"Art / Painting / Sculpture" Essays

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Convergence by Jackson Pollock Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (333 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


This sense of sprawl and splash is the result of the artist's higher consciousness and deliberation in his use of color and line. Convergence and a sense of disconnection, does not merely emerge from every canvas with a few haphazard colors trailed across its surface.

Secondly, artistic technique is used to convey a clear and unifying artistic idea. Pollock's masterpiece of abstract style, of multicolored drippings and splashes of paint with no points of emphasis or identifiable parts for the whole canvas deliberately gives the viewer a sense of the meanderings of his or her own existence, or wanderings through teaming modern life. "Convergence" uses painterly technique in an interpretable fashion to convey chaos and a lack of connection rather than harmony -- no one could walk away from the canvas, even one who did not understand the work, feeling more comfortable and at home in his or her surroundings

Works Cited

Pollock,…… [read more]

Museum Displays, According to Thelma Thomas Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (314 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Museum displays, according to Thelma Thomas, can significantly detract from an object's inherent cultural and historical meaning. Placing an object out of context means that the viewer ceases to take into account issues such as religiosity, sacredness, emotional content, cultural relevance, and historical context. Thomas focuses her article "Understanding Objects" on the importance of creating apt and meaningful display environments for medieval objects in particular.

Thomas implies that the work of museum cataloging needs to become more multi-disciplinary in its approach. Rather than noting the size, medium, and date of production, a curator must also take into account the ritualistic, sociological, or commercial uses for the particular object. As a result, the emphasis is on the relationship between the object and its contemporary human beings, rather than only on the object itself.

Displaying a medieval or any other object with respect to its cultural and historical contexts can greatly enhance the modern art historian's understanding…… [read more]

Where Do Ideas Come? Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (308 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … arises in the mind. Ideas give rise to concepts, which are the basis for knowledge. The artistic notion of ideas is that they do not evolve from previous experience; they are the birth of something totally new. But, ideas don't just happen. Perhaps preconceptions are pushed aside, but when devising an idea people think about their past experience and what want in the future. This is not to say that the creative process does not involve original thinking, but it is based on prior knowledge.

According to Wallas (1926), one of the first to explore the creative process, there are four sequential steps in the creative process. The first is the creative process in which a deficiency or a gap in knowledge is sensed. The second stage is incubation in which information is acquired, ideas are explored and solutions begine to be formulated. Next, illumination happens. In this third stage, there is…… [read more]

Hunger Artist Is a Strange and Compelling Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,273 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Hunger Artist is a strange and compelling short story, which revolves around the themes of artistic alienation and suffering. The story is characteristic of Kafka's work in that it seems both fantastic and real at the same time. The narrative deals with the life and death of a hunger artist or a man who fasts as an art form. The structure story can roughly be divided it three sections.

In the first section we encounter the hunger artist at the height of his fame and renown. He is admired for his profound fasting ability and the people stream to see him. As in many of Kafka's stories, there is a sense of irony and paradox which permeates the text. The hunger artist in fact enjoys his fasting and his suffering. The emphasis on suffering also shows how different and opposite to society the artist is. In many ways he is in conflict with the views and norms of the society. In his representation of the hunger artist, Kafka makes the abnormal seem to be normal in a certain sense. This can be seen in the obvious reality that the hunger artist is in actually starving himself - a fact that is contrary to the norms or usual ways in human society.

This conflict within the story is aided by the realistic tone and detail that are used to describe the hunger artist. For example, the following extract clearly describes the hunger artist as a real person. "...he sat there pallid in black tights, with his ribs sticking out so prominently, not even on a seat but down among straw on the ground, sometimes giving a courteous nod, answering questions with a constrained smile, or perhaps stretching an arm through the bars so that one might feel how thin it was..." (a Hunger Artist)

The second part of the story begins with a sudden decline in the popularity of the hunger artist and his profession. People no longer admire of find his art interesting, or his ability to go without food impressive. As a result he has to resort to commercializing his art and is forced to join a circus. However, even in the circus his "talents' are not appreciated and he is placed next to the animals. He finds that the audience moves quickly past his performance area to the animals, hardly pausing to notice him.

The relationship between the audience and the artist is also a theme that Kafka explores in this story. There is reciprocity between the two and the hunger artist is dependent on the public appreciation of his suffering. However this relationship breaks done in the circus and the artist is given only a small glimpse of hope and a fading recollection of his previous glory. He is aware that the public is no longer interested in his particular art form, what did they care about fasting?" (a Hunger Artist)

He is only slightly encouraged by younger members of the public who "...showed by the brightness… [read more]

Kafka's Hunger Artist the Hunger Artist,' True Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,542 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Kafka's Hunger Artist

The Hunger Artist,' true to Kafkan form, is a deeply ironic narrative that pairs the struggles of the individual with the whims of the larger world. In a maze characterized by consumption and self-satisfaction, the hunger artist seemingly bravely rebukes the quotidian luxuries of the masses in favor of some higher glory: the satisfaction of the fast.… [read more]

Hunger Artist Let's Face It: Nowadays Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,281 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Hunger Artist

Let's face it: nowadays, people are not interested anymore in professional fasting, while some years ago, everybody bought tickets only to watch a starving artist in his public cage. This is only a starting idea in a row of even stranger ideas and mixtures between the real and the surreal in Kafka's short story, a Hunger Artist, written in 1922.

