"Agriculture / Food / Culinary" Essays

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Charlie and the Chocolate Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (368 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Charlie Bucket, a sweet but poor child, finds a dollar on the street. He buys a chocolate bar with it, and wins a golden ticket. The other winners include Mike Teavee, Veruca Salt, Violet Beauregarde, and Augustus Gloop. All the children bring along a family member to the Chocolate Factory tour. Charlie brings his grandfather.

Most of the story takes place mostly in the magical chocolate factory. The factory is run by the eccentric Willie Wonka. The chocolate factory is huge. It is run by the Oompa-Loompas. The Oompa Loompas are tiny creatures who sing songs and help Willie Wonka prepare his treats. Through the factory, Willie Wonka shows the children all his candy delights. The factory boasts everything from a river of chocolate to special bubble gum. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory shows how each of the children has a weakness. However, Charlie is just a nice boy who deserves the best. The other children are snobby, greedy, gluttonous, or selfish. Roald Dahl's book offers inspiration that kind, good natured people usually come out ahead.… [read more]


Trouble Finding Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (800 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

I learned everything from human resources/hiring practices to menu changes to marketing. Because of this, I will channel what I know into this business to help you grow and thrive.

6. As I mentioned earlier, I really miss the restaurant industry. My college major is business administration with a minor in hospitality. As you can see, I am already focused on the service industry as a career and professional path. I love working with the public and have a good feel for the restaurant industry in particular because we all like to eat out.

7. I offer you a uniquely intuitive sense of what works and what doesn't in the restaurant industry. I don't know why but I have an uncanny sense for what customers look for.

8. From my last job as an assistant manager in a restaurant, I bring experience and ability to deal with stressful situations. Nothing will shock me. From my current research assistance job, I bring high levels of concentration and decision-making skills.

9. In my old restaurant I once handled a difficult customer with care. She was irate because she was accidentally overcharged. She accused the server of purposely padding the bill. I had to calm down both the server, who was insulted and prepared to hurl insults at the customer, and calm down the customer and ensure that she would not remain angry. I offered her a free entree the next time she came in.

10. I have eaten here many times and often come here for a casual drink with friends on the weekends. I have always felt comfortable here, the staff is great, and I already feel that you have done a good job with the management of the place. I would love to be a part of such a well-run, well-organized, and friendly business, and one that I also feel will enjoy continued financial success.

11. Many things motivate me, but most of all I am motivated by happy faces, by the sheer sense of enjoyment not only by customers who leave satisfied with their experience but also enjoyment on the part of staff. When staff genuinely love what they do, it really rubs off on everyone…… [read more]


Wines of Hungry Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (822 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Hungarian Wine

Wines of Hungary

The Arabian writer, Ibn-Rostech, mentions Hungarian vine growing in his 10th century chronicle (Hungarian pp). After the Original Settlement of the Magyars, vine growing and wine production was based on three things, the Greek-Celtic tradition, the Roman tradition, and the knowledge of the Hungarians brought along from the East (Hungarian pp). There are seventeen Hungarian wine regions, Tokaj, Plains (Alfold), Tapolca, Badacsony, Csopak, Balatonfured, Balatonboglar, Barsonyos-Csaszari, Eger, Matralja, Mecsek, Mor, Sopron, Szekszard, Villany-Siklo, Nyirseg (Word pp).

The best known region is the Tokaj where the Tokaji Aszu and the Tokaji Furmint are produced (Word pp). Tokaji Aszu is referred to as Wine of the Kings and King of the Wines (Vinum Regum, Rex Vinorum), however, it is more an aperitif-desert wine (Word pp). The Tokaj-Hegyalja region produces wines with the highest alcohol-sugar-acid-content (Hungarian1 pp). It is the long, hazy, sunny autumn climate that is favorable for the shriveling of the ripe grape berries and for the development of noble rot (Hungarian1 pp). The famous Szamorodni and Aszu wines are made by adding these berries with noble rot, and "the more aszu grapes the wine contains the more precious it is" (Hungarian1 pp).

Vine varieties, wines: Furmint - developing noble rot best, acidic, fine fragrance. Harslevelu - more robust, full-bodied. Yellow Muscat - developing noble rot under favorable conditions, hard acid, extraordinarily fine, elegant fragrance" (Hungarian1 pp).

