"Career / Labor / Human Resources" Essays

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Human Resources the Modern Workplace Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (790 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


The law states that retaliation by the employer or organization is just as illegal as discriminatory employment practices. If an employee believes they are being retaliated against, they should contact the EEOC office immediately (Facts About Retaliation, 2012).

Part 4 -- In this scenario, there is no standard of behavior that employees are held to, and in fact, the former manager tolerated theft of time and use of company resources. The first thing that the new manager should do is meet with Human Resources and work to publish an official Employee Manual, then have a meeting in which HR trains the employees and has them sign an agreement to abide by the rules. The new manager can also have a private conversation with Jennifer to indicate that there is about an hours' worth of time that is being used on personal business -- perhaps there is a compromise. Instead of updating Facebook and calls lasting almost an hour, use lunch or break time to make the calls and reduce their length.

Part 5 - This is an unfortunate situation in which a new party was subjected to a legal decision outside of his control. If the firm operates in an "at will" State, there is nothing Steve can do. If Steve has a contract with the organization, then he can seek legal advice for either reinstatement in another position or for some sort of settlement. However, it appears that Steve had not even passed the typical 90 day probationary period that is customary with a new employee, which hurts Steve's case. Instead, perhaps Steve could meet with Wayne and his manager and see if they can find room for him in another part of the company.


Facts About Retaliation. (2012). U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Retrieved from: http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/types/facts-retal.cfm

Workplace Web Budging 'Good for Productivity.' (2009, April). The Brisbane Times. Retrieved from: http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/technology/workplace-web-bludging-good-for-productivity-20090402-9ktm.html

42 USC 2002 Code - Unlawful Employment Practices. (2000). Findlaw.com. Retrieved March 2013 from: http://codes.lp.findlaw.com/uscode/42/21/VI/2000e-2

Fastenberg, D. (2011, May). 10 Whistleblowers Heard Round the World. Jobs.aol.com.

Retrieved from: http://jobs.aol.com/articles/2011/05/30/10-whistleblowers-heard-around-the-world/

Johnson, R. (2004). A Piercing Look at Whistleblowing. The Center for Association

Leadership. Retrieved from: http://www.asaecenter.org/Resources/EUArticle.cfm?ItemNumber=11602… [read more]

Day Shadowing Interview Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (928 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Shadowing

For many, healthcare is a challenging and rewarding field of endeavor. This is because professionals have the ability to help others. Yet, they will face tremendous amounts of pressure from patients, dealing with various problems and administrators. One individual who plays an important role is the Director of Human Resources. This is because they serve as a go to person who will help to troubleshoot critical issues with the staff and assist in keeping the facility economically viable. To fully understand their responsibilities requires: describing their duties, analyzing the different roles / functions, providing insights into leadership behaviors and a summary of these experiences from the literature. Together, these elements will highlight the significance of this individual in addressing critical challenges inside a healthcare organization.

A description of the role and functions of the individual(s) within the context of the organization, and a synopsis of what you observed and the activities you participated in during the learning experience.

The Director of Human Resources has number of different functions they must embrace. The most notable include: conflict resolution, training / satisfaction, maintaining a strong corporate image and performing budgetary controls. Conflict resolution is when this person must ensure that they are addressing any kind of issues, which causes a problem between the different departments and individuals. Training and satisfaction is where they will help to establish protocols for new employees. At the same time, they will create procedures for maintaining and building accreditation inside the facility. Maintaining a strong corporate image is when they will work to ensure that the organization has a good reputation for high standards of quality and patient safety. Performing budgetary controls are focused on trimming workforce management costs in areas such as health insurance and employee benefits. These functions are important, as this person will help to troubleshoot challenges when they first arise. (H. Johnson, personal communication, May 15, 2013)

What was observed is that this individual will serve as a go between for the various departments, administrators and employees. Their job is to ensure that different concerns are addressed in manner which is helping to support the long-term financial needs of the organization. The activities that were participated in during this process include: watching how this person interacts with various stakeholders, addressing critical challenges and understanding their day-to-day responsibilities. (H. Johnson, personal communication, May 15, 2013)

An analysis of the primary roles and functions as they relate to nursing and patient services

When it comes to nursing and patient services, this individual will work with staff members to address any concerns they may have, provide training for new employees and ensure that everyone maintains the highest levels of accreditation. At the same time, they have the responsibility of making certain that patients are happy and the…… [read more]

Human Resources -- Skill-Based PAY&#8230 A-Level Coursework

A-Level Coursework  |  4 pages (1,107 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


d., p. 3). In addition, Mitra et al. concluded from their studies of skill-based pay systems that 98 of 240 facilities in their sample employ some form of skill-based pay, though these tended to be younger, smaller organizations (Mitra, Gupta, & Shaw, 2011). The DeGarmo Group gives an even more glowing report of skill-based pay's usage, stating in 2008 that 30% - 67% of all Fortune 1000 companies employ skill-based compensation systems (Daly, 2008). Finally, Ledford maintains that skill-based pay is one of the most widely-used compensation plans, employed by such notable private sector organizations as: Mother Nature's Best (Ledford, Jr., 2011, p. 2) and Proctor & Gamble (Ledford, Jr., 2011, p. 5). In sum, though skill-based pay is not the only compensation used by organizations, has clearly caught on and is one of the most dominant plans implemented since 1987.

3. Conclusion

The skill-based pay structure was developed in sharp contrast to the traditional job-based pay structure. Compensating an employee according to skill set, skill-based pay systems aim to develop multi-skilled employees through the development of horizontal, vertical and depth skills. Ideally, this concentration on employees' personal development leads to flexibility, increased productivity, greater job satisfaction, lower absenteeism and lower employee turnover. Though skill-based systems provide a number of advantages, they also present drawbacks such as: the necessity of reserving greater company resources for employee compensation; lower productivity while limited resources are devoted to employee development; and the inexperience of employees as they develop skills.

Considering the benefits and drawbacks of skill-based pay, in 1987 Lawler and Ledford predicted that skill-based pay would catch on in the private sector. In retrospect, their prediction was largely accurate, as skill-based systems continue to grow in popularity, have been boosted in some Asian countries due to the demands of globalization and are currently being used by a significant number of Fortune 1000 companies, including Mother Nature's Best and Proctor & Gamble.

Works Cited

Byers, L.L., & Rue, L.W. (n.d.). Human Resource Management, Ninth Edition, Chapter 13: Base wage and salary systems. Retrieved September 1, 2013 from www.google.com Web site: http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=byers%20and%20rue%20wage%20and%20salary%20ch.%2013&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CDgQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.midlandstech.com%2Fbusiness%2Fbcox%2FMGT%2520201%2Fbyars%2520rue%2520ppt%2FChap013.ppt&ei=vLGnUZbbK8HqrQH2

Daly, D. (2008). The effectiveness of skill-based pay systems. Retrieved September 1, 2013 from www.degarmogroup.com Web site: https://www.degarmogroup.com/index.php/the-effectiveness-of-skill-based-pay-systems / de Silva, S. (n.d.). An introduction to performance and skill-based pay systems. Retrieved September 1, 2013 from www.ilo.org Web site: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/actemp/downloads/publications/srspaysy.pdf

Lawler, I.E., & Ledford, J.G. (1986, Jan/Feb). Skill-based pay: A concept that's catching on. Retrieved September 1, 2013 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.trident.edu:2048/docview/196758209

Ledford, Jr., G.E. (2011, June). Skill-based pay. Retrieved September 1, 2013 from www.siop.org Web site: http://www.siop.org/userfiles/image/SIOP_SHRM_Skill_Based_Pay.pdf

Mitra, A., Gupta, N., & Shaw, J.D. (2011). A comparative examination of traditional and skill-based pay plans. Retrieved September 1, 2013 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.trident.edu:2048/docview/866416016… [read more]

Human Resources -- Performance Management A-Level Coursework

A-Level Coursework  |  4 pages (1,342 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Leadership for analysis could be exercised by knowledgeable American and/or Chinese nationals identified as having potential for effective global mobility (Schwartz & Liakopoulos, 2010) and/or a multinational team of experts in surveys and/or rating narratives and/or self-assessments (Brocato, 2003), data collection and analysis (Pulakos, 2004, pp. 9, 15). In addition, feedback would certainly be gained by the individuals/team, management, employees and customers via the data collected and analyzed in order to make the greatest return on investment within the Chinese culture.

Measures involve quantifying criteria like "timeliness, completeness, reliability and consistency" (Boudreau, 2006) in areas having the greatest consequence for the company. Here, with constant mindfulness about "impact, effectiveness, and efficiency," the company would measure those criteria within the context of Chinese culture in areas such as wages and bonuses -- which are taking on greater importance in ever-modernizing Chinese society (Magana & Stai, 2011), market value and employee turnover for the greatest return on investment. Leadership for measures can be exercised by knowledgeable Americans and/or Chinese nationals who are identified as having effective potential for global mobility (Schwartz & Liakopoulos, 2010) and/or a multinational team of experts (Pulakos, 2004, pp. 9-10) and feedback can be obtained by these individuals / team members, as well as by management, employees and customers.

Process involves managing knowledge and making changes within the organization based on "social structures, knowledge frameworks, and organizational cultural norms" (Boudreau, 2006) for the greatest return on investment. Here, still focusing on "impact, effectiveness, and efficiency," Human Resources must attentively make its decisions based on Chinese culture in the form of its social structures, frameworks and cultural norms in areas such as wages and bonuses (Magana & Stai, 2011), the talent pool, cost reduction and turnover rates to achieve the greatest return on investment (Boudreau, 2006). Leadership for process can be exercised by appropriate Americans and/or Chinese nationals who are identified as having high potential for global mobility (Schwartz & Liakopoulos, 2010) and/or by a multinational team of experts (Pulakos, 2004, pp. 9-10) and feedback could be obtained from these individuals/team members, management, employees and customers.

3. Conclusion

Development, implementation and evaluation of a performance management system in a China-based U.S.-China joint venture whose employees are predominantly Chinese nationals should employ the LAMP framework. This method of "decision science" uses the tools of Logic, Analytics, Measures and Process to gauge talentship, and focuses on ROI through assessment of the three key issues of Human Resources: impact, effectiveness and efficiency. Particularly when dealing with Chinese culture, leadership should be assigned to American and/or Chinese national individuals and/or teams of experts who show exceptional potential for effective global mobility. In addition, feedback could be obtained through such avenues as surveys, self-assessments, and rating narratives by these individuals/teams, management, employees and customers, as appropriate. This special leadership and feedback would be necessary in establishing this American-Chinese venture due to marked differences between Western and Chinese culture. Through effective use of the LAMP framework, leadership and feedback, Human Resources should be able to… [read more]

Human Resource Management the Function Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (661 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Moreover, benefits may include additional services that focus on the mental and physical health of employees, which helps to retain existing employees while simultaneously attracting potential employees (Human Resource Management, 2011).

Training and development is a third major function of human resource management. The creation of training programs can help solve performance issues within an organization (Burley, 2012). "Instructional design skills, as well as outstanding facilitating and presentation abilities, result in training programs that produce tangible results" for an organization (Burley, 2012). Evaluations help to determine where training and development is needed within an organization; evaluations can be performed by upper level management and/or include suggestions for improvement from employees. Training and developing employees for higher-level tasks and duties can help to raise efficiency and performance standards of an organization (Human Resource Management, 2011).

Performance management is the fourth major function of human service management. "Establishing and implementing a complete performance improvement process is an essential skill" and can help to determine compensation and benefits an employee is entitled to as well as help to determine if any training and development is needed (Burley, 2012). Furthermore, in order for performance management to be properly evaluated and implemented, a performance review process must be designed, maintained, and monitored (Burley, 2012). Human resource managers must also coach other managers throughout an organization how to utilize performance management tools to achieve maximum evaluation and performance management efficacy.

A strong human resource management department and team is necessary to ensure an organizations continued success. Furthermore, human resource management allows for the development of a relationship between employee and employer and puts procedures into place to resolve any issues that may arise.


Burley, K. (2012). The four basic skills of human resource management. The Houston Chronicle.

Accessed 3 November 2012, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/four-basic-skills-human-resource-management-22686.html

Human resource management. (2011). Accel-Team. Accessed 3 November 2012,


Human resource management. (2012). Mansueto Ventures LLC. Accessed 3 November 2012,

from http://www.inc.com/encyclopedia/human-resource-management.html… [read more]

Strategic Human Resource Management Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (612 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


However the two most important documents that indicate our success in the area of strategic management of HR are a) Employee turnover report and B) financial success over the last few quarters.

Employee turnover situation:

The document chronicles the improvement in turnover situation since 2007. In 2007, we had a reasonably high turnover rate of 15% annually. Though some would say that 15% was not something to worry about, it must be noted that we are a small organization and 15% for us means thousands of wasted dollars in recruitment and training. We need to control this turnover rate in order to able to become more cost efficient and also improve employee morale and productivity. We first identified the most common reasons for an employee to leave the organization within first two years of joining. We identified the problem areas and worked on them by paying closer attention to what employees needed and how it all could be changed so employees' grievances were effectively addressed and all necessary steps were taken to make them feel important and to give them a sense of ownership in the organization. These measures worked and last year we had only a 4% turnover rate which was a major improvement and we are consistently working to maintain and even lower the existing turnover rate.

Financial Gains:

The organization was doing well in 2007 as well but lately the financial health has improved significantly due to cost effectiveness that we have achieved through lower turnover and higher employee productivity. In the third quarter of 2007, the company reported profits amounting to $1.5 million and last year, we reported profits in the neighborhood of $2.2 million. The company attributes this success to effective strategic alignment of employee needs and company goals and we are very…… [read more]

Training (HR) Human Resources Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (895 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Behavioral modeling, or observation of others, is the sixth method to be discussed. This method utilizes certain people's proclivity to imitate others towards discovering how to do something new. This is very effective with people who have such an inclination. It is also very effective in sales positions, where it is essential to listen to others make calls or interact with a customer. Behavioral modeling can also include technological training (i.e. watching a video tape). However, this method may not be so effective if a person is more hands-on or group oriented.

The Outdoor-Oriented Program is a method that emphasizes teamwork in a non-business environment. These programs or exercises usually involve team building or management strengthening and can be effective towards corporate development strategies. Coaching and counseling, the eighth method to be discussed comprises often one-on-one talks and advice with peers and superiors. These can be useful if the person is open to such talks.

