"Animals / Nature / Zoology" Essays

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Forest People Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (445 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Forest People

Colin Turnbull

Colin Turnbull's book, "The Forest People" is a romantic account of his expedition into the northeast corner of the Belgian Congo. More precisely, Turnbull traveled to the heart of Stanley's Dark Continent, into the Ituri Forest, that "vast expanse of dense, damp and inhospitable-looking darkness" (Turnbull Pp 11). Turnbull's book documents the three years he spent with the Pygmies of Zaire.

Turnbull begins by describing in poetic terms the sights and sounds of the rain forest, saying, "the damp air, the gigantic water-laden trees that are constantly dripping, never quite drying out between the violent storms...people feel overpowered by the seeming silence and the age-old remoteness and loneliness of it all" (Turnbull Pp12).

Turnbull describes how the BaMbuti Pigmies, have been in the forest for many thousands of years and are among the oldest inhabitants of Africa, they are the real people of the forest. He explains that this is their world and in return the forest provides them with all their needs, "for they know how to hunt the game of the region and gather the wild fruits that grown in abundance there" (Turnbull Pp14).

Turnbull allows the reader to enter this colorful world of the BaMbuti and learn about their daily lives, how they roam the forest at will without fear. Because there is…… [read more]

San Antonio River Tunnel Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (312 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


A recent example illustrates the tunnel's practical usefulness. San Antonio endured tremendous rains and flooding in 1998. The tunnel diverted much of the rain runoff, thus preventing the downtown district from being submerged in an estimated 6 feet of water. Thus, it has been proposed that the tunnel has already paid for itself regarding the damage prevention from this episode.

Not only will the tunnel lessen flood risk in San Antonio, but the city is currently focused on ecosystem restoration, which will reduce erosion and create an environment more suitable for recreation and wildlife. Restorative efforts include planting of trees and vegetation and the creation of wildlife habitat areas. These collaborative efforts will likely further lessen the risk of flood in San Antonio in the future.

In summary, the San Antonio River Tunnel is a recent addition to the city that has already proven its effectiveness. Furthermore, the tunnel will remain a benefit to the…… [read more]

Imitate Poe's Style Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (550 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Poe Style

River's Dusk

It was just at the moments of dusk, when the swallows begin to circle, temporarily blocking the sky from view, and the balm of night begins to penetrate the senses giving way to imagination of sinisterly events to come with the darkness, it was just at these moments that Laura spotted it, just across the bank, on the wooded side of the river, water black with red about it.

She had been sitting at the water's edge since sunset, wrapped snug in her brother's old army blanket, warm against the chill of the autumn air. It was exactly two weeks before the winter solstice, and soon much of river's banks would be frozen solid, trapping all beneath in a coffin of ice. This was one of Laura's favorite times of year, trees bared, allowing her to peer into the woods, glimpsing deer, hooves crunching along the dried leaves as they made their way deeper into the woods.

As Laura sat, still and quiet except for the sound and motion of her own breath, she began to hear leaves snapping just up-river. Without moving her head, her eyes moved left, following the echo. Laura had spent so many evenings, years of evenings actually, right here, at this spot, nestled between the willow and the oak, that she recognized each sound as one familiar with the creeks and cracks of his own house. This was not deer, and it was not Mr. Larson's dog, Ginger, who often spent afternoons sharpening her skills for prey. No, Laura knew immediately that this was a human, and from the rhythm of deliberate steps, it was certain…… [read more]

Lord of the Rings: Fellowship Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (974 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Hobbits were attacked by trees, with trees shifting their way to block the route of the group. One time in their journey, two hobbits were trapped by a tree. However, fortunately, the hobbits was saved by Tom Bombadil, a man who was just in time passing in the place. Tom Bombadil rescued the group and offered his residence for the group to stay for some time.

That night, the group was welcomed in Tom Bombadil's house. They were served with foods and a place to rest. Tom was a happy guy. He told a lot of stories to Frodo and the hobbits. The group was surprised to realize that they were very happy in Tom and Goldberry's, Tom's wife, company. The next day was also spent by Frodo and the hobbits in Tom's house. This is because of the hard rain that fell. Again, with the Bombadil's company, Frodo and the group were able to learn things about the place. Tom told them stories of the place and informed that he had been there even before the river and the trees. Later in the day, the hobbits made Frodo wear the ring. After which, they realized that the disappearing power of the ring does not work to Frodo. Frodo did not disappear.

The next morning, Frodo and the group continued their travel in the forest, finding the Old Forest's exit. Along their travel, they encountered weird experiences like sleeping unintentionally. Frodo also encountered falling into darkness, waking up later, and finding out the he was trapped in a barrow. Fortunately, with a cry for help, Tom Bombadil appeared to help them. Frodo and the hobbits were once again saved. Tom accompanied the group in finding the exit from Old Forest.

Frodo and the group encountered more experiences of danger in their next destinations. This includes the Black Riders and the scouts of Sauron and Gollum. Frodo and the hobbits traveled from Breeland, to the Ford of Bruinen, to the Misty Mountains, to Caradhras, to Khazad-dum, to Lorien, to the Anduin River, until the place where Frodo has to decide whether to continue their travel to Orodruin. When Boromir, another travel, tried to get the ring from Frodo, Frodo wore the ring in his finger to escape from Boromir. Frodo was able to see all evils.

Frodo only took off the ring from his finger after a long time of wearing it. This is because he felt the evil eye of Sauron from the ring. Frodo decided to continue on the travel by himself, without his hobbit friends because he did not want to put them in danger. However, Sam, a very loyal friend refused to let Frodo alone.

The Fellowship of the Ring concluded with Frodo and Sam continuing on with their travel to the evil land of Mordor to finish their mission of destroying the magic ring.… [read more]

Ecology / Biology Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,462 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


In fact, they engaged in fewer staggered dashes, engaged in more slow swims, and re-emerged from cover more frequently than the non-infected fish (Barber, et. al., 1431-1438). Because their findings were so similar to those found by Foster and Ness in the wild fish population, it comes as no surprise that Barber et. al. believed that these changes were the… [read more]

What Is the Role of Herring in the Fish Industry? Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,432 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Herring in the fish Industry

There is a lot of research today on the role of the herring, as in the fishing industry. One of the most important aspects being studied is the way in which scientists and fishermen are concentrating on 'acoustics' while studying the herring. Since acoustics is especially suited to conducting underwater studies, since sound… [read more]

Biology a Computer Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (381 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Computers do not have any of the five levels of organization of life, so they cannot be "alive" even though they react to our input.