After nearly a century, the Balatonmelleke became a wine region again in 1998 (Hungarian1 pp). The climate is mild, consolidated and wet, producing vine varieties that include Olasz rizling, Rizlingszilvani, Zold veltelini, Red Tramini, Chardonnay, Kekfrankos, Zweigelt, Oport (Hungarian1 pp). The Balatonfured-Csopak region is divided into two wine producing regions, the wines of Balatonfured, made with mineral water, are more full-bodied, warming and higher in alcohol content, while the wines of Csopak are more modest, lighter, and richer in fragrance and bouquet (Hungarian1 pp). The climate provides a lot of sunshine, weather serving vine production, with varieties including: Italian Riesling, Furmint, and Rieslingszilvani (Hungarian1 pp). The Balatonfelvidek climate is varied, with Mediterranean character and a lot of sunshine, producing varieties which include Szurkebarat, Italian Riesling, and Chardonnay that are full-bodied, rich in bouquet and lively acidic (Hungarian1 pp). Balatonboglar, on the south shore of Lake Balaton, produces mainly white wine, but there is some red wine production as well (Hungarian1 pp). The climate is consolidated and produces Italian Riesling, Yellow Muscat, Chardonnay, Cabernet, Merlot, and Kekfrankos wines (Hungarian1 pp). The…… [read more]


Fixed Costs Are the Rent Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (699 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

The situation would present itself as follows:

I

Total

Washington

New York

Los Angeles

Demand

20,000

(Unknown)

(Unknown)

(Unknown)

Production capacity

20,000

Production

20,000

Fixed Costs

5,000

Variable Costs/unit

0.70

Variable Costs

14,000

Total Costs

19,000

Costs per unit

0.95

Price

2

Revenue

40,000

Profit

21,000

In the first case, the Fixed Costs remain unchanged, the Variable Costs rise to 14,000, the Total Costs reach 19,000, while the Costs per unit drop by 4 cents, indicating $0.95.

II 0,6

Total

Washington

New York

Los Angeles

Demand

21,000

12,000

6,000

3,000

Production capacity

21,000

12,000

6,000

3,000

Production

21,000

12,000

6,000

3,000

Fixed Costs

9,000

4,000

3,000

2,000

Variable Costs/unit

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.60

Variable Costs

12,600

7,200

3,600

1,800

Total Costs

21,600

11,200

6,600

3,800

Costs per unit

1.028571429

0.9

1.1

1.2

Price

2

2

2

2

Revenue

42,000

24000

12000

Profit

20,400

12,800

5,400

2,200

The second case (the production capacity equals demand at a level of 21,000 units) shows that the Variable Costs reach $12,600, while the Total Costs amount to $21,600. The Costs per unit indicate a $1 and 3 cents, which is more than the value obtained by applying the first alternative. The choice is obvious. Dem and Greg should still go with the first option since, lacking other information, the Cost per unit is smaller than the one implied by the second option.

4. If the Variable Costs per Unit are increased by 10 cents, then there is no advantage in picking the second alternative. The Total Variable Costs are equal for both options (for an equal production, obviously), while The Fixed Costs are almost double in the second case, compared to the first ($9,000 compared to $5,000). Therefore, the first alternative is definitely preferable.

II 0,7

Total

Washington

New York

Los Angeles

Demand

21,000

12,000

6,000

3,000

Production capacity

21,000

12,000

6,000

3,000

Production

21,000

12,000

6,000

3,000

Fixed Costs

9,000

4,000

3,000

2,000

Variable Costs/unit

0.70

0.70

0.70

0.70

Variable Costs

14,700

8,400

4,200

2,100

Total Costs

23,700

12,400

7,200

4,100

Costs per unit

1.128571429

1.0

1.2

1.3

Price…… [read more]


Rhythms of Colonial Life Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (762 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

3 and 7.6" (57) and it is the conclusion of the author the population grew rapidly between 1660 and 1700 because children survived the city environment.

Volitional Factors

One distinct volitional factor that formed the basis of each area's unique characteristics was the way in which land was procured. In Virginia, the "population was dispersed, living on landholdings and thus breaking the English pattern of village life and discouraging the growth of large towns and cities" (53). Southerners went out and staked their claim. They were not afraid to travel into unchartered areas. In contrast, Northerners were a bit more reserved when a town was established "men applied to the colonial government for a land grant for the entire town ....leaders of the new town were selected and the single church was organized" (54). There is also a difference in religion. Northerners had adopted reforms in the Church of England to purify the "lingering traces of Roman Catholicism and embrace many ideas of the Protestant denominations founded in Europe" (53) while Southerners mostly remained Catholic as founders there strived to make "Maryland a haven for Catholics" (53).

