"Career / Labor / Human Resources" Essays

X Filters 

Career Aptitude Tests Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,038 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Career Aptitude Tests

One of the most common questions traditionally asked of young people is, "What do you want to be when you grow up?" While some young people have formed an idea concerning the profession they want to pursue, others remain undecided or ambivalent about their career choices well into their adult lives. In many cases, the indecision involved in making an informed career decision may be related to a lack of information concerning what career fields are available and which ones best suit an individual's particular talents, temperament and traits. To help address this gap, a number of career aptitude tests have been developed over the years that can help guide career-seekers into positions that match their interests and abilities. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature to determine how career aptitude tests are typically used, what changes they have undergone in recent years, and how they are used in schools and other settings today. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

A wide range of academic aptitude tests exist to help educators gauge the potential abilities of students for a number of endeavors, including music ability (Karma, 2007). When it comes to using aptitude tests to help choose a career, though, the range of variables involved is greatly expanded and may include factors that do not appear to readily relate to working environments but which are intended to highlight individual strengths and weaknesses that can be used to fine-tune a career search. In this regard, one vendor emphasizes that, "Career aptitude tests use a series of questions about your interests, about your style of working, and how you interact with other people.By answering these questions, a career aptitude test can help you figure out your natural preferences and strengths" (Career aptitude test, 2010, para. 2). Subject-area aptitude tests also tend to differ from career aptitude tests in their use of grades and ages for validation purposes. For instance, according to Sak (2009), "A major criterion used in the validation of a number of intelligence tests is age differentiation. However, the use of age in the validation of aptitude tests is not appropriate because they measure ability that is influenced largely by school learning. Therefore, the major criterion for aptitude tests should be grade differentiation" (p. 53).

An early study involving the use of career aptitude tests that was conducted by Ware and Millard (1987) found that an overwhelming majority of students (92%) believed that the career aptitude test the completed and its interpretation were effective ways to enable them to know their abilities more accurately. A more recent study by Bell and Short (2003) found that some career aptitude tests had failed to maintain pace with the current job market and the more lucrative job offerings that were available. For instance, one interviewee in the Bell and Short study noted that, "Career goals in the minds of first-year [college] students are largely unexplored, abstract… [read more]

New York Public Sector Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies Term Paper

Term Paper  |  16 pages (4,492 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


New York Public Sector Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies

The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the New York State Public Sector Vocational Rehabilitation Agenices, the Commission for the Blind and the Visually Handicapped (CBVH) and Vocational and Educational Services for Individuals with Disabilities (VESID). The function and stages in the process of these agencies is reviewed and… [read more]

Financial Counseling Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,022 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


Financial Counseling Profile:

Tackling Mid-life Shifts

In this paper, I will describe the career, family situation, and relevant life history of my client, Laura Lemming, and outline the solutions to several financial problems she is having. Laura approached me because she was contemplating a serious career change and wanted to know whether it was wise, or if it would significantly… [read more]

Authentic Project Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,652 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


User Needs Research

Purposive Subject Selection

Five respondents were recruited for the study, chosen randomly from associates at work and school. No deliberate attempt has been made to stratify their levels of expertise on the site of interest for this research, Craig's List. The distribution of ages has also been completely random as is the level of knowledge of computers… [read more]

Self-Concept Awareness Worksheet Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (525 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Self-Concept Awareness

Scenario One: You are used to earning above average grades in your classes. You just received feedback on your first assignment in a new class and discover that you earned a C. How do you approach your instructor?

Positive response: I would approach the instructor and let him know I truly wanted to be successful in the class and was there to learn. I would ask what the expectations were of the assignment, and how the assignment I turned in failed to meet those expectations. I would let the instructor know that I would endeavor to meet the class standards.

Negative response: A nonproductive response would be to challenge the instructor, let him/her know that you expect better grades.

Scenario Two: Your boss just offered you a promotion. You are excited, but you realize the increased responsibility and longer hours will interfere with your social life, family commitments, and other outside obligations. What do you say to your boss?

Positive response: I would let my boss know that I am honored that he feels I am capable of performing in the new position and let him/her know how grateful I am to be considered. I would let the boss know that I wanted to do the best job possible for the organization and that I would need to consult with my family before I could accept due to the increased amount of time commitment. I would ask for a day to think it over.