Transitory Anticipatory Experiences, or "multiple management," are processes that allow a person to perform his or her usual duties of the old job while learning duties for a new job. These experiences "provide a reasonable approach to management development […] but little systematic study has been made of the effectiveness of this approach" (Ivancevich, 2007). Furthermore, this approach is under-utilized when compared to coaching or counseling.

Another method is lecture-discussion, which involves just that: lecturing. This method may be boring for those with shorter attention spans and may not be preferred. An alternative more interesting method could be a technological approach, whether it is virtual reality, though this can be expensive, or distance learning, which can also be expensive.

The last two methods to be discussed, goal setting and team building, are vital to all the previous components. Therefore, one should strive to include them in any exercise or program. Goal setting is a more specific term and can motivate a team to strive towards a set objective. This is very effective for people who can focus well on one aim. Team building must be an on-going exercise and must always be kept in mind, whether in the office or in relevant locations, for team building is vital to a company's prosperity.


1. Human Resources: Training Methods. (2011). List of Training Methods. Retrieved February 17, 2011, from http://www.hr.com/en/communities/training_and_development/list-of-training-methods_eacwezdm.html

2. Brinkerhoff, Robert O. (2005). The Success Case Method: A strategic evaluation approach to increasing the value and effect of training. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 7(1), 86-101.

3. WebFinance, Inc. (2011). BusinessDictionary.com: In-Basket Training. Retrieved February 17, 2011, from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/in-basket-training.html

4. Ivancevich, John M. (2007). Human Resource Management. New York: McGraw-Hill.… [read more]

Diversity and Motivation Human Resources Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (2,196 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The rewards must be both meaningful and pertinent, and must relate to the size of the job. (Employee Rewards)

These are some of the strategies of motivation that a manager would have to be familiar with in order to get his job done well and bring success to his company. 'Gainsharing' is one more concept that a manager must familiarize himself with so that he would motivate his employees to function better and therefore reaps more rewards for the company. This is essentially a process by which an employee would share the financial benefits of bettering the company's performance with the company itself. It involves the combined efforts of the employees and the management of the company wherein the employees are given financial incentives at regular intervals to better their performances, with their innate consent and cooperation. This process would eventually increase the involvement of the employee in his company affairs and this in turn would improve his performance in order to better things at 'his' workplace. How does 'gainsharing' work? All employees are given regular weekly or monthly cash payments, and these payments are made from the 'gains' which may have occurred from either savings on costs, or from improved performances made by the efforts of managers as well as employees. (Improve Your Company Performance)

Group meetings are held on a regular basis where the questions of what to do, how to do it to improve performances are discussed and these are put to work immediately. When a manager decides to introduce this system, he must primarily analyze the depth of commitment that he would get from the employees, since the commitment has to be deep and understanding has to be perfect in order to execute a plan of gainsharing. Other policies like how many times will the payments be made, and how much will be paid would have to be decided at the outset. The next step would be that of 'consultation' when the senior managers and other seniors would have to be asked to commit to the gainsharing being introduced. Once these steps have been completed, gainsharing can be initiated into the working of the company. The benefits of gainsharing can be many: performance improvement, improvement in job security, better communication between managers and employees and as a result, better commitment and cooperation between the two, and a good improvement in the utilization of resources. (Improve Your Company Performance)

The new 'Executive Information System' that is becoming popular in the contemporary businesses of today to improve senior management systems is another method of organizing the diverse workplace and improving motivation among employees so that there is benefit for all those who are involved in the conduct of the business. (The development and use of Executive Information Systems) It can be defined as an end user computerized information system that a manager would use to track success factors such as data, hardware and other software related programs. Information becomes readily and easily available for the executives and this… [read more]

HRM Most of What Betty Assessment

Assessment  |  4 pages (1,275 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2



Most of what Betty did was wrong in her approach to Sue. The first thing is that she issued a written warning with no hard information. Essentially, Betty did not undertake a serious investigation and therefore all she used to write up the written warning was hearsay from one patient and some co-workers. This runs contrary to HRM best practices, which require a full and proper investigation when there is to be disciplinary action. An employee should be presented, if possible, with evidence stronger than hearsay. Betty should have at least been a first-person witness and been able to compare her observations with guidelines for behavior.

The second problem for Betty is that she did not seem to have any set guidelines. Thus, Sue likely was given no instruction with respect to expectations on the job. She is not a customer service rep, so while it is reasonable that Sue would be aware of the need to be at least civil, she seems to have been judged here against a standard she might not have even been aware of. If there are specific standards and expectations regarding employee behavior, the employee needs to be aware of those.

The third problem for Betty is that she did not allow any feedback from Sue. First, she should have talked to Sue first, before issuing a written warning. Second, when issuing a written warning, Betty needed to have feedback from Sun at that point. Shutting down the conversation, instead of engaging with Sue is not only against best practices, but it damages the employee-employer relationship. Furthermore, this is something that Sue could use if a wrongful dismissal suit, that she was forced to sign a Final Written Warning without being allowed to say a single word in her defense or having been asked anything about the issue. Betty's communication style here is a bigger problem than Sue's.

Now Betty has created an even bigger mess. First, she is setting the hospital up for a wrongful termination suit. Such suits can be costly, not only to fight but to settle where there are issues of pay remuneration, loss of earning capacity and punitive costs associated with such suits (Ireland, 2011). If Betty wants to remove Sun from the organization, she needs to do this in a manner that does not expose the company to these kinds of risks.

The second issue Betty has now created is a significant rift within the department. If she was worried about morale, she should fire herself. Betty's actions were completely inappropriate. Now there is a bona fide morale problem where one worker feels that she is being singled out for punishment unfairly, completely mistrusts everyone in the department, and knows that many people in the department are "out to get her." This is not a good situation, and if Betty wanted to handle this properly she needed to talk to Sue directly. She should not have talked to other staff members at all, nor told Sue that… [read more]

Human Resources -- Controlling Benefits A-Level Coursework

A-Level Coursework  |  4 pages (1,603 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


In these ways, ALCOA controls health insurance benefits costs while presenting its options as attractive benefits to attract talent and retain employees. This is wise on ALCOA's part, as its compensation plan directly impacts its strategic goal setting process by freeing up funds for other company goals, attracting certain types of employees, retaining its workforce and attracting a diverse workforce. In aid to a company's strategic goals, a Human Resources Department would develop benefits options that are attractive and supported by the company's budget, clearly and attractively present those benefits to current and prospective employees, implementing those benefits and constantly refining the process so employees can readily access their benefits. The accurate, timely and effective administration of these benefits assists the employer as well as the employee. Research has shown that talent acquisition, employee retention, job satisfaction, employee productivity and strong employer-employee relations are all directly correlated to accurate, timely and effective benefits administration.

Works Cited

Aluminum Company of America. (2014). Alcoa benefits: Prescription Drug: Overview. Retrieved February 2, 2014 from www.myalcoabenefits.com Web site: http://www.myalcoabenefits.com/benefits/en/info_page/prescription_overview.asp

Aluminum Company of America. (2014). Alcoa: Benefits: Medical: Overview. Retrieved February 2, 2014 from www.myalcoabenefits.com Web site: http://www.myalcoabenefits.com/benefits/en/info_page/medical_overview.asp

Anonymous. (2010, August). Controlling benefits costs, increasing productivity key employer concerns. Retrieved February 2, 2014 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.trident.edu:2048/docview/744089057

Anonymous. (2011, June). Controlling benefits costs. Retrieved February 2, 2014 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.trident.edu:2048/docview/881277451

GlobalPost. (2014). Examples of Human Resources Goals & Objectives. Retrieved February 2, 2014 from everydaylife.globalpost.com Web site: http://everydaylife.globalpost.com/examples-human-resources-goals-objectives-39961.html

Self-Insurance Market.com USA. (2013). Self-insurance market - employee satisfaction. Retrieved February 2, 2014 from www.selfinsurancemarket.com Web site: http://www.selfinsurancemarket.com/articles/view/10050/employee_satisfaction… [read more]

Human Resources -- Employee Separation A-Level Coursework

A-Level Coursework  |  4 pages (1,445 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


This ensures uniformity and documentation;

h. In the case of termination, whether voluntary or involuntary, a face-to-face, private and direct meeting with a superior who frankly tells the employee why he/she is being terminated (Wood & Karau, 2009), so as to preserve the dignity of the individual being terminated (Anonymous, Employee terminations, 2006);

i. In the case of termination, the… [read more]

Changing a Human Resources Department A-Level Coursework

A-Level Coursework  |  4 pages (1,784 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


I anticipate the HR Department will be fully on board with the New Standard by March 1, 2015. However, even if the plan's implementation takes an additional 3-6 months, the HR team will have accomplished its goal. Furthermore, other workers' resistance to the change will be welcomed as the first step in changing the corporation for the better through a more effective, respected HR Department. This process will address the HR Department's Core/Culture, Identity, Beliefs, Capabilities, Behavior and Environment, ideally resulting in lasting, positive change within the HR Department and within the larger context of the company.

3. Conclusion

True changes in the HR Department will occur within the system -- the Core, Identity and Beliefs of the organization -- in order to change the symptoms, which are the Capabilities, Behaviors and Environment. In order to change those attributes, a great deal of groundwork must be done, including determining where we are and where we wish to be a year from now. Ideally, the HR Department performs 10 vital functions for a company and I would draw up the plan based on those functions. I will submit the plan to my HR coworkers and anticipate roughly 5 phases: resistance; mockery; usefulness; habitual; and new standard. I anticipate the HR Department will be fully on board with the New Standard by March 1, 2015. However, even if the plan's implementation takes an additional 3-6 months, the HR team will have accomplished its goal.

Works Cited

Changing Minds. (n.d.). Initial Concerns. Retrieved March 3, 2014 from changingminds.org Web site: http://changingminds.org/disciplines/change_management/psychology_change/intial_concerns.htm

Comaford, C. (2013). Smart tribes: How teams become brilliant together. New York, NY: Penguin Group.

Jones, J., Aguirre, D., & Calderone,…… [read more]

HRM the Company Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (678 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


The first is that it needs to have highly trained workers. As one of the biggest advertising companies in the world, its sales staff need to be able to deal with major clients. As a technological leader, Google needs to ensure that its technical staff operate at a higher level than those of its competitors in order to maintain its technological competitive advantage. Google is therefore in a position where HRM can do a few things to attract, train and retain the most talented people. The first thing Google needs to do is to ensure that knowledge of its openings is broad, thereby expanding the base from which it can draw talent. It needs to have a great employer brand, because top talent likes to work only for the best company. Indeed, Google seeks to tap into the intrinsic motivation that top people have in order to attract talent.

The HRM department also needs to ensure that Google's employees remain with the company. This means setting out compensation that exceeds the market norms, because the company wants to get the best talent. Especially in advertising sales, you need to pay more than the competition to get the best salespeople. Google also needs to maintain its leadership. Relying on intrinsic motivation is not enough -- the HR department needs to ensure that job descriptions allow the company to fulfill its strategic objectives, and provide management with opportunities to measure the effectiveness of individuals, as a key element of the strategic control function.


Becker, B. & Gerhart, B. (1996). The impact of human resource management on organizational performance: Progress and prospects. Academy of Management Journal. Vol. 39 (4) 779-801.

Boudreau, J. & Ramstad, P. (2005). Talentship, talent segmentation and sustainability: A new HR decision science paradigm for a new strategy definition. Human Resource Management. Vol. 44 (2) 129-136.

Shih, H. & Chiang, Y. (2005). Strategy alignment between HRM, KM and corporate development. International…… [read more]

Human Resources in the Next Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (500 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Another trend that currently affects human resources that will continue to grow is globalization. Organizations are now struggling with many issues related to globalization and diversity that is being driven by the trend. As the world continues to globalize, organizations will inherently contain more diversity within them as well as deal with more diversity in the external environment. However, at the same time, globalization and international business is also working to create a globalized business culture. For example, English has been the first choice for languages in the international community and this will likely to remain the case. Thus students in many foreign cultures are being taught the factors involved in the international business community such as the English language and other cultural factors. Therefore, the international business community might be more standardized than it is today as different cultures merge into one business culture.

Corporate social responsibility will also be a primary consideration of HR departments in the next fifty years. Organization are increasingly expected to contribute to better management of external and internal factors related to ecological concerns as well as social sustainability issues. As the growing concerns about the environment continue to become more transparent, organization will be expected to become better stewards of their operating environments. Furthermore, as inequality in the world continues to grow, organizations will also have a responsibility to extend their social contributions to the local communities in which they…… [read more]

Globalization and Public Administration Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,223 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Environmental representatives can work with the employer to improve the impact of an organization or workplace on the local environment, helping nearby communities and raising the reputation of the employer. Equality reps can help raise awareness of issues related to equality and diversity. They can raise the profile of equal treatment of workers on the grounds of gender, age, religion, sexual orientation and disability. They can do so by engaging employers in focused discussions. This can lead to attention on matters relating to employees and encourage proactive management of a workforce (Brown, Bryson, & Forth, 2009)

Effects of the present state of the economy on labor unions

The economic state calls for careful interrogation by labor unions in as much as the worker needs are concerned. It is the need for employees to have a stable flow of income as well as higher incomes compensating them for their time, knowledge and output. The economy in the current time is facing a highly volatile situation with likely hood of slowing down owing to lower rate of demand and supply. Labor unions activities in the past have been characterized with the rising rate of unemployment (Blanchflower & Bryson, 2010). This being the case it is seen that the slow rate of economic growth realized in the past few years calls for a cautioned demand by labor union as regards their employee remuneration. This has also contributed to the perspective picked up by labor union to avoid confrontations with employees and instead set up forums to negotiate that will see the employees' needs met rather than ignored. Labor unions are constantly engaging the employers in discussions on the likely measures to improve workers conditions of work. They have also offered their employees other measure that may seem to grant motivations to work as opposed to raise in their incomes.

Role of management in creating a more diverse work place for employees

The management is taxed with the duty to ensure employee find their workplace to be accommodating enough to their needs. This aspect brings in satisfaction and guarantees inclusion of underlying differences such as age, ethnicity, Gender, race, sexual orientation, cultural background, intellect and physical ability or inability. In managing the workplace diversity, the management is called upon to recognize individual differences in the workplace. This will lead to realization of potential of each and every employee thus ease in achieving organization's set goals (Benhardt, 2010).