Still as quickly as life was established, things changed. Northerners were looking else where for employment and started moving to other cities such as Philadelphia as the population exploded and farming declined. This created a shift in demographics and economy. Meanwhile in the South, the plantation system was taking root as "owners were beginning to practice crop diversification" (72) instead of relying solely on tobacco. Still this system created a new way of life for the Southerner American. Where labor in the North was mainly focused on seaports or the textile industry, the plantation owner relied on slave labor to produce the crop. The need for more crops would mean future expansion into the wilderness and a larger population of slaves. Chesapeake was also losing popularity as a settlement as new possibilities became available.

Conclusion

This paper discussed the environmental and volitional factors that contributed to these differences. Environmental factors included geography, climate and soil. Volitional factors included goals of the founders, decisions concerning land ownership, labor systems, and religious practices. These factors contributed to important demographic and economic changes, which lead to two separate cultural perspectives.

Reference

Author. (year). Rhythms of Colonial…… [read more]


Effects of Pesticides Like DDT on Birds Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (605 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Pesticides on Birds

Birds are seriously affected by the uncontrolled use of pesticides as they can both kill and injure the bird population. These effects on birds can result from direct or indirect exposure to pesticides including the most dangerous insecticide, DDT. DDT it was found can damage the nervous system of birds which results in death. Apart from killing them, DDT could also prove detrimental to reproductive health of birds. DDT is now banned in the United States but during the three decades that it was allowed and was carelessly used, this insecticide was proved to be the "the most widespread and pernicious of global pollutants," (Cox) because of its seriously negative effects on bird population. Even after it was banned, other pesticides have continued to affect birds both directly and indirectly.

Since 1972, some very toxic varieties of pesticides continue to harm birds. While DDT is not used in the U.S., it is still being used in other countries and thus bird population is not entirely save from damaging effects of DDT. "Stories of birds killed by DDT not directly, but indirectly by consuming prey that contained high residues of the insecticide were common when DDT was in frequent use. However, similar situations also exist with other insecticides. Some of the best information about this kind of poisoning comes from studies of pour-on organophosphate insecticides (famphur, for example) used to kill warbles, flies that live just under the skin of cattle. Famphur poured onto cattle was shown to cause subsequent poisoning of magpies, birds that feed on cattle hair for part of their diet. In addition, researchers found three red-tailed hawks (two dead) that had been poisoned by the famphur after eating poisoned magpies." (Cox)

In most countries, some very popular and properly registered pesticides can kill birds…… [read more]


Smoking Bans in Public Bars Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (571 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

"

Proof the Bans Work

When smoking was banned indoors in Helena, Montana, the city saw a dramatic drop in heart attacks. A study found that "during the six-month period in 2002 when the ban was in effect, the number of heart attacks reported by Helena's heart hospital fell by 40% (Kaufman)." This effect quickly reversed to the pre-ban level when the law was repelled.

A Growing Trend

Many cities across the United States have enacted smoking bans in public bars and restaurants. There is currently political pressure on other cities, such as Atlanta and Seattle, to enact their own bans. While Atlanta officials are concerned with possible economic setbacks from smokers who choose to vacation elsewhere, healthcare issues override these concerns, and are a major incentive to become smoke-free (Tagami).

In Seattle, "some business owners have worries about the financial costs of such a ban. But smoke-free regulations have no negative impact on bars and restaurants, according to an article in the Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly (Buchanan)."

Conclusion

There have been several states and many cities across the nation which have enacted smoking bans in public bars and restaurants. While some businesses are concerned about losing revenues, the overall concern is about the health risks from secondhand smoke. Statistics have proven secondhand smoke can result in cancer and heart attacks in non-smokers, thus providing compelling evidence that smoking should not be allowed in any public bar or restaurant.

Works Cited

Buchanan, Wyatt. "Coalition Begins Effort to Extinguish Smoking in Public Places." Seattle

Post-Intelligencer. (2003): 16 December.

Kaufman, Marc. "Secondhand Smoke Poses Heart Attack Risk, CDC Warns." The Washington

Post. (2004): 23 April.

