, 10, 2003 at http://www.downeyca.org/city_about.php#origins.

City Web Design, website 2001, retrieved November 10, 2003 at http://downeyca.com/hist.htm.

A www.questia.com/PM.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=76788211

Kevin Starr, Inventing the Dream: California through the Progressive Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1985), 52.

City of Downey, California website 2001, retrieved November, 10, 2003 at http://www.downeyca.org/city_about.php#origins.

City Web Design, website 2001, retrieved November 10, 2003 at http://downeyca.com/hist.htm.

City of… [read more]

Cassava (Manihot Esculenta) Origin Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (3,159 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


A natural form of defense for the plant is the presence of cyanide in the roots. Quantity of cyanide present in the roots is determined by the soil and climatic conditions. A bitter cultivar in one place may be sweet in another place. (Hillocks; Thresh, 26)


Cassava is a persistent woody shrub botanically; but farmers harvest the tuberous roots… [read more]

Daniel, Cletus E. Bitter Harvest Book Review

Book Review  |  1 pages (390 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Chicano farm workers in particular were not protected by protective legislation passed in the 1930's because they were often not naturalized citizens or simply did not own any land, unlike the small and large property owners New Deal legislation was designed to protect.

To prove his thesis, Daniels does not simply review the lives of Chicano farm workers of the era. He examines the legislation passed during the New Deal in detail, regarding subsidies to farmers, and also contemporary, primary source accounts of the history of farming in America and how owners were more able to resist the protections offered by unionization for laborers. Daniels shows that the Chicano contribution to the labor movement in America is not recent, but can be traced back to the 19th century. This is evidenced by the personal testimonials, both written and photographic, accessed by the author. Although Daniel's prose is not always easy to read, his thesis is an important reminder for an America that still remains dependant upon transient and immigrant labor to provide its West and East coasts, as well as the world, with food from farms.… [read more]

Humulus Lupulus Hops (Humulus Lupulus) Term Paper

Term Paper  |  12 pages (3,720 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Fuggle has a vital oil substance of just about 1.0 ml/gram of dry matter (1%), an alpha acid substance of 4 to 6% and a prominent aroma.

Fuggle is not trained up the strings the initial season and does not generate its initial full crop until the third season. Fuggle is an early maturing type of Humulus Lupulus with a… [read more]

Cities There Must Be Few Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,217 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The ugliest sides of commerce from those "dark, Satanic mills to maquilas," as Pena explores in his second chapter, are often hidden away out of sight of the residents of cities, who are thus able to enjoy cheap clothing, cheaper plastic geegaws and even cheap "expensive" goods such as cars because of the labor of those who are hidden from view. Pena argues that since at least the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution and perhaps even since urbanization itself such slums (whether in the city itself or at a remove) have been a necessary effect of "progress." Cities demand zones of exploitation (Pena 135-6).

Foster's argument does not contradict that of Resnick, Pena and Brechin, but it does extend it. One of Foster's key points is that we (like Jefferson) might like to imagine that there was an idyllic human world that existed on the farm and that if we could simply return to that sort of existence we would be blessed with both wealth as well as ecological balance. But such a hope (and Resnick concurs with this) is simply a delusion.

Our planet, Foster argues, is indeed a vulnerable one, and that vulnerability has lasted from far before the onset of the Industrial Revolution (pp. 34-6). The damage that people do to the earth is at least as old as agriculture, and certainly existed in the earliest, small-scale cities. While Brechin focuses on the ways in which the dense populations of large, modern cities allow for terrible actions to be taken against the planet, Foster warns that - while it is certainly true that the scale of damage is greater with larger cities and more people - the potential for harm has existed pretty much since humans won the evolutionary battle against other Homo sapiens sub-species.

The environment at the onset of the Industrial Revolution was hardly pristine, hardly unendangered already, Foster argues (pp. 50-2); indeed the damage that had already been exacted on the planet and the degradation that had occurred because of common agricultural practices were among the causes of the shift to industrialization. Humans have not been living in balance with the physical environment for millennia.

And yet, while all of these writings are laced with despair, at least Brechin argues that there might be a way back - at least if there were far fewer people on the earth.

The city served, above all else, as humanity's great transformer. As long as it remained small and close to the land, it furnished the tillers with a nitrogen-rich source of fertilizer that they returned to the soil in a closed organic loop. City and contado existed in harmonic symbiosis (p. 17).

