"College Admissions / Financial Aid" Essays

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College Admission and Financial Aid for Illegal Term Paper

Term Paper  |  20 pages (6,362 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 15


College Admission and Financial Aid for Illegal Immigrants

Illegal immigration is one of the most controversial topics in modern society. Some people advocate severely punishing illegal immigrants, increased border patrols, and greater restrictions on legal immigration. On the other hand, some people believe that America should open up its borders, allow larger numbers of legal immigrants per year, and extend… [read more]

Financial and Funding for International Students Term Paper

Term Paper  |  12 pages (3,264 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 20


Financial Aid and Funding for International Students

The objective of this work is to research the financial aid and funding similarities and differences for international students at private vs. public colleges and universities in the United States. This work will answer the question of whether there are federal funding restrictions and look at what some institutions have done in order… [read more]

Education at Valencia College Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,824 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


A. And no experience in the field.

6. What preparation or courses did you find necessary or helpful upon entering the job? What was your major in college?

I received an A.A. In respiratory care, and I found all of my biology and anatomy classes to be helpful.

7. Can you suggest some ways a student could obtain this necessary experience?

A specific respiratory-care program will provide you with the background education that you need.

8. What is the biggest challenge you encounter?

Patients who do not want to do the therapy; I can teach them what to do and encourage them, but, ultimately, their success or failure depends upon their willingness to do the work.

9. If you were entering this career today, would you change your preparation in any way to facilitate entry?

Your school will probably provide networking and internship opportunities, and I would take any of them that are available.

10. What advice would you give someone thinking about this career?

That, because we work with many chronically ill patients, death and loss are part of the job description.

11. Would you recommend this career to someone?

Yes, I find it rewarding, it pays well, and the hours are more set than in many other healthcare occupations.

12. What do you like best about your job?

Helping rehabilitate someone after a chronic event, and seeing them regain function and get part of their life back.

13. What do you like least about your job?

When insurance restrictions keep a patient from accessing as much therapy as he needs.


Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2013). Respiratory therapists. Retrieved March 7, 2013 from the Occupational Outlook Handbook website: http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/respiratory-therapists.htm

Petersons. (2013). University of Central Florida. Retrieved March 7, 2013 from Peterson's website: http://www.petersons.com/college-search/university-of-central-florida-000_10000671.aspx

University of Central Florida. (2013). Health-sciences, pre-clinical. Retrieved March 7, 2013

from University of Central Florida website: http://www2.cohpa.ucf.edu/health.pro/prospective_students.shtml

University…… [read more]

Federal Student Aid Funding Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,728 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


Federal Student Aid Funding

Department of Education makes available more than $67 billion worth of loans, grants and campus-based aid each year to students and their families to help them pay for postsecondary education (Longley 2007). These are federal student loan programs, federal Pell grants, and campus-based aid programs. Their basic requirement is financial need. The Stafford/Ford Program and the… [read more]

Improving Affordability in Higher Education Through Federal Term Paper

Term Paper  |  14 pages (4,115 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 13


Improving Affordability in Higher Education Through Federal Student Aid Availability

Higher Up

Goal to Superseding Politics

The Case Today 4

Paramount Concerns

The Door to Higher Education

Improving Affordability in Higher Education through Federal Student Aid Availability

To the Chief Operating Officer of the Federal Student Aid Program, Theresa S. Shaw:

Higher Up

Goal to Supersede Politics Needed

We shall… [read more]

Old, Living Away From Home Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (497 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


I moved into my car and began doing research on physical therapy and sports medicine at the library.

Using my newfound knowledge I spent three months doing intensive rehab in the swimming pool and in lifting soup cans for weights. At the end of that time, I gained enough use of my arm to be able to work in a restaurant. Meanwhile I continued my rehabilitation for an additional eight months.

During that time of rehab and unemployment, I resided in the comfort of my 1966 VW Bug. I lived off my savings, ate canned goods, and showered at the pool after two workouts a day. Living in my VW Bug for eleven weeks and two days was an experience that will shape my life forever. It taught me the importance of resilience, humility, diligence, and the power of optimism. I know now that life gives us many obstacles we do not expect or want, but it is not what is dealt to us that is important. It is how we deal with what we are given.

