Study "Biology / Life" Essays 166-193

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Microscopy Atomic Force Term Paper

… Atomic force microscope operates at very close range and without a lens. There are several different types of atomic force microscope, and they all operate by measuring a local property, whether height, optical absorption, or magnetism, using a probe placed… [read more]

Conflict Is Resolved With Brian Term Paper

… 10) The mood depends on the theme or sub-theme the author describes. In order to tell Brian's experience in the wilderness, the writer uses a casual storytelling style to create an adventure mood. In some occasions, of course, we tend to be distorted by dramatic events that occur, like the plane crashing or the tornado destroying Brian's shelter. On the other hand, for the sub-theme, the mood needs to express and describe Brian's anger towards what is happening in his family.

11) The main theme and central idea of this book is the way individuals learn to survive in untamed and improper environments. On the other hand, this is only the surface idea. We need to expand on this and discover, for example, that an intrinsic theme of the book refers to courage. Certainly, the author finds one of the situations in which courage manifests itself, but this can generically refer to all situations where human kind, with courage, fought to overcome difficult situations. In fact, it is all about the challenges individuals face in life and the way the find the means to overcome them. The idea of surviving in untamed land is only one of the paradigms used to portray this issue.

As a secondary theme, we need to mention the divorce of Brian's parents and his mother's secret.

12) " ... As when he learned the most important rule of survival, which was that feeling sorry for yourself didn't work."

The main rule of survival is that you have to fight with all problems that may appear. This is applied in "The Hatchet" when referring to nature, but also in real life,…… [read more]

Papyri Awakening Osiris: The Egyptian Term Paper

… When one compares it to more technical translations, such as those of Budge, there are some obvious differences which in the former translation served to obscure the actual mystical meanings of the text. Taking the book of "Becoming the Heron"… [read more]

King Lear by Shakespeare Term Paper

… Furthermore human nature is accurately demonstrated by Burgundy not wanting to accept Cordelia without her inheritance. The King of France however is exemplary of the ability to love another human being as truly as Cordelia was able to love her father.

In Tate's play one is also left with a feeling that the characters fall somewhat short of being fully developed. King Lear's journey through madness for example is demonstrated by means of the other characters in his life. The fact that Goneril and Regan abuse his kindness is for him a particularly heavy burden to bear. Added to this is Cordelia's death in the end. All these elements then serve as a unit to transport the audience to the end of the play. This is not so in Tate's play. While he includes basically all of the tragic events, he omits enough of them to destroy the unity in the play. Some events are terribly traumatic, such as Cordelia's rejection and the King's suffering. The restoration at the end however appears to negate all the suffering, whereas Shakespeare's ending validates it. Shakespeare's ending is therefore somewhat more satisfying to the audience.

In Tate's play however the restoration to the throne does not appear as striking. While it appealed particularly to the audiences of the time, Shakespeare's version in the end proved itself against the test of time. Indeed, current audiences are beginning to rediscover the depth of the characters and the plot of his work, and to appreciate these more fully.

It is interesting how time-dependent a particular work of art could be. Audiences tend to gravitate towards what most speaks to their particular concerns during a particular time. This is certainly true of Tate's play. He catered to the tastes of his audience, while keeping the basic elements of the King Lear story intact. This was however not enough to last for more than a century. Shakespeare's version is much more timeless, in that it speaks of the tragedy of human living.

Tragedy thus is much more striking than comedy. King Lear is basically a tragic story. All the events in Shakespeare's play form a unit to strengthen and validate the tragedy, while Tate's story negates it. This I believe is the main reason why Tate's story was not strong enough to endure as long as Shakespeare's version has. Furthermore, the suffering in Shakespeare's work makes it easier for audiences to relate to the events and characters, since life itself entails more suffering than happy endings. Therefore, while Tate's play appealed to the tastes of a specific audience, Shakespeare's has a much wider following.


Casey, Francis. King Lear by William Shakespeare. Johannesburg: Macmillan, 1986.

Grothe, Joel. "William Shakespeare's King Lear in the 1770's." 2004.

Kermode, Frank (ed.). King Lear: A Casebook. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1992.

Ryan, Michael. Literary theory: a practical introduction: readings of William Shakespeare, King Lear, Henry James, "The Aspern papers," Elizabeth Bishop, The complete poems 1927-1979, Toni Morrison, The bluest eye. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell… [read more]

Forest People Term Paper

… ¶ … Forest People" by Colin Turnbull

The Anthropological Experience in mid-20th century: Personal narrative and ethnographic discussion in "The Forest People" by Colin Turnbull

In the book, "The Forest People," author Colin Turnbull presents his own narrative and ethnographic… [read more]

Jordan Crystal as Bernard Shaw Essay

… There is disease, hunger, poverty, inequality. There are good people who are continually treated poorly, and horrible people who always seem to get the best of things. Each one of us can only do so much. On our own, we cannot solve life's smaller inequities, let alone the larger ones. However, we can be a resource and add our strength, skills and fortitude to the resources of others.