The plot structure of the story is divided into three parts and each of them stands for a metaphoric profound meaning. At the very beginning, everybody wanted to see the artist in his cage and there were even permanent watchers to ensure that he was not cheating and secretly eating. Besides, others tried to leave him alone for some moments, because they thought he would eat something in this time. Yet, he likes talking to people at night, being an insomniac, and also seeing people's joy when having breakfast at his expense. He sees such pleasure in fasting, that he would do it all the rest of his life. But his impresario has other plans for him: his fasting is allowed only for forty days. When the time comes, two ladies escort the artist to a luxuriant rich meal. Nevertheless, he remains on his position: he would not eat for anything in the world. Faced with his firm attitude, the impresario forces him to swallow some larder; the watchers leave satisfied, and the artist is left alone and dismal, as always.

During the years to come, the artist continues his public fasting and his manager starts to lie the audience, sustaining that not eating causes a deep tremendous sadness. but, one day, people left, attracted by other strange things. The artist was left alone with his impresario, who tried to reinstate his client's fame, by proposing a European continental tour. But nothing works. The artist is forced to get employed in a circus and removes himself from his impresario.

At the circus, he places his cage near the animals, so that people, when passing by the animals, would see him too. But an old man stops by and tells the children around him the hunger artist's unusual story. The notice board indicating the length of the fast is not updated, so the hunger artist simply continues to fast so that he may be breaking records, but no one, including him, knows. If someone accuses the hunger artist of cheating, he feels it is the "stupidest lie," since it is he who is being cheated when deprived of his "reward."

After a long time of disregard, the circus' staff remembers the artist and asks him if he is still fasting. He confirms and begins to ask the people around to forgive him, because, if he, some time ago, tried to convince everybody to admire him for his fasting, he must admit now that they shouldn't. The artist says that he didn't eat only because he didn't find any food to really like; otherwise, he would have eaten.… [read more]

Hunger Artist Published in 1924, Franz Kafka Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,198 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Hunger Artist

Published in 1924, Franz Kafka's 'The Hunger Artist' is an unforgettable story that recounts the pain and anguish of an artist who earns through public fasting. The mordent tale is highly symbolic in nature and signifies the rapid though subtle death of the artist and his art. The story revolves around a fasting artist who recalls the times when people would pay tribute to public fasting feats by visiting the artist on every single day till he broke his fast in style. In those days, "there was good money to be earned putting on major productions of this sort under one's own management" (1) but he sadly agrees that, "interest in hunger artists has declined considerably." (1)

The feat is no longer fascinating to the crowd as they have stopped visiting the artist and are more interested in other activities at the circus. Even the management doesn't really care anymore since the hunger artist is making much. The large crowds at the circus hardly notice his dull and solitary cage but if they did, the artist would consider it an honor. He was grateful for all the other activities at the circus that drew large crowds. "....he had the animals to thank for the crowds of visitors among whom, here and there, there could be one destined for him." In the end, in order to prove his worth or rather to end his sorry existence, the artist performs the feat for one last time and dies. The administration quickly replaced him with a panther - which was clearly a more lucrative option.

The story, on the surface, recounts the tale of a suffering artist but it is actually symbolic of art in general in this rapidly commercializing world. The artist represents every artist with a serious love for his talent and profession who is gradually losing his worth and value in a world that has become too materialistic and commercialized. The story may make you wonder why would an artist starve to earn? But it is not actually starvation; the story is symbolizing the starvation afflicted on every artist today. Remember the artist is not starving consciously but the society is no longer taking care of his needs as the artist in the story tells his supervisor: "...I couldn't find a food which I enjoyed. If had found that, believe me, I would not have made a spectacle of myself and would have eaten to my heart's content, like you and everyone else."

The artist also shares a weird relationship with the public. This is an interesting point to understand. The artist is in love with his profession but his love is fleeting. It is not based on his true passion for his art but on the fact that it gives him public adulation and respect. He is craving for public's love and when that love is taken away, his passion for his art diminishes to the point that it becomes non-existent. Kafka is trying to explain that… [read more]

Jirobo - Famous Ceramic Mugs/Cups Essay

Essay  |  10 pages (2,950 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


Jirobo - Famous Ceramic Mugs/Cups

Jirobo is one of the first Raku ware tea drinking bowls that were created by Chojiro. Though there is no available dating for the piece, Tanaka Chojiro was alive from 1516-1592. His work was chosen as the new style that should be used in the traditional tea ceremonies of Japan in the late 1500s. Sen… [read more]

Originality in Writing Some People Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,053 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


In fact, Goldsmith seems to suggest that the ability to put together others works creates a higher burden for establishing creativity than previously existed. While everyone has been given roughly the same ability to access prior works, not everyone has the same ability to combine it in innovative or revealing ways. Goldsmith firmly believes that quality is still critical to the creative process and to the concept of originality. According to him, "Democracy is fine for YouTube, but it's generally a recipe for disaster when it comes to art. While all words may be created equal, the way in which they're assembled isn't; it's impossible to suspend judgment and folly to dismiss quality" (Goldsmith).