Negative response: I see two possibilities, one you accept the position without consulting your family, or…… [read more]

Solving Conflict in the Workplace Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,127 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Solving Conflict in the Workplace

[Type the document title]

Over the last 25 years globalization has had a major impact upon the workplace. Where, it is increasing the overall amounts of competition among a variety of businesses and employees. An indirect result of this is: the increased amounts of conflict within the workplace. Simply put, conflict is when there is… [read more]

Self-Directed Search SDS Case Study

Case Study  |  5 pages (1,459 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Self-Directed Search (SDS): Cindy's assessment

Theoretical foundation of the instrument and sychometric properties

The Self-Directed Search (SDS) is a kind of modified personality inventory, specifically designed to determine what types of occupations, college majors, and pastimes are of interest to the test-taker. Personality assessments, such as the Jungian system of classification of extroversion vs. introversion, feeling vs. thinking are some… [read more]

Nickel &amp Dimed in Nickel Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (727 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Nickel & Dimed

In Nickel and Dimed, Barbara Ehrenreich learns from personal experience what it is like to work low-wage jobs in the United States. Like Ehrenreich, I have also put in many hours toiling at low-wage positions while at the same time knowing that I would be able to someday break out of that cycle and move on to a more meaningful and rewarding career. However, Ehrenreich points out that not all Americans have the opportunities or wherewithal to break free from the cycle of working poverty.

Needing a temporary job while living in my parent's house, I walked into the local Blockbuster movie rental store and asked for an application. I was asked to return for an interview, and when I did they asked me for a strand of my hair for a drug test. This was the first time I had ever heard of strands of hair being used for drug tests, and the request was a bit shocking. Reading Ehrenreich's account of the urinalysis she had to take reminded me of my position at Blockbuster. However, the manager who interviewed me was a nice person and I was hired for the job. I believe that peeing in a cup is a more degrading experience than offering a strand of hair, even though drug testing is itself an invasive procedure.

No knowledge, skills, or training were necessary to work the entry-level position at Blockbuster Video: with the job title of Clerk. The staff in my position were all young, and some of them were in high school. We simply needed to show up for work on time, and we also needed to know the alphabet because a large portion of our job consisted of scanning returned videos and filing them back on the shelf from the return cart.

Supervision was relatively loose for the clerk position. The largest number of staff members consisted of clerks like me, whose main job was restocking shelves. We also took turns at the register, checking out videos. However, only managers could open new accounts for customers. Managers did not watch over our shoulders; they were relaxed and left most of the clerks alone.

My…… [read more]

Opening a Restaurant: How the Law Impacts Research Paper

Research Paper  |  12 pages (5,551 words)
Bibliography Sources: 14


Opening a Restaurant: How the Law Impacts Small Business

This paper discusses opening a restaurant in two locations: Clarksville, Indiana, and Louisville, Kentucky. There are a myriad of concerns involved in opening a small business. Opening a small business requires a tremendous amount of preparation, and failure to prepare can often equate to failure in the business world. There are… [read more]

Career Counseling Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (579 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Career Counseling

MC is a career counselor well-known to working individuals within the age set of 25-35 years old. Although this age group was not really what she aimed to "target" when she began working as a career counselor, referrals from previous clients within the age group further grew her clientele within this segment. Most of the cases she handled focused on career problems, and these are almost always linked with the individual's personal problems. MC assumes a holistic approach in counseling her clients, since she knows that these two areas inevitably influence each other: when one experiences challenges in career life, it is highly probable that there is a direct link to the individual's situation with his/her family.

Citing a hypothetical example, MC shares how 'job hopping' could be attributed to the individual's poor value for commitment and/or inability to recognize a person of authority, i.e., his/her boss/superior at work. Going further into the person's psyche, MC might learn that the individual is having personal problems with his/her father, who wanted to control his/her career, which resulted to a falling out between them. Thus, it is highly probable that the individual sees in his/her superior or boss the persona of a father, who is the 'personal' person of authority in the individual's life. Job hopping could also be one way of avoiding this 'father persona' s/he sees in persons of authority s/he encounters at work. However, MC acknowledges that establishing linkages is more an exploratory and analytical way of understanding peoples psyche and personalities; admittedly, this is not a fool-proof way to specifically determine the root causes of the person's career challenges. But this is an effective method that helps initiate reflection of the self, and help the…… [read more]

Character Reference on Behalf of Mr. Parker Thesis

Thesis  |  3 pages (888 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Character Reference on Behalf of Mr. Parker

Your Honor:

This correspondence is intended to serve as a character reference for Mr. Parker. Mr. Parker did not himself solicit my reference. Rather, I have elected to speak on his behalf, as he is an honorable man whom I know quite well. And indeed, it is under rather unfortunate circumstances that I am forced to make this character reference. If it were a circumstance of my choosing, it would be to endorse a commendation for Mr. Parker's fine service and diligent commitment to our organization.