A few years ago, a movie came out called "Pay It Forward." It is based on the book of the same name, as well as an organization. Trevor, the 12-year-old hero of "Pay It Forward," thinks of quite an idea that many people call idealistic or utopian. He describes it to his mother and teacher this way: "You see, I do something real good for three people. And then when they ask how they can pay it back, I say they have to Pay It Forward. To three more people. Each. So nine people get helped. Then those people have to do twenty-seven." He turned on the calculator, punched in a few numbers. "Then it sort of spreads out, see. To eighty-one. Then two hundred forty-three. Then seven hundred twenty-nine. Then two thousand, one hundred eighty-seven. See how big it gets?" It is a simple concept with a huge reward -- the multiplicity of caring for others.

Nowhere in this essay am I saying that a person should be selfless and self-sacrificing. Nowhere do I say that we have to try to be perfect. Neither of these are realities. The ironic thing is that as we do things for others, as we try to be the best we can be, we become more pleased with life, more self-satisfied and content. By doing for others, we are actually doing for ourselves.

It is human to think of this world in negative terms. Obviously, we are not without problems: drugs, eating disorders, stereotypes and violence. But what can be done about this without action? Can the world as we know it even begin to improve if we only watch it passively, complaining all the while?

We do not have to promise to do big things. We can make a promise to give someone a smile each day. Or, to help someone in a small way every day. Or, make someone feel better about themselves and the world around them.

As Bernard Shaw states above about purpose: How do we want to go through life? Do we want to recognize ourselves as the mighty one? Do we want to leave this world exhausted because we strove to make it better? Or, do we want to leave with no mark made. To be just one of the many who came and went. Lived and died? I surely am not here to be a selfish, sniveling piece of little clod of ailments and grievances complaining that the world will not devote itself to making me happy. What a horrible way to live.… [read more]

Rappaccini's Daughter -- Science Term Paper

… At this meeting of student and mentor, we learn that Rappaccini "has as much science as any member of the faculty" at the university; however, Baglioni relates that he has "certain grave objections to (Rappaccini's) professional character" which shows that the professor knows a few things about Rappaccini's botanical experiments. Baglioni then tells Giovanni that Rappaccini's patients "are interesting to him only as subjects for some new experiment," one subject being Beatrice. Baglioni also tells Giovanni that Rappaccini is said to "have produced new varieties of poison, more horribly deleterious than Nature. . . " Thus, Rappaccini is truly a "mad scientist" who uses science as a means to control and manipulate Beatrice.

When Giovanni returns to his apartment, he looks out the window and sees Beatrice in the mysterious garden. Her attention is riveted to the strange "purple gems" and soon begins to inhale "their various perfumes as if she were one of those beings of old classic fable that lived upon sweet odors." Beatrice then "threw open her arms. . . And drew its branches into an intimate embrace" and says to herself, "Give me thy breath, sister." At this point, a small lizard appears among the flowers and several drops of moisture fall on its head which instantly causes it to "lay motionless in the sunshine," meaning that the purple flowers have killed it. Thus, Beatrice is akin to a monster created by mad science that kills everything it touches. Mythologically, she is much like Medusa, the snake-haired woman whose gaze can turn a


person to stone. Her basic humanity itself has also been affected by science, for she is no longer a member of the human race but a strange creature created by botanical sorcery.

A little later, Giovanni encounters Baglioni on the street; soon after, he sees Dr. Rappaccini and Baglioni states ". . . this man of science is making a study of you. . . I will stake my life upon it, you are the subject of one of Rappaccini's experiments!" This statement places Giovanni in a very precarious situation, for Baglioni is absolutely right -- Giovanni will indeed end up as one of the doctor's strange experiments as a victim of Beatrice's poisonous nature. With this, Giovanni is now inseparable from science, for it has determined his fate and destiny.

Toward the conclusion of the story, Baglioni gives Giovanni a vial that is meant to be used as an antidote to the poisons Beatrice has consumed. And when she puts the antidote to her lips, Beatrice "shuddered very nervously and pressed her hand upon her heart." Just before Beatrice dies, she refers to Rappaccini's "fatal science" and tells Giovanni that her father has "united us in this fearful sympathy." Beatrice then looks at her father and asks him why he inflicted "this miserable doom upon thy child?" The answer is quite simple -- Rappaccini has used his daughter as the "guinea pig" for his experiments. In addition, Giovanni and Beatrice are… [read more]

Idealism Refers to the People Term Paper

… We have come to set greater store by material things, but we value them not because of their sensual characteristics but because they serve us to enhance life and to dominate the world completely. We do not aim at an… [read more]

Personal Identity Term Paper

… Memory Theory of Personal Identity

Locke's theory of personal identity entails the memory theory. According to Locke, the basic idea behind personality theory is that no two similar things can co-exist in the same spatial environment. In terms of personality then, each person has a spatio-temporal history, embedded in memory, that is unique within the environment that is occupied together with others.