In fact, the recent history of modern art has a significant tradition of large-scale borrowing from artistic predecessors. According to Scroggins, "It all begins with the first generation of Modernist poets and artists" (Scroggins). Moreover, Lethem makes the point that much of modern art is borrowed from others, using Bob Dylan's lyrics as an example of borrowing from earlier works. According to Lethem, "Dylan's originality and his appropriations are as one" (Lethem, p.1). Therefore, so much of what is not only considered art, but what is considered an art form, comes from what has previously been done.

However, it is important to keep in mind that this artistic mimicry goes far beyond the modern age. Ferguson makes the point that artists are trained in how to be artists by copying the works of the great artists who have come before them (Ferguson). For example, Ferguson recites an oft-repeated tale that Hunter S. Thompson typed out The Great Gatsby prior to writing any of his own novels because he wanted to know what it was to write a great novel (Ferguson). Lethem believes this is a universal phenomenon. "Most artists are brought to their vocation when their own nascent gifts are awakened by the work of a master. That is to say, most artists are converted to art by art itself" (Lethem, p.2). If it is the art that creates the artist, then it is impossible for an artist to invent anything wholly new. However, that does not mean that an artist cannot be inventive and creative. Instead, Lethem suggests that, "Invention, it must be humbly admitted, does not consist in creating out of void but out of chaos. Any artist knows these truths, no matter how deeply he or she submerges that knowing" (Lethem, p.2). What is original is how a person chooses to emphasize some details as more important than others and focus on perspectives.

Works Cited

Ferguson, Kirby. "Everything is a Remix: Part 3: The Elements of Creativity." Everything is a Remix. N.p. 2011. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

Goldsmith, Kevin. "It's Not Plagiarism. In the Digital Age, It's 'Repurposing.'" The Chronicle

of Higher Education. N.p. 11 Sep. 2011. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

Lethem, Jonathan. "The Ecstasy of Influence: A Plagiarism." Harper's Magazine. 1-11. Feb.

2007. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

Scroggins, Mark. "Unoriginal Genius: Poetry… [read more]

Aestheticism Artistic Appreciation and Taste in James Spoils of Poynton Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,590 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


James Spoils

People, Things, and Ethics: Perspectives on Collection and Control in Henry James' the Spoils of Poynton

Though not long in words or plot complexity, Henry James' novel the Spoils of Poynton addresses far-reaching and intricately interwoven issues of perception and the human drive to manipulate. The relationship between ethics and aesthetics becomes so pronounced and yet so muddied… [read more]

Deviance in a Police Drama Film Review

Film Review  |  2 pages (699 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


This theory involves the idea that crime, or deviance, is a natural part of society, not an aberration, and is really an unorthodox, and socially discouraged means of attaining social success. According to functionalists, there are a set of cultural goals that each society constructs and individuals in that society are encouraged to strive for. These cultural goals, and in this case it was financial and occupational success, were the cultural goals that the forger wanted to receive. He may have realized that he would never be as popular or successful as his former teacher so he found a way to reach those goals nonetheless. But instead of following the institutionalized means of producing his own artwork, the forger decided to use means that were outside societal norms: he faked his master's work. Functionalists see this as a means of obtaining those things that society strives for while not following the prescribed path to obtaining them.

While "White Collar" involves a group of investigators involved in white collar crimes, the FBI really has a team of 14 agents involved in these types of crimes called the "Art Crime Team," which "has recovered more that 2,650 items valued at over $150 million." ("Art Theft") However, the FBI does not employ former or current criminals to aid or assist directly in investigations like the television program portrays. The focus of the Art Crime Team is to investigate art thefts and recover stolen works of art. They rarely engage in the discovery of forgers, however, can aid in the investigation of finding such a criminal. White Collar is a fine television drama with a splash of humor added, however, it is strictly fantasy when it comes to the investigational techniques and regulations.


"Art Theft." The FBI. Retrieved from www.fbi.gov/about-us/investigate/vc_majorthefts/arttheft/art-crime-team

Eastin, Jeff, Mark Goffman (Writers), & John Kretchmer (Director). (2013).

The Original, White Collar, USA Network. Retrieved from http://www.hulu.com/watch/461720

Henslin, James. (2011). Sociology: A Down to Earth Approach. Boston: Allyn

and Bacon. Print.… [read more]

Eye of the Beholder: Reaction Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (375 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Art must be considered in light of its social context from the point-of-view of a critic and the effect it has upon the spectator. Regardless of the intention of the artist, 'art' is only created at the moment it is looked upon by someone else, and interpreted by someone else.

It is true that from the point-of-view of an artist -- whether a good, mediocre, or bad artist -- art is the final result of a chain of emotions. But the artist cannot anticipate the emotions that the gazer will feel when looking upon the art and the interpretation the spectator will apply to the art. This is why Duchamp says that the creative act is not a solitary act, why so many artists are forgotten after enjoying great fame, and why so many artists who were rejected when alive are later considered great. The art does not change; the artist does not change -- but the spectators do.