As his employer and his friend, I have been fortunate to have Mr. Parker's abilities and person at my disposal. During the four years he has spent here, he has carved out a deserved reputation as a man of high integrity and observable moral fiber. He has conducted his everyday responsibilities here with full transparency, welcoming observation, performing well under observation and demonstrating consistent compatibility with co-workers, team-members and superiors.

Likewise, Mr. Parker has demonstrated both through his everyday actions and through his behavior under duress that he is driven by honesty. This is true even to the extent that Mr. Parker is loathe to tolerate dishonesty in organizational proceedings when they may occur around him. He would demonstrate as much by actively reporting instances in recent history where he observed others engaged in stealing of organizational resources. In this instance, Parker uniquely stepped forward at considerable risk to his own reputation and job security in order to identity individuals that were exploiting the organization and serving to its internal detriment.

Having electively stepped forward as a whistleblower in the face of unethical behavior, Mr. Parker has already demonstrated his desire to keep our company free from such misconduct. This is to make the case that in addition to the character implications of one thusly opposed to malfeasant or unethical behavior, Mr. Parker is quite unlikely to have placed himself in any position of vulnerability by inciting the hostility of others were it the case that he had some such crimes to hide. His clean record and virtuous service were sufficient to insulate him from criticism as he worked to make our place of business better and more efficient.

It is thus that I find impossible to concede the notion that Mr. Parker is any way guilty of the transgressions for which he is accused. The allegation before my colleague is that he is guilty of falsifying an official document, a violation for which he has been threatened with dismissal. In my time of knowing him, and in the perception of all that know him well, Mr. Parker has conducted his…… [read more]

Collective Bargaining Thesis

Thesis  |  8 pages (2,319 words)
Bibliography Sources: 15


Collective bargaining is the process by which workers organize among themselves to negotiate with their employers over work conditions -- including salary, hours, benefits, etc. The result of the process of collective bargaining is almost always a written contract that covers everyone in a job class, including non-union as well as union members (Nyland, 1987, p. 24).

A current example… [read more]

Ergonomic Injuries Occupational Safety Has Drawn Increased Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,377 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Ergonomic Injuries

Occupational safety has drawn increased attention since OSHA guidelines made it mandatory for employers to provide a safe and healthy workplace. These safety measures include protection against occupational hazards of all kinds as well as potential fire ignition risk. However while major injuries that can be witnessed have always been taken into account, it took employers a long time to realize that some injuries occur due to nature of the job itself and thus may often escape the attention of employers. These injuries are called ergonomic injuries and they include sprain, strain, stress, etc. that are generated by either the nature of the work itself or simply the tools available to accomplish various daily tasks. Ergonomics is the science that involves man and his work and the injuries occurring due to work are thus placed under the term ergonomic injuries.

While it was easier to see other physical dangers present at work, it was not easy to assess the toll that work takes on the body muscles, joints and bones. The daily aches and pains connected with sitting on a desk in a certain position, moving heavy objects, doing repetitive tasks had been ignored by employers for a long time as just something that happened and that did not actually need employer protection. However this has changed how as more and more people became aware of the risks involved in performing certain tasks. Employers must make workplace and workstations and the nature of work comfortable enough to minimize the risks of ergonomic injuries.

It was in 2002 under Bush administration that OSHA developed strict guidelines enforcing worker protection from ergonomic injuries. In this year, OSHA revealed "a new comprehensive plan to dramatically reduce ergonomic injuries through a combination of guidelines, tough enforcement, workplace outreach, advanced research, and voluntary compliance."

Some of the most common scenarios in which ergonomic injuries are likely to occur are computer related jobs where continuous work on the computer can result in carpal tunnel syndrome. The strain put on fingers and thumb due to endless strikes can cause serious wrist pain that goes up to the thumbs. This is called carpal tunnel and it is very common in workplaces where computer usage is consistent and regular. OSHA however protects employees these kinds of injuries even if they are not seen as injuries in the real sense. OSHA makes it mandatory for employers to ensure that stress and strain do not contribute to ergonomic injuries and hence providing a safe workplace is critical.

But computer related injuries have not exactly provided the impetus for OSHA guidelines, it was the more manual jobs like cleaning the floors, shelving inventory etc. that led to serious action from OSHA for ergonomic injuries. Department of Labor reported more than 800,000 injuries related to manual work in 2003 alone. These injuries include strain, back ache, and sprains which sadly occur from manual work done mostly by immigrants.

The large part of OSHA guidelines on ergonomic injuries thus focuses on workplace… [read more]

Higher ED Law Thesis

Thesis  |  8 pages (2,585 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5



Higher Education Law

Overall since the U.S. Supreme Court's rulings on affirmative action in 2003, colleges have had to reconsider how they give preference to students according to race, ethnicity, sex and age not only in admissions, but in financial aid, internships, along with various other programs. It is now felt that it is time for them to do… [read more]

How Trust Affects Interpersonal Relationships Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (394 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … working in teams, is trust assumed or do team members have to earn trust?