There are five levels in the organization of life. The first is cells, which are the basic structural unit in all living things. Cells can be very different, such as blood cells, bone cells, skin cells, etc. Next is tissue and all living things have tissue, too. Tissue is made up of cells that are alike, like bone tissue and muscle tissue. Third are organs, and they are a vital part of the organization of life. They give life to many objects, and are made up of groups of tissues that work together, like the heart, the lungs, the liver, and so on. Fourth are organ systems, which are made up of groups of two or more tissues. Examples of these include digestive, circulatory, skeletal, reproductive, etc. Finally are the organisms. These are fully alive and can grow, reproduce, take in food and excrete it, etc. They are usually made up of organ systems, but they can be single celled.… [read more]

Black Fly Larvae Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (763 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Black Fly Larvae

According to William F. Lyon at Ohio State University the scientific name for the black fly is "Simulium vittatum Zetterstedt, Simulium venustum Say, Simulium jenningsi, or Prosimulium sp." According to Lyon there are species of the adult black female fly that are "fierce biters, whereas others are strictly a nuisance by their presence around one's nostrils, ears, arms, hands, and other exposed skin areas." (2000)


When the black fly bites the area will appear "as a small, red, central sport surrounded by a slightly reddened, swollen area." The bite will then become "itchy, swollen and irritating..." (Lyon, 2000) These flies are known to transmit a disease of "filarial worms, onchocerciasis" which can cause blindness and as well may transmit encephalitis. The following labeled Figure 1 is an illustration of the black fly larva (top) and the Pupa (bottom)

Black Fly Larvae and Pupa

Source: William F. Lyons (2000)


The different species of the black fly have life cycles and habits that are somewhat different from one another. The Simulium vittatum Zetterstedt species is known for pestering horses and cattle and can be found on a wide basis in North America. The second species or the Simulium venustum Say is one that bites fiercely and is distributed throughout New England and Canada. The third species or the Similium jenningsi is one that breeds in large rivers. The states of Pennsylvania and New England along with other states in the area are involved in a "biological larvicide" initiative to control the larvae's spread into the river and streams. The fourth species or the Prosimulium sp is one that is a bother in early spring and both swarms and bites with the larvae being found in smaller woodland streams. (Lyon, 2000) the following labeled Figure 2 illustrates the lifecycle of the black fly.

Lifecycle of the Black Fly

Source: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (2003)


The young larvae "attach themselves to submerged objects" and molt six times while in the growth process. These larvae are "elongate with the hind part of their bodies swollen" and eat through use of a "head fan [which] sweeps food material into the mouth." (Lyon, 2000) These larvae stabilize their position in the water with…… [read more]

Yellow River's Flooding History Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (938 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


The paleoflood deposits indicated that much of the flood comprised of muddy flow with sediment concentration of over 200 kilograms per meters cubic. A shocking revelation reveals that the distance between the levees on both sides of the bank spanned to a distance of 25 kilometers during this same period. The broad flood plain was a suitable site for cultivation due to the fertile accumulation of silt. Large-scale reclamation and irrigation diversions in the river basin reduced the rate of water flow to the lower river. When this was happening, siltation of Lower River gradually increased and rose above the surrounding flood plain.

In view of the events that orchestrated much of the flooding, it is evidently clear that the alluvial channel morphodynamics can be altered considerably by embankment. For instance, when the river was allowed to flood naturally without restriction of artificial levees a negative feedback loop existed. This implied that an unstable avulsion channel develops thus causing the river to fluctuate within its avulsion threshold. On the other hand, artificial levees serve to prevent avulsion as human consistently repair the breaches. However, the success of this strategy as observed by WU et al. (2008) (Chen 693) is dependent on the strength of the levees and water flux. For example, stronger dykes that prevented breaches ensured increased water flux, hence promoting further deepening of the riverbed. On the other hand, if breaches occur, the water flux is reduced thus increasing siltation and further promoting the breaches of the levees.

In conclusion, human interaction with the Grand River has contributed immensely to its long history of flooding. It is undeniable that Yellow River formed a key natural feature that influenced the settlement of various ancient dynasties in China. Majority of the nomadic people preferred to concentrate their agricultural activities within the middle section of the river. Deforestation rates increased significantly: much of the soil and silt were eroded into the riverbed. The eventual implication of this is that the lower riverbed experienced massive siltation, which gradually raised the river channel and broadened the river. The region attracted more settlement and agricultural activities due to the accumulation of fertile loess deposits. As a result, flooding increased. Attempts to control flooding were also done by the river management agencies through construction of artificial levees to confine the waters within the natural channel. Their efforts were temporary successful because the river continually burst its dykes causing further flooding. Therefore, much of the historical flooding along Yellow River was human induced.

Work Cited

Chen, Yunzhen et al. Socio-economic Impacts on Flooding: A 4000-Year History of the Yellow

River, China. Beijing: Springer. 2012. Print.

Keith, Smith, and Petley, David. Environmental Hazards; Assessing Risks…… [read more]

Ernest Hemingway's "Big Two-Hearted River Creative Writing

Creative Writing  |  2 pages (475 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Yet he was comforted by the fact that, despite his inability to reel it in, the fish would bear the mark of his hook, bitten through the snell by its teeth, on its face for some time to come.

A wry smile gently overtook his face. Of all the luck. There, before his eyes alone, was the biggest trout he had ever seen, probably the biggest one anybody had ever seen, and he was powerless to keep it. In just a short matter of time, the fish's teet would sever the hook from the line, leaving a permanent reminder of his experience with Nick in the form of the hook in its face. For all the fish's apparent anger, as things of that size were won't to express, there was no way Nick could tell anyone about it, and have them believe him.