Work Cited

Duchamp, Marcel. "The Creative Act." From Robert Lebel, Marcel Duchamp, Grove

Press, New York, 1959,…… [read more]

Outsourcing Decision in the Rondot Case Study

Case Study  |  2 pages (726 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The technology that is being used is highly experiential in nature. On one hand, e-coating could truly be a cost and time savings. On the other hand, it might present technical complications so unwieldy that the theoretical costs and times savings could be nonexistent. Rondot should also explore other companies that offer similar and different high-tech painting services at a similar cost level, to see if their quality control results are better than or worse than that of Greven's painting.

Q4. Do you think that Rondot should outsource their painting operations completely and dispose of the equipment? Why or why not? Support your answer with analysis and/or published sources.

The e-coating seems to be superior both in terms of cost and quality, compared to what Rondot is currently manufacturing. That is, it is superior if it works consistently. First, Rondot should see if there are other painting companies that offer better or similar quality to Greven at similar or cheaper prices. Greven's technology is unique, but Rondot should calculate if the quality and speed it offers is comparable with other offerings on the market.

A current assessment of the market suggests that Rondot will have to outsource its painting in the future, to remain competitive, given that its own painting technology will have to be upgraded soon or eliminated. However, in the short-term, Rondot should first determine the best company to contract a 'test' batch, and then see if a small order filled with the company truly lives up to quality and cost expectations. The painting operations can then be slowly phased out if the outsourced work is up to standard. Operations should only be shut down entirely if the outsourced company passes tests of quality, reliability, and cost savings. Finally, another reason for slowly phasing in the outsourcing is that the painting company should also fit into the corporate culture and mission of Rondot. The company must be 'easy to work with' and prove itself committed to Rondot's philosophy.… [read more]

Future Born Under Saturn Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (672 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


For example, if a field is given over to common use for sheep, more and more shepherds will use the field for grazing, until it is entirely absent of grass. In contrast, if someone owns the field, he or she will regulate its use to ensure that it is not over-stressed, because the owner feels a sense of responsibility to the field, along with his or her own, personal sheep. The economic interests of the field's owners ensure continued maintenance, while the common, freeloading shepherds only have their own interests at stake.

This can become a grave problem, as is evident when the use of any public resource (even a public bathroom) deteriorates because of a lack of common, social, and civic obligations. The best method to ensure that overconsumption does not take place is to regulate the number of individuals who can use the common resource at any one time, and prevent them from using specific parts of the field so the field can replenish itself. The question of 'needs vs. wants' is less relevant in this particular instance, because it is in reference to a natural resource. It is not that every person has different needs that must be satisfied -- rather, the field has needs that must be honored, and if they are not, then the entire population of sheepherders will suffer.

The use of the World Wide Web or some form of technology, in contrast, is not finite. Access to information and intellectual property that is not physical in nature, and can be replicated indefinitely (presuming that copyright laws are obeyed) does not cause the tragedy of the commons to assert itself. That is what is so unique about the physical, natural environment, and why, despite the mania for recycling today, it can be so hard to reconcile our individualism with our need to curtail our individual wants to preserve the environment. Nature is not the same as something that can be accessed online.… [read more]

Chromophobia According to This Passage Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (390 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


In that story the drugs had a link to color and acts as a piece of evidence to Batchelor's thesis.

Favorite Quotes:

1. "Color in painting is an essential, almost indispensible element, since having all Nature to represent, the painter cannot make her speak without borrowing her language" (Batchelor, page 25).

2. "Colour is both secondary and dangerous; in fact, it is dangerous because it is secondary. Otherwise there would be no Fall. The minor is always the undoing of the major" (Batchelor, page 31).


1. When an artist is trying to represent something that exists in real life, then the artist needs to use the colors of the real thing. If he or she doesn't, then it is not a fair representation of the thing that is in nature.

2. The small things will ruin the larger picture. Color can be damaging because people don't think about it. It is the stuff that we tend not to consider as important factors that will wind up determining if the endeavor is successful or not.

Works…… [read more]

Laban Movement Analysis Rudolph Labans Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (470 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Style is a specialized way of performing or moving which goes from unconscious tendencies to conscious ones (Author, year, p. 46). Style is also formed in subtlety -- not what one does by how so. However, Laban believed that true mastery of movement involves incorporating many styles, or at least transcending one's own style. Doing so enables dancers to develop stylistic innovations, which is what audiences gravitate to and ultimately respect.

The dancer and choreographer also believed that synthesizing these various elements of movement -- effort and style -- allowed performers to access different parts of life to fully inform their performances. Thus, performers draw on a wide range of emotions and experiences when mastering the art of movement -- including those which resonate from their audience. Through all of these various inputs, Laban believed that it was the dancers charge to provide performances that were innately unique. To not do so was to merely mimic some past movement, and not fully utilize the elements of style, effort, and all of the totality of human experiences from which truly great artists cull.

Therefore, Laban posited that a true synthesis of the elements involves dancers manipulating elements of flow, time, space, weight, as well as human emotions and experiences. This process should ideally be a natural evolution that changes with each performance.



Recap of Class Work Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (564 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Alsace -- being a mix of the German and French culture and influenced by Switzerland, its neighbor, Alsace offers multilingual education. Oenology, cross-cultural studies and archeology are just a few of the interesting areas of study there.