The other three authors have their doubts about this, although they would probably all argue that it might have been true. But even if we agree with Brechin that at one point such a relatively sustainable balance existed, he offers us no path by which we might reclaim such a world. His story -… [read more]

Biology Systematics Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (934 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Archaeologists are able to reconstruct the food diets of prehistoric peoples primarily through the process of carbon-14 dating. Carbon-14 or radiocarbon dating is a process where a dead organism's date of existence is determined by determining the ratio of 14C (carbon-14) to the isotope 12C (carbon-12). The date of existence will be determined through the unstable radioactive carbon (14C), which starts to decay at a known rate once an organism dies. Radiocarbon dating is essential in determining the food diets of prehistoric peoples because it helps determine the 'age' of discarded bones and shells that are excavated from sites known to be habitats or environments of prehistoric peoples. Bones and shells help archaeologist determine what kind and amount of meat and fat are put into the peoples' diets. In order to determine the amount of meat and fat eaten by prehistoric peoples, the biomass of animals (through animal bones excavated) are determined, which will enable archaeologists to identify the amount of mass that people had eaten in proportion to the bones (body parts found in excavations). Plant diet, on the other hand, are presumed to be edible for early humans to eat, and are determined / identified through soil analysis of sites/areas where early civilization thrived.

The main components of cereal grains are hull, pericarp, testa, aleuron, endosperm, and the germ. Chemical composition of cereal grains are mainly made up of starch, dietary fiber, and protein. The outer layer of the endosperm, the aleuron, is rich in proteins, minerals, and vitamins.

Legumes that are being developed as economically important world crops are cowpea, kidney bean and other varieties of beans, broadbean, chickpea, lentil, and pea. Cowpea is an important legume variety cultivated today because it is already endangered and may no longer be existent because of its replacement with American beans. Kidney beans, broadbeans, chickpea, and other varieties are popular because they are easy to cultivate under normal habitat/environmental conditions. Lentil is an ideal legume variety for cultivation because of its strong resistance to environmental and external elements that may affect the plant's growth.

Potatoes are cultivated mainly in acidic soil and in environments where there are cool climate conditions. Sweet potatoes, on the other hand, are cultivated in the opposite conditions with that of potatoes: sweet potatoes thrive in open and high lands where the climate is tropical and/or warm. Sweet potatoes are dependent on rain or water sprinklers, thereby making it essential for the soil type to be heavy, like clay and/or loam soils. Cassava also thrives in hot climates and is dependent on regular rain and water sprinklers. Soil type should also be heavy enough to hold sufficient water supply. Lastly, taro cultivation can be done in either flooded or wetland (Flooded Taro) or dry land areas (Dry-land…… [read more]

UK Wine Import Industry Term Paper

Term Paper  |  14 pages (3,795 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Figure 1 provides a visual depiction of these changes over the course of the last two decades of the 20th century and projected to 2005.

Figure 1: Wine Export Values Top Ten Countries

As evident within Figure 1, while Western European exporters continue to account for half of the value of wine exportation throughout the world, New World suppliers account… [read more]

Speech: Ray Kroc Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (672 words)
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Today there are more than 24,500 McDonald's restaurants in 115 countries ("People of the Century")

What were the reasons for the astounding success of Ray Kroc?

The most important were his perseverance and dogged determination

Next, was his accurate vision that Americans wanted to eat in casual, simple restaurants that offered food at low prices with no waiting or reservations (Pepin)

He also had the courage to back his vision wholeheartedly

His commitment to "cleanliness, quality, speed, and low prices" is legendary.