Locke's view is closely intertwined with his views on religion. God is a being that exists unchanged and simultaneously in both spatial and temporal environments. Thus the memory theory of personal identity is not applicable to him, as he is infinite and unchanging. Finite beings on the other hand change and are changed by their environment. They are the sum of their unique experiences as they move through space and time to their end. As such then each finite being exists as distinct from other finite beings - hence the uniqueness of each. Each such being then occupies a space that is unique while coexisting with others of its sort.

Locke describes the identity of an individual human being as being rooted not in their rationality, nor by the presumed soul within each. Instead, this identity is to be defined as a living animal within a specific species, which has a number of particular defining characteristics.

Locke thus defines a human being in terms of function rather than underlying nature. The identity of a conscious person then is independent of the substance or substances composing the person at any time. Moral reasoning is somewhat simplified by this view, as morality is independent of personal identity. Thus moral accountability becomes a question not of personal identity, but another issue altogether.

The memory theory thus simplifies questions of morality, as memory is supposed to compose the personal identity, which should have no problem relying on its past to adhere to morals in the present and the future.

Bundle Theory

Hume, in contrast to Locke, saw personal identity as part of a greater whole, where all aspects of humanity are integrated with the personality itself. Personal identity, according to Hume is then a succession of perceptions, which changes and grows as the human being moves through life. Thus it is not a static set of characteristics, whereas Locke's theory presupposes a basic, unchanging set of attributes regardless of surface change and growth.

Hume refers to these changes as a succession of perceptions that change as human beings grow and develop. Thus, as physical growth occurs, so does perception. The personal identity is thus closely related to this succession of perceptions. According to this then the personality of the person as a child is not the same as that of the same person at twenty years of age or indeed in old age. In this way then the personal identity is variable, which contrasts with Locke's view of identity as static. According to Hume, the variables inherent in identity should also be seen in their relation to the whole in order to… [read more]

Nature Closer to the Ancient Term Paper

… It is because a body, in itself or inherently, possesses a certain mass, that it exerts a certain force in impact .... But now the energies belonging to material bodies ... explain the extension and mass .... So far from its being true that matter does what it does because first of all, independently of what it does, it is what it is, we are now taught that matter is what it is because it does what it does: or to be more precise, its being what it is the same thing as its doing what it does." (p. 148)

Interestingly, it is perhaps the insistence of the Renaissance view that nature was mechanical that led to the extensive study of matter and, thereby, the discovery that life is an evolutionary process. In fact, Collingwood endorses this hypothesis when he says, "The cycle of cosmological thought in the modern world, from Descartes and Newton to Whitehead, recapitulates the cycle running from Thales to Aristotle. But this recapitulation is not a mere repetition ...." (p. 170)

Thus, in the final analysis, the modern view of nature owes as much to the Greeks as it does to the Renaissance period. Indeed, it is interesting to note that in making this observation, the same analogy that modern science uses is in operation: "As Greek natural science was based on the analogy between the macrocosm nature and the microcosm man ... As Renaissance natural science was based on the analogy between nature as God's handiwork and the machines that are the handiwork of man ... The modern view of nature ... is based…… [read more]

American Landscape and Social Attitudes Term Paper

… Firstly, nature has been transformed in that it has been "deadened" from a life giving force to dead matter, from spirit to machine. Through the new sciences of physics, astronomy, and mathematics, the study of nature became the study of how nature was materially constituted." (Macnaghten et al.)

Secondly, nature is seen in the modern world as being secondary to the human. This is the opposite of the way that London and other '"naturalists" would have described nature. "The second transformation involved the construction of a state of nature thought of as prior to humanity, or at least prior to civilized society." (ibid)

The modern view of nature is a reflection of the way that society has changed. This view of nature is in fact a reflection of the way we see ourselves. It is also a view that is essentiality selfish and is leading to a neglect of the natural world.



Angus, Ian. "Free Nature." Alternatives Journal Summer 1997: 18+.

A" "American Literature." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2000.


Ekirch, Arthur A. Man and Nature in America. New York: Columbia University Press, 1963.


Elkind, David. "The Death of Child Nature: Education in the Postmodern World." Phi Delta Kappan 78.3 (1997): 241+. Questia. 28 June 2004


Howard, June. Form and History in American Literary Naturalism. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.


Huth, Hans. Nature and the American: Three Centuries of Changing Attitudes. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1957.


Leiss, William. The Domination of Nature. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994.


Macnaghten, Phil, et al. "Towards a Sociology of Nature." Sociology 29.2 (1995): 203+. Questia. 28 June 2004


Miller, John. Egotopia: Narcissism and the New American Landscape. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1997.


Minai, Asghar Talaye. Aesthetics, Mind, and Nature: A Communication Approach to the Unity of Matter and Consciousness. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1993.


Northumberland. "Inside and outside the ring: manhood, race, and art in American Literary Naturalism.," College Literature, January 1, 2002"

Murphy, Raymond. Social Action in Context. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997.