The management has the duty to categories the need of their employees and assessing the impact availability and unavailability thereof has on employees. The assessment of these needs need not be fully undertaken by the management team but rather engage employees in coming up with opinions. The diversity of a workforce in entrenched in allowing employees from different parts and those with different cultures or aspect as mentioned above to freely work without feeling neglected. While the management is taxed with coming up with a work conducive environment, it should not impose this environment on their employees.… [read more]

Five-Year Career Plan Word Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (705 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


This degree will be obtained from a university with an excellent reputation who has shown great innovation and foresight in developing the renewable energies program.

In addition, my average grade point average for the past four years has been above a 3.7 which shows my ability to think critically and solve problems.

On a more personal level, I have a long standing record of service in the community. I have volunteered for the last three years at a local nursing home. This experience has helped me to grow as a person, to value human life, and increased my enthusiasm for the field of renewable energies not only because this field will be good for the environment, but ultimately because it is good for people.

Potential Barriers:

The greatest barrier I face is inexperience. In today's job market, especially in California, the competition is fierce. My inexperience will make it more difficult to be noticed. To overcome this barrier, I have begun attending public meetings related to renewable energies at the local level, and have traveled to Sacramento, the state capital, to begin networking in this field.

Career Training Programs

The career training program that I have participated in has been excellent. It offers me, and other college students and job-seekers, a bridge between my current academic career and my future professional one. The career center has guided my academic choice to tailor my classes to optimize hire-ability. In addition, the guidance counselors have introduced concepts of professionalism that are not available in the classrooms. These concepts include interview skills, and meeting with professionals in my field through internship and announcements of public meetings of interest that are available to students.


Dominican University of California. http://www.dominican.edu

Hamilton, James, & Liming, Drew. (2010). Careers in Wind Energy, Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/green/wind_energy

Nasu, Paul (2008) U.S. Companies Embrace Green Technology. Retrieved from http://www.america.gov/st/energy-english/2008/March/20080313114547wrybakcuH0.3672907

[Unofficial resource for your information only]

MBA Today: http://www.mba-today.com/hr-career/employee-relations-specialist.html#employee-relations-specialist-salary… [read more]

Employee Training and Career Development Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (873 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Employee Training & Career Development:

Employee development in an organization basically entails training these workers to develop hidden talents or obtain new skills in order to keep them acquainted with technological changes, maintain proficiency and improve performance. Employee development is centered on improving the employee's individual potential by enhancing his/her current skills, expanding his/her qualifications and improving his/her attitudes. Furthermore, employee development also focuses on improving employees' work habits and promoting their understanding of the objectives, policies and practices of the organization. While this process also includes training, it's not only the impartation of knowledge but also the preparation of employees to advance with the organization as it grows and change ("Employee Development Series," n.d.).

This process of employee training and career development has a crucial role in an organization particularly on the overall management process. The main role of employee development and training in an organization is that it determines the long-term success of the organization in achieving its objectives and goals. Employee training and career development can be conducted in various ways depending the specific jobs or responsibility of these employees. Whereas some employees can assume more office responsibility in their development, others develop through training on how to operate new machinery. These new levels of employee responsibility and work can be attained by demonstrating individual growth in the organization. This is in turn achieved through the establishment of professional goals within the organization and evaluating them within a specified period of time. Some of the major employee development methods include & #8230;

On-the-Job Development Techniques:

on-the-job training or development techniques are also referred to as in-house training and are conducted while the employees perform their normal and regular jobs. These development techniques basically involve the formulation of plans regarding what will be taught and communicating the details to the employees. In-house or on-the-job training techniques include job coaching, job instruction training, internships and apprenticeships. The major benefits of this employee development method includes it enables the employees not to lose time while they are learning as well as the fact that they are generally cost-effective.

Off-the-job Training:

These kinds of employee development techniques occur when employees are taken away from the organization or workplace to be trained. These techniques include discussions, conferences, lectures, case study, laboratory training and distance learning ("Employee Training and Development," n.d.). It's important to note that these employee development methods can be utilized by both small and large organizations though they may be too expensive. These development methods have various benefits including the fact that they result in the attainment of a broad range of skills and give employees…… [read more]

Dual Career Couples Case Study

Case Study  |  3 pages (926 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Dual-Career Couples:

The employment of dual-career couples has continued to increase in the recent past to the point that these couples account for approximately 40% of today's workforce, a figure that will continue to increase in the future. This is a major shift from the traditional workforce making it a crucial concern for managers since there are many situations where two spouses have careers that are both important. The issue of dual-career couples has become a significant factor in decisions regarding recruitment, promotion, transfer and job commitment since more women are joining today's workforce. As a result of this increase, the advent of dual-career couples has not only caused problems for the working couples but it has also resulted in various challenges to businesses and organizations alike.

Policy Regarding Employing Dual-career Couples:

When employing dual-career couples, there are several concerns that must be taken into consideration by an organization or business. These concerns include the need for benefit plans that enable the dual-career couples to have children without endangering their careers and the need for flexible work schedules that assist them in balancing career and family demands. The other concerns include help from the employers in finding employment for the spouse in cases of job transfers and an effective child care program while at work. Ignorance of these needs associated with dual-career couples may make an organization to lose output and valuable employees (Ivancevich, 2010, p. 465). Given the increase in dual-career couples, many organizations have started to respond to these needs and challenges in various ways.

This policy is for the purpose of ensuring that dual-career couples in the organization are provided with an opportunity where they can work effectively without experiencing problems that are associated to these kinds of employees. To effectively deal with the issue of employing dual-career couples, the organization will be committed to hiring such employees based on their qualifications. This qualification-based recruitment strategy is aimed at lessening the prospect of losing competent employees on the basis that they are couples. As a major aspect in the policy, hiring dual-career couples is more beneficial to the organization as compared to dealing with challenges and problems associated with it.

Secondly, the organization will be committed to treat the dual-career couples as individual employees. Consequently, each spouse will be totally responsible for his/her performance at the workplace and will not be held liable for the other spouse's mistakes. None of the spouses in this organization will be permitted to bargain for a promotion or salary increment for the other spouse (Hannigan, 2010).

Finally, the organization will provide benefits to dual-career couples without regard to gender in order to reduce stress on families and employees alike. As the organization offers benefits with no regard to gender to dual-career couples, it will…… [read more]

Best Practices Labor Relations Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (804 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Human Resources

Labor Relations

The objective of this paper is to demonstrate an understanding of a major employee or labor relation concept that was either accepted to turned into a 'best practice'. Described will be an approach by an organization or union that demonstrates an innovative, creative, cutting edge or unique method of working with employee and labor relations framework

The State of Maine employs what is termed "Interest-Based Bargaining" as its' chosen form of "Preventative Mediation" (Alfano, 1997) This is a shift form traditional confrontational and positional style bargaining to that of bargaining through 'solutions of problems through identification of issues, exploration of the solutions. In this type of bargaining the parties are encouraged to work together in seeking a solution. The characteristics of "interest-based bargaining" are that each party submits their proposals and the parties develop and then submit "clearly defined problems that they will solve together.

The process in traditional bargaining is the submission of proposals based on their solutions to problems that will be solved together between the two of them. In interest-based bargaining the investigation of problems needing resolution are presented and a mutually acceptable solution for each problem is chosen. The solution will in essence give each party at least 'part' of what they want or need. In working collaboratively to solve their problems.

Key Concepts in Interest-Based Bargaining

The focus of the approach is the presentation of the problems as questions and then refines those questions to a representation of a solution.

Interests: The motivational factors in this type of bargaining are the interests of each party and their reasons for seeking a solution to the problem. While each party may have a different reason for wanting g to solve the problem, the fact is that they all desire to find a solution and thus they are motivated to take action.

Options: Options are the solutions which are possible for each individual problem.

Standards: Standards are the guidelines or rules when measuring the acceptable quality of each option. The option that satisfies most of the standards is the one which will be chosen. Objective standards are somewhat difficult to develop in relation to labor relations. The reason stated for this difficulty is the inability to measure such things as equity and fairness objectively. This means the participants must share their view of each standard on an individual basis.

Those utilizing the bargaining referred to as…… [read more]

Human Resources: Fair Labor Standards Term Paper

Term Paper  |  25 pages (7,038 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


report that:

sections 216(a) provides for criminal penalties for willful violations by "any person," while sections 216(b) provide for a civil action for monetary damages against "any employer"; the FLSA, therefore, does not provide for private actions by employees against a labor union (Marcus et al., 1997). The FLSA provides for enforcement against labor organizations by either injunctive proceedings instituted… [read more]

Onet Database Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,103 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


I could see career coaches and universities using the tool for people who have little to no direction career-wise. It functions well as a jumping off point for learning about various jobs, even some of which you may have never heard of. I think that is a particularly useful thing, given that most people are only exposed to occupations that exist within their small sphere, which people they know or have encountered have had. This tool then has the potential to open them up to a larger world of employment. Secondly I think that the tool could be useful for human resources departments because they could compare an applicant's skills with the demands of the job for which they are applying. If they are incompatible, they may be able to steer that applicant toward other positions within the organization. Beyond that, it is definitely a useful tool for career-changers. By being able to cross-reference the skills required by your current job with a wide swath of jobs in the community, you can save yourself from a lot of trouble by narrowing down your options. For example, a corporate executive may want to go into the non-profit sector, but they may be unsure if what they have to offer is adequate. They could go into the tool to find out that there are similarities between the fields that they could then use to their advantage in the job interview, by perhaps trumpeting their planning skills or their knowledge of business law.

4. As a director of human resources, I would have my staff use the site. As I mentioned earlier, there is a wealth of information present that could help members of a large organization transition between jobs in that organization or could help human resources employees to find applicants who fit an opening well. I think the tool does have a few shortcomings, namely that a human resources department at a smaller, less diverse company may have trouble steering employees with similar skills to different roles using the tool. In addition, the tool lacks some specificity which may be helpful within an organization. The type of detail it offers is on a more macro level, for people who may be choosing a career outright, rather than transitioning within or entering into a specific organization. Nonetheless, I think the tool's useful attributes outweigh its shortcomings. I think it may be especially beneficial for human resource departments to use to get their employees thinking about their future and whether they have chosen the right path. I found that in my use of the tool, I began to reflect on exactly what my skills are and what I value in a career. This level of reflection alone in an employee population can contribute to a happier, more fulfilled workplace. Also the statistical information available about each job could be used to compare things like salary offered for various positions (even on a more local level) and job growth trends. These could help ensure… [read more]

Reintegrating Job Design and Career Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (531 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Next they discuss the various ways Career Theory can aid in the development of better job designs so that a person can obtain personal satisfaction from their job and over time can translate that satisfaction into career success.

The authors then reverse their thoughts and delve into the subject of how the field of job design can aid individuals in their careers. A person's career is the sum total of their work experiences focusing on the relationship between one's self and their occupation. The authors assert that an individual's job, how it is designed and how a person performs it, can affect their overall career. Not only can job design have effects on their performance, but it can have psychological effects on the individual as well. For instance, characteristics of job design can affect a person's view of themselves and what they might accomplish in the future.

Finally the authors make the conclusion that what is necessary in the Human Resources field is the designing of jobs that fulfill an individual's need for "mastery, meaning, identity integration, and autonomy" in their daily jobs. (Hall 458) According to the authors, when a job is designed in such a manner it is called a "smart job" and when properly utilized a person can obtain the personal fulfillment from their job but can then translate that personal fulfillment into both personal success as well as success in their career.

Works Cited

Hall, Douglas T., and Miera Las Heras. "Reintegrating job design and career theory:

Creating not just good jobs but smart jobs." Journal of Organizational Behavior

31 (2010):…… [read more]

Legal Ethical Issue Relating to Human Resources Management Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (2,564 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


Legal/Ethical Issue Relating to Human Resources Management

The communication by way of emails and phone calls within an organization should be observed in order to help stop workplace violence. If employees are using company issued equipment in order to threaten people or make derogatory comments this should be considered unethical and employees should be terminated for threating other employee's lives.… [read more]

International Employment Relations Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,449 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Human Resources

International Employment Relations

Describe the pressures that globalization has placed on the Australian automotive assembly industry since the late 1980's.

Globalization is a procedure of dealings and mixing among the people, companies, and governments of different nations. It is a process motivated by international trade and investment and assisted by information technology. This progression has consequences on the… [read more]

Authority and Staff Essay

Essay  |  14 pages (3,538 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … authority and staff authority. What type of authority do human resource managers have?

Line authority is basically a kind of authority which is exercised over line personnel in an organization. With line authority, a supervisor can give orders to subordinate employees. More importantly, line managers have the responsibility to ensure that their subordinates achieve their goals. In this… [read more]

Warn Act Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (706 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2



Do you agree with management's human resource plan of action for the immediate plant closing? Why or why not? Explain in detail and include the legal implications. What does the WARN Act say that allows the plant to close inside of the 60-day notice period?

Given that keeping the plant open will incur additional input costs and not benefit the plant or the workers, whose jobs will surely terminate soon, closing the plant seems wise. This gives the workers a chance to look for new work, rather than keeping them laboring at 'make work' with no hope of ameliorating the situation. If they experience difficulty finding work, they can seek unemployment compensation. While the circumstances are difficult, the extra few months will do little to improve the situation of the workers in the long-term, and only result in a more costly plant closure, with greater expense to the firm's shareholders.

The actions firm of the firm falls under the WARN Act because 3(a) 1 of the WARN Act allows for closure before 60 days if the employer is "actively seeking capital or business...through any other commercially reasonable method" but still cannot financially sustain the company Also, pursuant to 4(b) 1 of the WARN Act allows for immediate closure when a firm facing a catastrophic financial circumstances that "is not reasonably foreseeable," before the 60 days required. These include circumstances caused by sudden, dramatic, and unexpected actions or conditions outside the employer's control, such as a withdrawal of a major client like the sportswear company and the subsequent failure of negotiations. The withdrawal of the sportswear company is an event that could not be anticipated with reasonable business judgment practiced by a similar employer within the same market. Management has been making a good faith effort to negotiate and raise capital, another condition of the Act. True, the managers will still have employment for the 60 days, but this is not an example of favoritism, rather it is because the mangers still need to engage in the necessary steps to close the firm. Also, financing from another source is unlikely, given the…… [read more]

Employees Use the 360 Degree Feedback Method Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,428 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … employees use the 360 degree feedback method, or in other words, they evaluate themselves. Each employee is evaluated by a colleague, a superior and a person inferior hierarchically. However, employees should be evaluated by the Human Resources Specialist or by external consultants. The appraiser is recommendable to be a psychologist, because psychologists are trained to work on the… [read more]

Equal Pay and Compensation Discrimination Term Paper

Term Paper  |  12 pages (3,715 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 7


Equal Pay and Compensation Discrimination

According to Gender

Equal Pay Act of 1963

Pregnancy Discrimination

According to Race

According to Social Networks

According to Age

According to Corporate Culture

According to Performance and Rewards

The 2001 State labor legislation included several significant developments in employment standards (Nelson 2002). These were an increase in the minimum wage rates, child labor measures,… [read more]

Role of Human Resource Management in the Hotel Industry Essay

Essay  |  11 pages (3,672 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 11


Training and Retaining Quality Employees for the Hospitality Industry

There are very few duties and responsibilities that a human relations manager is accountable for that are more critical to the success of his or her venue than selecting high quality people for employment. How to accomplish that delicate, pivotal task is the point of this research paper. The purpose of… [read more]

Performance Analysis and Intervention Research Paper

Research Paper  |  7 pages (2,338 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


This may also be contributing to the above performance issues. Therefore it is necessary to address them now instead of waiting to see if the above solutions actually work.