I learned how to handle many obstacles at the same time and perform all to the best of my ability. I found I can handle and even appreciate adversity at different times, and sometimes at the same time, while maintaining the tenacity and vision to accomplish daily responsibilities and pursue future goals. Having learned those things will serve me well in a career…… [read more]

Finance Strategic Planning and Budget Processes: Harvard Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (592 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3



Strategic planning and budget processes: Harvard University


Harvard is fairly balanced in terms of its gender breakdown. Of its 6,678 undergraduates 51% are women and 49% are men. 15% are in-state students, 85% are out-of-state students. Harvard is extremely diverse: only 41% are of White/Non-Hispanic origin, with the next largest group that of Asian/Pacific Islanders, at 19% of the student population (at a glance: Harvard College, 2009, College Board)


About 70% of Harvard students receive some form of financial aid, making the school more affordable than its stated figure of nearly $40,000 yearly tuition might suggest. Nearly 60% of Harvard undergraduates receive need -- based scholarships (Financial aid, 2009, Harvard College Website). Admission to Harvard is need-blind and international students have the same access to financial aid as United States citizens. Financial aid is need-based rather than merit-based. 100% of students with demonstrated financial need have their needs met with a financial aid package (Financial aid, 2009, Harvard College Website). Average indebtedness at graduation was $10,813 (Cost and financial aid: Harvard College, 2009, College Board)

Tuition is assessed in a unique fashion at Harvard. Students with financial need are not required to take out loans, and tuition of needy students is calculated based upon the income of the student's parents. "Parents of financial aid recipients are asked to contribute on average from 0 to 10% of their annual income, with no contribution expected for families with incomes of under $60,000. Those parents with annual incomes of between $120,000 and $180,000 are asked to contribute an average 10% of their income, with a declining percentage -- from 10 to 0 -- for parents with annual incomes between $120,000 and $60,000" (Harvard College Website, 2009, Financial aid). Harvard students also have attractive work study options…… [read more]

Causes and Effects for Tuition Increases in College Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,148 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Tuition Increases in Public College

The 20th Century saw an increase in tuition at public colleges which outpaced the rate of inflation by roughly two to three percent. The mid-1980s were the first time that the cost of tuition moved beyond the reach of the median family income. Most college graduates are able to earn almost 2.5 times the income of high school graduates. It is more important than ever that post-secondary education remain affordable in public college. Why have tuition rates raised so dramatically? What are the effects of tuition increases on students? What are the effects on families? And what is the effect on the public institutions themselves?

In private institutions, there is a system of shared governance between trustees, administrators and faculty. Because of this, private institutions are able to react more slowly to cost pressures. Trustees at private college are often times able to assess financial investments on behalf of the school, effectively cut costs and meet budgetary needs. When the president of a private school comes to the board with monetary requests, especially for items or programs that attract students, the board is likely to support the president and approve the expenditure.

For public college, the board often is not responsible for tuition levels and educational appropriations. Administrators and trustees are at the mercy of politicians. In both the public and private setting, higher education continues to spend most of its budget on human resources. In order to attract the best students, colleges must have the best scientists and professors. Since appropriations for public college often do not keep pace with these costs, the schools must reduce costs or else increase tuition. The alternative would require a reduction in course content, reduction or elimination of departments and staffing cutbacks.

It is often difficult to know exactly what effect tuition increases have, both in the short- and long-term. While public college education prices increase, no long-term studies have been done to assess the effect tuition increases have on enrollment patterns. This may be because in general, increases in tuition have been implemented in an incremental fashion. A study done in Hawaii showed that from1986 to 1994, tuition at public institutions (university and community colleges) increased slowly but enrollment continued to grow1. The 1990s brought a rapidly slowing economy which in turn brought state budget cuts, resulting in tuition increases in some public colleges amounting to 90% over three years. The corresponding decrease in enrollment was only 7%, but it is interesting to note that student performance improved after tuition increases. Three indicators (grade point average, course completion and graduation rates) showed a significant improvement, but for this study there are several others that correlate an increase in tuition rates with negative student outcome. Financial aid is adjusted based on tuition increases. For this reason, lower-middle income students are the most likely to be affected by tuition increase and constitute the major demographic for enrollment decline.

Tuition increases generally result in higher education costs, which will be… [read more]

Founded in 1866 Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,691 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


com). Your starting salary may also be affected by your place of employment. The top paying cities for Information Technology are Washington D.C., New York City, Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, and Boston which Washington D.C.'s median salary being the highest and reaching over $83,000 all the way to Atlanta, the lowest paying city, at just over $70,000. Nevertheless, jobs in both technology and business are not limited to those seven specific cities. These job and career opportunities are available all over the country and abroad alike. That $23,000 tuition bill isn't looking so bad now, is it?