Team members must earn one another's trust, although it is fairly rare that teams must create strong bonds of trust 'from scratch' in the workplace. Of course, in some cutthroat organizations, trust may be elusive, regardless of the team member's personality traits, because organizational leaders create an atmosphere of intense competition, even paranoia, about other employee's success. But in a healthy organization, an atmosphere of trust is created early on in employees' working lives, even before the specific team is created. The need to work towards a common mission is stressed in employee orientation, during every employee's first day on the job.

Team members working for a trusting organization are more likely to trust their fellow workers within a smaller unit. The team members know that they all have an interest in achieving a common goal. But even the most trusting work team is likely to exist in a state of conditional, rather than unconditional trust. The team members may trust one another to fulfill their duties, but the vulnerability that gives rise to intense creativity and boundary-breaking discussion is rare…… [read more]

Workplace Learning and Performance Thesis

Thesis  |  10 pages (2,635 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6


Workplace Learning and Performance

Over the years, studies have demonstrated an inextricable relationship between workplace learning and employee performance time and again, but many companies may not be achieving the full benefit of this aspect of employee development because they are either unaware of the benefits or fail to allocate sufficient resources to the enterprise. Indeed, in an increasingly globalized… [read more]

Talent Management Handbook Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  5 pages (1,450 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


Talent Management Handbook

Job Analysis

Job analysis is a crucial component of the overall job design process and revolves around the attentive analysis of the specifications of a given occupation. A main specification that has to be made relative to job analysis is that the analyses are conducted on the occupation itself and the connection to the individual occupying the… [read more]

Group Dynamics the Precarious Nature Thesis

Thesis  |  8 pages (2,447 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Group Dynamics

The Precarious Nature of Group Dynamics

With the advent of the new millennium has come an increased focus on the workplace and the impact of sociological concepts within that workplace, such as leadership and group dynamics. Indeed, a study of group dynamics in the workplace reveals that the theory is significantly relevant to the goings on of organizations,… [read more]

Ethics Resource Officer Study: Validity and Reliability Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  2 pages (592 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2



Resource Officer Study: Validity and Reliability

In many ways, qualitatively-based data gathering is a process which is distinctly advantageous in the creation of a study which aspires to realistic and humanistic applications. By demanding that researchers enter into real-world contexts, either literally or theoretically through contextualizing data collection instruments, in order to make observations, gather data and interpret it thusly, field-research enables its implementers to gain insights into a study subject within its natural context. The result is that such "qualitative case study methods and design strategies can be particularly useful for evaluation of individualized participant outcomes and organization-level impacts." (Patton, 159)

This is particularly true with respect to the investigation of job conditions and potential institutional obstacles relating to the challenging work of resource officers. Due to the fact that the study will be based on semi-structured interview processes face-to-face with subjects, it is important to ensure a demonstration of validity which overcomes the non-experimental nature of the investigation. First and foremost, this demands a demonstration of construct validity. According to Golafshani, "the construct is the initial concept, notion, question or hypothesis that determines which data is to be gathered and how it is to be gathered." (Golafshani, 599) In this case, that means that the line of questioning used to guide an open-ended exchange between researcher and subject must be inherently centered on the answering research questions objectively. The nature and phrasing of questions will play a part in how effectively the interview process actually guides the research toward reliable findings relating resource officer job characteristics to recommendations for improved accommodation thereof.

The internal validity of the study is a concern as well, and is provided for by the restraints preventing lapses in objectivity or professionalism, particularly on the part of the researcher.…… [read more]

Termination of Employees for Economic Reasons Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,059 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Termination of Employees for Economic Reasons

Despite being an unpleasant task, there may be a number of reasons when termination of employees becomes a necessity. Current trends involving mergers and acquisitions have made a number of staff redundant and some employees may have to be terminated for economic reasons. Business downsizing has become a necessity for companies to maintain their competitiveness in the market. The cheap labor available in Third World countries has made this situation even more difficult. Companies often have to make the hard choice between not automating their processes and thus going out of business or automating their systems and terminating the employees whom the process of automation has made redundant. ("Employee Dismissal: Facts about employee dismissal for employers," n. d.); ("Labour, Employment and Human Rights Law," 2009)

