Study "Art / Painting / Sculpture" Essays 991-996

X Filters 

1809, by Adolf Loos Term Paper

… His work is influenced by a number of other German thinkers as well. Adorno acknowledged the emancipatory potential of art through his aesthetic theory. According to this theory art offers a vision of a different world. However, it is pointed out that only the sovereign art can offer this opposition. The essay 'Functionalism Today' is Adorno's debate on the issue of architecture and reveals the inconsistency in Adolf Loo's treatment of functionalism. He argues that the purposive and purpose-free arts are logically related and cannot be treated as entirely separate. Even the purpose free art has some social purpose hidden in it which is not materialistically apparent.

…..'The absolute rejection of style', Adorno concludes famously, 'becomes itself a form of style.'

While commenting on functionalism, Loos argues that ornament cannot be regarded as a depraved product of erotic symbolism. However, Adorno comments that even the functional may attract the symbolic. In his article Adorno expresses doubt on the assumption made by Loos that while an artwork need not appeal to anyone, a house is responsible to each and everyone. He expressed discontent on the German style of reconstruction. Adorno thinks that the nature of artworks requires the essential and necessary elements to be present in them and to question the presence of unessential elements. However, the judgment of right and wrong is now to be made by itself on the basis of forthcoming logic regardless of whether it was motivated by some external logic. He further argues that in any given product, freedom from purpose and purposefulness can never be absolutely separated from one another. The two notions are historically interconnected. According to him the ornaments, after all, which Loos expulsed with an enthusiasm quite out of character, are often actually leftovers of outmoded means of production. On the other hand, Loos argues that and the philosophy in the early period of functionalism, purposeful and aesthetically autonomous products were separated from one another by absolute fact. This separation, which is in fact the object of our reflection, arose from the contemporary polemic against the applied arts and crafts. He further comments that the practical reorientation of purpose-free art would eventually subordinate it to the destructive autocracy of profit, which even arts and crafts, at least in their beginnings, had…… [read more]


Road Construction in the US Equipment and Materials Research Paper

… Equipment and Materials: Road Construction in the U.S.

Road Construction in the U.S.: Equipment and Materials

Roads have been in existence ever since man began to see the need for transportation. Traditionally, however, most roads were made out of dirt, and were easily damaged by strong rains. Today, the roads are much wider, solid and stronger. This text examines the various equipment, materials, and procedures used in the construction of modern-day roads in the U.S.

Road Construction in the U.S.

Roads have been in existence since time immemorial. However, changing modes of transport have prompted changes in the modalities of road construction over the centuries. Before the 1920s, roads in the United States were largely built from dirt -- the process of road construction involved pressing the dirt on the surface evenly and removing the rocks and vegetation in between. However, such roads were difficult to maintain as they were easily damaged by strong rains and heavy vehicles (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). The roads had to undergo huge changes to become more solid and better able to support the modern-day buses and trucks. Road construction today differs from that of the olden days in the materials and equipment used, as well as in the overall procedure of construction.

Materials used in Road Construction

The materials used in construction differ based on the type of road being constructed. Concrete roads are made out of concrete, which is produced by mixing Portland, cement, rock, sand and water (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). These roads are often very strong, and are usually constructed in busy commercial places and areas of high traffic (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). Asphalt roads are also very popular, and are built by mixing tar seal and gravel (Gartner, 1989). The two components are first mixed by hand and the mixture laid down on the surface. Later on, the uneven surfaces are pressed to smoothen the road surface, and the road is then left to dry (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). Asphalt roads are not as strong as concrete roads, although they are still very common in urban commercial areas, main streets of cities, and busy roads (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). They are ideal for motorways, although concern has been raised that they could cause vehicles to lose grip during the rainy season (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). The last common type of road in the U.S. is the chip seal road, which is constructed using gravel and tar (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). A layer of tar is poured on the surface, and fine gravel is then pressed on to it using a steam roller (InnovateUs Inc., 2013). The excess of gravel is brushed aside so that it does not cause obstructions. Chip seal roads are less strong than asphalt and concrete roads, and are usually built on less busy streets such as residential streets (InnovateUs Inc., 2013).