For all of the reasons we mentioned above and so many more. Davenport University offers opportunities to succeed in the future careers of technology and business through integrating these programs together and allowing students to not only have a basic foundation but develop an expertise in both areas. What better preparation for the real world could you ask for? Even if you are convinced at this point that DU is the right place for you, we encourage you to check out other colleges and universities and use this as your comparison for all of the different programs and resources which are offered. Once you have finished thoroughly researching all of your options, we hope to see you at Davenport University and welcome you to our community.

Colleges.com, College Search, College Scholarships, Career Colleges, College Rankings, College Admissions. Web. 31 Mar. 2011. .

"Current Students | Davenport University Production." It's a New World on the Web. Davenport Is There. | Davenport University Production. Web. 31 Mar. 2011. .

"Davenport University | Best College | U.S. News." U.S. News & World Report | News & Rankings | Best Colleges, Best Hospitals, and More. Web. 30 Mar. 2011. http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/davenport-university-2249

"Davenport University." Collegeprowler.com. Web. 30 Mar. 2011. .

"Davenport University in Grand Rapids, Michigan." College Search - College Admissions. Web. 31 Mar. 2011. .

"Salary for Industry: Information Technology (IT) Services." PayScale. Mar. 2011. Web. 31 Mar. 2011. .

University, Davenport. "Davenport University Home." Davenport University. Web. 29 Mar. 2011. .

University, Davenport. "Davenport University Home Our Campus____ Life on Campus____ Student Life." Davenport University. Web. 31 Mar. 2011. .… [read more]

Financial Policy: Scholarships for Athletes Times Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (782 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … financial policy: Scholarships for athletes

Times, presidents of most universities are quick to remind students, are tough. Most school's endowments are reduced in value, individual donors are cash-strapped, and the government and banks alike are less willing and/or able to extend student loans. Yet an entire class of student at many schools is attending the institution, often free of charge or at a greatly reduced rate. How is this possible? Of course, the answer is student athletes. And not just any student athlete -- coveted full athletic scholarships are often only for an elite few, usually those in the 'money' or spectator sports with a historically long legacy of support and alumni enthusiasm at the school.

The argument for scholarships for student athletes is as thus: watching basketball or football (or in some schools, hockey) draws the student body together. It creates a community, and also draws in more high-quality applications as prospective students vie for participation in that community. That is the appeal of a 'big ten school,' after all. Alumni donate to the school when the teams are doing well. Name-recognition of the school is enhanced. Some might even cite the cherished ideal of the 'well-rounded' student, excelling in classes and on the courts.

However, the graduation rate of many student athletes is dismal, and of those who do graduate, their degrees are often compromised by easier classes and time spent away from the classroom. Students are treated as athletes, not as students, which may make for a more competitive state of play -- but this competition only creates an incentive to overlook academics for the sake of sports ability, as the Division I schools must compete with schools who do the same. Bad policies and behavior creates more bad policies and behaviors in one's 'competition.' Alumni and students may want entertainment, but the school ends up siphoning money into programs that could produce the next novelist, financial wizard, or scientist -- who might also be willing to donate money to the institution. Although some students may undoubtedly apply to schools because they enjoy watching basketball or football, would not the lure of academic scholarships and more evenly distributed financial aid also be an incentive? As the financial climate worsens, resentment of the money student athletes receive in scholarship money may also act as a deterrent rather…… [read more]

Whether Public College Education Should Be Free in the USA Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,089 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 6


¶ … Public College Education Should Be Provided Free in the United States

There are groups and organizations throughout the United States that believe that college education should be provided free-of-charge to all individuals wishing to attend college. One such supportive group is related by the Free Higher Ed Website of the South Carolina Labor Party and their campaign for… [read more]

External Environmental Analysis the University Must Remain Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (427 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


External Environmental Analysis

The university must remain affordable for its students. Currently, the university endowment and alumni donations are down. But raising tuition means subjecting cash-strapped and unemployed families of current and future students to even more prohibitive expenses. The recession is the number-one problem facing the university. It makes the school less affordable for current students, impacts the diversity of the future student body, and also limits the university's ability to pay faculty competitive salaries. Affordability, accessibility, and maintaining the quality of the faculty to give students the intimate, intensive education they seek are essential issues that must be addressed in this strategic plan.

Step 2: Strategic issues and opportunities

How can the school remain affordable without 1. raising tuition, 2. limiting financial aid and/or sacrificing need-blind admissions and 3. keeping instruction quality high, by retaining top faculty while containing salary costs?