Picardy sau Auvergne -- nu stiu ce sa spun in afara de ce am spus mai sus, din pacate, nu gasesc nimic deosebit….:(

4-Video clips

Having looked at the video clips from three different regions (Southern France, Loire, and Champagne), give examples of the types of field study a student could do in at least two of the regions.

The Loire Valley and Champagne provide a wide range of attractions and one is likely to come across a great deal of impressive concepts in these two regions. Ranging from the typical French villages to the imposing chateaux de la Loire, the Loire Valley is certainly superb. Champagne is similarly impressive and the Champagne wine and areas like Reims with its beautiful cathedral.

5-Which region would you like to present? Which region attracts you and why? What would you offer to students as an educational opportunity in your region? Remember, you are not offering them college opportunities, but something they could learn about by being in your region.

Give examples and details to support your ideas.

I would like to present Normandy on account of its history and its attractions. This is a region that is impressive not only because of its beauty, as it is also important when considering the series of important events that happened there throughout time. I would encourage students to look into the architecture, the castles, and the historic locations in the region.… [read more]

NYC Architecture the Empire State Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (592 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


How much? The tickets are not cheap! $50 for a ride to the top.

Needless to say, the skyscraper's impact on the street is exciting. For tourists it is a must see. With its unique facade and distinctive design, it catches the eye from afar and lures the traveler to it. All foot traffic seems to be going in its direction, as though everyone on the street were captivated by its presence.

The ticket salesmen are there on the street corners to take advantage of the building's allure.

There are persons below walking around wearing shirts and hats that announce their love for NYC -- a love, one must believe, that is partly established thanks to structures like this one. The skyscraper stands like a lord over all those new to the city. To all those who have lived there and never visited it, it stands like a forbidden mystery. But as one draws nearer to it, one can feel an electricity, a humming activity that seems to emanate from within the building. Workers, businessmen, taxi drivers, commuters, pedestrians, police men, all seem happy just to be in the vicinity of this grand skyscraper and its awesome power.

In conclusion, the Empire State Building brings Midtown to life in a way that other buildings nearby cannot do. It excites the imagination with its inviting promise of a spectacular view from the observation deck. It gives the viewer a feeling of familiarity -- one knows its distinct and iconic facade even if one has never visited the city. And it serves as a kind of centerpiece for travelers -- a landmark in the heart of Manhattan, like a sun in a galaxy: a beacon of light transforming everything around it with warmth and a…… [read more]

City Lore and the Municipal Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (537 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


The Planetarium has been used in a series of cases with the purpose of providing the U.S. with important information it needed. For example, it represented an important tool for teaching individuals how to navigate and pilot during the Second World War. Technology has brought much change to the Planetarium, as it has now reached a particularly technologically advanced level. "In 2000, Schliemann and Polshek were able to realize the 87-foot-diameter spherical Planetarium, which appears to float in a 95-foot high glass box, and the encircling ramp that is constantly changing in height and radius, because CAD gave them a major advantage over Boullee and Schinkel. Frederick Phineas Rose, the Rose Center's patron, received an engineering degree from Yale in 1944, so he had a special appreciation for their accomplishment." (Hayden Planetarium)

Many argue with regard to how the Planetarium is the most advanced pieced of astronomic technology in the world. Some even relate to it as being a 'cosmic cathedral', thus serving to provide information concerning the theatrical aspect of putting across information. The Hayden Planetarium practically provides information while also making people feel entertained and this makes it possible for them to accumulate the respective information more effectively.

The Hayden Planetarium is more than a planetarium, taking into account that its history, the technology it contains, and the fact that individuals working there are dedicated to present information in an entertaining way all come together in providing visitors with an unique experience.

Works cited:

"Hayden Planetarium," Retrieved October…… [read more]

Metaphors, Similes, Analogies Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (376 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Art, often described by many as 'a pillar of the community,' was arrested last Friday night after police caught him driving like a bat out of hell down Elm Street. This was undoubtedly the darkest day of Art's life. Handcuffed and badly shaken, he was taken to the local cooler where he was left like so much flotsam until his old lady, Brandy, posted bond in the wee hours of the following morning. It is speculated that the reason Brandy took her sweet time in dragging her can to the cooler, is that Art had been up to his armpits with an enormous assortment of gold-digging girlfriends. Looking sheepish as he was released from a jail of metal bars and taken into the custody of his marital warden, the arrest undoubtedly clipped his wings, at least for the time being.

It is through the use of familiar symbols that metaphors, similes and analogies can be used to not only paint a very clear picture, but to create a unique writing style.… [read more]

Particularly What You Have Done Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (689 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


A really enjoy drawing each other in class. We see each other in class as both artist and subject and this makes for very interesting perceptions. One thing I have learned in class is that seeing and perception can be very different from each other. Perception really involves a direct experience with who or what we are seeing.

I think that's one of the other reasons why I like charcoal as a mode of expression. Although using color can be a vibrant addition to expressing what you see, I feel that charcoal and pencil in some cases can concentrate on the features of your subject. It can be a medium that allows you to blend imagination and form and expression with a passion that does not elicit itself in paint.