Noyes, C. Reindd. Economic Man in Relation to His Natural Environment. Vol. 1. New York: Columbia University Press, 1948.


Russell, Sharman Apt. Kill the Cowboy: A Battle of Mythology in the New West. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1993.… [read more]

Heidegger the Question of Technology Term Paper

… Thus, there exists an inherent inadequacy in science to form the basis of social order. Technology does not go away when we stop driving cars, and science does not cease to dictate our lives if we decide to become abstract… [read more]

Self-Reliance Explain at Least Essay

… In other words, in the rationalist conception of the human mind, all human beings have the cognitive structures to learn a geometric proof. If a teacher leads an ignorant person whom is mentally competent through the rational learning process, such a person can understand the mathematical proof. All individuals thus possess the capacity to learn, the ability to learn in a similar fashion, if all individuals only look within their mind's structures and exercise these abilities to their maximum capacities.

For Emerson, however, although he does not deny the cognitive capacity of human beings to apprehend certain structures with uniformity, he is more interested in the difference of individual human minds than of their similarities. True creative expression, as opposed to the learning of pre-existing truths, mathematical and religious, is where Emerson sees the potential for the fullest flowering of the human sprit, and the creation of human genius, within every human being.

Both philosophies of rationalism and transcendentalism, thus, are democratic in their ethos. According to the rationalist, as both king and commoner both have the same mental capacity, both can and should be equal in educational terms and access to opportunities to exercise the rational capacities that make them uniquely human. For Emerson, the American, all human beings possess some emotional responsiveness that is unique, but is best accessed not under tutelage, but in solitude and communion with nature, away from society and preexisting societal and educational norms. "Great works of art have no more affecting lesson for us than this. They teach us to abide by our spontaneous impression with good-humored inflexibility then most when the whole cry of voices is on the other side." (Emerson, 1841)

Works Cited

Emerson, Waldo Ralph. "Self-Reliance." 1841.

Tolstoy, Lev. The Death of Ivan Ilych. 1886. Translated by Louise and Aylmer Maude. Retrieved on May 8, 2004 at… [read more]

Mary Oliver's Seven White Butterflies Term Paper

… Seven White Butterflies delicate in a hurry look how they bang the pages of their wings as they fly to the fields of mustard yellow and orange and plain gold all eternity is in the moment this is what Blake and Whitman said such wisdom in the agitated motions of the mind seven dancers floating even as worms toward paradise see how they banter and riot and rise to the trees flutter lob their white bodies into the invisible wind weightless lacy willing to deliver themselves unto the universe now each settles down on a yellow thumb on a brassy stem now all seven are rapidly sipping from the golden towers who would have thought it could be so easy?

West Wind 2

Mary Oliver

You are young. So you know everything. You leap into the boat and begin rowing. But, listen to me.

Without fanfare, without embarrassment, without any doubt, I talk directly to your soul. Listen to me.

Lift the oars from the water, let your arms rest, and your heart, and heart's little intelligence, and listen to me. There is life without love. It is not worth a bent penny, or a scuffed shoe. It is not worth the body of a dead dog nine days unburied. When you hear, a mile away and still out of sight, the churn of the water as it begins to swirl and roil, fretting around the sharp rocks -- when you hear that unmistakable pounding -- when you feel the mist on your mouth and sense ahead the embattlement, the long falls plunging and steaming -- then…… [read more]

Oz and the Secret Garden Term Paper

… ..essentially supportive attitude, and in her knowledge of what children need to be healthy." (Almond, p. 118) That knowledge and the children's natural capacity for love and life finally result in Mary and Colin filling their life with love, fun, and laughter. As Colin observes, "Magic is in her just as it is in Dickon." (Burnett, p. 320)

The point Burnett makes is that there is magic in everyone, waiting to be tapped. The secret lies in discovery: "I shall find out thousands and thousands of things...everything that grows...never stop making Magic." (Burnett, p. 342) Thus, The Secret Garden seeks to imagine the finest life possible and an ideal social order. To child and adult, the book is a message about "Look, this is how the world ought to be. Try to make it like that when you are grown up. We haven't managed it, we older ones; perhaps you will." (Bloom, cited Inglis, p. 18)

Do The Wizard of Oz and The Secret Garden take the adult reader on a nostalgic journey back to a time when fantasy and magic seemed possible? Or do the works summon a wake-up call to the still living child in every adult? The answer to the preceding questions essentially lies in choosing between mute acceptance of current reality or, to quote Burnett, "coming alive," (359) and opting for a renewed hope of realizing many an unfulfilled dream.

Works Cited

Almond, B. "The Therapeutic Narrative: Fictional Relationships and the Process of Psychological Change." Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1996.

Attebery, B. "The Fantasy Tradition in American Literature: From Irving to Le Guin." Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1980.

Bloom, H. "Women Writers of Children's Literature." Philadelphia: Chelsea

House, 1998.

Baum, F.L. "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz." Chicago: Henry Regnery, rpt. Of original 1900 ed., 1956.

Burnett, F.H. "The Secret Garden." New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1938.