Step 3: Core values

Learning: Creating an educational environment where the best students are welcome, not simply those students who are best able to pay

Diversity: Multiple perspectives are necessary in the classroom. A diverse student body creates a more complete education for students outside of the classroom

Intimacy: Creating close faculty-student relationships in a way that fosters learning and enhances the personal learning journey of every student

Step 4:…… [read more]

Budgetary Checklist: Rutgers University Project Enrollment, Tuition Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (606 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Budgetary Checklist: Rutgers University

Project enrollment, tuition, and likely financial aid needs

The economic crisis may result in higher rates of students accepting offers of admission, as students who would ordinarily attend a private institution may now seek out a scholarship at a public institution such as Rutgers. While increased enrollment will result in increased tuition if the university expands its capacity, increased enrollment will also mean increased costs. Many new and current students may need or desire financial aid or scholarships, more so than in previous years. Financially strapped students from outside the state who are shopping around for the best college prices will require housing, as they cannot commute to school like many Rutgers students have done in the past. Rates of increased enrollment cannot be predicted definitively, given the unique nature of the current crisis. But reviewing past recessionary years may provide some guidance as to the possibility of precipitous spikes in enrollment, so the university can plan accordingly how much tuition it will receive, financial aid needs, and likely capacity-related student costs such as housing.

Salaries and wages

This is one of the largest parts of any university budget. Rutgers may need to hire more adjunct faculty and part-time instructors, given that these teachers are not eligible for benefits and receive lower salaries than PhDs. Some administrative jobs may need to be consolidated -- additionally, allowing work-study students to assume some responsibilities originally covered by full-time administrative assistants will help students who are cash-strapped, and allow the university to pay a relatively lower salary for these positions. Conducting a human resources 'audit' of the organization is essential.

State appropriations

While New Jersey recently received a windfall of revenue from a state tax amnesty program, designed to encourage individuals who owed 'back taxes' to pay what they owed at a…… [read more]

Mortgage Industry Impacts on New College Graduates Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,450 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0





This letter serves the purpose of transmitting the technical report entitled: "Mortgage Industry Impacts on New College Graduates: Student Loans, Job Market & Home Buying Outlook." This technical report is being transmitted to Professor Doe on the part of Joe… [read more]

Role of Mystery Shoppers in Performance Appraisal Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (773 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … role of Mystery Shoppers in Performance Appraisal

In the retail history of the past, mystery shoppers have often been used in brick and mortar stores, like the Gap, Burger King, and Office Max to provide valuable feedback to employees and their managers, as well as to act as instruments of quality control. However, one useful venue for mystery 'shopping' that has not been explored is the use of mystery shoppers on computer and other appliance help lines. When a consumer has a problem with his or her computer, Internet service, or other technological product, quite often he or she must call a helpline to solicit data for assistance. The quality of assistance may affect his or her desire to purchase more products by the company.

However, as anyone who has ever tried to call such a line well knows, the quality of advice and support can be extremely varied. Many times, it is not uncommon to call back again at a different time, get a different operator, and to have a completely different experience! Of course, the phone calls can be monitored for quality control by recording some of the calls. But mystery shoppers could also call up the lines and ask specific questions that the company wants to make sure the help lines can answer. Also, the manner of the individual and demeanor could be assessed by the mystery shopper. Simply recording a phone conversation does not always provide the emotional feedback about what it is like talking to a particular employee while he or she helps a caller figure out a problem. The mystery shoppers could try to make the call especially useful to the company by being particularly emotional, provocative, or confused, to see how the caller handed the issue. Also, the company might get an idea of potential problems about 'snags' in the company script that were not really helpful in talking a caller through a problem. The call center workers could be rated on accuracy, professionalism, and helpfulness. They could also be rated as to the extent to which they offered helpful information that the customer was unaware of, like a new deal, or a more advantageous cell phone or Internet plan that suited the customer's needs better.

In contrast, using mystery shoppers at a university would seem to…… [read more]

Reevaluation of Tuition Fees in Quebec State Canada Term Paper

Term Paper  |  12 pages (3,301 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Tuition Fees in Quebec State, Canada

Tuition represents the fee charged for educational instruction by formal institutions of learning. These educational institutions charge this fee in order to support financially the staff of the faculty, the lab equipment, computer systems, libraries, facility upkeep, by this managing to create an adequate learning environment.