Drawing really allows us to translate what we see by constructing an image that goes beyond what would be captured by a camera. The great part about drawing each other in class is that we also have a sense of who is behind the face and the form that we draw. This takes on a very different persona than drawing famous people that we don't really know. Although that provides a different form of expression, it is less internalized than drawing from real life.

There is no one thing I can pinpoint as not particularly liking. Perhaps working in just the medium I like best but than I would not be exposed to other possibilities and forms of expression. For the most part, class has been a good experience and has provided me with an opportunity to test my skills, determine my style and express myself through lines and form.

For me, drawing is a manifestation of several things -- my inner self, my sense of what art is, what I see through the naked eye and my subject. It is a complimentary blend of all these factors that contribute to the eventual drawing that I complete. It is the opportunity to make something…… [read more]

Desire Is to Continue Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (688 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


No artist can simply give up when something goes wrong, or they will never be able to create anything worthwhile at all. I learn from my mistakes instead of allowing them to get the best of me.

Through the ability to create something out of ceramic, I am able to express things that I cannot express in mere words. There are some things in life that speak to the heart rather than to the mind, and for me ceramics is a way to show those things that are directed at emotions and feelings, rather than logic and intellect. That does not mean that people who enjoy ceramics are not intelligent, it only means that there are other ways to express feelings than by a specific choice of words. Sometimes, feelings are so deep that words simply cannot get across what the meaning should be. Art work is another way of expressing the feelings that words just can't get at.

The main reason that I hope to be accepted into graduate school to study Fine Art is not for the professional and social connections it will provide me, although those are significant and important. Mostly, this graduate degree is for me. It is not something to show the world; it is something to show myself, and to remind me to believe it myself and my abilities when I question them.

With this degree, I will have more confidence in the fact that not only do I have the knowledge and skills to create the kinds of work that I wish to create, but that I have been given this knowledge and taught the skills by some of the best individuals who are qualified to do so. With this footing beneath me, I will have stronger belief in my own abilities, and I will also have the opportunity for others who desire to work with ceramics as much as I do to examine my work and pass critical judgment on it, so that I may continue…… [read more]

Keats John Keats' Poem Ode Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (705 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


The image on the proverbial urn, can never age, nor can his or her lyre ever go out of tune, or pipe ever get weary. For that matter the passage of time can never turn the spring to fall and therefore the image and the imagined music can be forever in their apex.

Keats ideal of beauty is probably the most profound of the thematic messages within the work. His message seems to be that the figures on the Urn are the ideal of beauty but are vague enough that the viewer can behold the beauty as he or she sees fit to meet his or her own ideal. Therefore the work will always encompass beauty. "When old age shall this generation waste, Though shalt remain, in midst of other woe / Than ours, a friend to man, to whom thou say'st, / "Beauty is truth, truth beauty, -- that is all / ye know on earth, and all ye need to know." (lns 46-50)

Keating, in this work an intense sense of the positive aspects of art, and especially ancient art, that art that cannot be explained or interpreted by any living soul. Furthermore the messages of the work are as enduring as the Urn itself, though only from memory Keats' demonstrates the ideal of the Grecian Urn as well as the ideal of human love and beauty. The silence of the works demonstrate an image of that which cannot be corrupted, the messages are so ancient that the beautiful pastoral locations are unknown and the peoples feats can only be idealized. The reader leaves with an sense of enduring hope that ideal beauty is in the eye of the beholder and even though real beauty, love and silence are corrupted on this corporeal earth their images in ancient history can always remain ideal.

RPO John Keats "Ode to a Grecian Urn" 2003, Retrieved July, 20, 2004 at http://eir.library.utoronto.ca/rpo/display/poem1129.html.… [read more]

Baroque? Thoenes, Christof. St Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibliography  |  2 pages (594 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


"What is Baroque?" 7-21.

This source attempts to disseminate through all of the confusion regarding the term baroque and to restore order and clarity to its many multi-faceted definitions. The author begins by providing a basic etymology of the term based on its syllables, vowel structures and syllogisms. From there, the term was explicitly used to denote a type of architecture and decoration for that architecture that was somewhat wild and devoid of practical value during the 1700's. This source indicates the fact that as time continued to go by, the expansion of the definition of this term came to include not only architecture but also visual art, as well as non-visual art as well.

The author devotes the majority of this article to explicating the term baroque as related to visual art and to architecture. He emphasizes the fact that when applied to these two realms, the baroque movement was actually a reactionary one to the Renaissance movement which preceded it. Although virtually all periods of art incorporate some aspect of rebellion from the periods which came before them, this fact was especially true of the baroque period and of the architecture and art that was known as mannerism -- which was linked to the Renaissance as well.

Thus, the author provides examples of several artists and their works that were typical of the Renaissance, of mannerism, and of the Baroque period. He denotes specific aspects of their work -- their reliance on dearth of reliance on spatial realty, for instance -- that typifies each of these periods. He also indicates that the fragmentation of Baroque not only extended through different genres of art and time periods, but also through different factions in Europe (such as the term as applied to Italian works vs. other…… [read more]

Film the Double Life Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (989 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


At one point, it takes indecent exposure to simply ground her enough to stand up and walk again after a musical practice.