Tagami, Ty. "Atlanta eyes ban…… [read more]


Double Booked, Double Trouble Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,351 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

What to do, when ostensibly the lifestyle of Bally's is so American, while the wine company's image is so manifestly Australian? What will happen when these healthy, clean-scrubbed American personal trainers, at the behest of Bally's descend in droves upon Berigner Blass' exclusive event?

Also, it might seem upon the surface that there is a contradiction between the healthy image of a fitness center and the dissolute pub-crawling atmosphere that pervades the alcoholic beverage industry. However, a canny PR player will see that there are many possibilities for cross over between the two markets. First of all, many of the young people being courted by the wine company are also likely candidates to become members of Bally's Total Fitness. After all, doesn't many a happy club-going raver attempt to work off his or her indulgences the morning after in the gym? Don't young people usually have more time and motivation to work out, as well as to party into the wee hours of the night?

Thus, one could create a kind of a joint venture between the two companies, that of Bally's and Beringer Blass. Instead of merely having a traditional (but legal) style 'rave' to promote the new wine, in the form of a party one could create a kind of fitness event that would rehabilitate the image of Blass in the youth market, and enable it to better corner some of the Red-Bull swilling audience. This would give an added marketing advantage to the new wine as well, stressing the healthy as well as the energetic and active lifestyle pursued by its drinkers. Wine's health benefits are not merely confined to its antioxidant properties, but choosing wine to fuel one's self during a rave thus pays off in healthy dividends in a more immediate fashion, even in terms of performance in the gym the day after. A drinker is less affected by the poor and performance qualities of wine, one could suggest, than other spirits, and even under the mild influence of a bit of tippling, a young partygoer can still 'spin' with the best of them, upon a stationary exercise bike.

Yes, this joint PR event between Bally's and Beringer Blass would thus cumulate in the ultimate event -- not a dance-a-thon or a drink-a-thon, but a spinning bike-a-thon, a kind of exercise class upon stationary bikes, sponsored by both the Beringer Blass Company and Bally's Total Fitness. The wine would be provided free, and the individual, who stayed on the longest, at the highest level of intensity, would win a prize for his or her stalwartness in the face of this feat of strength and endurance. One could even pair the different red, and white teams of tipplers and give awards to the team that stayed on the longest. Bally's could give out sports bottles with wine logos on the front, and the wine company could dispense wine glasses as promotional favors.

Humor, thus would be an additional and added 'key' to this event, and no… [read more]


New Deal Regulation and Revolution Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (812 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

Historical reports by life insurance firms show evidence of debt burdens, and the proportion of farmers affected by these. Furthermore statistical data is used to show not only misperceptions about the era investigated, but also contrasting evidence in support of the thesis.

The bulletins that Clarke mentions relating to the cash-flow strategies employed by farmers supports the point that economic factors served as a deterrent for buying tractors at this time. These reports showed that, rather than using a large cash outlay to invest in tractors, farmers invested smaller amounts for the sake of safety, though at the cost of efficiency.

The evidence provided by life insurance companies shows how debt was a barrier to buying large assets such as tractors during 1929. Although the debtors are in the minority, the number is still a sufficiently significant demonstrator of financial burden.

The way in which the argument is structured is of importance to the study of history. It is important to note that Clarke recognizes the logic of the popular views regarding the topic she is investigating. When she raises her own argument, it is not to discard existing views, but to supplement them. This is evident in the construction of her opening statements. Her conclusion shows that she adheres to this principle. She acknowledges the shortcomings of the New Deal regulations, but suggests that another view is possible. In this way she identifies new ways of perception and study of history and the economy.

The article is well written, and Clarke presents her points with clarity, providing documented evidence for her arguments. History can only properly serve as a teacher when it is viewed from all possible angles. Clarke suggests a new angle of looking at the economic conditions and burdens when New Deal regulations were in effect. By pointing out both positive and negative factors, she shows the reader that history and its lessons should not be judged either lightly or hastily.

In terms of history then the article shows that to move forward in a significant way, the past needs to be taken into account for both its successes and its failures. The successes can then be celebrated without forgetting the failures.

Bibliography

Clarke, Sally. "New Deal Regulation and the Revolution in American Farm Productivity: A Case Study of the Diffusion of the Tractor in the Corn Belt, 1920-1940." The Journal of Economic History,…… [read more]


Policy Proposal Addressing the Smoking Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (965 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

These surveys will help the restaurants and bar owners to know the relative opinions of the customers and these opinions and advices can be further told to the government authorities who are the ultimate decision makers.