Although tuition fees are charged in… [read more]

SAT Controversy the Application Term Paper

Term Paper  |  12 pages (4,764 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


One meticulous literacy analysis elucidated two admission plans, one applying just the high school record and the other applying high school record and SAT-I marks. A huge number exceeding 90% of the admissions decisions were the very same under both plans. Anyhow, for the 10% of the enroller pool in which the two plans gave rise to variant decisions, the… [read more]

Can a Student Excel in Classwork and Sports? Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,408 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3



Argument/Persuassion Essay on a Topic in the Field of Education

The National Collegiate Athletic Association is charged with the regulation of athletes, and all athletic programs in affiliated universities and colleges across the United States. The N.C.A.A. is the association charged with developing and implementing policies regarding athletics in colleges and… [read more]

Student Retention and Attrition Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (2,576 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


Student Retention and Attrition Student Retention

Student retention is an important area of concern for modern educational theory and praxis and can be described as, "...the area of research concerned with determining the forces that shape student persistence in institutions of higher education" (Student Retention). Retention rates are usually measured by "…the percentage of freshmen that re-enroll the next academic… [read more]

How Markets Work Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (769 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Opportunity Cost

How Markets Work

All economic decisions involve opportunity costs: no one can have 'it all,' contrary to the message conveyed by some popular commercials in the media. An undergraduate degree, for example, is a substantial investment of time and money. With the rare exception of an individual who goes back to college later in life to obtain a second baccalaureate, most people can only obtain one BA or BS degree, thus they must choose very carefully where and how they achieve it. "When economists refer to the 'opportunity cost' of a resource, they mean the value of the next-highest-valued alternative use of that resource" (Henderson 2009). In other words, a student cannot simultaneously work full-time and get an online degree from the University of Phoenix, and also obtain a more traditional degree from the University of Arizona, going to school full-time. Any university student will sacrifice the other goods and services that could be bought with tuition dollars, as well as the time devoted to obtaining that degree. The time could have been spent working, pursuing a hobby, or engaged in other meaningful pursuits (travel, fitness, learning a musical instrument).

A University of Phoenix online degree enables an undergraduate to get his or her degree at a relatively low cost, while still working at the same time. Even if the student must pay full tuition, he or she will not have the added burden of dorm room costs, a meal plan, and activity fees (the cost of your online degree, 2009, Votech). Additionally, the University of Phoenix can handle a higher volume of students, due to the fact it is an online institution, so it can enroll more students to 'spread' its costs around and charge less. Plus, a highly competitive student can often more easily obtain scholarships and an attractive financial aid package. In general, if a talented student goes to a high-quality but slightly less competitive institution, he or she is more apt to receive merit-based aid, as well as more generous need-based aid.

However, there is a substantial opportunity cost in going to an online school that must not be discounted. The student will experience the loss of the full college experience, of spending time in a dorm room, talking about classes with friends afterhours, having face-to-face contact with…… [read more]

Reliability and Validity Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  1 pages (318 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Reliability and Validity

A test to aid in the university admissions process would need to consider a number of different factors. The test should measure the candidate against established precursors for university success. Such factors can include personality traits such as leadership, creativity and resiliency (Tomsho, 2009). If the test is able to quantify these traits and measure them against a database of historical data, then candidates can be evaluated for their chances of success.

The first step to ensuring reliability is that the measures against which the students are evaluated must be established over multiple tests in multiple university settings. There must be an extensive body of work illustrating that these traits in these levels are precursors to university success. This requires repeated successful trials (Colorado State University, 2009). Another key to ensuring reliability is that each candidate must be given the same test. Variance in the tests can result in variances in results, so establishing internal reliability…… [read more]

Consumer Behavior and Utility Maximization Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (678 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Employee

Consumer Behavior: Maximizing Utility in College Decision Making

Perhaps the first major 'purchase' every college student makes that uses the economic principle of utility maximization is that of selecting a college. Economics is often called the dismal science because it is the study of finitude, in other words, no one has infinite time and money. Resources are scarce ("Utility maximization subject to an income restraint,"2003, Net-Textbook). The scarcity of time is a critical issue when selecting a college because no one can go to two schools at once, or at least, no one can derive the same value from their undergraduate experience by going to two schools at once, unless they find a very unique program!

The chief determinants of college selection are usually that of value and quality of education. For example, say a college student gets into a state university and a rather mediocre private institution. He or she will likely choose the state college, because it will provide the same quality of education, at a lower cost. However, if the student gets into an Ivy League school that costs as much as the mediocre private institution and more than the state school, the decision becomes more complicated. Yes, he or she may need to take out student loans. But the quality of education and opportunities granted by the Ivy League institution may outweigh the burden of paying off the loans. Also, he or she might be able to get a better job upon graduation, and thus justify the added cost of going to the Ivy League school.