At that moment, he suddenly saw this experience through Hop-Head's eyes. He heard his voice, as clear as he heard the rushing water. Almost, Nick, he chided him. Almost. You found the biggest rout virtually any body has ever seen, bigger than anything anyone's ever heard about, and what do you do? You lose him. Sure, you got your hook indelibly in him -- there's no way that's getting out once the fish cuts the line with his teeth. But all you really did was succeed in making him mad, and coming up empty.… [read more]

Community Board Meeting Article

Article  |  2 pages (614 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Hudson Park

Hudson River Park Community Meeting

On Monday, July 15th, roughly 60 assorted representatives of the Hudson River Park Trust, the Friends of Hudson River Park, the Chelsea Land Use (CLU) Committee and the Waterfront, Parks, and Environment Committee (WPE) gathered for a Manhattan Community Board meeting. The primary purpose of the meeting was to discuss the distribution and boundaries of the five-mile tract known as Hudson River Park. Particularly, the meeting was held in response to Bill A8031-2013, which gives the park the right to sell air rights within the scope of its land.

This right refers to the granting of zoning permission, also with input from surrounding residents and property owners, for the construction of buildings of a certain height and scale. The plan to grant more extensive air rights within the Hudson River Park as a way of raising money for the park's preservation needs is perceived by many as a counterintuitive and potentially destructive strategy. These concerns would be voiced in the Community Board Meeting. Some of the most pressing positions are addressed here after.

For instance, Marcy Benstock of the Clean Air Campaign helps to underscore a primary point of debate at the meeting. The discussion over air rights is, justifiably, being perceived at least in part as an environmental issue. According to Benstock, "Air rights transfer is crucial. Most of the project area is in the water, about 490 acres. Clean air has a lot to do with this. They will say that they have extra air rights, then come up with the idea to build on the pier. So they will say they need to build on the river, this will harm and destroy the habitat." To this perception, there is no manner in which the expansion of 'air rights' for developers won't open to door to wholesale development…… [read more]

Environmental Problems Caused Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (745 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Timber harvest in this area would be reduced by 80% hence lead to a decrease in timber supply hence an increase in prices. The decline of the number of jobs was already happening due to the dwindling harvest of the old-growth and automating the lumber industry. Environmental scientists brought an argument forward that logging jobs had been declining and therefore environmental protection was not a factor to reckon with in the loss of jobs.

This controversy put individual loggers and environmentalists at loggerheads. There were bumper stickers that read kill a spotted owl -- save a logger and I like spotted owl fried were examples of those in support of the loggers. There were plastic spotted owls that were hung in Oregon sawmills.as a response the logging industry went ahead with bad publicity started the initiative of sustainable forestry. Protecting the owl under National forest management act and endangered species Act brought about significant changes in forest practices (Andre, & Velasquez, 2010). There was a Northwest forest plan by President Clinton in 1994 which was created for the protection of owls as well as other species which were dependent on this habitat and at the same time ensuring that there was still a certain amount of timber that was harvested. There exist general consensus except from those loggers and those allied to them that the breeding of the northern spotted owl should be continued. Even if this meant that there would be less logging, automation of the industry and this new law meant that many jobs would be lost. However there were still some new jobs created such as the conducting of biological surveys for the northern spotted owls as well as other rare occurring organism ( Doak, 2009).


Arringer F., (2007). New Battle of Logging vs. Spotted Owls Looms in West .Retrieved September 11, 2013 from http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/18/us/18owl.html?_r=0

Doak D., (2009). Spotted owls and old growth logging in the pacific northwest. Retrieved September 11, 2013 from http://bio.research.ucsc.edu/people/doaklab/publications/1989doak.pdf

Andre C., & Velasquez M., (2010). Ethics and the Spotted Owl Controversy. Retrieved September 11,2013 from http://www.scu.edu/ethics/publications/iie/v4n1/… [read more]

Appomattox-Buckingham State Forest Major Structural Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (559 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


This has a devastating impact on wildlife. "As a result the oxygen supply in the water depletes, causing fish and other oxygen-dependent organisms to die and bacteria that are not oxygen dependent (anaerobic) to take over" (Matter cycles and pollution, 2012, Lenntech). This can interfere with the natural phosphate cycle critical to environmental homeostasis. Maintaining adequate forestland will also hopefully influence the carbon cycle in a positive fashion, given that plants provide a vital function absorbing the carbon dioxide released by industrialization (Matter cycles and pollution, 2012, Lenntech).

Plans for management and restoration

Sustainable timber production is an important part of forest management, once again affirming the goal of allowing human beings to use the forest in a manner that does not deplete natural resources and honors rather than exploits the environment (Appomattox-Buckingham State Forest, 2013, Virginia Department of Forestry).

The implication of species interactions in ecosystem management and restoration

The management of Appomattox-Buckingham State Forest demonstrates how forestland can be used for the benefit of humanity. It is a safe and healthy place to engage in outdoor recreational activities that is managed in a sustainable fashion. It is a historical site that has been rehabilitated from overuse, and careful regulation of forestry and human's use of its natural spaces has made it one of the most pleasurable places to visit in Virginia.


Appomattox-Buckingham State Forest. (2013). Virginia Department of Forestry. Retrieved:


Matter cycles and pollution. (2012). Lenntech. Retrieved:

http://www.lenntech.com/matter-cycles-pollution.htm… [read more]

Geography the Site Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (616 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


S. industrialization in the 20th century. With the automation of steel and automobile factories, and the rise of the industrial south, the industrial capacity of the rust belt over the last half of the 20th century became greatly diminished. Demographic flows show that many Americans have left the rust belt for the American South and West. This has had a deleterious effect on major cities such as Detroit and Flint Michigan and Allentown Pennsylvania, cities who've seen their citizens leave in droves for other areas of the United States. These cities are currently suffering industrial decline, and cities such as Flint are having formerly thriving housing areas razed to the ground. Cities in decline and urban decay are currently the norm for much of the Continental Core, but it seems that the inner city revitalization movement of the late 20th century and the development of modern technological industries such as nanotechnology and biotechnology may turn the tide of immigration flight and reinvigorate the region's economic base. For example, Cleveland Ohio has a burgeoning biomedical industry and Buffalo New York's growing health care and educational industries. Cities such as Pittsburgh are witnessing the redevelopment of former industrial areas into prosperous entertainment and restaurant districts and many localities (with the exception of Illinois) offer low tax incentives for business development. In fact, Indiana is witnessing growth for its low tax business environment.