To improve morale, get outside the box on this predicament. It is financially impossible to retain all the perks currently available to the employees. To make the employees feel that they… [read more]

Industrial Disputes Law Employers and Unions Term Paper

Term Paper  |  20 pages (6,077 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Union Labor Disputes Canada

Wal-Mart Canada

This report is an evaluative report and summary about the international retail giant Wal-Mart. There is no better presentation than one that presents the varying opinions in legal philosophy between unions and employers. As of late, Wal-Mart has been trying to fend off multiple attacks by organized labor over the past decade in an… [read more]

International Emphasis on Education Methodology Chapter

Methodology Chapter  |  6 pages (1,693 words)
Bibliography Sources: 12


Strauss would say that the quality of a theory can be evaluated by the process by which a theory is constructed." (p.1) The work of Weilgamage and Siengthai (2003) entitled "Employer Needs and Graduate Skills: The Gap between Employer Expectations and Job Expectations of Sri Lankan University Graduates" reports that the data for the study were "… gathered through structured interviews and surveys of selected sample of (better specify the exact number of responses from each sample category here) employers, unemployed graduates, employed graduates, current university students and university faculty members. Survey questions were designed to obtain information on perceptions and attitudes of sample respondents based on the determinants identified from the literature review. It is required that the researcher be sensitive to the following issues:

Gatekeepers: the access to the group

Key informants: the individuals who provide useful insights into the group

Reciprocity between the investigator and the subjects being studied

Reactivity: the impact of the researcher on the site and the people being studied


Glaser, B.G. And Strauss, A.L., (1967), The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research, Chicago: Aldine

Pattameak, J. (2009) EMPLOYERS' EXPECTATIONS AND PERCEPTIONS OF TOURISM Vol. 5 No. 4 June 2009 Pp. 306-321.

Perron, R. (2011) The 8th SMEs in a Global Economy Conference 2011: " Rising to the Global Challenge: Entrepreneurship and SMEs development in Asia " Retrieved from: http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/econ/finding-training-keeping-qualified-workers.pdf

Glaser, B.G. (1978) Advances in The Methodology of Grounded Theory, Sociology Press, Mill Valley, CA.

Glaser, B.G. (1992) Basics Of Grounded Theory Analysis, Emergence vs. Forcing, Sociology Press, Mill Valley, CA

Strauss, A.L. (1987) Qualitative Research For Social Scientists, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Strauss, A.L., and Corbin, J. (1998) Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures And Techniques. 2nd. edition, Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA

Lowe, A. (1996) 'An Explanation Of Grounded Theory', Working Paper, Dept. Of Marketing, University of Strathclyde, UK.

Gasson, S (nd) Rigor in Grounded Theory Research: An Interpretive Perspective on Generating Tehroy from Qualitative Field Studies. College of Information Science and Technology. Retrieved from: http://dspace.library.drexel.edu/bitstream/1860/1985/1/2006175287.pdf


Weligamage, S. And Siengthai, S. (2003) Employer Needs and Graduate Skills: The Gap between Employer Expectations and Job Expectations…… [read more]

Recruiting Methods on Cultural Diversity Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (3,298 words)
Bibliography Sources: 12


Language can be a key dividing factor in the workforce. Cultural differences in language can also result in cultural divisions and conflict once a diverse workforce is achieved. Language and cultural barriers can be the most difficult issue to resolve in the diverse workforce (Cox, 1993).

These issues are key factors in the ability to recruit a diverse workforce in… [read more]

Labor and Employment Law Workplace Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,265 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


His performance received an above-average rating by the last annual performance review but he was denied a promotion he deserved because of his age. That promotion was given instead to a 32-year-old co-worker with an adequate review rating. This is a violation of the ADEA.

Discrimination against older persons comes from the stereotype that they are no longer capable or efficient (SHRM, 2013). Yet their experience and insights are always valuable in the organization. They should not be refused employment or terminated on the basis of age. They can also take legal action against the company if the law is thus violated (SHRM).

Situation C -- Persons with disabilities have lots to be apprehensive about. They not only face risks in general and all the difficulties that attend to their disabilities (EEOC, 2013). They are also a target of ridicule and potential discrimination in the workplace. Living with disabilities or defects is a continuous nightmare to them. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 was enacted to address their nightmarish situation (EEOC).

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 or ADA forbids discrimination on account of mental or physical disability or defect (EEOC, 2013). The prohibition covers employment as well as public accommodations, commercial facilities, transportation and telecommunications. The U.S. Department of Justice's Guide to Disability Rights Laws states that those with a disability or are related to someone with a disability. According to ADA, a person with a disability is one who has a physical or mental impairment, which substantially limits one or more major life activities. He must have a history or record of the impairment or disability or is perceived by others as having the impairment. ADA does not specify disabilities so that the law may be flexible in determining what they are (EEOC).

ADA obliges employers to extend reasonable accommodations in hiring persons with disabilities (EEOC, 2013). The employee must, however, inform the employer about his disability. One factor that operates under this Act is reasonable accommodations. It refers to any adjustments or changes the employer makes to allow the disabled employee to discharge his or her job functions. But another factor is at play under the Act, which is called undue hardship. It means that an employer is not obliged to make adjustments or accommodations to the extent of causing undue hardship to the business itself. Adjustments or accommodations become undue or not reasonable when they will incur significant difficulty or expense on the part of the employer. Unduly high costs of resources, size, nature and structure of the business can overturn the reasonable accommodations intent (EEOC).

Applicant C. is paralyzed with both legs. He needs a wheelchair in order to work in this company. His job also requires him frequent movement in the company premises, consisting of 7 floors in the building alone. In the discharge of his function, he will need the frequent use of the elevators. The company must make material adjustments to two of its four elevators so that he can… [read more]

Career Development in Organizations Importance Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,828 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


A CDF can also benefit the HR department by concentrating on staff career development and training, while allowing other HR staff to concentrate on employee benefits, legal and payroll issues, and policy creation. In addition, a CDF can assess the needs of a current OCD plan, and help create a workable plan that serves the needs of the staff and the organization. Clearly, if a career development plan is to be ultimately successful, then a CDF must be part of the equation, and the sooner the better. A CDF can take some of the pressure off the HR department in the creation, maintenance, and assessment stages of the program, and add to the employee experience and retention.

In conclusion, OCD is a growing trend in organizations, as more and more companies recognize the link between staff satisfaction, productivity, and a happy corporate culture. Many companies already support active OCD programs, from GE to General Motors and CIGNA. Each organization utilizes differing OCD techniques that work for their particular needs, but each organization has recognized the positive long-term effects from a successful OCD. Career development can benefit an organization in myriad ways, and a successful OCD can not only make the company profits rise, it can make the staff satisfaction rise, too, which is an enduring part of any organization's continuing success both nationally and globally.


Author Unknown. (2003). Career Development Facilitator Competencies. Retrived from the NCDA Web Site: http://www.ncda.org/pdf/CDFCOMPETENCY.pdf26 Jan. 2004.

Gilley, J.W., & Maycunich, A. (2000). Beyond the Learning Organization: Creating a Culture of Continuous Growth and Development through State-Of-The-Art Human Resource Practices. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing.

Gutteridge, T.G., Leibowitz, Z.B., & Shore, J.E. (1993). A new look at organizational career development. Human Resource Planning, 16(2), 71+.

Morrison, R.F.,…… [read more]

Microsoft's Vega Project Case Study

Case Study  |  4 pages (1,351 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


It seems that his strategy was not correct, as MacLellan's interest in technical things was too strong for him to continue his management job.

It is obvious that MacLellan is going to switch to a technical career, at Microsoft or another company. The best thing that Kaplan can do is figure out a way of determining the company to accept MacLellan as a software designer that deserves the reward system that he is used to from being a team manager. In addition to this, Kaplan must determine MacLellan to accept a smaller reward system, based on the fact that the software designer position is on a lower level in comparison with the team manager position.

There are several solutions that can be addressed by Kaplan. One solution would be to allow MacLellan to switch careers, to offer him a smaller reward package, but not smaller in comparison with what competitors could offer him. This would enable Microsoft to retain MacLellan. It is obvious that Microsoft is the first choice for MacLellan. He would not go to a competitor as a software designer if Microsoft would support his decision to switch careers and would provide him a satisfactory rewards level, because he would not have any reasons to do so.

Therefore, Kaplan must promote MacLellan's input as a software designer for Microsoft so that the company feels compelled to acknowledge his talent by rewarding him the necessary offer (Sims, 2007). This is the right thing to do in order to satisfy Matt's needs. This is most likely the best thing to do for Microsoft also.

Another solution would be for Kaplan to advocate MacLellan's case before the human resources team in order for them to realize the potential that he has as a software designer, and how Microsoft would benefit from him switching career. Kaplan must be careful in how he manages this situation. This is because by MacLellan's switching careers can be considered a failure of Kaplan. This is because he did not manage to identify the real needs of MacLellan and to identify the right career for him at Microsoft. It is also the human resources department's job to evaluate employees' situation and to develop employee engagement strategies.


Employee retention is a problem for most companies, even for a successful company like Microsoft (Amos et al., 2008). In such companies the reward system is not the problem, but the disagreement between the company and employees' needs and preferences. In this case, Microsoft would like MacLellan to occupy a management position, while he would be happier with a software design engineer job. It is important that managers identify and understand what their employees want in order to increase their productivity.

Reference list:

1. Werner, S. et al. (2012). Human Resource Management. Cengage Learning. Retrieved February 10, 2014 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=V0sljYEFBnkC&printsec=frontcover&dq=human+resources+management&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=xkr5Upf7Osv_ygOfsYGoCg&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=human%20resources%20management&f=false.

2. Buhler, P. (2002). Human Resources Management. Retrieved February 10, 2014 from http://books.google.ro/books?id=6MJZLFXqdNwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=human+resources+management&hl=ro&sa=X&ei=xkr5Upf7Osv_ygOfsYGoCg&ved=0CEkQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=human%20resources%20management&f=false.

3. Sims, R. (2007). Human Resource Management: Contemporary Issues, Challenges and Opportunities. Retrieved February 10, 2014 from… [read more]

Net Website Analysis Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (659 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


O*Net Website Analysis

The purpose of an SOC (Standard Occupational Classification) code is to classify workers into occupational categories. The system is used by Federal statistical agencies to collect data on the various job types represented in the country. For this purpose, workers are classified into 840 detailed occupations. In a job description, the SOC usually therefore occurs at, or close to, the definition of their work in terms of the major duties required (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2010).

The brief description indicates the main functions of human resource management, such as planning, directing, and coordinating activities related to the position, as well as maintaining functions such as employee compensation, recruitment, and other personnel related documents and policies. The description therefore focuses only on the duties performed by human resource managers, without information such as compensation or qualifications required. Compensation information is important, because new applicants need to be willing to work for the compensation offered if they are to be recruited and employed. Qualifications, in turn, are important in terms of the employer's viewpoint, as applicants need to be suitably qualified in order to be able to do the work.

In hiring for the position of human resources manager, I would prefer to use the "snapshot" section. The "detail" section contains a large amount of unnecessary information, such as not only what is required to perform well in the position, but also the less important and even unnecessary skills and traits, such as stamina and core strength. The "snapshot" section focuses on the personality traits, skills, and education that are necessary to fill the position. If new recruits are presented only with this information, it is much easier to decide whether they are indeed suitable for the job. Including information of unnecessary skills would simply confuse the issue and make the hiring process more involved and potentially time intensive. It is assumed that a suitable person must be acquired as soon as possible. Hence, to save both time,…… [read more]

Contemporary Leadership Reaction Paper

Reaction Paper  |  2 pages (697 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


HR Leadership

President of the Company

VP of Human Resources


Multiculturalism as an HR Issue

In view of our organization's recent decision to send interns to other countries, it is first necessary to understand some of the basics of human resources within the international context. It is first important to remember that the idea of work, jobs, and labor vary from country to country, culture to culture, and even within cultures. Within the United States, and to a lesser extent, most of the First World, the idea of "work" and a "job" are tied to a person's internal view of themselves and their contribution to their own personal growth, as well as the idea of career growth. Career is much more than an economic term, far more than earning money, and ties more to psychological factors than simply "making a living." In other countries, the idea of human resources and labor are often at odds within a particular culture or socio-economic unit. For example, manual labor, or repetitive labor that requires only basic skills (e.g. assembling circuit boards or sewing) is usually viewed as only a means to an end, whereas some countries also have a burgeoning class of workers that are educated and have the ability to take higher paying positions that are, at times, at odds with the First World countries themselves (e.g. using Indian workers at 1/2 or less wage for Customer Service, Data Entry, etc.) (Reddy, 2008).

Since much has been made recently regarding the outsourcing of numerous customer service, order and banking centers to India, we will focus on India as a paradigm for relocating a business to India. Further, our model will assume that our company plans to open a customer service "help" line for a software product in one of the suburbs of Mumbai, on the southern coast of India. The choice to relocate the facility is primarily based on finances; rents, employee costs, and overhead are 80% less than in the United States, even with the relocation and external expenses involved with U.S. Managers (Davies, 2008).