Cole, t. R. & Gadow, S.A. "What does it mean to grow old? Reflections from the Humanities." Durham, NC:…… [read more]

Role of Secondary (Hormone) Messengers Term Paper

… According to the Biology Pages web site, these secondary messenger molecules have specific functions that are significant in the process of cell communication. The first enumerated secondary messenger, cyclic nucleotides or cAMP, are generated through the following hormones: adrenaline, glucagon, and luteinizing hormone or LH. Cyclic AMPs (cAMPs) are essential for the production of adrenaline or energy for the activities of the cell. These cell activities include transmission of nerve signals, movement of the muscles, synthesis of protein, and cell division. Glucagons, on the other hand, utilize secondary messengers in order to transmit signals pertaining to essential cellular activities such as maintaining a normal blood-sugar level and production of glucose from amino acids. Lastly, cAMP serves as the catalyst for the secretion of hormones by the pituitary gland, which promotes human growth and controls the water balance of the body.

Inositol triphosphate or IP3, binds receptors on the endoplasmic reticulum, and upon activation, conducts activities such as the manufacturing, processing, and transportation of substances from the cells to other parts of the body, and vice versa. Furthermore, IP3s also makes possible the process of protein synthesis, and the process of storing fats that are later converted into chemical energy.

Lastly, Ca++ ions are generated by the activation of hormones that trigger human motion, such as muscle movements, release of neurotransmitters in the synapse, and production of the protein Kinase. The production of proteins is essential to cell communication, specifically cell metabolism, because proteins are the primary substances that secrete hormones. Hormones, in turn, serve as catalysts that trigger the cell to perform its tasks. In effect, proteins generate energy, food substance, and biochemical reactions within the cell, and into the human body.

All three secondary messenger molecules are essential to the conduct of cell communication. Without the interdependency of one secondary messenger with the other, the process of cell communication, and, eventually, metabolism, would not become possible, which causes impairment of the body's activities and functions.


Cellular Communication." (2002). CSS Web site. Available at

Metabolism." Microsoft Encarta Reference Library 2002.

Metabolism." (2003). Biology Pages Web site. Available at… [read more]

David - A Literary Perspective Term Paper

… He once again overcomes a hardship by doing Saul's bidding to receive Michol's hand in marriage. In this circumstance, the reader is able to feel a connection to David for all the righteousness and victories he has achieved in his life so far, despite his beginnings as a poor shepherd.

Through the course of demonstrating is prowess as a warrior, and eventually his reign as king of Israel, we are lead through a series of events that bring us to the climax of David's character development. We are now comfortable with him as a character and an 'extension' of our humanity. We are proud, as he is, of his life and accomplishments so far, but every silver lining has a cloud, and soon we see the bitter and sinful side of David.

With his growth as a person, he has also gained fame, wealth and above all, power.

The author now uses David against our moral judgment. He shows through David's actions what too much fame, wealth and power can do to even the most likeable of characters, and otherwise noble and just of morals. Through his sinful relationship with Bethsabee, and the assassination of her husband, we are shown a side of David that repulses us, and we are given the moral conflict of whether we really want to be like him in all aspects, or if we should have more control of the external influences of our life, such as wealth and power.

Even though David repents a year later for his sins, and is pardoned by God, the author establishes that repenting and forgiveness are usually not enough, even for the most sincere. Once again, the reader empathizes with David for being human, and responding as humans often do to the increase in his stature and abilities. Even while we abhor his actions, we feel sorry for him in the last years of his life when he eventually flees Israel.

There is a lesson within the development and the story of David which the author imparts through 'visuals' and actions, rather than a bare recount of events. We grow to like David as someone that has all the virtues of a good person, and that we would like to see in ourselves.

Nevertheless, there is a message in this story that is portrayed through a series of events. As we see David's life getting better and he is winning the hearts of many around him, he is also creating enemies. His actions, like any action imparted by the reader, has consequences, and unjust and sinful actions, will often have harsh punishments. Just like he was rewarded for his deeds, David was also punished for his sins. This is the ultimate message behind the story of David.

David is the perfect example of someone losing their true self amongst the external factors of fame, wealth, power and greed. From humble beginnings he follows a path that makes him King of Israel, but he abuses the power and acts… [read more]

Mankind and Nature Term Paper

… e) Reduce our consumption of energy to our specific requirements rather than wasting energy on egoistic useless displays, just to get a little attention, immensely hurting the natural resources in the process. f) Do our utmost to protect and conserve every form of life that is present in nature, as it is our moral obligation, being an intelligent species, to help and take care of our surroundings.

Although utilization of such processes and going out of our way to conserve energy may be a little odd and expensive, we must remember that once destroyed or depleted, no amount of money, strength or power can bring back nature and if the Earth goes barren, we can never find a suitable replacement and mankind will perish in the process. Thus answering our underlying question that even though mankind and nature may be separate, it is only because of the power of choice that mankind has, and the wisest decision man can make with the option of choice that he's blessed with, is to become one with nature, for more possible benefit than he can possibly gain from anything else.