Most countries like France, Norway, The Netherlands, Sweden, UK, U.S. And Australia view termination of employees on economic grounds to be fair and legal. (Leat, 2007) However, employee termination is always a difficult job and the manner in which it is done can impact business productivity and the workforce. It can also have important implications in the political, social and economic domains. Therefore, an employer must not only keep legalities in mind but also make it a point to act in an unbiased and professional manner using tactful language and maintaining the dignity of the employee before his/her colleagues. ("Employee Dismissal: Facts about employee dismissal for employers," n. d.); (Njoya, 2007)

Employers must fulfill certain basic obligations when dismissing employees for economic reasons. Firstly, employers must justify the legitimate cause for which dismissal is taking place. Legislations in various countries like UK, U.S. And France recognize that there should be a balancing of interests of employees and employers, but when it comes to the business necessity of maintaining the competitiveness of the company, such dismissals are considered legitimate. Even the ILO or International Labor Organization has conceded that termination of employees is justified in case of "operational requirements" of the company despite ILO's stress on job security and statements that maintain that employees should take recourse to terminations only in the absence of alternatives. Companies must prove that their survival is at stake or that their viability is at risk. It is not enough to give the argument that the terminations will improve company profitability. (American Bar Association; Committee on Negotiated Acquisitions, 2006); (Njoya, 2007)

Most of the times termination of employees for economic reasons results in collective layoffs when a significant fraction of the workforce is laid off. Secondly, employers must take care that the criteria on which employees are chosen for dismissal are objective. For instance, employers should take into account various aspects like seniority, family situation, etc. while dismissing employees. Thirdly, there must be efforts to redeploy those employees whose designations have been abolished. This must include identifying suitable positions where the employees can be assigned to after retraining. (American Bar Association; Committee on Negotiated Acquisitions, 2006); (Njoya, 2007)

Many countries require employers to provide an… [read more]

Public Administration the Boone Air Force Base Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  12 pages (4,211 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Public Administration

The Boone Air Force Base is a large education and training facility that has a child development center that provides federally subsidized childcare for military personnel. The center employs two different types of employees, those in civil service positions and those in non-appropriated fund positions. The civil service positions are the better of the two and are provided… [read more]

Teleworking Is it Productive Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  5 pages (1,605 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4



Teleworking - Is it Productive?

Although the practice is almost 40 years old, teleworking has become increasingly commonplace in recent years as more and more organizations of all types have incorporated computer-based applications into their business model and recognized that many types of workers do not necessarily need to be physically present in the workplace to accomplish their jobs.… [read more]

Business Ethics - ADA Issues Implications Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  3 pages (849 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Business Ethics - ADA Issues


The Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA") prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability. In principle, the ADA provides employment rights and protections that are similar to those rights and protections afforded to individuals by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 in connection with their race, religion, or ethnicity (Dershowitz, 2002). Title I of the ADA pertains to private employers, employment agencies, labor unions, as well as to state, local, and federal government employment and specifically prohibits discrimination in the workplace against qualified persons (Hall, 1992).

According to Title I of the ADA, employers of more than fifteen employees may not discriminate against persons with disabilities in any aspect of the vocational realm, including job application procedures, hiring, firing, amount of compensation, benefits, advancement and promotion, training, and any other element of the conditions and/or privileges of employment (Halbert & Ingulli, 2008). Specific Requirements of the American with Disabilities Act:

Under the ADA, "disability" for the purposes of anti-discrimination by virtue of disability is defined as (1) any physical or mental impairment that substantially limits any major life activities; (2) any record of such an impairment; and (3) any perception that a person suffers from an impairment. Furthermore, the ADA prohibits any such discrimination provided only that the job applicant or employee who is capable of performing all of the essential job functions of a position with reasonable accommodations necessary because of any recognized disability (Halbert & Ingulli, 2008).

The actual degree of accommodations required by Title I depend on the size and available resources of the employer (Friedman, 2005), but generally, employers must make facilities normally used by employees readily accessible to disabled persons in a manner that allows them to use those facilities. Title I requires that positions and work schedules be modified and that vacancies and reassignment be used to facilitate the hiring and continued employment of qualified disabled persons.

Those reasonable accommodations include adapting existing equipment or acquiring equipment and/or devices necessitated by the disability, as well as the adaptation of tests, methods of evaluating work performance, training procedures, materials and policies as necessary to create a workplace that is reasonably suited to persons with disabilities. Title I also requires the employer to provide interpreters or readers if doing so is necessary for the benefit of disabled persons capable of performing all of the job functions with such accommodations (Halbert & Ingulli, 2008).