As an HR…… [read more]

HR Topics in Major Business Magazines Quote Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,180 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … HR topics in Major Business Magazines

Quote #1: Dave Kieffer, leader of Mercer Human Resource Consulting: "These are not surveys or perceptual data. These are measures of how people actually behave, how they respond to the rules and rewards of their companies, and whether they flourish, languish, or leave." The underlying idea of this quote is that, while the statistics and the numerical evidence is useful in the assessment of the staff members and in the development and implementation of human resource strategies, it is even more important to understand the people first, rather than the statistics. In a more professional formulation, qualitative analyses are just as important as quantitative analyses in the management of the human resource.

Quote #2: Susan Adams, Forbes editor "I also understand that I've so far only scratched the surface of what LinkedIn can do. People actively searching for jobs can make use of oceans of data that LinkedIn's 70 million users have created." The essence of this quote reveals the multiple changes which have affected the business community and as such the recruiting operations. One such change is the integration of the internet within HR endeavors, and a relevant example in this sense is the LinkedIn professional website.

Quote #3: Sara E. Needleman, The Wall Street Journal Editor: "While some might argue we're still in a recession, the study showed that most benefits remained fairly stable between 2010 and 2009 after a small decrease between 2008 and 2006. But, the study shows that overall, many benefit offerings are down overall from five years ago." This quote reveals the fact that the changes in the international social and economic climates have impacted the motivational and employee satisfaction strategies implemented by organizational leaders. A reason in this sense could be constituted by the wider access to specialized human resource.

Quote #4: Lisa Thomas, Financial Times editor "During the global downturn, foreign companies in China had little difficulty retaining staff, but conditions are changing as the country helps lead the world out of recession." The Chinese labor force is vast and cheap and the second criterion was the most important one for foreign developers. As the needs of the business community however evolve, the Chinese labor force is more thoroughly evaluated in order to identify the most talented staff members and candidates. As a parenthesis, times of financial constraint represent a solid opportunity for talent scout.

Quote #5: Liz Ryan, Business Week editor: "Lots of HR people I know, for instance, complain about the constant cost-cutting that turns them into the bad guys who must inform employees on a regular basis of reductions in everything from travel allowances to flavors of tea in the break room." There is also a humane side to human resource management in the meaning that it involves direct interaction with the staff members, and this interaction is sometimes difficult. In other words, not all individuals can perform the HRM tasks.

Quote #6: Discussing the management of an exhibit with millions… [read more]

Whistleblower HR Management and the Whistleblower Protection Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,355 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5



HR Management and the Whistleblower Protection Act

The last decade in American corporate culture represents a nadir of ethical performance and effective organizational stewardship. These two realities have interceded to promote a period of deep corruption, aggressive shortsightedness and an absence of safeguards against rampant corporate abuses. The outcome is a seriously negative context from a Human Resource Management perspective, as major corporations have shown themselves to be increasingly less secure job occupational contexts and their cultures have come to extent greater concession to myriad abuses of sound management or ethical appropriateness. One of the key shortcomings in the area of private corporate orientation derives from a failure of accountability such as that which is designed to protect against the same realities in public management. It is to this end that the research here conducted examined the Whistleblower Protection Act, which was passed in 1989 with the intention of creating legal deterrence for obstructing or failing to address the claims of a whistleblower concerning corruption, excess or mismanagement by superiors or on a systemic level.

Description of Topic:

The legislation in question would be designed particularly with the intent to reign in abused in government agencies, beginning with the federal level and descending through other areas of governance. Accordingly, the Federal Securities and Exchange Commission denotes that "a federal agency violates the Whistleblower Protection Act if it takes or fails to take (or threatens to take or fail to take) a personnel action with respect to any employee or applicant because of any disclosure of information by the employee or applicant that he or she reasonably believes evidences a violation of a law, rule or regulation; gross mismanagement; gross waste of funds; an abuse of authority; or a substantial and specific danger to public health or safety." (SEC, 1) the legislation is designed to promote a context in which those who would perform this duty as a sense of responsibility to the public good would do so without fear of retaliation. As we enter into a consideration of the principles implied by this legislation, particularly through the lens of a decade of corporate corruption, it is clear that such legislation should be strengthened and applied on a private level as well.

Implications for Management:

The implications to management of the Whistleblower Act should be significant. This is because they are designed to create a context in which organizations are required to establish a system through which whistleblowing activity is facilitated and protected in advance of any such occurrence. Thus, those that would report malfeasance must be assured preemptively by the organization's structure such that the intention to act as a whistleblower would not be dissuaded by fear of its inherent risk to professional security and standing within the organization.

Beyond this, there is an inbuilt intention for such legislation to function as a deterrent for those organizations that would otherwise behave out of accordance with their legal responsibilities. According to the source provided by Whitaker (2007), "when Congress first… [read more]

Employment I'm Employed Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (764 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Because he cares, it makes him more effective, and he has advised many people who come back and thank him later. I know few people that enjoy their jobs as much as he does, or that throw themselves into their jobs as much as he does, and it is always invigorating to watch him work.

That is not to say there are not challenges in my work. Even in the military, we have budgetary concerns, and it seems everyone is doing more with less, including our office. As a supervisor, I have to deal with individuals who aren't as dedicated to the job. Sometimes, they call in sick or act sick at work, and it makes them difficult to manage. It also makes it hard for the organization to retain effective employees, because if they don't enjoy the work, they transfer to another position, leading to higher staffing costs and training costs. I am noticing a difference between the generations and how they approach work, as well, which can be challenging. A Web site talks about the challenges of leading a multi-generational workforce. The editors note, "Generational differences impact communication styles, technology needs, professional development preferences, workplace expectations, compensation and benefits needs, desired leadership styles and the effectiveness of reward and recognition systems" (Editors, 2009). Younger workers have very different needs than older workers do, and they have different work ethics that are sometimes more difficult to manage.

In the future, I am interested in learning more about "talent management" and its use in HR. Another writer notes, "Recently, the phrase 'talent management' is being used to refer the activities to attract, develop and retain employees. Some people and organizations use the phrase to refer especially to talented and/or high-potential employees" (McNamara, 2009). I think that is an area to explore and develop, and I'd like to aim for that in the future.


Editors. (2009). Leading the multigenerational workforce. Retrieved 12 Dec. 2009 from the Human Resources.com Web site:


McNamara, C. (2009). Human resource management (and talent management). Retrieved 12 Dec. 2009 from the ManagementHelp.org Web site: http://managementhelp.org/hr_mgmnt/hr_mgmnt.htm.… [read more]

Workers Compensation Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (753 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Worker's Compensation

In speaking with small business owners throughout California, it is clear that the rapidly escalating costs of Workers' Compensation Insurance are having a significant financial impact on their business. One small business, Rockwell's Cafe based in Villa Park, California has a quarterly payment of $35,000 to the California Division of Workers' Compensation (DWC), and this is considered at the low end of the scale relative to other restaurants and businesses. The intent of this paper is to evaluate how worker's compensation is having a very significant effect on small businesses' ability to stay in business, and also provide insights into how health insurance actually reduces workers' compensation claims for a business (Lakdawalla, Reville, Seabury, 2007)

The Human Resource Dilemma of Worker's Compensation

In many states including California, even if a business has just one employee there are required to carry worker's compensation insurance, even if the employee is undocumented (Query, 2006). Many small business owners ask why they must pay for worker's compensation for undocumented workers, yet the irony is that at times these workers are hired because they will work for significantly less than others. California has been a state that has upheld the rights of undocumented workers to be accounted for under worker's compensation insurance, with several courts referring back to the Federal Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) (Query, 2006). This is the paradox that many small business owners throughout California find themselves in today regarding worker's compensation. They cannot find documented workers who will take minimum wage for intermediate to advanced -- risk jobs including tree trimming, heavy landscaping or roofing, yet paradoxically these are the highest at-risk jobs according to the California Division of Workers' Compensation (DWC) (Nguyen, Kleiner, 2005). Factors that will reduce the amount of worker's compensation insurance employers must pay include if they offer health insurance, and what their previous safety history has been (Nguyen, Kleiner, 2005). The DWC also calculates insurance premiums through a benchmarking process that takes into account the frequency of on-the-job injury and the severity of injury by occupation. Roofers for example pay exceptionally high rates of worker's compensation insurance in California as a result.

Steps to Resolving the Dilemma of Worker's Compensation

The combined effects of the recession and…… [read more]

Collective Bargaining the Taft-Harley Act of 1946 Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  4 pages (1,269 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Collective Bargaining

The Taft-Harley Act of 1946 was a reformation of the original Wagner Act of 1935, passed during the New Deal. The Wagner Act gave workers the "right to organize and join labor unions, to bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and to strike. It also set up the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), an independent federal agency with three members appointed by the president, to administer the [Wagner] Act and gave it the power to certify that a union represented a particular group of employees" (Wagner 2002).

The Wagner Act prohibited employers from interfering with or restraining employees from collective organizing and bargaining, from "attempting to dominate or influence a labor union" or refusing to bargain collectively with the union in "good faith" and encouraging or discouraging union membership through any special conditions of employment or through discrimination against union or non-union members in hiring" (Wagner 2002). This last provision gave organized labor one of its greatest powers, namely to have open and closed 'shops,' in which an employer "agrees to hire only union members" and "requires anyone hired to join the union" (Wagner 2002). This was a way to keep salaries higher, as non-union members could not agree to work for lower wages. Closed shops facilitate collective bargaining for unions, as there are no non-union workers to cross the union picket line working in the same establishment.

The Taft-Hartley Act retained the features of the earlier Wagner Act but gave employers added provisions to strengthen their position against labor unions. It "allowed the president, when he believed that a strike would endanger national health or safety, to appoint a board of inquiry to investigate the dispute," and to prevent the continuation of the strike if it posed a danger to the nation's health and safety, according to a federal court of law (Wagner 2002). The parties would then have an eighty-day "cooling off" period during which the law would prohibit a "national emergency strike" (Wagner 2002). The Taft-Hartley Act also prohibited secondary or supportive boycotts and sympathy strikes or boycotts as well as jurisdictional strikes and boycotts. The latter are attempts "to force an employer to give work to members of one particular union instead of another" union (Wagner 2002). Perhaps the most controversial aspect of the Taft-Hartley Act was that it outlawed discrimination against non-union members and allowed states to pass 'right to work' laws, although union shops could exist if states did not expressly forbid them (Wagner 2002). This gave human resource departments more flexibility in hiring practices, and negotiations regarding wages, hours, and working conditions than existed before, when only the Wagner Act was in force in its original form.

Part II

Major industries that engage in collective bargaining in the United States include the auto industry, which has one of the most powerful unions in the nation, the United Auto Workers (UAW). When the automotive industry was first founded in America by Henry Ford, workers were highly monitored and although well-paid,… [read more]

Spencer Education for the New Economy: Human Thesis

Thesis  |  3 pages (1,339 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+



Education for the new economy:

Human capital and new human resource management

Businesses are in business to make money. Just as businesses use technological and material resources to enhance their workplace capabilities and ultimately their 'bottom line,' they also use human resources to increase their revenue. Educated human resources are often superior in terms of the value they can add to an organization. This idea is exemplified in the slogan "our employees are our most valuable resources," although this cliche is often used to suggest that an organization is caring, rather than craven. But when employees are viewed as resources, are they really treated as human beings, valuable or not? The evidence suggests this is not the case, and to truly educate employees, it is necessary to treat them as individuals, not as resources to be exploited. A liberal arts education provided by a university and a learning environment at work yields better results than a narrow technical education and an emphasis on standard operation procedures and reaching set benchmarks.

It is not always so clear that greater expenditures upon adult education yield a profit for all organizations in the short-term, of course. True, for some industries demanding employees with high-level skills, making an investment in the training of workers is essential to day-to-day operations. The better the employee is on the computer, the more up-to-date the it professional's skills, the better the service or product. Thus fostering loyalty within the hearts and minds of employees, providing them with good benefits packages, and creating a healthy workplace environment will ensure the retention of valuable company assets. This might be called the 'Google' model. Not only does Google boast yoga classes during lunch and a free gourmet selection of cafeterias for employees: "The company's engineers are given 20% of their time to pursue their own ideas instead of company assignments," to facilitate employee learning in the service of the company and employee creativity (Loher 2005).

While this model has reaped impressive dividends for Google, for other companies, such as McDonald's, using employees as disposable commodities in the majority of lower level jobs might seem more effective if they keep their eye on the short-term bottom line. "Almost every fast-food restaurant in Colorado Springs has a banner or a sign that says, now hiring...fast-food operators have little control over their fixed costs: their leases, franchise fees and purchases from company-approved suppliers. As a result, they are under constant pressure to keep wages as low as possible. From opening time until early afternoon, most of the fast-food workers appear to be immigrants, high school dropouts, middle-aged housewives and senior citizens. After that the workforce behind the counter seems entirely adolescent" (Schlosser 1998). From a logical perspective, lessening the rate of attrition in all sectors by fostering the idea that the company is valuing its employees might argue for the applicability of the Google model to all jobs, in all industries, but that does not seem to be the case in reality --… [read more]

Sport Collective Bargaining Thesis

Thesis  |  10 pages (2,529 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 10


Collective Bargaining in Sports and the Human Resources Professional

Both corporations and unions agree that effective success hinges on the role that human resources departments play in the organization (Stratton-Devine, 1992). Without HR professionals to effectively manage the human factor in an organization, organizational success is quite unlikely. In the professional sports industry, this reality is significantly complicated by near… [read more]

Comparable Worth Debate Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (356 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Worth Debate: From a Human Resource manager perspective, what are the challenges of implementing comparable worth?

Although comparable worth may seem like a fair way to allocate pay, it presents many challenges to a HR professional. First of all, it goes against the free market system, in which employers attempt to pay workers as little as the market will allow. This is to keep the business' input costs in the form of wages down, while employees seek the highest pay the market will support. One business may instate comparable worth, but other businesses may not. This means that a business using comparable worth may pay certain employees more or less, based upon internal review, but skew the salaries of clerical workers abnormally high above the market equilibrium, cutting into its profits. This will occur for no other reason than the principle of implementing the comparable worth system. And the enterprise will have to pass these additional wage costs onto consumers.

Second, there is the issue of implementation and subjectivity -- performance reviews are already criticized for…… [read more]

Manage Administrative Assistant Position Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (916 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Administrative Assistant: HR Documentation for Managing the Administrative Role

Manage Administrative Assistant position

This paper provides documentation describing four functions: job analysis, selection, orientation and training relative to the position of Management Administrative Assistant. This documentation aligns with the objectives and strategic aims of the company in an attempt to assist any incumbent in this job role in meeting corporate goals. The documentation begins with an overview of the job analysis process.