Works Cited

David Lowenthal, (April, 2001), Environmental History,

History Today, Retrieved on 24th November, 2003, from:

Krishna Chaitanya, (Jan, 2000), Man, Nature and Cosmos in Vedic India,

The Ecologist, Retrieved on 24th November, 2003, at

3) Jacob Davenport, (2003),The Social Nature of Humanity,

Writer's Guild of Wunderland, Retrieved on 24th November, 2003, at

4) Author not Available, (2003), Our environment and the relationship between mankind and nature, Retrieved on 24th November, 2003, at… [read more]

Meiosis, Transpiration, Monocots, Dicots Term Paper

… ) It handles all the chemical processes of the plant.

Nucleus. It is a double membrane ring formation inside the cytoplasm. Nucleus controls all the functions inside a cell (Structure and Function of the Parts of a Plant Cell).

Chloroplast. It is a double membrane organelle that handles photosynthesis and manufacturing of starch.

Vacuole. It is a sac that contains fluids or water. Vacuole is responsible for holding nutrients and discharge of waste products.

Angiosperms, Fungi, and Algae

Angiosperms are flowering plants and the plant kingdom's largest group (Calfieri).

Angiosperms constitute stems, leaves, roots, seeds, and flowers making them more structured than fungi and algae. Because of this, angiosperms can inhabit in land and can make their own food. Angiosperms are our source of oxygen. They are also good sources of lumber, fibers, and drug substances (Calfieri).

Fungi are organisms that can be found in many places. Unlike angiosperms, fungi do not have structures like stems, roots, leaves, and flowers. Because of this, they cannot make their own food thus classifies them as parasites. The reproduction process of fungi can be in the asexual, sexual, budding, and fission methods.

Algae are group of living things that were once thought to be a member of the plant kingdom. Algae do not have the structures of a plant like stem, roots, flowers, and leaves. However, they are capable of producing their own food through chlorophyll. Algae generate oxygen that is beneficial to living things in water.



Access Excellence. 28 June 2003.

Speer, B.R. Monocots vs. Dicots.

Ucmp.Berkeley. 29 June 2003.

Flowering Plant Organization.

Personal.Psu. 29 June 2003.

Thiers, G. What is Cytoplasm?

Essortment.Com. 29 June 2003.

Structure and Function of the Parts of a Plant Cell.

Stalban. 29 June 2003.

Calfieri. Angiosperms.

Pittsford.Monroe. 30 June 2003.

Calfieri. Fungi.

Pittsford.Monroe. 30 June 2003.

Calfieri. Algae.

Pittsford.Monroe. 30 June 2003.… [read more]

Evolution of Respiratory Organ System Term Paper

… The development varies in many ways. For example, fishes develop gills to filter water and captured oxygen from the flowing current and benthic fishes develop labyrinths to provide larger space when they have to live in the shortage of oxygen. Marine mammals and sea birds have similar lung type as terrestrial mammals and ordinary birds, however they have myoglobin, typical hemoglobin structure in the blood that stores oxygen in higher capacity.

In birds, air sacs present through the body cavity to provide space for oxygen during rapid gas exchange while flying. Air sacs help the function of pulmonary organ and release excessive heat.

Other adaptation performed by amphibians is the decreasing metabolism rate during the hybernation in winter. Amphibians also get oxygen through skin surface, which is why they stay alive while buried dormant in the mud during winter. The skin is kept exposed to fresh water to supply oxygen for the metabolism.

Works Cited

Campbell, Jonathan A. Respiratory System. 2001. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. University of Texas at Arlington. Web site:… [read more]

Transcendentalism in Henry David Thoreau Term Paper

… Thoreau admits one of the reasons he went to Walden was to experiment with business ventures, which is far removed from simply communing with nature and the natural world. He also did not spend his entire time in solitude, looking for answers to his spiritual questions, he wandered into town every day or so, and kept current on the latest gossip and news. This was not part of the communal Brook Farm philosophy, where everything the group needed could be found on the farm. Thoreau needed human contact, and the everyday occurrences like reading the newspaper or discussing politics with friends.

For two years, Thoreau's time was spent listening to the natural sounds, gazing on their wonders, and thinking about the lifestyle that allowed him such peace and pleasure, with occasional forays into town for some human comfort and conversation. The entire book is a discovery, of himself, and his spiritual side, and it is obvious why it is so colored by his spiritual beliefs. The Brook Farm Experiment was not a success, the farm closed after six years, but Walden was a success for Thoreau, even after he left the pond, it lived on in his memory, and in the memory of anyone who has read his great tribute to nature and natural thought.


Brulatour, Meg. "What is American Transcendentalism?" Virginia Commonwealth University. 2002. Kesten, Seymour R. Utopian Episodes: Daily Life in Experimental Colonies Dedicated to Changing the World. 1st ed. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1993. Thoreau, Henry David. Walden and Other Writings of…… [read more]

Robert Frost's Famous Poem, Birches Term Paper

… '" (Lyden). This is a world of black branches and snow white trunks, of opposites, of defeat and joy, and if we can swing birches, we can achieve grace. The boy who was a swinger of birches learned "poise"; the adult, perhaps wounded by life's suffering, has the same poise.