There is no perfect calculus for all students when choosing a college, just as there is no one, ideal budget for all consumers to maximize the utility of their purchases at the grocery store. Every student's decision is unique. Say that a student wants a particular major, such as nursing, that is not available at all schools. In that case, his or her utility will be maximized by getting into a school that provides such a…… [read more]

Expanding Diversity Issues Without Violating Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (651 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Individual departments will have meaningful diversity in visits and letters to both domestic and international groups. They will also encourage students with disabilities to apply for various handicaps that have been donated to the college for this purpose. Letting all students know there are ways to attend the university and to ask for help with this. There will be ways to encourage different minority groups to attend the university. Letting students know the different opportunities that are available and encouraging them to sign up for the type of classes they want is an important part of diversity.

Communication with students is vital in diversity. Friendliness, empathy, concern, and the ability to show the students that the school wants them to be a part of the community is vital in getting students from diverse backgrounds to attend. It is important for all parts of the university to undertake a review of their part in getting students interested in attending the university. One way of doing this is to incorporate detailed information about the college. Understanding diversity and making it a priority is vital in achieving the goal of having a diverse body of students. The creation of a welcoming and inclusive climate is increasingly difficult but it can be done with everyone working together.

Diversity can be done with staff showing students that they are an important part of the university. Hospitality between students and staff is a great method of doing this. Invite students to eat with you at the cafeteria. Take time to listen to them. Show empathy when students are having a difficult time with a subject. Communicate, communicate, and communicate. The basis of diversity is found in the word communication.

This school can be more diverse by staff communicating with a variety of students. Several open house invitations during the year, visiting, follow-ups, and communication are the keys ways to bringing diversity…… [read more]

Analyzing Future Life Plan Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,272 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Future Life Plan

At some point in life, every individual will ask him/herself the question of what to do with their lives. As a senior in college, it is now high time for me to seriously reflect on this matter prior to graduating from college. I have spent considerable time pondering over the right path for me, and have identified three milestones I need to cross in future, namely: embarking on a career as a dedicated doctor; earning a scholarship for further studies abroad; and helping native orphans. But goals without plans are merely wishful thinking. I believe planning resembles plotting a map, which guides us towards whatever destination we are seeking. After having the map in hand, finding the way to what I need will become a more efficient and easier process. Further, the map will teach me the risks of losing myself on the path of life. While some goals and plans may evolve over time, having a plan will help me commence my journey effectively.

The very first plan I ever made was to pursue my education to become a medical surgeon / physician. The idea first popped up in my mind at the age of ten, when a traumatic event occurred within my family -- the demise of my grandma due to heart failure. The memory is unforgettable for me, and I deeply regretted the absence of the right individuals to save her. I felt if I knew how to save her, she would still be with us today. Ever since her demise, I have dreamt of someday joining the field of medicine to aid my family and other people. After earning my graduate degree from the medical college, I will pursue a post-graduate degree in the field of public health from Harvard University. As innumerable candidates aspire to earn their way into Harvard, I will be faced with intense competition when it comes to acquiring enrolment in this esteemed university. For preparing for this leg of my journey, I need to do well at college, and study hard, as considerable efforts go into becoming a doctor/surgeon.

I yearn for a lifestyle which will always reflect the Lord in me. Additionally, I wish for a family, as well as a fruitful career. I will be careful to avoid getting into a stressful and hectic lifestyle where I will be constantly running, without a moment to pause and enjoy life's little things. I wish for an adequate workload in the jobs I will hold, but with sufficient leisure time to ensure I am not too caught up in life's difficulties. My biggest concern is if I try to overwork myself, I will be missing out on life's personal and social dimensions. Another matter I am already very clear on is: I wish to have my kids home-schooled, rather than attending public schools, which means I will need to devote money and time in this regard.

My final plan for the future is to aid orphans living in… [read more]

What Makes a Good Education? Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (927 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … education?

Compare and contrast: What makes a college good?

The college admissions process can be viewed in either a data-driven or a subjective and impressionistic fashion. The question of what is the 'best' college can revolve around assessing hard cold facts as a way of justifying the time and expense of seeking a university education, or it can be based upon more emotional questions of what is the best social 'fit' of a college for a student. Nicholas Confessore's 2003 article from the Atlantic Monthly examines the college rating 'industry, ' specifically the influence of U.S. News and World Report as a way of asking what makes a college 'good' -- can it be objectively determined or is it entirely dependent upon the needs of the student?