All in all, the rust belt's geography and resources offer plenty for economic, political and cultural life, and the judicious use of sound environmental and economic policy can help lead this somewhat neglected area into the 21st century and restore the area its former quality of life.… [read more]

Grand Canyon Was Formed Lab Report

Lab Report  |  5 pages (1,802 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


One of the more interesting topics that lends itself to more research is the Great Unconformity, shown at stop 6c. The Great Unconformity is a fascinating topic because it represents a time from which no rocks are preserved. The scientific community does not know if no rocks were formed during this period, or if they were formed but then eroded away. The fact that this unconformity which spans almost a billion years is found nearly everywhere across the globe makes the geological mystery that much more fascinating (Treiman n.pag.)

To sum up, not all evidence encountered during the field trip supports the overflow mechanism, nor does it explain all the geomorphic processes that were discussed. For example, superimposition provides a better explanation for transverse drainage incision associated with a regional drop in base level and prolonged denudation evidence at stops 2f and 5d. A piracy mechanism is a better fit for explaining possible different paleo-flow direction for the transverse drainage upstream of the bedrock high. As this and other papers and research have shown, there are still many unanswered questions about Grand Canyon formation.

2f, 5d, 8a

1e, 1c, 2c




5d, 6a, 7c, 9c

10a, 10c

4d, 4a, 4b


5b, 6d


3c, 3a, 7a, 5c

2e, 6a

9d, 10a, 10c

Works Cited

Holm, Richard. "Pliocene-Pleistocene Incision on the Mogollon Slope, Northern Arizona: Response to the Developing Grand Canyon." (n.d.) 24 June 2011.

Spencer, Jon, and Philip Pearthree. "Abrupt Initiation of the Colorado River and Initial Incision of the Grand Canyon." Arizona Geology 35 (2005): 1-6.

Treiman, Allan. "Grand Canyon -- The Great Unconformity." 23 Sept. 2003. Lunar and Planetary Institute. 24 June 2011. [read more]

Tennessee Valley Tva v. Hill Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,031 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


As the opinion in the TVA v. Hill case notes, it would seem directly counterintuitive to resist application of the law in the capacity for which it was designed. To the point, Rizzardi (2008) reports, "concluding that enjoining completion of the dam is the proper remedy under the ESA, the Court emphasized that "[t]he plain intent of Congress in enacting this statute was to halt and reverse the trend toward species extinction, whatever the cost." (p. 1)

Applying the phrase 'whatever the cost' here seems to suggest without reservation that a cost-benefit analysis could reveal no possible financial gain that would outweigh the loss of an endangered species.

When should environmental or aesthetic values give way to other values, such as resource development for energy development? Where should the line be drawn?

This is perhaps the most difficult question to confront in dealing with the present case. Though the $100 million dollar investment in a dam whose construction began before the advent of the ESA is a substantial sum to sacrifice, it is far more difficult to place a monetary sum on the survival of a species. This is true not just from the perspective of wildlife preservation but also with consideration to the untold potential impact on the ecology at large. According to the case analysis at CCC (2013), the Supreme Court "cites legislative proceedings foretelling risks that may stem from the 'loss of any endangered species' [original italics]. Habitat destruction, the number one threat to biodiversity, was recognized as such by Congress in its deliberations over the impending law. The ESA ordered that "all methods and procedures which are necessary" should be employed to bring species back from the brink." (CCC, p. 1)

This assessment helps to underscore exactly why the Endangered Species Act was developed from the outset. If a line isn't drawn clearly and immovably, there will always exist a threat that economic priorities will prevail over the survival of individual species and shared habitats. Such is to argue that we have persisted for far too long on the premise that certain resource or energy development priorities should prevail over the survival of species and habitats. The result has been a dangerous disruption of our ecology just as feared in the 1978 decision. Indeed, the Congressional allowances made following this case would set a precedent for loopholing environmental laws in favor of monetary interests. The line protecting endangered species and habitats must be drawn without the potential for movement so that we are forced to innovate new ways of resolving long-standing energy and resource challenges.

Works Cited:

Church, T.W. (2007). Review: The Snail Darter Case: TVA vs. The Endangered Species Act by Kenneth M. Murchison. Law and Politics Book Review, 17(8).

Courts, Cats, and Carbon (CCC). (2013). Special Feature: Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill. Courtscatscarbon.com/

Garrett, E. (2009). The Story of TVA v. Hill: Congress Has the Last Word. Weblaw.usc.edu.

Rizzardi, K. (2008). Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill -- 437 U.S. 153. ESA Blawg.

U.S. Supreme… [read more]

Yertle the Turtle This Story Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (578 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Mack eventually burps and causes Yertle to fall into the mud, this eventually removing his authority.

"Gertrude McFuzz" The setting is an outside environment inhabited by several birds.

The story involves several characters: the protagonist is Gertrude McFuzz and she is contrasted by Lolla Lee Lou. Doctor Drake is Gertrude's uncle.

The main theme of the story relates to how one should be careful about what he or she wishes for.

The conflict involves Gertrude's determination to grow more feathers.

The exposition shows Gertrude being unwilling to accept the fact that she only has one feather. The rising action has Gertrude receiving instruction with regard to how to increase her number of feathers. The climax shows the protagonist significantly increasing her number of feathers and being unable to fly as a consequence. The falling action occurs when Gertrude receives help from those close to her. The resolution shows Gertrude satisfied with only having one feather.

The story is told in a third-person point-of-view.

The story's symbolism involves people's tendency to want to be better than others without actually understanding why they want it.

"Gertrude McFuzz" discusses with regard to the protagonist as it wants to have more feathers than Lolle Lee Lou. Her uncle provides her with a way to grow more feathers by eating a particular vine. As she wants as many feathers as possible, she proceeds to consume the vine until she can no longer fly. Her acquaintances then help her by taking her home and removing the additional feathers. Gertrude eventually comes to realize that it needs to appreciate the little things in life


Dr. Seuss. "Yertle the Turtle and Other Stories." (Random House Children's…… [read more]

Tips and Educational Instructions Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (1,880 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


A forest fire can easily get out of control because it has participating elements.

The USDA has decided on several plans of action they are going to implement. They are going to clear out shrubbery, because they determined that wildlife is not more important than human life. They will build houses with metal roofs, and encourage existing homeowners to rebuild their roofs. They will build damns and river flows to distribute the rainforest to humid and dry areas.