In France, Veronique is Weronika's opposite, in that her addiction is to the earth. When she is a young girl, her mother shows her a leaf, examining its details. In contrast to the distant stars and the spiritual, the leaf represents all that is earthly, which can be seen, touched, and described in full detail. This is Veronique's world. She is fully grounded within the earthly realm and matters of the flash.

As one of the symbols of this, sex is used to show adult Veronique in her earthly realm. Significantly, the first scene with Veronique as an adult is while she is having casual sex. It is, however, significant that this encounter is happening at the time of Weronika's death. Feeling this, Veronique becomes overwhelmed with unaccountable sadness and grieves in the middle of her sexual process.

Throughout Veronique's life, she has been free to pursue life in the earthly realm because Weronika provided balance by living almost exclusively in the spirit world. Hence, both women are free to pursue what makes them happiest, because the other provides balance. Weronika's death removes this balance from Veronique, however. This creates a drive in Veronique to search for balance elsewhere. She finds this in the form of Alexandre, the marionette artist.

Alexandre's art represents balance; while it is art, it has a continual earthly component. The art of the marionette does not exist for itself, it needs continuous human involvement to maintain its energy. Hence, for Veronique, this provides the perfect balance between the spiritual beauty provided by art and the grounded nature that the human element provides.

As such, Alexandre's lovemaking is what brings Veronique back to earth when her grief for Weronika threatens to overwhelm her. Her love for the earthy Alexandre and making love to him brings her grief back into control. In this sense, the puppeteer represents balance between Veronique's grief for the loss of her spirit component and her ability to carry on living in the physical world.

This is culminated in the final scene, where Veronique touches a tree as the representative of embodiment. The tree could also be said to symbolize maturity, whereas the leaf her mother showed her represents infancy and the start of her life as a person grounded within the earth.

In conclusion, the themes of the spiritual in balance with the physical are represented in the cinematography as well. The ethereal beauty of the rich gold and green colors Keislowski uses is balanced with the earthly scenes represented in the many natural symbols, including trees, leaves, and buildings. It is a film that provides its audience with a sense of both the spiritual and physical, where a lack of balance can lead to death.


The Double Life of Veronique. Directed by Krzysztof Keislowski… [read more]

Narcissm Rosalind Krauss Mused on the Aesthetics Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (631 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1



Rosalind Krauss mused on the aesthetics of narcissism, especially as narcissistic values, motifs, and techniques permeated modern art. Written long before new media, "The Aesthetics of Narcissism" could be updated with ample reference to music, street art, and new media. New media is especially ripe with examples of how notions of "mediums," of "self-encapsulation," and mirroring make their ways into new constructive and deconstructive forms. The functions of narcissism in art remain similar to those evident in the 1970s, but the forms self-obsession have taken expand also to include that which passes for journalism. Blogging is, after all, a narcissistic enterprise in which speaker and audience fuse in the same way that Krauss describes the fusion of artist and medium or artist and subject. With new media, bloggers and others in control of their self-expression interject their emotions, thoughts, and opinions into public discourse as if their feelings matter or bear relevance. The implication is of absolute social mirroring: the Other is reflected in the Self and vice-versa.

Nowhere perhaps is the aesthetic of narcissism more evident than with social media. Krauss might have written an entire book on the subject of social media, given the preponderance of examples of how social media belies its very title. The media is genuinely social, and yet it is also morbidly self-referential. The viewer is the exhibitionist, and the exhibitionist is the voyeur. Connecting with others motivates one to reconsider self-image and self-presentation. For artists, this may mean manipulating one's art to meet market needs or to appeal to local, political, or prevailing trends. Musicians likewise present their audible consumables in narcissistic packages, their band photographs self-referential rather than engaging the viewer. Gone are the attitudes and freedom of the 1970s, during which Krauss wrote. Current hipster norms and aesthetics guide a more loathsome brand of narcissism in which preening and grooming are more masturbatory than they…… [read more]

Actor as a Scenographic Instrument Focusing Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,847 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … actor as a scenographic instrument focusing on the work of Robert Wilson

The concept of the actor as a scenographic instrument is often associated with the new perceptions and expressionism that stems out of the modern and contemporary theatre, probably because it represents such an antithetical approach to the naturalistic perspective of 19th century theatre.

In this context,… [read more]

Political Cartoon Analysis Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (321 words)
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Political Cartoon

The claim of the cartoon is that the stimulus package may not be working fast enough or, if it is, that Americans must be patient. Supports offered for the claim are few in the cartoon. The main support offered is that the economic meltdown is potentially as deadly as jumping from an airplane without a parachute. At the same time, the artist sketches several different parachutes, one for each letter of the word "stimulus." By showing a number of different parachutes, the artist infers that the stimulus plan is multifaceted and involves different economic sectors. To cry "Faster!" To the parachutes is unnecessary as some have already inflated and others will eject in their own time. The warrant of the political cartoon is that Americans are extremely worried about the economic crisis but are too impatient to wait for the results of the stimulus plan. Also, the artist assumes that the stimulus package is already working because the…… [read more]

Professional Design Practice in the Chapter Thesis

Thesis  |  1 pages (329 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Professional Design Practice

In the Chapter, Paul J. Nini emphasizes the importance of various research processes in graphic design work. He compares this research process with the practical example of an axe being sharpened for cutting a tree. The woodcutter would ensure that the tools of his trade are in optimal condition in order to perform his work in the most adequate manner. To do the same for graphic design, Nini suggests three different research paradigms that can be applied to the graphic design process to different degrees. These include survey research, behavioral research, and participatory research. All these focal points of research include the audience, who is the ultimate recipient of the graphic design product. Specifically, research is what connects the self-expression of the designer with the requirements and expectations of the audience. This interaction between professional and recipient is what determines the ultimate success of the project, as Nini demonstrates by using examples of specific designs and audiences.