US News and World Report has become a kind of template or touchstone for all subsequent college rating systems. Says Confessore in praise: the magazines America's Best Colleges edition "offers a wealth of factual, specific, and objective information about more than 1,400 colleges and universities -- a nice departure from the bland, cheery, and vaguely propagandistic brochures and videos that most of those institutions send out through the mail" (Confessore 2003). High schoolers seek out college guidebooks as a way of finding certainty in an uncertain process. Because colleges know the weight that is attached to such ratings guides, the universities often try to shape their admissions policies to secure better ratings, as well as strive to fulfill their traditional mission of providing a good education to students. U.S. News ranks colleges based upon peer assessment, retention, faculty resources, student selectivity, per-student spending; and the alumni-giving rate. However, critics contend that this method of rating does not take sufficient consideration of good teaching, special programs that might be of interest to specific students, and subjective measures of student happiness. Ratings guides encourage colleges to emphasize the items that are 'rated' by the magazines rather than other aspects of the university experience that might convey more value to students.

Students should look behind the guides, critics contend, but they often do not. The reason for this, says Fallows (et al. 2003) in his introduction to Confessore's piece in the same edition of the Atlantic Monthly, is because happiness, and even preparation for the working world are no longer the primary motivating factors behind the game of college admissions, for many students and their parents: "Status competition is natural to people, and exclusive affiliations have always been valued for their sheer exclusivity. Otherwise there would be no such concept as the a-list. The mystery in college admissions is how one factor in choosing a desirable college -- the appeal of selective schools simply because they are hard to get into -- became the factor for an…… [read more]

Bureaucracy at Njcu There Is a Growing Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Bureaucracy at NJCU

There is a growing problem at NJCU. Most people would concur with the New Jersey City University's web site that points out that the school "promotes an institutional culture which values excellent teaching, scholarly achievement, creative activity, and life-long learning." The problem is that there is a dysfunctional administrative process in place that is more popular for keeping students out of classrooms than for putting them into them. There are too many examples available regarding average students attempting to use this nightmare of a bureaucratic resource in order to follow up on financial aid, confirm an add/drop with the registrar or to have whole personal files mysteriously disappear to not take this more seriously. This short essay reveals a few of the observed daily problems and suggests some potential improvements. There is little doubt that addressing these concerns will make NJCU's promise to provide a broad opportunity in higher education to a broad spectrum of people more believable.

NJCU's administrative bureaucracy is a completely unorganized organizational structure that mismanages routine procedures and basic protocols. One of the biggest concerns is lost documentation. This includes all aspects of day-to-day educationally-based occurrences. For example, students have to regularly take tests over because of fact that originals get misplaced, destroyed or mislabeled. Another serious concern is related to the fact that financial aid documentation is lost regularly. Many students have lost financial aid for whole semesters because the documentation either did not make it to Trenton on time to get student's their funding. Improving these two problems alone would greatly enhance the educational experience of a large percentage of students. There is no excuse for an administrative function to miss student's financial aid deadlines or entrance registrations if that is…… [read more]

Strategic Plan Strategic and Other Indicators Identify Thesis

Thesis  |  2 pages (746 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Strategic Plan

Strategic and other indicators

Identify which indicators you would utilize to measure progress towards achieving your stated objectives. Explain your rationale for choosing them.

Economic, ethnic, and racial diversity of the school: Although ethnic background is not directly related to socioeconomic status, maintaining the affordability of the school can be measured to some degree by its diversity. Socioeconomic diversity is desirable in terms of the contribution it makes to the education students receive inside and outside of the classroom, and if only students without financial need feel able to apply, matriculate, or remain at the university this is a warning flag that the university is not upholding its ideals.

Do not increase tuition at a greater rate than the overall rate of inflation: To ensure affordability, especially in the wake of reduced access to loans, this is essential.

Find ways to strategically cut aspects of college budget that does not significantly impact quality of instruction or student life: If the economy does not improve, and the endowment does not significantly increase, finding ways to cut costs are required to maintain affordability and need-blind admissions.

Maintain high level of faculty instruction: Ensure that top-rated faculty, based upon student evaluations are retained, despite needed salary and staff reductions overall

Step 7: Evaluation

Describe ways you might implement the CASH model for evaluating your strategic plan.

Comparison: Compare composition of student body in terms of its diversity and tuition with similar, small universities without large endowments.