But it is not to be left up to the officials to do everything. Realizing if your home is in a high-risk area for fires and taking the necessary precautions is a preventive measure anyone can take. Educating your kids on how to escape safely should an emergency happen, a better preventive measure is teaching your kids how to stop a fire before it happens are also good preventions. Fire extinguishers, keeping the grass trimmed (even on unused property), limit the stacks of wood piles and do not stack the wood to close to your house, are other suggestions offered by the USDA.

For those who wish to make a bigger contribution to the prevention of fires, there are several options. Volunteering to speak to organizations, doing volunteer work for the fire department, and donating to your favorite fire prevention charities are ways to prevent fires. One would never know when he or she will make a difference and prevent one fire.

If the USDA was to enforce the new regulations and laws, the expectation is, of course eliminating fires. As mentioned before, the biggest problems are allowing the underbrush to grow and not enough rain in the humid areas. If the USDA was to monitor the extra grass and weeds allowed to grow in the forest and they were to distribute rainforest to humid areas, the expected result would be the successful elimination of forest fires.


N.A. Listed, (7/2002)

Wilderness Society

Newspaper Source

N.A or Date Listed

National Interagency Fire Center www.nifc.gov/preved/protecthome.html

Collier, G., (7/2002)

Praying For Rain

Newsweek, vol 14 Issuse 2-page 42

Reinghardt, T., Ottma R., (3/1999)

Exposure to Wild land firefighters www.srs.fs.fed./USpubs/view

Tougher, M., (7/2002)

Wealth, Foresight fuel Lake Tahoes Fire Prevention

Consta Costa Time… [read more]

Carnivorous Plants Botany, the Study Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (963 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


When any stimulus touches one of the hairs enough to move it, the leaves snap shut, which traps whatever is inside. If the object is not an insect, but rather a rock, or leaf, the leaves reopen in about twelve hours and "spit" the item out.

Once the trap is closed, there are cilia that keep the large insects from being able to escape. These cilia are look like fingers on the outside of the leaves, which interlock much like our fingers would if we were to clasp our hands together.

Within a few minutes, the trap shuts tightly, forming an airtight seal around the insect which keeps bacteria out, and the digestive secretions in (Stone).

For the next week, or so (depending on the size of the insect, as well as temperature conditions) the plant secretes digestive fluids that help dissolve the inner part of the insect, leaving behind the outer exoskeleton. Once the insect is dissolved, the trap reopens, and wind usually blows away the leftover exoskeleton.

The Venus' Flytrap is found in North Carolina, and grows to be around 12-25 cm tall (Stiefel 66). Insects are attracted to the plant by the sweet nectar and red interior that shows when the leaves are opened.

Carnivorous Plants, Conclusion

Carnivorous plants are not dangerous to humans, or household pets for that matter. There are some reports, as noted earlier, of one particular type of carnivorous plant - the Nepenthes pitcher plant (Asian jungle vine) that has eaten large frogs, some birds and even small monkeys (Stiefel 66). However, these reports are rare, and the birds and monkeys were most likely already sick. The vine can grow to be over ten meters long, making it a rather large carnivore, but harmless to humans nevertheless (Stiefel 65).

Each carnivorous plant has its own mechanism for trapping, and attracting insects, which can be fascinating study. The blatterwort plant, for example, attracts its prey with a faint odor that it gives off. Once close enough, the insect will rub against hairs that open up tiny, underwater traps that open up, let water rush in, which then brings the prey along with it.

In essence, carnivorous plants are fascinating flora which are diverse, beautiful, and deadly to insects and other small organisms. While they are not exactly alive in the sense that humans are, with nervous systems, they are unusual organisms that have caused many horror movie fans, and avid gardeners to become enamored by them.

Botanical Society of America, The Mysterious Venus' Flytrap. http://www.botany.org/bsa/misc/carn.html, BSA Image Collection. Accessed 11/15/2002

Rice, Barry. Carnivorous Plants FAQ v.90, provided by International Carnivorous Plant Society. Last updated April 2002;

http://www.sarracenia.com/faq.html. Accessed 11/17/02

Stiefel, Chana. "Meat-Eating Plants." Science World. 220 March 2000, pp. 65-66

Stone, Doris. The Lives…… [read more]

Streambank Erosion and Restoration Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,183 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The technique is to grow vegetation alongside the banks of the river. We can choose from a wide variety of native plants. This may include herbs, shrubs, and even some varieties of grasses. Plants that grow well in the native conditions and have a well-developed root system are to be preferred for this purpose. These plants can be appropriately spaced out so as to effect a combined binding force on the soil. Plants are excellent in slowing the run off. These plants not only stabilize the erosion by means of their soil binding power but also improve the greenery of the region and thereby assist in the prospering of a wide variety of local species. This is not a quick fix solution like barbing and using boulders but it is a long-term plan. It may even take a few years for the plants to grow well and get firmly rooted. This method is a little costly, as we need to procure the plants and it involves significant labor. [Bob Tjaden, Glenda M. Weber]

The advantages and disadvantages of these different methods are to be weighed carefully before implementing them. For example replanting vegetation alongside the banks simultaneously involves a need for change in cattle gracing habits. This method can take a long time to take effect but would be a natural solution and increase the chances of flourishing of wildlife habitat. On the other hand using rocks and boulders would prevent erosion on the spot but they will increase it downstream.

For example the Soque River in Georgia continued to inundate the farmlands and left severe sedimentation problem in the reservoirs that supplied water to Atlanta. This destroyed a variety of aquatic species and involved huge water treatment costs. The problem was identified to be the failure of years of government-aided methods of placing boulders, and other temporary methods of altering the course of the river. Instead of going in for a long-term solution they went in for an instant fix. Dani Wise-Frederick, watershed hydrologist and director of Stream Restoration Institute, North Carolina State University says, "Obviously we've been messing with streams for ages. What's new is our understanding that rivers are self-forming and self- maintaining. If you relocate, straighten or otherwise alter a river, it's going to try to carve its way back to its natural position." [Jessica Snyder Sachs] So it is necessary to have a futuristic perspective before we agree upon a remedial solution for streambank erosion problems.