The only solution to this problem is that the government and decision making authorities should definitely ban smoking in the restaurants and bars of Denver because the implementation of this decision would be most advantageous for the people on the whole. Because the advantages of the smoke free environment are as follows:

Nonsmokers do not linger for coffee refills.

Patron turnover is faster.

Nonsmokers will more frequently stay to enjoy desert or an after-dinner drink.

Nonsmokers will not get angry and walk out because of delays getting a smoke-free table.

No more lost or broken ashtrays.

Cigarette burns on furniture and carpets are eliminated.

Curtains, walls, floors and upholstery need fewer cleanings and replacements.

Reservations and seating are simplified with only one class of seating, and no single employee feels shortchanged by his/her table assignment.

Restaurants do not become teenage smoking dens or hangouts.

Employee absenteeism is reduced, and employee productivity is increased." http://www.wish-wi.org/benefits_to_smoke_free_restaurants.htm

3) JUSTIFICATION:

The paper has discussed the relative problems of smoking and the emerging complexities, which occurs due to such an environment where people smoke a lot. The analysis and researches related to this problem suggest that the majority if the people living in Denver are disturbed by the habit of smokers and therefore, they are in favor of the decision which the government has made regarding the banning of smoking in Denver. Statistics and results of the voters have also been collected to support the decision of the government and these votes have justified the fact that a ban should be made on smoking specially in restaurants and the bars in Denver because these are the places in which the employees as well as customers are directly affected and this practice in turn affects the entire business of the bars and restaurants in Denver.

The ban on smoking is not a new concept, infact many countries and their authorities have already implemented such practices and they have gained considerable advantages from the implementation of such practices. The government and the decision making authorities should move ahead in order to pose ban on smoking because the protection of the individuals and employees, after all, is the basic aim of the government.

Works Cited

As retrieved from Smoking ban proposed to protect employees in bars and restaurants http://www.eiro.eurofound.eu.int/2002/12/inbrief/no0212101n.html. On April 22,2004

As retrieved from The benefits to smoke free restaurants http://www.wish-wi.org/benefits_to_smoke_free_restaurants.htm. On April 22,2004… [read more]


Symbolism, Advertising and Chocolate Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (411 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

What did you give your love for Valentine's Day? It may say more about you than you care to admit.

Cadbury has a chocolate Popsicle type item called a snowflake that they sell with pure sex. One does not buy chocolate, one yearns for the sexy model who slowly surrounds the phallic-shaped tube with her soft, red, lips... mmmmm. Are you thinking of chocolate? Does it make you squirm? It is supposed to. Who cares what it tastes like if it makes one feel that way? Cadbury also asks the audience,.".. how do you eat yours," referring to their creme eggs. Please. The little colored M&M men could not wait to make goo-goo eyes at the female M&M when she stepped onstage. How many consumers remember what color her shell was?

Advertisers wrap sex, love, and even patriotism in a smooth, sweet, coat of wonderful, sticky, happiness. The only thing that differentiates the product is what brand of symbolism the consumer is in the mood for.

Bibliography

Gilchrist, Andy. About Chocolate. <

etrieved April 20, 2004 at http://www.askandyaboutclothes.com/Holidays/Valentine%27s%20Day/ALL%20About%20Chocolate.htm… [read more]


Youth Market in U.S. Wine Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (432 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

S. wine industry is facing stiffer competition from foreign wine manufacturers in the wake of globalization. Such competition is likely to increase in future

Recommended Strategy:

The U.S. wine industry can no longer afford to ignore the youth market

Substantial increase in advertising targeted to Generations 'X' and 'Y' is required. The campaign needs to be designed with care as 'tricking' the youth into drinking wine could prove to be counter-productive

Other measures such as designing smaller wine bottles and simpler, Anglo-Saxon names for wines are needed

References

Scalera, Barbara. (July 2002). "New Ideas for a New Generation." Harpers magazine. Retrieved on July 28, 2003 at http://www.winexwired.com/archives/harpers2.htm

Skeen, Thomas P. "Wine X: Edgy magazine reaches out to next generation of wine drinkers" Walla Union-Bulletin. On July 28, 2003 from (October 23, 2002) http://www.winexwired.com/archives/seattle2.htm

Although U.S. consumption of table wines has been increasing since 1990, the number of drinkers hasn't kept pace with the rise in the adult population (Report sponsored by Wine Market Council in 2000)

This is now widely recognized by the wine market as the Wine Market Council, an industry-funded research and marketing group, has launched an ad campaign in the U.S. aimed at the youth wine market

SWOT Analysis… [read more]


Revolt Among the Sharecroppers Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,839 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

It was not possible for unionism to function without an effective integration of the races; the blacks and whites needed support and cooperation from each other for mutual benefit and achievement. Though the number of commoners that supported the Southern Tenant Farmers Union was huge, but the prevalent customs of the southern society made this racial integration intricate. The conventional, negative racial approaches and customs crept into the association, leaving the efforts scattered and the sharecroppers divided by virtue of their race to strive for divided progress.