Description of Job Analysis

The purpose of a job analysis is to provide information and establish a documented set of rules, policies and procedures that relate to the training, compensation and selection of employees in a designated position (Job-Analysis, n.d.). This job analysis focuses on the position of a Management Administrative Assistant. The role of a managerial administrative assistant includes many tasks including but not limited to: coordinating office services including budget and personnel preparation, record keeping, management studies to improve workflow and reporting procedures within the company, assist with coordination and collection of reports including those related to termination and new hire records, compensation records and statistical records for the job (DOL, 2007). Some higher order managerial assistants may direct services or supervise and interview job applicants for less-skilled positions including clerical positions (Fine, 1999).

Tips for Selection

When selection candidates for the position of managerial administrative assistant, or any position, it is important for organizational decision makers to work with human resources representatives to create a selection process enabling hiring managers to discover a good "fit" for a staffing vacancy (Ferris, Frink & Galang, 1993). To achieve this, managers must look at diverse groups of candidates without regards to minority status to provide all candidates an equal opportunity for job application and selection. Recruitment for the management administrative assistant position will include: (1) posting of an internal job posting made available to all internal candidates interested in the position for 30 days and (2) subsequent listing of the job vacancy and description with local newspapers and though the corporate website. Studies suggest greater diversity is achieved when managers first recruit trainable candidates within an organization but also when hiring managers actively seek job candidates from a wider pool of resources; the listing of the job vacancy on the corporate website would serve this important purpose (Ferris, Frink & Galang, 1993).

Questions to ask to facilitate the hiring process including: "What is the candidate's previous experience working in this capacity?" And "What other experience does the candidate have that may prove valuable to the organization's strategic objectives

Script for Orientation

In HR, we feel it is important to address some sensitive issues during your early employment with our company. The HR department handles discussions involving benefits, compensation and disciplinary issues because the department consists of…… [read more]

HRM in the Public Sector Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (605 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


HRM in the Public Sector

Please discuss some of the challenges of doing performance appraisal. What is your recommendation to meet these challenges?

According to Faizal (2005), performance appraisal is a controversial management practice in any context, but particularly in the public sector. The public sector faces various concerns when engaging in performance appraisal practices. The system could, for example, be influenced by cultural, organizational, and political factors. It is, for example, possible that favoritism could significantly impact the effectiveness of the performance appraisal system. This could also influence the promotion process, which could be directly connected to performance appraisal. When they are not provided with sufficient information regarding the performance appraisal procedure and result, employees may also experience significant uncertainty regarding their employment and their esteem in the eyes of top management. These challenges can all be met by means of effective communication. Employees need to be aware of the benefits of performance appraisal, as well as what exactly the procedure and result will involve. Managers in charge of the performance appraisal should provide employees with the opportunity to communicate their concerns should they not agree with the results of their appraisal.


What do you see as the major Human Resource Management issue in the public sector?

When determining the most important issues in the public sector, it is important to first cultivate an understanding of the major functions of personnel in this sector. Public servants primarily work to provide government services to the public. As such, personnel in this sector act as the catalyst for the relationship between the public and its government. One of the most important issues to keep in mind here is therefore the fact that public servants should be chosen and trained for their particular talents in the area where they will work. If this…… [read more]

What Could Make Employee Satisfaction Surveys Worth While? Dissertation

Dissertation  |  50 pages (15,085 words)
Bibliography Sources: 45


¶ … Employee Satisfaction

Hygiene Factors and Dissatisfaction at Work

Productivity and Employee Satisfaction

Employee Satisfaction

Work Environment

The key thing that obstructs workers from attaining results for the customers

Employee Compensation and reward

Business Knowledge

Client Relations

The Power of Satisfaction

How employee satisfaction is achieved

Advantages of Employee Satisfaction Survey

Conducting an effective employee engagement and satisfaction survey… [read more]

Management Name and Explain Three Benefits Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,180 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8



Name and explain three benefits that companies attribute to telecommuting. Which do you feel is the greatest benefit, and why?

Three different benefits that can be attributed to telecommuting include: it reduces costs, increases productivity and it improves the quality of life for workers. These different elements are significant, because they allow both the employer and employee to have… [read more]

Fargo Publishing Company One Issue Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (621 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Fargo Publishing Company

One issue that Fargo Publishing Company is having is in its payroll system. Currently, the Human Resources department is given each of the department's time cards to enter in manually. In doing so, the Human Resources department is making a handful of errors. This costs the Human Resources department and the production departmental supervisor time, and not catching an error could potentially cost the company money.

In order to eliminate this issue, Fargo should consider upgrading its time reporting system. Integrating an electronic time reporting system eliminates Human Resources from the situation, leaving less room for errors. If the department supervisors are able to review the time information reported by each individual employee they oversee, they will be able to better know whether or not the time reported is accurate or not. After fixing the errors, the report can be electronically submitted to the company accountant.

Fargo currently has many issues with labor costs that are resulting in decreased profits, despite their steady maintenance of market share. In Organizational Behavior studies, it was found that when a company had employees doing specialized functions, productivity went down. Employees feel isolated to specific tasks, and are not emotionally invested in the tasks. Rather, the employees were set to "auto-pilot," completing only what is expected of them. If the employees are able to do a number of different tasks within their own department, rather than one or a few, the productivity of the entire department will increase (Nelson & Quick, 2011).

In the event that the high labor costs are related to the inaccurate reporting of labor hours, changing from paper to electronic time reporting should assist in covering the issue. At the current time, the Human Resources department is in charge of taking the physical pieces of paper and punching in the data. Because the Human Resources department is…… [read more]

Business Performance Improvement Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (4,314 words)
Bibliography Sources: 15


Attendance Intervention

Human Resources

Hummel Insurance Attendance Intervention

Executive Summar

Description of the Performance in your Organization

Description of the Performance Analysis

Desription of the Root Cause Analysis

Description of the Design, Development and Selection

Description of Performance Evaluation and Continuous Quality Improvement


Apendecies Employee absenteeism is one of the most common workplace problems facing employers in today's workplace.… [read more]

Sexual Discrimination in Europe Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (953 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Human Resources -- Sexual Discrimination in Europe

There are many variations to the kinds of sexual harassment experienced by both men and women in Europe. Those the prevalence of certain kinds of harassment vary country to country and culture to culture, according to reports on sexual harassment in Europe, the most common kind of sexual harassment is Hostile Environment. The sexual abusers make the workplace a "hostile environment" with unwanted comments, jokes, looks, touches, and other gestures that make the abused feel deeply uncomfortable to the point where the environment may interfere with their work. Harassment itself is defined as

"unwanted sexually tinted behaviour/attention appearing in physical verbal and nonverbal behaviour resulting in a hostile work environment, less pleasure in work, disturbance of productivity, and a worsening of the relationship with the client or organisation." (European Commission, "Sexual harassment in the workplace in the European Union," Page 23)

Therefore sexual harassment extends beyond the actions or words or nonverbal communications expressed by the abuser/harasser; sexual harassment contains both the harassment and the aftermath of the harassment including most notably the affects on the harassed, the work environment, and the process of work in general.

Because sexual harassment is so prevalent in European cultures, not to mention around the world, there are now laws and other forms of legislation in place to serve consequences for those who sexually harass others at work. Some punishments for convictions of sexual harassment at the workplace include prison time, fines, and compensation to the harassed person(s). In several European countries such as Portugal, some of the laws require that the harasser be summarily fired from his/her position at the workplace as well. (European Commission, Pages 193, 203, 204) There are even some cases of laws, that as a part of the punishment, the harasser may be kept from further employment from specific industries, tasks, or be banned from a kind of work for a specific amount of time. (Loutfi, Women, Gender, and Work, Page 485)

The range of effects of sexual harassment is great. Sexual harassment affects the individual harassed, affects the organisation within which the harassment took place, and sexual harassment affects society as a whole. Let us first discuss the effects of sexual harassment on the individual. For the individual who is on the receiving end of sexual harassment at the workplace, the effects are numerable, unfortunately. There are physical and emotional or psychological effects. The individual spends his/her working life in fear. This person lives in fear of the person(s) who harass them; the harassed will fear the presence of the harasser. The feelings of fear interfere with work production, which may in turn put this person's job in danger. The person, or anyone who is sexually harassed at work may be so distracted by the feelings of fear and disgust, that they make mistakes that ultimately cost…… [read more]

Legal Environment/Total Rewards: A Changing Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,665 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Another component of a "total rewards" approach may be to offer certain incentives as part of a wellness program. Offering a wellness program not only gives the employee the benefit of information and tools to improve his or her health, but also can have a significant impact on the company's health care costs. A popular approach to wellness programs is to reduce health care premiums or offer other incentives such as gift cards or taxable cash bonuses when employees meet certain health-related standards. This approach has its own set of legal hazards, however, as health benefit offerings are closely regulated by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). HIPAA requires that the total rewards offered through a wellness program not exceed 20% of the cost of the company's plan, and that the standards required for rewards be attainable be all employees, or that equitable alternatives are offered (Simon et al., 2007).

In conclusion, while the Federal labor laws put in place in the 20th century provide a strict lower limit to the pay practices of many businesses, they generally do not hinder the use of pay as part of a strategic human resources approach. While other regulations such as HIPAA may come into play in certain circumstances, for the most part the use of pay incentives is an unfettered and highly effective method of acquiring and keeping skilled, productive labor, and should be considered as part of the human resources plan for many 21st century companies who are concerned with maintaining their competitive edge.


Atkinson, W. (Nov 2009) Filling in around the edges. HR Magazine, Vol. 54, Iss. 11, 55-59.

Bohlander, G. & Snell, S. (2010) Managing Human Resources. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Chen, H. & Hsieh, Y. (Nov/Dec 2006) Key trends of the total reward system in the 21st century. Compensation and Benefits Review, Vol. 38, Iss. 6, 64-72.

Simon, T., Traw, K., McGeoch, B., &…… [read more]

Career Development, Personnel Evaluation Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (867 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


There are several common aspects of effective personnel evaluation programs. First, performance measures should be easily understood, quantifiable, and bear a demonstrated relationship to corporate performance. In addition, effective personnel programs should be designed to eliminate external performance obstacles, establish training needs, and identify an employee's strengths and weaknesses. Third, in order to provide a human resources manager with a complete picture of an employee's strengths and weaknesses, both an employee's immediate supervisor and his or her fellow employees and team members should be interviewed. While an employee's direct supervisor may be in a good position to discern whether an employee is contributing to the goals of the corporation, an employee's peers and team members will have an unfiltered view of an employee's performance, especially in terms of cooperation, dependability, and productivity.


Continuous training is integral to furthering corporate growth and to maintaining effective job performance, employee motivation and production, and evolutions in product areas. In order to have effective training programs, companies may utilize a systems approach. Key components of this approach include needs assessment, program design, and evaluation. Needs assessment begins with organizational analysis. Human resources managers should establish a context for training by determining what areas training is required in, how training connects with strategic objectives, and how corporate resources may best be maximized. When designing a training program, human resources managers should utilize principals of learning in order to create an environment that is conducive to learning. Evaluation of a training program should focus on several criteria, including participant reactions, learning, behavior changes on the job, and bottom line results.


As Tom Peters stated in A Passion for Excellence, "Trust people, treat them like adults, enthuse them by lively and imaginative leadership, develop and demonstrate an obsession for quality, make them feel they own the business, and your workforce will respond with total commitment." In order to improve a corporation's competitive advantage, increase employee productivity, and reduce costs, human resource managers must focus on how to properly manage employees. Creating effective leadership and motivation, establishing a work environment that supports the employees while maximizing the rewards for the corporation, hiring and retaining the most skilled employees, and rewarding and treating employees fairly are the most important goals for human resources manager. By developing effective and innovative career development, personnel evaluation, and training programs, human resources managers will be able to focus on creating an environment where employees are motivated and productive and where the corporation's profits…… [read more]

HRM Comprises of Issues Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (2,089 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


(ii) It focuses on the results for Target Groups and comprises of targets and assessment system for each of the Key Result Areas. These systems will deliver our Dept with the scope to measure the progress of EEO qualitatively as well as quantitatively. (Company Policies - Queensland Health)

(2) Layman's explanation of the HRM terms:

(i) HR Planning: - As people are the ultimate resources of any organization, an HR strategy must look forward that it has the right people doing the right job, with the right blend of competencies with the right attitudes and behaviors and the employees are built up in the proper manner. (Module 8: Human Resource Management) (ii) Recruitment: Recruitment is the hiring of people with the right skill sets which let the management to find out and steadily change the behavioral traits and skills of the workforce. The current trend in the workplace has been teamwork rather than the hierarchical model of organizational functioning. (Recruitment)

(iii) Training: - Training is equipping an employee with the right set of skills or upgrading his existing skills or addition of a new skill that is able to bring about the required change an agency is looking forward to. Giving training raises an employee's performance, develops group and team skills required to attain organizational goals, motivate employees to achieve improved standards. (Supervisor's Guide: Training & Development) (iv) Performance Appraisal (PA): - PA seeks to give employees answers to what the employee is expected to perform, how well the employee is faring, what are his strengths and weaknesses and the manner in which a better job can be done and how more can be contributed towards organizational objectives. (Performance Appraisal)

(v) Employees benefits & Compensation: These are the various advantages which are extended to employees in the course of their employment like "retirement plans, insurance ranging from life, health and disability, vacation and Employee Stock Option Plan or ESOP" (Employee Benefit and Compensation) (vi) Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO): EEO promotes quality of employment through an EEO Management Plan which competes for recruitment, selection, promotion and transfers inside the Dept besides undergoing careers within the Dept and other Dept as efficiently as people those who are not members of the target group. Besides, abolition of unlawful discrimination by the Dept or its staff against members of the target groups as regards matters relating to employment. (Company Policies - Queensland Health)


A Guide to Strategic Human Resources Planning. Retrieved from http://www.workinfo.com/free/Downloads/176.htm Accessed 18 August, 2005

Company Policies - Queensland Health. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/gems/eeo/code_00/queenshe.htm Accessed 18 August, 2005

McNamara, Carter. Employee Benefit and Compensation. Retrieved from http://www.managementhelp.org/pay_ben/pay_ben.htm Accessed 18 August, 2005

McNamara, Carter. Employee Benefits. Retrieved from http://www.managementhelp.org/pay_ben/benefits/benefits.htm

Accessed 18 August, 2005

Module 8: Human Resource Management. Retrieved from http://www.vta.vic.edu.au/docs/GRG/M08%20HRM%203-5.doc

Accessed 18 August, 2005

Performance Appraisal. Retrieved from http://filebox.vt.edu/users/dgc2/staffinghandbook/perfappraisal.htm

Accessed 18 August, 2005

Recruitment and Selection. Retrieved from http://www.hrmguide.co.uk/hrm/chap8/ch8-links1.htm Accessed 18 August, 2005

Recruitment. Human Resource Management in a Business Context. Thomson Learning. 2004.