Left unattended Streambank erosion will have an adverse effect on the ecological balance. Streambank erosion not only affects the soil fertility and the quality of the drinking water but also seriously endangers the survival of many forms of aquatic species. Growing vegetation alongside the banks seems to offer the best and Eco friendly solution of preventing erosion. These streams and rivers, which are the lifeline for many different species have to be better preserved so that they can continue to support and sustain all the different forms of… [read more]

St. Croix Ground Lizard Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,221 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+



Green Cay NWR is a small island located off the north coast of St. Croix, consisting of dry, forested areas and small cobble beaches (USFWS, 2003). The island is a volcanic region where outcrops of lava, tuffs and breccias are common geologic features.

The introduction of the small Indian mongoose resulted in a serious threat to the survival of the St. Croix ground lizard. Rats often feed on terminal shoots of trees and shrubs during dry season. Over time, the forest will be destroyed, as well as critical habitat for the lizards. Therefore, an eradication program was introduced and rats were trapped and removed off the island.

Green Cay is a U.S. National Wildlife Refuge, but Protestant Cay is home to an active resort. Present threats in Protestant Cay are represented by habitat modification through beautification practices, including constant raking and undergrowth removal to attract tourists.


The future of the St. Croix ground lizard populations depends on these cays. Future threats to the species include the danger of accidental invasion of said cays by the mongoose, and the Ameivas vulnerability to natural catastrophes such as hurricanes, mainly due to their small size and reduced habitat area. An increase in human disturbance or habitat alteration at important habitats, resulting from recreational activities, could also harm the future of the lizards.

When the lizard was declared an endangered species in 1977, Green Cay was purchased by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and designated the Green Cay National Wildlife Refuge. This area currently provides protection for 14 of the 18 acres of designated Critical Habitat for the ground lizard. Plans include a retrapping effort to remove mongoose that remain after an intensive trapping effort on Buck Island, the proposed experimental release site of wild-caught lizards.

The main purpose of the Green Cay project is to maintain the natural island ecosystem and protect the endangered St. Croix ground lizard and colonial nesting birds. To accomplish this, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service uses rigid law enforcement and conducts wildlife surveys. In addition, it removes wildlife that poses danger to the endangered species.

Basically, as far as current and future efforts to protect this endangered species are concerned, the Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Park Service signed a cooperative agreement in 1982 for the National Park Service to provide protection to Green Cay National Wildlife Refuge. In addition, a mongoose eradication program is in the works at Buck Island Reef National Monument to provide an experimental release site for the St. Croix ground lizard.

The question of whether the St. Croix ground lizard will make it on this planet largely depends on human efforts to continue the species. Without help from humans, the St. Croix ground lizard would be extinct. However, it is important to remember that human interference with the natural habitat of the lizard was what caused it to be endangered in the first place. If we had not introduced the rats to the island and build new… [read more]

Mammals of Michigan Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,374 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


) used by humans around this time have been found around the Michigan area. There is also other kinds of evidence that humans hunted mastodons and mammoths in the Michigan area, such as cut marks on mastodon bones, which could only have come from human-made tools (information from the Yukon Beringia Interpretive Center notes).

Next, the woodland muskoxen. This species, Bootherium bombifrons, was one of the five species of muskoxen (Tribe Ovibovini) that lived in the Michigan area during the Pleistocene (2 million to 10,000 years ago). The woodland muskoxen was found throughout North America, but was confined to this region. The Bootherium was tall, and much more slender than the modern-day muskoxen. The males had huge, flaring horns with fused bases, and both sexes had longer hair than their sibling species, or their modern-day counterparts, indicating an adaptation to the cold Michigan weather of this period; the orbits were also sunk further in to the skull, which is also an adaptation for low temperatures.

The earliest woodland muskoxen specimens are known from 130,000 years ago, and most of the latest specimens date from the late Wisconsin period, 43,000 to 17,000 years ago. The habitat of woodland muskoxen, as the name suggests, seem to have been woodland areas, but the species is also known from lake and forest margins where, presumably, they foraged. Fossil specimens have, however, also been found from alpine grasslands, and so the woodland muskoxen was perhaps a highly adaptable species (information from the Yukon Beringia Interpretive Center notes).

Next, the flat-headed peccary. The flat-headed peccary, Platygonus sp., is known from a huge number of fossil specimens, the latest of which is dated to 10,000 years ago. The flat-headed peccary was larger than its modern-day counterparts, and was pan-North American in its range (and as with most of the other extinct Michigan-area mammals) was exclusively North American in its range. Flat-headed peccary fossils have been found from all habitats, and as such, it is fair to say that this extinct mammal was adapted to most Pleistocene environments.

Now to an extant species from the Michigan area, the gray wolf. The gray wolf, Canus lupus, is a protected species in Michigan, and in all of its North American range. There is hope for this species, thought, as its status has recently moved from endangered to threatened on the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service conservation lists. The gray wolf was once distributed throughout Michigan, but myths about werewolfs, and subsequent predator control programs almost eliminated the species, until protection of the species was ordered legally in 1965. The gray wolf population was estimated at only 20 individuals in 1992; at the latest count, there were 278 individuals. The gray wolf, which was ubiquitous throughout North America, is thought to descend from the European wolf, and has a number of adaptations to enable it to withstand the cold Michigan weather: longer hair than its European counterparts, and as with the woodland muskoxen, orbits that are deeper in its skull than… [read more]

Endangered Tuna for Centuries Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,413 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The most modern of these trawlers have their own freezers and facilities. Because the catch can be processed on board, these fishing boats can remain at sea for months at a time.

Corollary to commercial overfishing, the tuna stocks are also being depleted by tuna farming. Australian fishers, for example, use purse seine nets to enclose shools of Southern bluefins… [read more]

Pseudacris Regilla Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (432 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The second call is monophastic and is used to respond to the movement of other frogs. The third call consists of quick staccato notes and is used to challenge other males.

Each female Pacific Tree Frog can lay up to 750 eggs. The eggs are laid in clusters, normally averaging twenty-five eggs each, and the eggs are attached to submerged vegetation such as grass, stems or sticks. After breeding, the female will leave the area and the male will stay behind to attract new mates.