If you've got time to lean, you've got time to clean" was his motto about cleanliness

The pioneering assembly line methods introduced by Ray Kroc in the fast food industry has often been compared to Henry Ford's revolutionary contribution in the automobile industry

Ray Kroch is indeed the archetypical American entrepreneur: a man who seized an idea and proceeded to implement it in the best possible way (Pepin)


Fermano, Joe. N.d. "Persistence: Positive Quotes & Stories 2." Positive attitude institute [online] [cited May 2, 2003] Available from World Wide Web: http://www.positiveinstitute.com/pqstories2.html

People of the century: Ray Kroc 1902-1984." N.d. [online] [cited May 2, 2003] Available from World Wide Web: http://www.sacbee.com/static/archive/news/projects/people_of_century/sci_biz/kroc.html

Ray Kroc (1902-1984.)" 2001. Biography.com. [online] [cited May 2, 2003] Available from World Wide Web: http://search.biography.com/print_record.pl?id=23552

Pepin, Jacques. 2001. "Burger Meister: Ray Kroc." TIME 100 builders & titans. [online] Time.com [cited May 2, 2003] Available from World Wide Web: http://www.time.com/time/time100/builder/profile/kroc.html

This is the thesis statement. You can also quote the example of Thomas Edison, the inventor of the light bulb, who failed over 9000 times before perfecting his invention. "I was glad I found 9000 ways of not inventing the bulb!" he has famously remarked

He was also a great believer in hard work: "Luck is a dividend of sweat. The more you sweat, the luckier you get" --is another of his quotes

Harvard Business School professor has described him as "the service sector's equivalent of Henry Ford."

Ray Kroc… [read more]

Competition Comes to the U.S Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,815 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


It seems as if the market could benefit from the free market system. The farmers that depend on the system would suffer and possibly have to change their ways. However, this may serve to eliminate the inefficient few, allowing better pricing and demand opportunities for those who are best equipped to take advantage of the situation. The Freedom to farm Act did not accomplish its goals and therefore did not change the market. From a managerial point-of-view, the current system is inefficient and is in need to severe reform. The money spent on subsidies would better help the agricultural system is spent in improving market efficiency and competitiveness, rather than acting as a welfare system that rewards failure.

Works Cited

Dittrich, John. Key Indicators Of The U.S. Farm Sector Major Crops A 27-Year History With Inflation Adjustments. Annual Update. The American Corn Growers Association

Washington, D.C. January 2002.

1996 Farm Bill: Final Version and Earlier Proposals. Text and Legislative History. Public Law

No. 104-127 (110 Stat. 888) Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform Act of 1996

H.R. 2854 -- Roberts).Library of Congress. http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z-c104:H.R.2854: Accessed March, 2003.

Farr, Sam, Congressman. "The 2002 Farm Bill: Another Lost Opportunity." Congrress of the United States. House of Representatives. Washington, D.C. Published in The King City

Rustler, June 2002.

Johnson, Len. "Farming: The last welfare culture." Chicago Tribune. September 28, 2001

Riley, John. Implications of the 1996 Farm Bill to Small and Mid-Sized Farmers. U.S. House of Representatives. Washington, DC. http://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/nsfc/1cbill.htm accessed, March, 2003.

Westcott, Paul and Price, Michael. Analysis of the U.S. Commodity Loan Program with Marketing Loan Provisions. ERS Agricultural Economic Report No. 801. 26 pp, April

Westcott, Paul, Young, Edwin, and Price, Michael. The 2002 Farm Act: Provisions and Implications for Commodity Markets. ERS Agriculture Information Bulletin No.…… [read more]

Regulating Their Intake of Red Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (974 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


" First of all, the House of Beef might have a higher markup on its product. It might be a fancier restaurant, or the owners generally mark up the cost of its product higher than the Good Earth Cafe's owners. Perhaps the "modest living" that the Good Earth Cafe owners make is not because the restaurant isn't popular, but because the prices are kept low. Even if this is not the case, the author does forget the role of consumer trend, instead focusing on "concern." Concern about intake quantity might not have waned. The House of Beef might thrive financially because it offers a quality meat product: it isn't McDonalds. The author's line of reasoning is that the House of Beef prospers while the Good Earth Cafe doesn't; therefore, consumers are less concerned about intake of meat and cheese. While at first glance the argument seems reasonable, there is no direct correlation between the two corollaries. Consumers might indeed be as concerned as they were about intake and might in fact be consuming less meat and cheese. The House of Beef might be a thriving restaurant because consumers have regulated their intake of fatty foods and are therefore willing to pay more for top quality meats.