Based on the type of road, therefore, the road construction process involves a series of steps that include (Nova Scotia Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal, n.d.):

i) Clearing of shrubs and trees

ii)… [read more]


Literary Comparison of the Da Vinci Code and the Conspiracy Theory Movie Essay

… Conspiracy films generally succeed in captivating audiences and in having people actively engaged in trying to determine the bodies behind elaborate schemes meant to harm society as a whole. Ron Howard's the Da Vinci Code and Richard Donner's Conspiracy Theory both attempt to provide viewers with intricate scripts that they have to untangle on their own before they eventually come to gain a more complex understanding of the conspiracies as the motion pictures end. The two motion pictures focus on constantly tricking viewers in thinking that particular characters are not exactly what they seem to be. While some might be inclined to say that the Da Vinci Code is less intriguing because of the false religious messages it appears to send, one can still appreciate its storyline as long as he or she refrains from being influenced by religious concepts while trying to understand it.

Peter Langdon is the central character in the Da Vinci Code and his expertise as a symbologist and his curious yet courageous nature makes it possible for viewers to appreciate his general character. Similarly, even with the fact that many viewers are probable to consider that Jerry Fletcher in Conspiracy Theory is mentally deranged in the beginning of the film, most are likely to express particular interest in this character as the storyline progresses and as he manages to captivate people through his absorbing personality. The two main characters seem to be unlikely heroes and this is what makes them attractive, considering that numerous viewers can identify with them and can start to think that even teachers and taxi drivers can save the world if they are determined (or forced, at times) to do so.

While both conspiracies are controlled by antagonists who are willing to do everything in their power in order to put down anyone who suspects them, it is difficult to determine the degree to which these plans affect society as a whole. Religious individuals are probable to regard Langdon as the ultimate superhero because he is in charge of protecting a person that descends directly from Jesus. This means that the conspiracy in the Da Vinci Code is considerable and that the powers behind it are far stronger than anyone might suspect. The ultimate aim of the conspiracy in Donner's film deals with the U.S. President and with how he is going to be the victim of an anonymous group of specially-trained individuals. These people are apparently concerned about achieving their goals through removing influential persons who act in disagreement with the group's agenda.

In contrast to Jerry, Langdon is from the first few moments a sober individual who appears to be capable to bring…… [read more]


Actor as a Scenographic Instrument Focusing Essay

… ¶ … actor as a scenographic instrument focusing on the work of Robert Wilson

The concept of the actor as a scenographic instrument is often associated with the new perceptions and expressionism that stems out of the modern and contemporary… [read more]


Political Cartoon Analysis Essay

… Political Cartoon

The claim of the cartoon is that the stimulus package may not be working fast enough or, if it is, that Americans must be patient. Supports offered for the claim are few in the cartoon. The main support offered is that the economic meltdown is potentially as deadly as jumping from an airplane without a parachute. At the same time, the artist sketches several different parachutes, one for each letter of the word "stimulus." By showing a number of different parachutes, the artist infers that the stimulus plan is multifaceted and involves different economic sectors. To cry "Faster!" To the parachutes is unnecessary as some have already inflated and others will eject in their own time. The warrant of the political cartoon is that Americans are extremely worried about the economic crisis but are too impatient to wait for the results of the stimulus plan. Also, the artist assumes that the stimulus package is already working because the…… [read more]


Professional Design Practice in the Chapter Thesis

… ¶ … Professional Design Practice

In the Chapter, Paul J. Nini emphasizes the importance of various research processes in graphic design work. He compares this research process with the practical example of an axe being sharpened for cutting a tree. The woodcutter would ensure that the tools of his trade are in optimal condition in order to perform his work in the most adequate manner. To do the same for graphic design, Nini suggests three different research paradigms that can be applied to the graphic design process to different degrees. These include survey research, behavioral research, and participatory research. All these focal points of research include the audience, who is the ultimate recipient of the graphic design product. Specifically, research is what connects the self-expression of the designer with the requirements and expectations of the audience. This interaction between professional and recipient is what determines the ultimate success of the project, as Nini demonstrates by using examples of specific designs and audiences.

2. I…… [read more]

NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.