2. I…… [read more]

Literary Comparison of the Da Vinci Code and the Conspiracy Theory Movie Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (889 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Conspiracy films generally succeed in captivating audiences and in having people actively engaged in trying to determine the bodies behind elaborate schemes meant to harm society as a whole. Ron Howard's the Da Vinci Code and Richard Donner's Conspiracy Theory both attempt to provide viewers with intricate scripts that they have to untangle on their own before they eventually come to gain a more complex understanding of the conspiracies as the motion pictures end. The two motion pictures focus on constantly tricking viewers in thinking that particular characters are not exactly what they seem to be. While some might be inclined to say that the Da Vinci Code is less intriguing because of the false religious messages it appears to send, one can still appreciate its storyline as long as he or she refrains from being influenced by religious concepts while trying to understand it.

Peter Langdon is the central character in the Da Vinci Code and his expertise as a symbologist and his curious yet courageous nature makes it possible for viewers to appreciate his general character. Similarly, even with the fact that many viewers are probable to consider that Jerry Fletcher in Conspiracy Theory is mentally deranged in the beginning of the film, most are likely to express particular interest in this character as the storyline progresses and as he manages to captivate people through his absorbing personality. The two main characters seem to be unlikely heroes and this is what makes them attractive, considering that numerous viewers can identify with them and can start to think that even teachers and taxi drivers can save the world if they are determined (or forced, at times) to do so.

While both conspiracies are controlled by antagonists who are willing to do everything in their power in order to put down anyone who suspects them, it is difficult to determine the degree to which these plans affect society as a whole. Religious individuals are probable to regard Langdon as the ultimate superhero because he is in charge of protecting a person that descends directly from Jesus. This means that the conspiracy in the Da Vinci Code is considerable and that the powers behind it are far stronger than anyone might suspect. The ultimate aim of the conspiracy in Donner's film deals with the U.S. President and with how he is going to be the victim of an anonymous group of specially-trained individuals. These people are apparently concerned about achieving their goals through removing influential persons who act in disagreement with the group's agenda.

In contrast to Jerry, Langdon is from the first few moments a sober individual who appears to be capable to bring…… [read more]

Road Construction in the US Equipment and Materials Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,390 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Equipment and Materials: Road Construction in the U.S.

Road Construction in the U.S.: Equipment and Materials

Roads have been in existence ever since man began to see the need for transportation. Traditionally, however, most roads were made out of dirt, and were easily damaged by strong rains. Today, the roads are much wider, solid and stronger. This text examines the various equipment, materials, and procedures used in the construction of modern-day roads in the U.S.

Road Construction in the U.S.

Roads have been in existence since time immemorial. However, changing modes of transport have prompted changes in the modalities of road construction over the centuries. Before the 1920s, roads in the United States were largely built from dirt -- the process of road construction involved pressing the dirt on the surface evenly and removing the rocks and vegetation in between. However, such roads were difficult to maintain as they were easily damaged by strong rains and heavy vehicles (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). The roads had to undergo huge changes to become more solid and better able to support the modern-day buses and trucks. Road construction today differs from that of the olden days in the materials and equipment used, as well as in the overall procedure of construction.

Materials used in Road Construction

The materials used in construction differ based on the type of road being constructed. Concrete roads are made out of concrete, which is produced by mixing Portland, cement, rock, sand and water (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). These roads are often very strong, and are usually constructed in busy commercial places and areas of high traffic (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). Asphalt roads are also very popular, and are built by mixing tar seal and gravel (Gartner, 1989). The two components are first mixed by hand and the mixture laid down on the surface. Later on, the uneven surfaces are pressed to smoothen the road surface, and the road is then left to dry (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). Asphalt roads are not as strong as concrete roads, although they are still very common in urban commercial areas, main streets of cities, and busy roads (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). They are ideal for motorways, although concern has been raised that they could cause vehicles to lose grip during the rainy season (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). The last common type of road in the U.S. is the chip seal road, which is constructed using gravel and tar (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). A layer of tar is poured on the surface, and fine gravel is then pressed on to it using a steam roller (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). The excess of gravel is brushed aside so that it does not cause obstructions. Chip seal roads are less strong than asphalt and concrete roads, and are usually built on less busy streets such as residential streets (InnovateUs Inc., 2013).

Based on the type of road, therefore, the road construction process involves a series of steps that include (Nova Scotia Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal, n.d.):

i) Clearing of shrubs and trees

ii)… [read more]