This poem offers a kind of redemptive realism. This poem offers us a philosophy for living, a way to view the difficulties of life as symbolized in an ice storm, and the proud spirit of human beings, swingers of birches. In fact, perhaps nature needs our spirit, for the boy actually rode the birches down over and over again "until he took the stiffness out of them." The language of this poem is strikingly and gorgeously literal, and yet every literal setting and image is a figurative one too, an image of the spirit. At one point in the poem Frost writes:

But I was going to say when Truth broke in With all her matter-of-fact about the ice-storm should prefer to have some boy bend them He would prefer the world of imagination and revery. In the end, Birches is not just about any man, but about the imaginative man: the poet. This poem swings birches, and we swing with it. We emerge, with the stiffness taken out of us, willing to embrace life's joys and tragedies.


Cox, Sidney. A Swinger of Birches. New York University Press. (1960).

Frost, Robert. Collected Poems. New York: Holt (1930).

Garnett, Edward. "A New American Poet" The Atlantic Monthly (1915). Available online at The Atlantic Unbound.

Lynen, John F. The Pastoral Art of Robert Frost. Yale University Press (1960).

Poirer, Richard. Robert Frost: The Work of Knowing. Oxford, (1977).

Richardson, Mark. The Ordeal of Robert Frost: The Poet and His Poetics. University of Illinois. (1997).… [read more]

Sea Wolf by Jack London Term Paper

… In the end, "good" wins out over "evil," and justifies Hump's view of life, because he has morals, and is a decent man. The captain dies on the island, and so do his skewed values and morals. The ultimate justification in the novel is that Hump gains love, and learns how strong he is, and what a survivor. On the other hand, the "great and powerful captain is reduced to paralysis, but stubbornly will not give up his beliefs. His last word is "Bosh," and it shows that he is still a heartless, cruel man until the end.

Human nature in this book is the underlying current that ties it all together. Hump perseveres through the cruelty and violence around him, and emerges with a new sense of himself, and his abilities. His human nature is stronger than that of the cruel characters that surrounded him, and so he has survived, while they have perished.

Human nature is expressed though the natural references to the violence of the ocean, and how it can take their lives at any minute. It is no wonder that Wolf Larsen is a sea captain, he and the sea have a lot in common. "Then it was that the cruelty of the sea, its relentlessness and awfulness, rushed upon me. Life had become cheap and tawdry, a beastly and inarticulate thing, a soulless stirring of the ooze and slime" (London and Gannett 25).

London's use of human nature to portray the good and evil characters created lasting, living, breathing people. They seem real to the reader because they are not perfect, they are flawed, and their natures are all different. It is the same with all of us, we are all flawed, but can learn from others if we allow ourselves, just as Hump learned from Wolf Larsen.

Works Cited

London, Jack, and Lewis Gannett. The…… [read more]

Matrix Neo-Is Offered the Choice Term Paper

… Again we see that things have meaning in the mind. What one person sees as reality is not understood by another because it is said, it is understood when another mind interprets it.

I believe that the idea of humans progressing is just another idea that has been accepted. It is accepted because people want to believe it. But for an individual, human progress serves no immediate purpose.

The fact is that reality is determined by every individual, and reality is what is in the minds of a person. Many philosophers agree with this point, however many also believe that a person's reality reflects the environment and its purpose is to shed light on the real nature of things.

If reality is really in the mind, then the real nature of things does not matter. The environment's purpose is just to create a human response to it. It is in this response that the truth lies. Whether the environment is real or imagined, our reaction to it as real. Just as with a movie or a book. The characters and the story are not real, but as a person watches or reads they extract meaning from it. That reaction is still real, even though the events in the movie are not.

Taking the blue pill and entering the real world actually takes away the stimulation of the environment for Neo. He no longer has the society, the food and many other experiences. While his world is in fact now real, in his mind it has less meaning because it offers less stimulation. What he once saw as reality now becomes more like a movie to him. He can still access it and can still live a life in the invented world. But he can no longer interact as fully because he now knows it is not real. This is just as an event in real life will always have greater impact than an event in a movie, because we know it is real. No matter what the programs for his mind can offer him, as long as he knows they are invented, he is stimulated less.

His life in the real world becomes far less fulfilling. It offers less to his mind. Essentially, his reality is weaker.

If he had of taken the blue pill he would have woken up the next morning forgetting everything about the matrix and believing that his invented world was real. Believing this he would have continued living his life. This invented world was invented to keep his mind contained, to keep it satisfied. He would have still experienced negatives but he would at least have a full range of experience. He would eat, he would work and he would interact with people and society.

As long as Neo-believes this world is real, it offers him all that he needs. It does not matter that the world is not real, as long as he does not know this, his reaction to it is.