Examples of the types of accommodations required to comply with the ADA include, wheelchair-accessible entrances, elevators,…… [read more]

Compensation and Benefit Issues Thesis

Thesis  |  10 pages (3,157 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Compensations and Benefits Issues


Issues in Compensations and Benefits

Rising Trends in Recent Years

A 2004 study conducted by the National Academy of Social Insurance found that employers' cost for workers' compensation had increased more rapidly than payments for benefits and medical care (Fogg 2006). This was impelled by the increase in premiums by insurers… [read more]

Disabled Veteran Outreach Program Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  10 pages (3,189 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 15


Disabled Veteran Outreach Program

Wars have always had an immediate effect upon the forces that take part in them. In particular the ones that are directly affected are the ones who fight them and the ones that come home injured or suffering from war disabilities. Their future in the work market is often placed in doubt. The present study will… [read more]

Work and the Nature of it in Its Larger Social Context Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,436 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Sociology - Work


Traditional Social Values and the Merit of Work:

In the United States, one of the most pervasive moral beliefs concerns the inherent value of work, as much for its own sake as for any specific value of its actual product or purpose. Critics of the so-called "Christian Work Ethic" remind us… [read more]

Empowerment One of the Catch Phrases Term Paper

Term Paper  |  14 pages (5,216 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 10



One of the catch phrases of contemporary work systems is employee empowerment. (Weissberg, 1999, p. 1-2) Employee empowerment is defined as a concept by which employees and the groups in which they work feel that they have a voice and influence in decisions that are made by those above them. (Weissberg, 1999, p. 18) it is also clear that… [read more]

Age Discrimination the Type Term Paper

Term Paper  |  16 pages (6,203 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 10


Age Discrimination

The type of discrimination is new. In fact age was regarded as a type of virtue because the aged employee often was the expert who could do things better than others. The global scenario, changes in production technology and the cost cutting needs of companies to manage keeping low costs to be competitive ushered in the discrimination against… [read more]

Back Safety in the Workplace Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (3,131 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … pain and spinal disorder at the workplace and to examine the workplace health hazards in detail.

Workplace and human activities in general are replete with hazards to the body. Everyday living poses hazards at home and office in the roads and at the playground. However specific work that requires handling loads, sitting at a chair for long durations… [read more]

Management Maslow's Hierarchy Outlines Human Needs Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (580 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Management

Maslow's Hierarchy outlines human needs, using a pyramid structure with five levels. The underlying principle of the hierarchy is that humans attempt to satisfy needs at the lowest unfulfilled level. Thus, they will take care of safety needs only once their base physiological needs have been satisfied.

The levels of the hierarchy are the physiological needs, those most basic for survival. The second level are safety needs, which include both physical and financial safety. Social needs are next - the need for interaction with other humans. This is followed by esteem needs - the need to feel good about oneself. These four needs form the bottom four layers of the pyramid. At the top are cognitive needs (the need to learn and grow), aesthetic needs (the need to surround oneself with beauty) and self-actualization needs (the need to fulfill one's potential). The difference between these two layers is that the top layer, the growth needs, are seen as drivers for behavior. In other words, humans who have satisfied all their basic needs are motivated internally by these growth needs.

Wheelworks does not specifically address the physiological needs. Employees would not come to work if they had basic survival needs to attend to. Safety needs are met in several ways - pay, health benefits and the 401K plan. Social needs are met in that the employees are surrounded by likeminded individuals (cycling enthusiasts), both staff and customer. Esteem needs are met in the way that the employees take pride in their contribution to the team, and in the way that they impact positively the lives of their customers. Cognitive needs are met through the learning seminars held 4-5 times per month, giving the employees the opportunity to increase…… [read more]

Baby Boomers Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,221 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Baby Boomers

Nowadays, companies have to cope with new recruiting challenges mainly derived from the changing demographics. Recent studies have pointed out that the trends which organizations have to take into account are the aging population and the greater ethnic diversity (http://www.jobshout.co.uk/recruitment_2020_a_changing_workforce.html).

First of all, the aging population requires a "re-engineering" of the recruitment process especially due to the so-called baby boomers - the largest generation in U.S., encompassing individuals born between 1946 and 1964. This generation is said to be quite atypical because of the many changes it brought about due to breaking with tradition, rebelling against authority, initiating different movements and positively changing the workplace. Additionally, this age segment continues to preserve its atypical allure because of the attitude displayed towards retirement. More exactly, baby boomers reject the idea of suddenly ending their careers and being replaced as an old piece from a machinery that will go on working. On the contrary, for them, age doesn't represent a barrier as they obstinately refuse to get old. According to the New Retirement Study, approximately 0.75 of all baby boomers do not intend to retire in the traditional sense while half of those planning to continue working claim they will never stop (Amble, 2006). The main reason which fuels such behavior and attitude is the fact that they want to remain physically and mentally active while also ensuring the financial resources and health insurances that are necessary for having an average or above average life standard (http://www.merrillassociates.net/topic/2002/08/exploring-next-generation-retirees-baby-boomers).