Retrieved from http://www.hr-topics.com/employee_resourcing/recruitment.htm Accessed 18 August, 2005

Stamp,… [read more]

High Performance Manager Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,128 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


downsizing is a common occurrence in corporations across the globe. While it may help the firms in re-strategizing and cost cutting, this sudden loss of job can be very damaging for the terminated employee. Firms often fail to realize that downsizing doesn't have to clash with human resource building and that if done correctly; it might protect employees from emotional and psychological damage that they experience when they are suddenly shown the door. In a research article by Nadia Labib and Steven H. Appelbaum, the authors express their frustration with corporations' lack of understanding about the effects of downsizing. They maintain that in the absence of human resource building measures, downsizing directly translates into "a marked drop in employee morale and productivity" which they feel can prevent "organizations from realizing their strategic objectives."

The authors indicate that downsizing is a problematic issue. Its failure and success are both debatable since the human cost is vaguely discussed when employees are suddenly robbed of their means of livelihood. Since firms do not take into account the "psychological, social, and financial effects" of downsizing, they fail to take appropriate measures for human resource support and building hence lending seriously negative connotations to the phenomenon. And it is not only the terminated employees who suffer, the authors feel that "downsizing has a major impact on surviving employees as well as on the organization itself, both strategically and operationally."

The article discusses the human resource components of downsizing at length. These components include such critical issues as which employees to terminate, how will they be terminated, when will the notice be issued and exactly what will be the criteria for selecting employees for termination. Researches and studies agree that criteria must be crystal clear. The employees should be treated with justice so that they know why their termination is justified. It will also give the remaining employees some sense of security. Citing some researches, the authors maintain that, "the criteria used in selecting employees to be terminated must not only be clear and appropriate, but must also be perceived by all employees to be clear, appropriate, and fair. This is especially true of surviving employees as, according to Greenberg (1990), survivors are in a unique position to judge the fairness of terminations and that they respond positively to this perception by becoming more committed to the organization." This is an interesting point but one that is largely ignored by the firms. If you are too busy cutting down number of employees, you might totally forget about the remaining employees who are key to the success of the firm in this situation. They should know why they survived downsizing and the only way to achieve this to make the criteria clear and communicate it to everyone involved.

The psychological and emotional impact, which is well documented, aggravates in these times of technological advancement. What firms fail to understand is that employees have certain knowledge, skills and abilities (KSAs) for a job and may have not been… [read more]

Management Requirement I Put Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (2,158 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Candidate has not thought through on the employees response

Expects the employee to follow his/her approach without question

Criteria for Higher-Rated Responses

Demonstrates enough willingness to assist the employee.

Expects the employee to initially respond negatively, but is willing to provide guidance.

Encourages the employee to have another approach that would be suitable.

KSA Grouping: Initiative. For this KSA the candidate is been analyzed for their ability to start and follow through with a given task without consultation or guidance.

Lead Question: Imagine a situation where your supervisor has given you a task, but with very little guidance on how they would like the task completed or done. Your boss is not around and in two days time the task will be due. Nothing seems to be going right in regards to the task. How would you handle this?


Why would you take such an approach?

Which other alternatives would you consider?


Have you ever been a similar situation before? What did you do?

Rating on this Question:




Criteria for Lower-Rated Responses

Did not demonstrate any initiative on the task.

Chose to leave the task till the boss returned for guidance.

Candidate had no desire to perform the task

Criteria for Higher-Rated Responses

Demonstrated willingness to take initiative on the task.

Performed the task to the best of his/her ability with the guidance received initially.

Had the desire to complete the task on time.

Realistic Job Preview (RJP)

Following is a series of statements that will give the candidate a candid, realistic view of the job he/she is being considered for. By communicating some of the good things -- and not-so-good things -- about the job itself, the unit the person would be working in, and the larger organization, the candidate will be in a position to decide if the job is a good fit for him/her. A good RJP can result in a more satisfied employee and reduced turnover.

The Job (List key good and not-so-good things about the job):

Job requires a person with compassion for other employees. Compared to the industry rates, the position offers a good remuneration package.

Employees require someone who will be ready to offer guidance to them and not one who is always reprimanding.

You will be required to organize out of office seminars for employee trainings to advance their careers.

The Unit or Function (List key good and not-so-good things about the unit or function the person will work in):

Currently the department is not well structured and the company is seeking for someone who is good at organizing confidential employee records, as well come up with HR policies for the company.

Though there is no dedicated HR department, the office administrator will offer guidance and provide support where necessary as she has been handling the HR docket.

Employees in the company are generally cooperative as long as one does not take their work for granted.

The Organization (List key good and not-so-good things about the organization… [read more]

Onboarding Best Practices Essay

Essay  |  16 pages (4,892 words)
Bibliography Sources: 12


Culture is a wide category that ensures that employees get a sense of organizational customs and values, both informal and formal. Connection as a distinct level of onboarding practice refers to the crucial interpersonal links and data networks that newly hired employees in an organization must set up. The four C's (Compliance, Clarification, Culture and Connection), are the building blocks… [read more]

Employment Law Policies for XYZ Business Proposal

Business Proposal  |  6 pages (1,914 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


The hiring process should reflect outreach to people of various backgrounds and diversity groups who make solid candidates. Job openings should be advertised mainstream through traditional channels, as well as via diversity targeted fairs, publications and websites (Hennemann, 2011). An online example is www.employdiversity.com, a career site dedicated to providing jobs for underrepresented minorities, women and other diverse job seekers. Once hired, work should be done to retain such talent as well. Mentoring programs and professional development workshops will be helpful to achieve this goal.

All terms and conditions of employment such as compensation, benefits, work assignment, and privileges of employment are to be built on the basis of equality. Fair and ethical diversity practice also extends to communicating expectations for work roles and the termination of employment (Cornock, 2012). If there are minor job performance issues, management should attempt to communicate with the employee and correct the problem before termination is considered. Employees should also receive adequate notice prior to termination.

Generally, people want fair and equitable treatment. XYZ will work from an understanding that diversity spans beyond race and gender -- it also includes employees of different religions, ages and sexual orientation. Employees should be free from comments and behaviors offensive to their particular cultural differences. The overall goal is to create a safe environment, show appreciation for all contributors, and address any concerns immediately. There must be a sincere -- not forced or contrived -- effort and commitment to creating a diverse work environment (Pyrillis, 2011).


Cornock, M. (2012). What to do when an employer acts unfairly. Nursing Standard, 26(38), 63.

Cullen, L. (2007). The Diversity Delusion. Time, 169(19), 74.

Henneman, T. (2011). Making the Pieces Fit. Workforce Management, 90(8), 12-18.

Hutson, B. (2012). How Is Your Relationship with Your Boss, Do You Know? Black Enterprise, 42(11), 56.

Housh, K. (2011). Different but Equal? Inequalities in the Workplace, the Nature-Based Narrative, and the Title VII Prohibition on the Masculinization of the "Ideal Worker." Texas Journal on Civil Liberties & Civil Rights, 17(1), 117-142.

Nadler, J.T., & Stockdale, M.S. (2012). Workplace Gender Bias: Not Just Between Strangers. North American Journal Of Psychology, 14(2), 281-291.

Katz, M. (2003). The current state of diversity training. Women in Business, 55(6), 26-27.

Pichler, S., Varma, A., & Bruce, T. (2010). Heterosexism in Employment Decisions: The Role of Job Misfit. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40(10), 2527-2555. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2010.00669.x

Pyrillis, R. (2011). Just a…… [read more]

Managing Demographic the Change Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,282 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


This proved to manage the demographic risk in Japan and kept many companies in the market even as human resources are being imported to the country. It countered the lost of human resource through various calamities which took place before in Japan such as several Tsunami or earthquakes and the leak of nuclear plant which caused a lot of casualty.

In United States several policies and laws have been adapted to curb the demographic changes in employment sectors. For example when applying for employment you are not supposed to include your gender, race and age. This to avoid any eventuality of discrimination based on gender, age or race. The United States doesn't tolerate age discrimination and respect to the old is highly upheld at all level of the company. This however, to ensure that age discrimination in a workplace is unacceptable.

The degree of diversity of workforce as really changed that is in terms of age and skills, these diversities has also grown markedly over the last decades. Nowadays, a good number of women have joined the workforce which increases their number in the workforce tremendously, and proportion balance of different ethnic group has also made their entries. However, to manage this demographic, anti-discrimination legislation was enacted which ensured that all people are treated equally at workplace (Shenhav. Haberfeld 2010).

Some human resource management policies and practices are made specifically to target certain group within the workforce. For example, "Equal Employment Opportunity" (EEO) initiatives in New Zealand that targets in particular women and Maori. This could help the organization to understand certain group especially the minority and provide them with alternative with the organization (Fazit. Ausblick, 2011).

Reflection and Recommendations

There are perceptions that older age work performance have thoroughly reduced. However, older or senior employees' are not fossils but a valuable source which includes experience, expertise and leadership potential which are needed to deliver in production. Therefore corporations should make policies which could incorporate seniors who still want to continue serving in the organization. This put the success of workforce delivery among the young and the senior at risk and therefore it's appropriate to have universal design where the young and the senior doesn't come into a rift at work place. It's also advisable that when you re-employee the senior, it would appropriate to assign him/her to a different branch from where he/she was stationed before.

It's true that Japan is not the only county where the demographic human resource has affected so much. But, it's believed that every developed counties and even developing countries undergoing the same change of demographic structure. Therefore companies which are active in the market need to come up with policies and regulation to avoid being caught in a mess. A vivid example is what taking place in Europe. "The European Council, in Tampere in October last year, agreed that with the coming force of Treaty of Amsterdam, the Union should develop a common asylum and immigration policy." This was to change the long… [read more]

Compensation Management Explain the Job Essay

Essay  |  16 pages (4,841 words)
Bibliography Sources: 16


Since, Nutriment is at its establishing stage so it needs employees who can be committed to the organization and work dedicatedly so Jack will have to design a pay structure that could motivate the employees and get them connected with the organization. Jack will also have to discuss the pay policies with Harold and Emily so that to design the… [read more]

Age Discrimination Human Resource Management Article Review

Article Review  |  2 pages (504 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


" This clause allows employers to treat older adults as a homogeneous group, instead of evaluating each individual on his or her merits and abilities.

What questions, concerns, difficulties do these reading raise?

This article raises many questions regarding what can be done to fix this problem. The prevailing economic conditions indicate that older Americans will be extending their careers, yet the number of job opportunities is dwindling and new, younger workers are entering the workforce constantly. This combined with spending cuts to programs aimed at assisting the elderly, and the current condition of the Social Security system paints a bleak future for the baby boomers.

Relevance to course material, other observations and comments:

ADEA has ultimately failed in its primary purpose the reduction in long-term unemployment among older workers. Given the current state of the economy, the defunding of programs such as Medicaid, Medicare, food stamps, transportation services, and the limited availability of employer sponsored retirement benefits and pension plans there is urgent need for reform. Effective legislation for older workers must address the economic basis for all forms of discrimination and connect with the broader issues of social and economic justice.… [read more]

American Meat Packing Corp., 362F.3d Essay

Essay  |  9 pages (3,196 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


, at 611.


9. FLSA with regard to documenting compensable time

Problems arise when employers determine not to count, or fail to recognize and count, certain hours worked as compensable hours. The workplace is replete with work situations that are not tidy with regard to actual time working or time at a desk or workstation. Employers and employees are… [read more]

Family Medical Leave Act Term Paper

Term Paper  |  16 pages (4,479 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


This results in unscheduled overtimes and an increased work burden for other employees (Zall).

The greatest problem with the FMLA, however, lies in the difficulty of determining what counts as a "serious health condition." Conflicting regulations from the Labor Department and federal court decisions make it problematic to determine which health conditions qualify for FMLA-leave. Depending on the regulations applied,… [read more]

Duration and the Related Health Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,378 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


(1977), Simcha and Sophia Primps (1981) and Breaugh (1983): (* All pointers that follow are extracted verbatim) (Vega & Gilbert, 1997)

Fatigue, leading to lower productivity, on-the-job injuries, mistakes and complaints





Moonlighting or additional employment

The disinclination to return to work following a long time away and employee discontent over long work hours


The topic under consideration, close scrutiny and thorough discussion has a history that dates back to the times when the concept of labor and employment facilities and health issues emerged with the emerging business ventures and job markets. Thus, the topic of work assignment schedule and the related issues have rich and an old history that reveals the significance of WAD in today's challenging working milieu.

Research Findings, Executive Summary and Conclusion

Hence from the above discussion it is evident that research findings and extensively researched studies provide sufficient evidence for the following conclusions:

Work assignment schedules play a vital role in employee health and safety issues as well as determine productivity and staff turnover.

Different groups of employees, with different designations and nature of jobs respond differently and show distinct preferences to the discussion on work assignment schedules.

Research shows that compressed work assignment schedules can be made use of in an efficient manner without an adverse impact on productivity, risk and safety of employees or the entire staff at all levels. (Vega & Gilbert, 1997)

The extra leisure hours offered by the compressed work assignment schedule to the employees helps them to spend quality time with their family members thereby striking a balance between their professional, financial, economical as well as domestic spheres of life (Vega & Gilbert, 1997). This is because, compressed work assignment schedules provide an opportunity to the employees to opt for additional employment offers if and when they are made. (Vega & Gilbert, 1997)

Drawn out recreational hours further help organizations particularly the law-enforcement agencies in ameliorating on-the-job performance and increases employee morale (Vega & Gilbert, 1997).

Nonetheless, due to the compressed work assignment schedules employees often complain of work-related extreme stress and fatigue that results in on-the-job injuries, fatal mistakes while on duty, lack of concentration span, affected productivity and sleep debt at times. (The Work Practices of Marine Pilots: A Review)

However, carefully researched case studies suggest that compressed work weeks that induce employee satisfaction and augment productivity can be considered workable options in comparison with the conventional five day, work schedule, which does not suit many fields of workers like police officers and the traditional work schedules also fail to provide similar benefits to the law enforcement departments, utility stores staff and so on and so forth like that of compressed work weeks. (Vega & Gilbert, 1997).