The Pacific Tree Frog is a ground dwelling frog that inhabits a wide variety of habitats, from deserts to rain forests, usually in low vegetation close to water. It can be found up to 11,600 feet in elevation and lives in areas that include Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada and the Santa Cruz and Cerros islands.

Adults feed on insects and spiders and tadpoles feed on algae. Common predators include the garter snake, bull frog, raccoons and owls.

Pacific Tree Frog Characteristics




Unique Features






Santa Cruz

Cerros islands




Rain Forests






Mixture of Above Colors inches in length

Dark eye stripe

Cartilage between fingers

Slender limbs

Webbed Hind Feet

Rib-it, kreck-ek or wreck

Monophastic…… [read more]

Abundance and Distributional Variation Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (628 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


All of these dragonflies are common throughout North America, and in particular, around the Kanahawa State Forest.

Preliminary Results / General Observations

Over the whole time period, more dragonflies were seen at Site one (the lake) than at Site two (the stream). This tentatively supports hypothesis number one, which suggested that dragonflies were more likely to prefer standing water, rather than running water.

Further, as a general observation, more dragonflies were seen when it was hot than when conditions were bad, for example, rainy or grey, with no sun. Generally, more dragonflies were seen at 1200 and at 1700 than at the earlier observation time of 0800. This tentatively supports hypothesis two, which suggested that dragonflies were more likely to be seen when temperatures were high.

In addition, there were broad differences between the two sites in terms of the abundance of species: at site one, many species and many individuals of those species were seen; at site two, all of the species were also seen, but at far lower numbers than those present at site one.

The following Graphs and Tables show the data in more detail, and following these a more detailed Analysis section, and Conclusions section will conclude this research paper.

Data Collected

Analysis of the Data



Bechly, G. "Phylogenetic Systematics of Odonata. http://member.tripod.de/GBechly/phyosys.html (10th October 2003).

Dragonflies." [CD-ROM] World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia. 1998 ed.

Gerholdt E. James. Dragonflies. Minnesota: Abdo and Daughters, 1996.

Losito, Linda. Damselflies and Dragonflies. New york: The Bookwright Press, 1997.

Mauffray, Bill. "Dragonflies and Damselflies. http://www.afn.org/~iorr/(10th October 2003)

Needham, JG et al. Dragonflies of North America.

Paulson, D. "Dragonfly (Odonata) Biodiversity. http://www.ups.edu/biollgy/museum/UPSdragonflies.html (10th October 2003).

Venable, J. Dragonflies: an Introduction to the Dragonflies and Damselflies of West Virginia. http://www.wvu.edu/~agexten/wildlife/801.pdf (10th October 2003).… [read more]

Drilling in the Alaskan Wilderness Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (825 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


These groups can make their support known to decision-makers through lobbying efforts. They can also express their opinions to the American public through campaigns and supporters such as environmental advocacy groups. Wilderness as a stakeholder has no direct voice. Its interests must be represented by federal legislators, traditional users such as the Inupiat Eskimos and the Gwich'in, environmental advocacy groups such as the Sierra Club, Greenpeace, and other organizations that give a voice to wilderness. These diverse groups must determine what level of development will be supported, and then let this desire be known to decision-makers.

Congress must debate if the consequences of development are outweighed by the benefits that would result if development of the oil reserves happens in Section 1002 of the ANWR. Congress can decide if no development will occur, if limited development will occur, or if full development will take place by removing some or all of Section 1002 from the protection of the ANWR. If no development occurs, then the current situation will continue, allowing wilderness to evolve in a natural state. If limited development occurs, then some impacts will likely occur on the land, the wilderness including wildlife populations and habits, and the groups who rely on the land. The Inupiat Eskimos and the Gwich'in could benefit financially from oil development, but traditions could be negatively affected. If full development occurs, then the wilderness as it currently exists could be irreversibly changed, with consequences being as drastic as eliminating caribou from this part of Alaska.

Based on the above analysis of the ethical issues that are presented in this case, I propose that no development occur at this time. Five reasons support this recommendation:

Demand for development is not currently proven, since world supplies have not yet been irreparably affected

Consequences of developing Section 1002 are not fully understood

Agreement has not been reached on whether to develop the land by the Inupiat Eskimos and the Gwich'in

Alternate energy strategies have not been developed including conservation or alternate energy sources

Low impact drilling technologies continue to be developed. By delaying a decision now, less intrusive technologies could be developed in the future, reducing impacts on ANWR

Critics will argue that national security is ignored by this recommendation. However I argue that alternate solutions to national security must be found to preserve the…… [read more]

Human Croquet by Kate Atkinson Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,075 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Isobel discovers herself as the novel progresses, and discovers her oneness with the forest and the area. The forest has survived many generations of the Fairfax family, but eventually, the forest will die, just as the Fairfaxes and their legacy will die. Trees give a sense of permanence to the book and the setting,

The fairy-tale qualities of the book are enhanced by the references to trees, and in fact, Isobel turns into a tree at one point when she runs away from several teenaged boys. Ultimately, the forests in the novel are deep, dark, and secretive. They swallow people, and people's lives. They are also places of life and transformation. Just as trees transform from ghostly branches to green buds in spring, lives that experience the forest are often transformed and made new again. In the forest, Isobel discovers secrets from her past, and looks toward the future. In the forest, it seems anything is possible, and anything can happen. The forest is like another character in the novel because it plays such an important role throughout the book, from saving Isobel from attempted rape (when she turns into a tree), to being the setting for weird and violent acts. Without the forest, the book would lack depth and detail, and would have no cohesiveness to bind it together. The book, because of its many characters and shifting in time, must use something to keep the many threads woven together, and the forest serves this purpose quite nicely. The forest, menacing and foreboding, or refuge and haven, also plays the part of duplicity well, and makes the reader more aware of the many-shifting settings in the novel. Isobel and the forest have much in common - they both endure through time and grow and mature as the book reaches its climax. The forest and the Fairfaxes share a long and varied history, and it is clear Isobel will never quite be free of the trees, no matter where she goes or what she does in life. The forest hides secrets, just as Audrey and her mother hide secrets, and the forest finally gives up her secrets, so the book can reach its conclusion. Forests are magical places in literature, and this book is no exception. The forest primeval opens the book, the Forest of Arden closes the book, and all that happens in between is more believable because of the ever-present and watchful forest.