Moreover, there are some other features that differentiate them from other generations. To be more specific, baby boomers expect to live longer due to their very good health. On the other hand, they have higher education, an aspect which recommends them for white-collar jobs, and most of them are wealthy enough to afford a focus shift from the pecuniary issues to the social ones. (http://www.entrepreneur.com/tradejournals/article/73555094_4.html).

Consequently, they are ready to prolong their performance on the employment stage under several circumstances.

First of all, they want to "cycle" between periods of work and leisure as they plan to travel a lot and widen their knowledge about the world. Therefore, flexibility is a major issue that an employer must consider when addressing baby boomers.

Secondly, this generation would like to "give something back," that is to share its experience by having jobs in the consulting, teaching or even volunteering fields.

Thirdly, novelty represents a major ingredient when persuading baby boomers to accept a certain job as they are very much in favor of "re-tooling" themselves by trying new experiences and undergoing trainings that provide them with brand new skills. (http://www.merrillassociates.net/topic/2002/08/exploring-next-generation-retirees-baby-boomers)

Most of the time, the gap between employers and baby boomers can not be bridged because of the false assumptions that the former category bears in mind. In other words, it is not the age that represents a major issue, but the employers' inadequate responses to this generation's requirements. Thus, they use to offer regular part time jobs instead of flexible schedules or neglect the… [read more]

Classified Ads and Cold Calling Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (666 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0



Lead Development Strategies

Using classified ads and online job boards in lead development require time to scour the many ads that do not apply to your skills and interest, locating those that are most applicable to your needs. Depending on the number of ads, it could take a few minutes or up to an hour or more. Online makes it easier to search and sort the jobs, requiring less time. Newspapers are available for classified ads, while there are dozens of online job boards. The benefits include finding jobs that must be filled immediately, and a relatively short search time. The limitations include competition from a greater number of applicants. The possibility of success depends on how many other applicants there are, and how well you match the stated needs of the ad. Challenges include jobs where they are required to advertise for them, but already have an applicant chosen, and getting your resume or application to stand out among all the rest. Writing the best resume you can and matching it directly to the qualities in the ad is the best strategy for success.

Cold calling and walk-in lead development take a different strategy. First, the job seeker must identify and area that contains many businesses or offices to make the most of their time. They must allow choose these businesses to match their own skills, abilities, and desires. This takes much longer than other types of lead development, because contacting or cold calling each business in person takes much longer, and may be more frustrating, as the targeted businesses may not be hiring at all, and the time is wasted. This could be conducted online, by contacting businesses that are not advertising, but the person is interested in, and that would certainly streamline the process considerably. Resources include company web sites, the phone book, and knowledge of businesses operating in your area. The benefits to this strategy could be that the job seeker locates a job before it is advertised,…… [read more]

Occupational Therapy Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (658 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Occupational Therapy

My career as an occupational therapist began when I took a position as a rehab coach for disabled adults. I basically performed job shadow duties, and acted as a communication tool for the clients with employers. I worked individually with clients to help them understand their duties and the expectations of employers so that both parties where satisfied with performance. I staid with clients for the first week or more of employment, as needed to make sure they met the job requirements and shadowed each client as needed after that point performing monthly and then quarterly evaluations to make sure that the job match was effective and to make sure that if job requirements had changed that new tasks were being added to the clients job task list and were being communicated and completed successfully by the client. I also acted as a first point of contact if a client and an employer needed additional communication time or if an employer needed to better express job roles.

I was overseen by an occupational therapist and received constant interjection by the occupational therapist when needed as well as having quarterly meetings with them regarding the constant or changing status of clients. I began to better understand the role as I worked with three different occupational therapists which began my desire to reach the goal of becoming an occupational therapist myself. I had a bachelors degree in an unrelated field but was able to advance my goal by returning to school and achieving a masters degree in occupational therapy. Achieving a masters degree was difficult for me as it had been many years since I was in school and I had to wisely use many points of advice offered by the occupational therapist I worked most closely with to help me achieve this transition in my life. My time with my family and clients was limited by my goal but I still managed to complete the program successfully. I…… [read more]

Art Hallen Corporation Compensation Management Program Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,111 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3



Hallen Corporation Compensation Management Program

Compensation Management

To understand compensation management one must first understand what the term compensation refers to, and then decide how to "manage" it. Compensation is largely considered any "reward or payment for services performed" typically offered to employees of a company (Caruth & Handlogten, 2001). Compensation is not limited to financial incentives and direct… [read more]

Meatpacking Safety Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,061 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Meatpacking industry [...] safety and immigrant workers in the industry and the recommendations of the organization Human Rights Watch. It is no secret that the meatpacking industry is a dangerous industry requiring regulation and scrutiny. Upton Sinclair first brought the industry to light in his arresting novel "The Jungle" way back in 1906. While it is clear the industry is dangerous, what is not so clear is why industry officials continue to deny the safety and human rights issues that face its workers.