Conclusion

Revolt Among the Sharecroppers is a historical account of evolution and suffering. Evolution is manifested when racial differences are put aside and all sharecroppers unite to achieve their rights and remove the oppressive ruling class from power. This unification as Southern Tenant Farmers Union even scared the planters since the white and black slaves joined hands for the first time against one enemy.

However, the progress faded away as racial differences again came into the limelight and divided the union's cause. Thus, the plantation owners' aristocracy perpetuated suffering by readdressing the accusations of the revolt towards the blacks, making them the target for the Southern uprising in general.

Realizing the fruitlessness in their toil, the southern sharecroppers started to migrate into different professions. Those that stayed behind continued in the same conditions.

In summary, Kester presents a vision for the people to reflect upon:

The only sane road for men to follow is that one which leads toward an economy of abundance... Only men of great courage, social consciousness, world kinship and prophetic imagination will dare travel this road and seize the abundant life. The timid and unimaginative will want to live and die by their fathers." (Kester, 1936)

References

Grim, Valerie. Review: Revolt Among the Sharecroppers. Visiting Associate Professor,

History and African-American Studies Interim Director, African-American Studies, Iowa

State University. Published by H-Rural (October, 1997)

Kester, Howard. Revolt Among the…… [read more]


Crop Circles Have Eluded Scientists Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (410 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Hoaxes are easily identifiable because the stalks of the crops affected are broken. Hoaxed crop circle making was made popular by prankster artists who liked public attention. Most of these hoaxers allege that all circles are made using boards and strings. (154-169)

In conclusion, crop circles have eluded scientists and investigators since their emergence, leaving everyone to ponder their creation. No one knows for certain how they were created, but there are many theories. Explanations range from natural to supernatural, involving extra-terrestrials, ghosts, and even man. Hoaxers have claimed responsibility for all existing crop circles, but many still chose to believe they are created by extra-terrestrials. It is possible that hoaxers are responsible for these mysterious creations, but unlikely.

Bibliography

Anderhub, Werner. Crop Circles: Exploring the Designs & Mysteries. New York: Lark Books, 2002.

Andrews, Colin. Circular Evidence. Michigan: Phanes Press, 1989.

Andrews, Colin. Crop Circles: Signs of Contact. New York: New Page Books, 2003.

Circlemakers" 2003. The Circle Makers. April 10, 2003. http://www.circlemakers.org.

Silva, Freddy. Secrets in the Fields: The Science and Mysticism of Crop Circles. New York: Hampton Roads Pub Co, 2002.

Vigay, Paul "Crop Circle Research.com" 2003. The Independent Research Centre for Unexplained Phenomena. April 10, 2003. IRCUP. http://www.cropcircleresearch.com/index2.html.… [read more]


Brewing Industry the Beer Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (796 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

S. has surpassed 1,800, seven times the number in business in 1990

Microbreweries and brewpubs account for most of this increase

Microbreweries, often brewed by regional brewers, are still the main growing market segment in the domestic U.S. beer industry

National brands have faced increasing competition from International brands in recent years

This presents both challenges and opportunities: challenges for the national brands to compete and opportunities for the import companies: the import sector has more than doubled in the last ten years

The main problem facing the U.S. brewing industry is flat domestic consumption

This is mainly due to greater alcohol awareness, slow population growth and an aging population (young adults are the largest beer consumers).