In conclusion, trees are the very roots of this novel. They form the setting, the permanence, and the mystery that surrounds the story. They are a natural part of the environment that Isobel takes for granted, and yet, without them, the story would lose much of its quality and depth. The trees line her street, and hide the family's secrets, but the trees also signify change and growth, and this is just what Isobel does throughout the novel. The trees are the background, and yet they are almost like another character in the story. Without… [read more]

Unusual Ecological Challenges of Our Slippery Friend, the Eel Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (992 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Eels / Conservation

The chief difficulty in evaluating the possible endangered species listing of the American Eel (Anguilla rostrata) is the somewhat bizarre life-cycle of the organism. Although the eel is chiefly a freshwater fish, in order to reproduce it travels from the freshwater waterways where it makes its home, and every eel in America makes its way in the ocean to the Sargasso Sea, a region of the Atlantic Ocean in what is popularly known as the "Bermuda Triangle" (south of the Bahamas and east of Bermuda). From this centralized oceanic spawning-ground, the eggs are fertilized and hatch into miniscule larval eels which then travel back to the freshwater ecosystems where the eels spend most of their adult life apart from this mating ritual.

The possibility of the eel being overexploited by commercial fishing is definitely worth considering, when a host of other factors have conspired to deplete the numbers of American eels, including the destruction of their habitats, changes in their food supply, predation, environmental toxins and contamination, and diseases. However, the ability to measure the population of American eels is made difficult by the strange life cycle described above: the population of the species ranges over the entirety of the continental United States, but is nonetheless a consistent population with a single genetic pool based on the actual mating habits. The Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission notes that "from a biological perspective much is still unknown about the species" ("American Eel" 2014). This is because the migratory habits make the species difficult to monitor, and the actual abundance of the species is somewhat obscure; however it is possible to note that the numbers are indeed vastly depleted, significantly enough to warrant possible government intervention to protect the species. But the difficulty would be in how to establish this intervention.

Based on the present status of eel fisheries, there is one obvious and immediate recommendation that could be put into place. Currently eels are harvested at different stages of the life cycle: obviously adult freshwater eels are caught by specific fishing methods, since the adult eel can be used for food. But the greater concern in terms of population depletion is the harvesting of the larval young, known as "glass eels" in their second stage of development after hatching in the Sargasso Sea. The reason for special consideration of the harvesting of the juvenile "glass eels" is that the return of the juveniles from the Atlantic spawning grounds to the freshwater inland North American habitats marks the only time besides the actual oceanic spawning in the Sargasso Sea when the eel population is localized in one place, thus making them easier to harvest on a larger scale. This particular type of fishing, therefore, is arguably capable of doing greater damage to the population dynamics than any commercial fishing of the adult eel, simply because it involves a larger number at a more vulnerable developmental stage. Thus the outright ban on the harvesting of juvenile…… [read more]

Are Known to Inhabit Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (592 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


The body of the fish is also covered in scales as protective device to the internal organs even as it swims through various sharp objects. Below the scales is the skin that is covered in slime that is an adaptation to reduce friction between the fish and the water as it swims through effectively making them faster, more slippery for the hunters and also use less energy to swim. The slime is also said to be a protective measure against diseases from the surrounding waters (Texas Aquatic Science, 2014).

The fish also have gills that are formatted to absorb oxygen dissolved in water with efficiency that the lungs would not be able to. The gills help the fish to breathe efficiently as it goes about their business of looking for food and escaping from danger. The location of the eyes also allows these fish to locate potential danger and potential food at a wider angle of almost 360 degrees as opposed to if the eyes were placed at the front. This enhances their accuracy in locating prey hence allowing them have an easier survival. The other outstanding adaptation is the capacity of fish to lay a large number of eggs in water. This is to increase the survival chances as the eggs are swept away by the currents, eaten by other predators and even after hatching the young fish are still at risk of getting decimated hence the large number is their number one line of defense for survival of the species.


Missouri Department of Conservation, (2014). Fish Adaptations. Retrieved October 21, 2014 from http://mdc.mo.gov/fishing/fishing-how-tos/fish-adaptations

Texas Aquatic Science, (2014). Living in Water: Chapter 4. Retrieved October 21, 2014 from http://texasaquaticscience.org/water-aquatic-science-texas/… [read more]

Reintroduction of Wolves Into Idaho Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibliography  |  2 pages (454 words)
Bibliography Sources: 12


Reintroduction of Wolves Into Idaho

Annotated Bibliography

(1) Schmidt, PM & Peterson, MJ (2008) Biodiversity Conservation and Indigenous Land Management in the Era of Self-Determination. Conservation Biology. Paper submitted October 9, 2008; revised manuscript accepted March 9, 2009. Conservation Biology, Volume 23, No. 6, 1458 -- 1466

Biodiversity and cultural preservation are both addressed from the perspective of self-determination in the indigenous groups of Indians as related to the Gray wolf in Idaho, western Montana, Washington State and western Wyoming. The research reported in the work of Schmidt and Peterson ( 2008) states "Indigenous peoples and their lands in the United States provide an excellent opportunity to evaluate the relationship among self-determination by indigenous peoples, biodiversity conservation, and governmental statutes, regulations, and policies."

(2) Ohlson, DL and Trulio, L (2006) Tribal Sovereignty and the Endangered Species Act; Recovering the Idaho Wolves. Masters Abstracts International. Wildlife & Ecology Studies Worldwide. Vol. 44 Issue 1. P.300.

Ohlson and Trulio relate the partnership between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service with the Nez Perce Tribe in an initiative to recover gray wolves in Central Idaho and report the Federal Endangered Species Act.

(3) Bradley, EH and Pletscher, DH (2005) Assessing factors related to wolf depredation of cattle in fenced pastures in Montana and Idaho. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33(4):1256-1265. 2005.

Bradley and Pletscher examine the depredation on livestock related to managing…… [read more]

Inscriptiosn of Kamose Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,430 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Kamose Stele

The two inscriptions offered by Thebe Pharaoh Kamose offer some insight and perspective as to what led to him pushing for war. In many ways, he was keeping with the general direction started by his father and others before him. However, his two major inscriptions, as will be covered in this brief report, offer some imagery and other… [read more]