The Human Rights Watch organization recently filed a report on the meatpacking industry and its treatment of workers, especially immigrant workers and their safety rights. A reporter for the "Omaha World - Herald," an area surrounded by the meatpacking industry reports, "Human Rights Watch is a privately funded group whose goal is to hold governments accountable if they violate the rights of their people" (Gonzalez 01.B). Human Rights Watch discovered that numerous human rights violations were occurring in at least three meatpacking plants in Nebraska, and many of them were owned by out-of-state companies, implying that safety violation and issues could be occurring at other plants across the nation, as well. The reporter continues, "The authors described what they called 'systematic human rights violations embedded' in the fast-paced, high-volume meat and poultry industries" (Gonzalez 01.B). Unfortunately, these violations are startlingly similar to many of the conditions described in Upton Sinclair's early 20th century novel, "The Jungle," which describes workplace violations in the meatpacking industry in stark and vivid terms.

In one instance, the lead character jumps out of the way of a lunging steer that was not stunned correctly in the slaughterhouse. Sinclair writes, "They sent for the company doctor, and he examined the foot and told Jurgis to go home to bed, adding that he had probably laid himself up for months by his folly. The injury was not one that Durham and Company could be held responsible for, and so that was all there was to it, so far as the doctor was concerned" (Sinclair 136-137). Of course, this is a work of fiction, but Sinclair based the novel on his own experiences of living with some of the meatpacking workers in Chicago for almost a year, and most of the incidents in the novel are based on incidents he witnessed. Sadly, it seems the industry has not made as many strides as it would like to think. Reporter Gonzalez notes the Human Rights Watch report notes, "They cited unsafe working conditions, denial of workers' compensation to those injured on the job, intimidation of those seeking to organize unions and exploitation of immigration status to ward off complaints" (Gonzalez 01.B). Again, this relates directly to the conditions reported in "The Jungle." Sinclair writes of the often bitter fight between the packers and the workers to form unions, and how the packers thought nothing of throwing their workers out on the street if they attempted to form a union.

He writes, "[H]e [Jurgis] saw… [read more]

Immigrant Workers Find Themselves in After Arriving Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,040 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3



The immigrant issue was an important element to be taken into account when discussing certain segments in the history of both the U.S. And Canada. Although in North American, the debate over the status of immigrants was more or less related… [read more]

Child's Behavior Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (1,926 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … career counseling. The writer explores the purpose of a career counselor and provides examples of how helping clients gain self-confidence in their career search can help them attain the positions that they want. There were 15 sources used to complete this paper.

Career Counseling: a National Need

For many years career counselors have worked with their clients to… [read more]

Boss Lacking the 'Human Touch Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (331 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Boss

Lacking the 'human touch'

What do to do about a boss who does not understand how to relate to other people within the organization on a human level? On one hand, someone might note that being concerned with technology over humanity never impeded the success of the famously reclusive Bill Gates. However, Microsoft is widely praised as an organization for its charitable giving, its generous policies towards its employees, and its diverse workforce. To create a healthier working environment it is necessary to persuade the boss to make a change, so that employees who make a contribution to the organization feel recognized. On a very basic level, one can broach the subject cautiously but directly, first making a personal connection with the boss himself, perhaps drawing upon the boss' main interest, such as noting that 'we need to take into consideration the human implications of technology when building this new system.'

Another possibility is first discussing personal issues that interest the boss,…… [read more]

Littered With Grammatical and Stylistic Errors Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (318 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … littered with grammatical and stylistic errors, which makes it difficult to read.

The following sentence is one example of the poor grammar used throughout the paper. "Our society has a responsibility to educate our youth not to use drugs, provide help for addicts trying to quit, workplace drug testing, and we need to disrupt the market for illicit drugs." Up to the phrase "trying to quit" the sentence is fine. The author should just divide this sentence into two parts or create better parallel phrasing such as: "...trying to quit, and mandate workplace drug testing." Then a separate sentence should contain the phrase "We also need to disrupt the market for illicit drugs."

The paper is actually well-organized. Throughout the first section the author offers the history and reasoning behind workplace drug testing, and also refutes common objections to the practice. Next the author discusses the benefits of testing, including workplace safety and overall drug use reduction.…… [read more]