Research further proves that the schedules with long duration shiftwork "should not involve anymore than three night shifts in succession" (The Work Practices of Marine Pilots: A Review (1998). Moreover, it has been observed that in case of marine pilots with irregular work assignment schedules compelling… [read more]

Training Term Paper

Term Paper  |  11 pages (3,877 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


One possible approach to this issue is the proposed the concept of partnership where the responsibility of upgrading the skills of workers is shared by both the employee and the employer, with the objective of achieving higher profitability by improving quality and reducing costs. (Herriot and Stickland, 1996, p.127). Today, employers demand more and more from employees, but are not… [read more]

Health Care More Area Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (3,267 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


A confidential setting is essential because a manager should never warn or reprimand a worker in front of their peers. It is very important to have a printed evidence of all transactions with a person who is exhibiting problem behavior. If cessation is unavoidable, make sure that it is a confidential, unbiased setting, where both the boss and the ex-employee… [read more]

Networking Who You Know Term Paper

Term Paper  |  11 pages (2,942 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The reality however, is that the majority of organizational leaders are far to busy managing the day-to-day affairs of a business to provide adequate time to help employees with career development opportunities.

Human Resources professionals are often tasked with the function of developing career ladders within an organization (Noe, et. al, 2003). They work in conjunction with business managers and… [read more]

Policy &amp Procedures Supervisors Policies Company Manual

Company Manual  |  9 pages (2,631 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Policy & Procedures

Supervisors Policies and Procedures Manual

Indentifying Policy Needs, Overview of Expectations for Supervisors

Supervisors Policies and Procedures Manual Outline

Issues Requiring Formal Policies

Overview Expectations of Supervisors

Measuring Employees Satisfaction, Reward System, Supervisory Communication Skills

Collaboration with other Employee Categories

Delegating Activities

Reward System

Communication Skills

Communication Improvement Strategies

Legal Considerations, Recruitment and Selection Process

Compliance with… [read more]

Value of Developing an Online Electronic Portfolio Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,308 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The fact that the electronic career employs the use of internet for sharing an individual's suitability to a position advertised translates to the viral ability of the electronic career (Hung-Yue & Jiann-Min, 2013). The viral nature implies that individuals and organizations can source the most suitable individuals to fill organizational positions depending on the information provided in an electronic portfolio. While most have raised significant concerns over the privacy and confidentiality associated with the use of the electronic career, empirical evidence shows it to have a greater degree of protection of individual's information. For instance, the systems used in the process are designed in a manner that allows access of the information by the targeted organization and the sender of the information. Therefore, it provided individuals and organizations to display their dedication to ensuring the upholding of ethics related to the storage and access of the electronic portfolios (Marier, 2012)

Furthermore, educators benefit significantly from the use of electronic career. The electronic portfolio provides them with the insights into specific aspects of their academic and personal life achievements that must be satisfied for their success. Through such, they develop a sense of appreciation of the challenges the students undergo when developing and reflecting on their abilities. The senior management team of different organizations also employs the use of the electronic career as strategies for outsourcing expertise support for issues related to the performance of their organizations. For instance, they might consider outsourcing expertise advice from benchmarked organizations that provide them with directions to improving their performance in the current competitive global markets (Hung-Yue & Jiann-Min, 2013).

It is beyond doubt that the use of electronic career has created value in the educational system by promoting the development of standard methods of determining educational performance and employability of their stakeholders. While developing an electronic career was a challenging process in the past, the introduction of new technological advances and increased awareness among the students have made it easy for them to use the technology. Based on the above, Daft (2013) shows that the electronic career helps individuals have ease transition in their professional and personal development.

The fact that they can use to maintain the track of events alongside professional and personal development allows individuals to identify practical alternatives of improving their performance. It is appreciable that the success of portfolio management depends on the use of strategies such as developing a clear mission and vision that relates to the intended strategies for improving one's professional and personal performance. The vision and mission allow for the determination of practical interventions that improve on the electronic career when implemented. Therefore, as electronic career promises to improve individual marketability, caution should focus on the identification of the critical elements that influence the ability of the portfolio to produce the expected results (Castrogiovanni, & Kidwell, 2010).

Conclusively, electronic career proves an effective tool for improving one's marketability in the current global environment. It provides individuals with the opportunities to reflect on their achievements, challenges,… [read more]

Proposal for Little Whinging Research Paper

Research Paper  |  7 pages (2,782 words)
Bibliography Sources: 15


g., walking classes during lunch breaks, scheduling after work yoga or other exercise classes for employees, etc.). The city can also maintain an ongoing public promotion campaign designed to get everyone involved in healthier lifestyles and to target such a program specifically at individuals over the age of 40. Incentives can be offered for involvement in community exercise programs, weight… [read more]

Compare German HR Practices to United States Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,233 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Human Resource (HR) practices are some of the most important issues to consider before either being employed or before employing an individual. This is because it covers several aspects, legal and otherwise that are also clearly stated in the various HR policies. This paper exclusively presents the very important parameters of HR practices. It does this by examining the various views on HR practices with specific focus on German and United States of America. In the study, the major parameters or rather practices that are investigated include but not limited to compensation, hours of work, breaks, benefits, recruiting practices, testing e.t.c. All of which form the most important practices which heavily influence the way the HR departments carry on with their duties. The research is going to be concentrated in the study of the contrast and similarity of the HR practices in the two countries.


Human resource policies are systems of codified decisions, established by an organization, to support administrative personnel functions, performance management, employee relations and resource planning the HR policies do perform to functions. They represent the interest of both the employer and the employees.

The HR policies clearly show into great detail what the employees should expect from the firm for which they work. It also contains details of what the firm should expect of them. Both the acceptable and unacceptable conducts are also clearly stated in the HR policies. Should an employee go against the policies, he or she shall be subject to certain conditions as outlined in the policies. The implementation of the HR policies can therefore aid different organizations from all over the world to demonstrate their internal and external strife to satisfy the various requirements that would assist in the spread of diversity, good training as well as proper ethics. The implementation of the HR policies forms one method through which an organization can show its commitment to both the process of regulation of relations together with good corporate governance.

Different societies however have different policies that assist them in obtaining their particular set of objectives in the work environment. This paper points out all of the details that contained in the HR policies of firms in America and Germany with an intention of marking their differences and similarities.

Literature Review

Employees have always been a very important source of competitive advantage for organizations. (Barney, 1991; Pfeffer 1994) it is therefore important for companies to establish the best human resource practices to better use its employees. This particular trend has boosted interest in the impact of HRM to a firm's performance. Studies have concluded positive relationship between different measures of a firms performance and high performance practices at work.(Huselid 1995) in addition, there has always been strong support for organizations which align their practices of HRM with their business strategies; this has always achieved superior results.(Becker & Gerhrt, 1996; Dyer & Reeves, 1995; Becker & Huselid, 1998; and Guest, 1997)

Sonja and Phillips, 2004 concludes in their research that, managers in our… [read more]

Employee Motivation Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (3,296 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Human Resources

Employee Motivation

The key to a successful business is to have motivated employees that want to come to work and do the best job possible. In today's economy it is becoming more and more difficult to find the right thing that motivates employees. The things that worked in the past do not necessarily work today. Companies are having… [read more]

Rewards and Compensation Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (591 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Rewards and Compensation

In a recent Mercer poll the top four concerns of human resource managers are pension and benefit cost containment, attraction and retention, succession planning and the impact of changing demographics. Each issue is salient to the success of an organization but for the purposes of this essay we will address the singular issue of rewards and compensation.

Compensation is defined as a 'systemic approach to providing monetary value to employees in exchange for work performed'. Organizations around the globe perennially grapple with the subject of appropriate rewards and compensation and today's volatile economy further complicates the process.

The latest compensation model is the 'total rewards program' and much has been written about it. In an article by Mercer (2004) he shared the following:

In terms of a return on investment, 'total rewards' is an effective way to manage the employment relationship -- it ensures focus on programs that promote employee engagement and behavior consistent with business strategy. It creates overall rewards programs that are compelling in the marketplace (both for current and prospective employees), maximizes the perceived value in the eyes of employees helping to attract and retain the right talent, and incorporates less easily quantified rewards such as career development, identified as key drivers of employee commitment.

He added that this system of compensation is mutually beneficial to the employer and employee because it allows each to have access to a comprehensive view of the value of the employment agreement and it is highly cost effective as well.

The total rewards model, last updated at the beginning of this decade until a more recent adaptation in 2006, has resulted in a powerful prototype for organizations everywhere. Succinctly, this latest exemplar "combines five elements into tailored packages designed to achieve optimum business…… [read more]

Jerome's Case Presents Some Interesting Challenges Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (688 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Jerome's case presents some interesting challenges. Jerome is an impressive, highly capable individual who is likely to face difficulty as a result of biases. He may face difficulty because he is African-American, because he is a veteran and because he has a prosthetic leg. I felt right away that one of the most important things was to prepare Jerome to overcome all of these challenges. I decided he would be used to race bias, and in some ways mentally prepared to take on the challenge of the disability bias, but wanted to make sure he was also prepared for any bias against veterans that may occur. That said, I also knew I had to worry about the disability bias because although I could see that Jerome was ready to deal with it, I also knew that he had not dealt with it yet. So it was important for me to go over the types of responses he might get from employers.

During the initial interview, I found it easy to strike up a rapport with Jerome. He is an affable individual and I knew that if I was able to put him at ease at the outset of the interview, things would go smoothly. I could see that he is good with people and I made sure to let him know that -- he will need to have a few good icebreakers in his repertoire in order to overcome some of the prejudices he might face.

One thing I did not want to do with Jerome was to focus on prejudices and biases. I did not want Jerome to focus on those, nor did I want the employers to focus on those things either. Most of my time working with Jerome was therefore focused on his capabilities. I was able to have some basic testing done to see where Jerome might fit into the job market. I was able to get a list of evaluation sites from a colleague that were particularly amenable to ex-military. I felt that if I could remove one or…… [read more]

Workings of HR Department Term Paper

Term Paper  |  15 pages (4,296 words)
Bibliography Sources: 15


Workings of HR Department

How the parts of the HR system align and support each other

The role of the human resource management system is increasing within the modern day society, in which the staff member is no longer simply the force operating the machines, but has metamorphosed into the most valuable organizational asset. In such a context, economic agents… [read more]

Criminal Justice Administrators Responsibilities Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,401 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4



Criminal justice administrator's responsibilities

Criminal justice administrator's responsibilities

The criminal justice administrator has a number of aspects to consider when it comes to employee rights. These rights, which include the right to privacy, as well as protection from sexual harassment and the rights of the disabled, are equivalent to the rights of employees in other sectors of society. The… [read more]

Compensation Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (647 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Compensation: An Overview

Interview with Gregory Feldman, Human Resources Specialist at Yang and Associates

The specialized literature presents the reader with a multitude of models for evaluating and compensating the staff members. But the economic agent cannot simply adopt one particular theoretical model and expect for it to work. There is a vast array of variables which influence both the model as well as its results. This specifically means that companies need to develop and implement their own compensation systems based on elements such as nature of organizational operations, size of the labor force, the availability of the financial resources, the leadership style and so on. In order to get a better comprehension of such a compensation system, we have interviewed Gregory Feldman, human resources specialist at Yang and Associates.

We commenced the interview with a few pleasantries in order to thank Mr. Feldman for his time and acceptance of the interview (McNamara). We then continued by asking him if the company for which he worked (Yang and Associates) was at the time implementing a specific system to evaluate its staff members. The answer was a clear "Yes" as the company was implementing a specific system to evaluate its staff members. In terms of the nature of the appraisal system, we wondered if the system was a traditional or innovative one. Mr. Feldman's answer was that it was neither and both. It was in fact a combination of several appraisal elements into one which best served their specific organizational needs. This solution of combining several appraisal elements was pegged to the impossibility of implementing an already given model and expecting it to work. As a general rule, economic agents are always advised to develop and implement their own internal systems in accordance to their particular internal needs. In other words, they cannot implement a model as presented in the specialized literature, but they have to tailor it to their specific features (Cummings and…… [read more]

What Really Motivates People Literature Review Chapter

Literature Review Chapter  |  5 pages (1,355 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … Motivation)

The success of any endeavor, either business or personal, depends on how motivated an individual is. The Fourth edition of the American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language defined it as 'an inducement or incentive,' which by the definition itself can be thought of as either tangible or intangible. However, no matter the form, a motivation's purpose is to move a person towards another state, which can be deduced as either pleasing or rewarding for it to be effective.

As defined and on a personal level, motivation helps a person achieve his wants and goals in life. These can be through simple things like acquiring an object or experiencing a dream vacation or achieving a more difficult goal like receiving a doctorate degree or becoming a CEO.

In a workplace, motivation helps employees work hard in their duties and responsibilities. Their efforts may propel their company to be accredited or it may reach a targeted sales and profits figure that will help secure the company and provide it more prestige.

The absence of motivation is a danger to ones' productive and satisfying life. Without it, an individual may never achieve his/her dreams or in the end suffer discontent and despair.

On the other hand, lack of employee motivation is also a threat to a company. Dissatisfied employees may only come up with mediocre performances that may result to company losses or breakdown and closure.

Therefore, be it in a personal or professional level, motivation is important to look at and its uses has to be directed and maximized to be able to help people achieve more in life and contribute more to workplaces.


Specifically, this review of literature will focus on motivation to human resources in the workplace. It will present ideas and theories on motivation and later on come up with conclusions on what really motivates people in their work.

Whiteley (2002) shared that the motivation of an individual in his workplace centers on why he is doing the work and how it relates to his personal directions. On a managerial level, it focuses on how the supervisor harnesses his team's capacities and potentials and how it will contribute to the goals of the company. Whiteley further provided that researches nowadays show motivation to be constantly linked to the company's success. The more motivated employees are in working for the company's goals, the more chances their companies will have in succeeding. Some have even associated employees' aims like 'high quality and strong ethics' with their philosophy so it will become more realistic and achievable in the workplace.

Kerr (1997) shared that there are two types of motivation: the intrinsic and the extrinsic. According to him, intrinsic motivation is the 'enjoyment and challenge' that an individual will experience in accomplishing his tasks while extrinsic motivation is the reward or recognition that he will gain from the completed tasks.

Intrinsic motivation is how one sees his work. It is not focused on remuneration but rather on how… [read more]

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