Major U.S. brewers have attempted to counter the flat domestic growth rates by developing overseas markets

This has come about through a combination of direct export shipments, licensing agreements, and foreign investment

American brewers now export their products to over 100 countries nations

Growth prospects in overseas markets for American brewing companies are very promising particularly in China and Russia

Future growth prospects in the domestic U.S. market would depend on the national economy and the avoidance of new taxes and regulations

References

Overview of the U.S. Beer Industry." (n.d.) Minnesota Trade and Economic Development. Retrieved on April 2, 2003 at http://www.dted.state.mn.us/PDFs/beer.pdf

Shakeout in the Brewing Industry." (n.d.) Retrieved on April 2, 2003 at http://www.beerhistory.com/library/holdings/shakeout.shtml

State of the Industry: Industry Growth Pauses." (2003) Beer Institute Research. "Research and Publications." Retrieved on April 2, 2003 at http://www.beerinstitute.org/stateindreport.htm

Adapted from "State of the Industry" (2003): Beer Institute Online; "Shakeout in the Brewing Industry." & "Overview of the U.S. beer Industry" (n.d.)

Shakeout in the Brewing Industry" (n.d.)

In beer drinking (per capita) the Germans lead the world with a per capita consumption of about 143 liters. The United States has a consumption of 87 liters per person. Source: World Drink Trends, Reproduced in Encyclopedia Britannica, 2002 (CD-ROM)

Six of the top thirteen malt beverage suppliers in the U.S. are now import companies or American affiliates of brewers based in other countries. ("State of the Industry.")

China due to its huge population and rapidly rising income levels; Russia due to their drinking habits: currently favoring Vodka but could turn to beer in future

Beer… [read more]


Bill Gates Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (632 words)
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SAMPLE TEXT:

Everything is determined by economics these days and this is the dividing those who have technology and those who don't have, it's the same situation of 'have's and 'have not's'. More than half of the world cannot afford the technology and due to exploitive economic systems and conditions more than 80% of the population in the world do not get clean water and are more concerned about their survival. The big corporations have their monopoly and hold on the technology, not only the technology is out of reach for most of the people but also when it comes to them it is either out-dated or replaced by newer technology. United States and Europe have the 80% resources and due to the unjust economic systems there is a huge gap between the nations and we can see clearly those who are extraordinary advanced technology and those for whom it is out of reach. Technology not only discriminates but it also creates a world in which resources are in the hands of few who use it as a tool to maintain their power.

It is right that we have acquired great technology but for the world to progress and to have greater equality it should be within the reach of every human being and for this there has to be a radical change in the economic systems. I think the belief in progress is a myth we are in the same period of kings where the few were allowed and were invited in the banquet. In the same manner few have access to technology and the corporations are like kings using technology as their power to have more profit. All I can say is that to be in a grocery store does not mean that you can buy the stuff and window-shopping is…… [read more]


Recipe in Clear Cut Words Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (936 words)
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Once the pre-preparation is discussed the writer of the recipe gives step-by-step instructions as to how to put the dish together. This can include what to mix together, how to mix it and for how long to do so. It also includes what type of dish the preparation should use and then how long it should be cooked.

The final area of the recipe allows for discussion of any added things that can be done to dress it up or make it different. It is also a good area to include altitude difference directions if applicable and serving suggestions.

Once all of this is completed the recipe is recorded and can be used far into the future with confidence.

REFERENCE

Interview with Jose Martinez

"MAISON BLANCHE" restaurant, Paris

http://www.puceweb.com/feteGB/Expo/cuisine/martinez.htm

SOURCE USED

Interview with Jose Martinez

"MAISON BLANCHE" restaurant, Paris

Mr Martinez, could you share two recipe-inventing memories with us? Perhaps one from the beginning of your career and a more recent one.

The first recipe and the last recipe amount to the same thing: you always try to create a new dish that people want to eat. I don't make the dishes that I created 8 years ago anymore and I suspect that what I make today I shall no longer be making in 8 years time!

New recipes result from a new style of cooking, new textures or new flavours and associations.

And the first recipe you created that was a big surprise to you?

It was "Tuna with marrow." I came up with the idea by accident. The sauce was made first and then you wonder "what can I serve this with?" This is how it happens at work! Two or three basic elements are always required and once these have been established the structure follows. Here tuna was one of the basic elements - which can be a bit dry, and I already had a recipe for "Cabbage with marrow," so it came from that. After this, the most difficult thing is to know if it will work: 100%, a bit or not at all. Once the dish is on the menu, it is important that most customers like it.

And a recipe that you invented at a time when you were far away from your normal work schedule?

A few years ago I was invited to a friend's place in Palma (Majorca) and to thank them I had brought them a jar of caviar. One day, I put on all the necessary gear to go diving for sea urchins and my friends had brought the jar of caviar with them. This is how I came up with the idea for caviar and sea urchin, which is now on the menu!… [read more]