Because of the proliferation of cheeses in health food stores such as Heart's Delight, and the success of meat-based restaurants like the House of Beef, argues that people are "in general…not as concerned" about regulating their intake of meat and cheese. While this may be true, the author does not include any actual data backing up his or her facts. There are no statistics and the examples used are hypothetical. Furthermore, the Heart's Delight market has been open since the 1960s, indicating that its popularity hasn't waned at all, even if health food is not as trendy as it was ten years ago. Consumers might be just as concerned with regulating their intake of meats and cheeses, and this concern might be reflected in quantity consumed. To better support his or her argument, the author should use hard facts and numbers. Also, the issue of higher prices for higher quality products should be discussed if the author is to speak of "concern." While the author might be correct in assuming that people are generally less concerned about their intake of meat and cheese than a decade ago, it would be a more thorough argument by examining other causal factors. Economics and fashion trend might be two important factors that, rather than reflecting "concern," as the author states, actually reflects market trends. It is also possible that people have already regulated their intake of meats and fatty cheeses and have found ways to incorporate moderate portions into the…… [read more]

Running the Daily Operations Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,311 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Use of the proper grade of fuel and following of the maintenance schedule recommended by the manufactures can help increase the life of the car. Good driving habits can also help stretch the mileage obtained by running the vehicle.

In the case of heating and cooling, proper insulation of the house against external elements can help reduce the heating and… [read more]

Anasazi Are the Ancestors Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (476 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Information was also an important by-product of trade, learning how to make kivas, how to irrigate, make pottery, farming methods, use of bows and arrows, and other vital activities (Ancestral pg). The exchange of information between societies is still prevalent today in certain fields such as science, medicine and technology. "They wove blankets, shirts, robes, aprons, kilts, breechcloths, and belts from vegetal fibers, animal and human hair, and cotton obtained by trade from southern areas" (Ancestral pg).

The Anasazi most likely held private and public ceremonies to benefit the society as a whole, not unlike today's Pueblos or modern day church ceremonies. However, their religious concepts and events were associated with the nature, unlike most religions today. "Maintaining harmony with the natural world was the key to survival...observation of the sun, moon and stars" indicated planting and harvesting seasons. Today, farmers use almanacs to let them know the proper astrological configuration to plant crops, sheer sheep, butcher hogs, etc.

Although, today's society has much in common with the Anasazi culture, harmony with nature is a major difference and one that modern society should review and take heed. The Anasazi, as many ancient societies, respected the earth and appreciated what it had to afford them. Today, cultures are based on consumption, not respect.

Works Cited

The Ancestral Pueblos: The Anasazi." The Anasazi Heritage Center. http://www.co.blm.gov/ahc/anasazi.htm#Who.(accessed 11-11-2002).… [read more]

Sinclair Ross' "Field of Wheat Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (765 words)
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"It was the children now, Joe and Annabelle: this winter perhaps they could send them to school in town and let them take music lessons." Personal jealousies aside Martha's hopes for this beautiful crop was to set the children free to learn a better way to live. "That was why he breasted the sun and dust a frantic, dogged fool, to spare them, to help them to a life that offered more than seat and debts."

Summer brought these dreams to a close with a spiteful summer hailstorm. In the face of this fury, enough to break all the panes in the windows, it is hard to recognize the villain. Martha bitter about her own advice for hail insurance not being heeded and failing to have a voice toward the weather, so clearly arbitrary. "The wheat, the acres and acres of it, green and tall, if only he had put some insurance on it. Damned mule -- just work and work. No head himself and to stubborn to listen to anyone else." Martha laments the loss and at the same time dreads the bleak future. Their will be no school in town for the children, none of the, "creams and things other women had..."

In the face of the hails devastation Martha builds anger against the calamity and just as a wave of that anger takes hold of her she comes upon her John, broken and weeping from the loss that killed all hope of the bushels and bushels that had just been swinging in the peaceful breeze. Martha takes the burden back upon herself, sneaking away so as not to shame John and begins the actions to carry on. Finish the supper that was in the works before fear gripped them all. "John would need a good supper tonight. The biscuits were water soaked, but she still had the peas. He liked peas. Lucky that they had picked them when they did. This winter they wouldn't have so much as an onion or potato." This example of true partnership is the best conclusion to explain Ross' intentions with this story. It is a universal human story of man vs. nature.… [read more]

Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (849 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Early schools
The first public schools were in New England and only boys were allowed to attend. The three R's were taught by every schoolteacher. They were "Reading, 'Riting, and 'Rithmetic (unknown, 1996)." There were "dame" schools that both girls and boys could attend and these were taught by a woman in her home. Here the children learned around a kitchen fire with pens they'd made from goose quills and ink made from boiled bark.
In the South, a schoolmaster who lived with the family for several months every year, taught the plantation owner's children. Some children were sent to private schools in Europe. A grammar school at the College of William and Mary in Virginia was the South's first free school (unknown, 1996).
The New Englanders were an independent, self-reliant group of people. This came from building gristmills and sawmills that used water power, and sharing hardships such as short summers and long winters. The Southerners had the warm climate and mainly dealt with their land and farming (United States Information Service, 1991).
Another difference in the regions was the way officials were chosen. In New England, the officials were elected, but in the South the officials were appointed . In the South the day-to-day politics took place in town meetings and county courts (Wood, 2000). In New England, however, most of the politics were handled at the "provincial assembly (Wood, 2000)."
Church was an important to colonial life because it figured prominently in the colonists community life. Even the way the colonists worshipped was different in the North and South. The Southerners would stay after church and while the adults chatted, the kids would play games. In New England, the Puritans felt the Sabbath was a time to be serious. Playing was not permitted and sermons could last for three hours in the morning as well as three hours in the afternoon (unknown, 1996).
The early colonist were hardy souls who had very different lifestyles depending on where they lived. The Northern colonies were a serious, independent group of people, who combined work and play. Their neighbors to the South were fun loving, attending horse races, fox hunts and having long parties. Each of these cultures lead to what is now the diverse country we called the United States.

Author unknown (01-01-1996). American Colonies. Young Students Learning Library

United States Information Service (01-01-1991). United States of America. Chapter 1A. The Colonial Period. Countries of the World

Wood, Gordon…… [read more]

Hard Work Is Critical Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (604 words)
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Many times when we are working as a team I will be handling a specific task and we will discover that another task needs attention. I have always volunteered myself to perform the new task. There have been times when others on the team have shied away form it, or felt it was not their problem as long as they completed what the instructors told them to do, but I believe as a team member it is my job to work hard and help the entire team succeed. I think this aspect of my personality and beliefs will make me a valuable asset in any kitchen that I work in and it will make people eager to work with me because they know they can count on me to help them in any way the need me to.

When I am in a kitchen team setting I look around and I ask the head cook what he or she wants me to do. When I am finished with that task I do not stand around waiting for others to finish. I immediately go to a team worker's task and offer my assistance to get it complete. I know that it helps the team get the food prepared in time and I know it allows the stress level of the entire team to ease a little bit. I have been raised that hard work has rewards and one of those rewards is self pride. If I continue to use my hard work values as part of the kitchen team I will be able to look in the mirror each night and be proud of a day's work well done. I think that will help me maintain my energy and drive to work and advance in the field of cooking.… [read more]

Mr. Ross Craven, the Manager Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (758 words)
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The problem, if not yet perceived, must be looked into since it is one of crucial importance.

One of the major areas in which Pizza Hut seems to have deteriorated is that of their star product, i.e. Pizza. The food, pizzas in particular, seems to have a peculiar taste and also lacks in the initial quality that was inherent to it. This is further enhanced by the fact that, on my last visit, which commenced about one month back, I actually saw a large centipede crawling across the wall from our booth in to the next, signifying, I am sorry to say, dramatically unfit hygienic standards as far as the restaurant is concerned.

The senior management at Pizza Hut appears to have fallen prey to one of the most common hazards that companies face once they have reached a significant period of growth. That is to say that the company has, after successfully penetrating its target market, fallen back on once respected standards so as to reap in more annual or monthly profits in the form of a significantly lower rate of funds spent on things such as the quality of essential ingredients. It would be highly advisable to investigate the reason that the standard of the food has dropped since it is an imperative factor in context to the well being of the company since customer satisfaction is essential in the Restaurant industry and failure to comply could lead to a significant loss in terms of market share.

I take it that I have sufficiently made my point and that there is no need for any sort of animosity or strain between us as I remain, a loyal customer, but only in the case of a quick revival in the terms of a better brand identity, of the type that Pizza Hut was related to when it first emerged as a successful franchise. I look forward, to seeing the implementation of any improvement in the areas that I have specified since I look forward to enjoying dining at Pizza Hut the way that I used to.

Thank you,

Estes Dave Saville,

Regular Customer… [read more]