Reality is… [read more]

Henry Thoreau and Ralph Emerson Term Paper

… " Emerson's idea of conformity was that it is like poison. He concludes this rather long speech by saying that "Nothing can bring you peace but yourself. Nothing can bring you peace but the triumph of principles."

Thoreau's Civil Disobedience also agrees with Emerson's ideas regarding conformity and the need to prioritize your life and morals in spite of the law. He goes into more political detail with it, though, with his opposition of the Mexican-American War and slavery. He uses the idea of self-reliance to say that the government rarely proves to be of any use to anyone and that people should do what they think is right over anything else. His essay correlates most with Emerson's essay "Self-Reliance." The shared principles are that only the individual is responsible for the individual and that by conforming to others is to not do yourself justice. Thoreau, as stated before, takes it further by criticizing the establishments our country was built upon.

In Walden, Thoreau uses principles of Emerson's commencement speech in the sections "Where I Lived and What I Lived For." Thoreau explains his meager house that he built by his own hands and how he became a student of nature by slowing down and letting life happen instead of "live with such hurry and waste of life." (60) He desires to live his life "as deliberately as Nature" and "make a day of it." (63) He intends to find himself among Nature and find his lifeblood among the waters he fishes in. In essence, he has done what Emerson has asked -- he as become one with Nature and let Nature become his teacher.

While Emerson clearly began his works before Thoreau, Thoreau was heavily influenced by his writings and his lifestyle. Emerson stated principles about Nature being important, Literature being a guide and Self-Reliance being our judge and Thoreau carried these ideas out and wrote about them.

Thoreau, Henry. Walden; or Life in the Woods. New York: Dover Publications Inc., 1995

Ralph Waldo…… [read more]

Door in the Wall Essay

… "

He is a hero in that he fought his whole life to enjoy life and not yield to how dull it really was. He had the courage not to give in to his desire and to fight on instead. The tragedy is that while he had this character, he encountered the door at too young of an age. Even at five, "he had the clearest conviction that either it was unwise or it was wrong of yield to this attraction." But a natural curiosity tragically won out on this first occasion and so the promise of paradise haunted him forever.

Lionel Wallace is a hero in that he found the strength to persevere with life and strive for success, even with the memories of an enchanting place making his world seem dull. Each time he was offered an easy escape, he found the means to fight it. The tragedy is that in the end our hero is overcome by his memories and can no longer escape his own desires.


"The Door in the Wall" by H.G. Wells. First published in 1906.


The story is told through a third person narrator, who describes Lionel Wallace's story as it was told to him by Wallace. He offers us Wallace's own words as well as the words of others and his own description of Wallace as he was telling the tale. He also offers his own thoughts on the matter.


The plot of the story revolves around the character, Lionel Wallace and his encounter with the door in the wall. The exposition is his first encounter with the door as a child of five or six where he enters the door and finds an enchanted place, the beauty of which will haunt him for the rest of his life. The rising action continues as he describes his encounters with the door throughout his growing years, for these encounters he does not enter the door, though this is not because of a choice not to do so, but rather by circumstance. This also continues into his adulthood where he begins to wish that he could go in the door but never does. Finally, we see him as an old man, with the door appearing more frequently and him feeling more regret for not entering it. The climax of the story is where the narrator tells us Wallace's body was found in a deep excavation pit near East Kensington. The reader is aware that this is because he entered a door, the question remains whether his death means he has gone to that enchanted place or whether his longing for the door has killed him.


The protagonist in the story is Lionel Wallace, the antagonist is the door itself, and specifically what this door represents. The conflict is Wallace's struggle with his childhood experience within the door and his decision to fight the longing and remain in the real world.


The overall theme of the story… [read more]

Shakespeare's Measure Term Paper

… ¶ … Measure for Measure" we see substitution in the characters, in the role the characters take on, in the key events, in the language and in the themes. Substitution occurs throughout the entire play, which only adds to the… [read more]

Ion Channels Term Paper

… ¶ … sodium and other ion channels considered gated?

Ions moving by facilitated diffusion can traverse the plasma membrane through channels created by proteins. These embedded transmembrane proteins allow the formation of a concentration gradient between the extracellular and intracellular contents. These ion channels are said to be 'gated' if they can be opened or closed.

Ligand gated channels open or close in response to the binding of a small signaling molecule or ligand (Keramidas et al.). Some ion channels are gated by extra cellular ligands; some by intracellular ligands. In both cases, the ligand is not the substance that is transported when the channel opens. The binding of neurotransmitter acetylcholine opens sodium channels in certain synapses. Voltage gated channels are found in neurons and muscle cells. They open or close in response to changes in the charge across the plasma membrane. For example, as an impulse passes down a neuron, the reduction in the voltage opens sodium channels in the adjacent portion of the membrane. This allows the influx of sodium into the neuron and thus the continuation of the nerve impulse.

Ion channels are highly specific filters, allowing only desired ions through the cell membrane.…… [read more]

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