Given the financial situation of the university, comparing the school against aspirant universities with larger endowments would not be useful in terms of setting feasible goals. For example, while increasing faculty salaries on par with aspirant schools would be a potentially desirable strategy to draw top talent, this is currently not possible. Competitor universities may have different financial situations that likewise make them less useful as comparative models, even if they attract a similar student demographic

Average: Assess average financial aid package, tuition and budget of universities across the nations, as well as average expenditures in areas designated for cuts. Can students get a better 'deal' elsewhere, at comparable institutions? Comparing projected expenditures on areas designated for cuts such as food services can give an idea…… [read more]

Federal Student Tuition Loan Limits Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,588 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


In addition, the Coalition calls for the freshman student loans to start at $4,000. Down the road, the coalition would like to increase the freshman limit to $10,000.

Surveys show that more than 90% of college students today support increasing the limit on federal student loans.

The Coalition also proposes to increase the overall limit of undergraduate borrowing to $30,000. Sophomores would be able to borrow up to $6,000. Students who need more loans could draw from a "flexible borrowing account" of up to $20,000 to be used for the remainder of their college years.

To ensure that students do not borrow too much and get mired in debt, the Coalition proposes to place a $10,000 limit on borrowing during their junior and senior year.

These Coalitions already have networks and campaign activities in place. However, they do need much help in order to generate support for these measures in Congress. We can thus assist in these campaigns, by helping in information dissemination campaigns. For students still in college, local networks must be established in order to bring affected students together.

This will have the added benefit of helping students in danger of dropping out a network of support and a sense of community.

Additionally, even those who are no longer in College could still lobby their representatives in Congress.

After all, the task of increasing these federal limits still rests in the hands of Congress.

In summary, the current limits on federal student loans are inadequate compared to the rising costs of education today.

The current limits threaten to keep students from lower- and working-class families out of college, and to change education as an enclave of the wealthy. In order to ensure education remains a…… [read more]

Tuition in Higher Education on Graduation Rates Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  3 pages (864 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Tuition in Higher Education on Graduation Rates

Introduction/General Description:

One of the problems that universities often face is the decision on whether or not to raise tuition rates. Rising costs of maintaining the university, lower private funding gifts, reduced public funding, and increased salaries due to rising costs of living can mean that simple budgetary costs are not enough. For this reason, many universities look towards increasing tuition for their students as a means of offsetting these increased costs and reduced incomes. However, there are consequences beyond the budget when tuition is raised. Increased tuition costs directly affects students and their ability to attend university. The question then becomes -- What are the effects of increasing tuition for higher education on graduation rates?

Major Research Question:

The problem that will be studied will be how tuition increases affects graduation rates in higher education. Specifically, this research will look at both incoming enrollment rates, which will directly affect future graduation rates, as well as continuing enrollment of students and graduation figures, once tuition rates are increased in comparison to historical figures. By comparing these figures, and the anticipated increase or decrease in these figures before tuition rates were increased, the study will be able to determine if the increase in tuition had an effect on student enrollment and graduation numbers.

Review of Relevant Literature:

Trombley (2003) highlights the fiscal problems that many universities are facing. Using data from the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, Trombley notes that state spending for public universities has been declining in recent years, across the United States. To make matters worse, many states also have reduced their student financial aid programs. The economic recession has negatively affected nearly every state and as is continued to grow worse as appropriations for higher education continue to be cut from state budgets and student financial assistance is reduced even further. Appropriations dropped in 2003, in 14 states, with the worst being an 11% drop in Oregon. Raising tuition has been a common response to these decreases in funding.

At four-year public universities tuition rose in 2003 in every state in the country. In Massachusetts, tuition increased by 24%. Texas, Missouri and Iowa all saw tuition increase by 20%. North Carolina had an increase in tuition of 19%, while Ohio saw an increase of 17%. In the end, 16 states had tuition and fee increases of more than 10% in that one year alone. According to Trombley (2003), New York's 2003-2004 State University budge was cut by $184 million, resulting in then Governor Pataki suggesting a 35%…… [read more]

Losing Ground Is an Analysis That Examines Thesis

Thesis  |  5 pages (1,450 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 3


Losing Ground

is an analysis that examines the affordability of higher education in the United States. The report is published by the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education (herein referred to as NCPPHE or National Center), a non-profit, non-partisan organization whose main advocacy is to stimulate public policies that will improve the effectiveness and accessibility of higher education… [read more]

Casual Argument Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,040 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


English Literature

Casual Argument

The current Pell grant system helps students pay for college. The system makes it easy to start college, but not to complete it. Thirty-seven percent of college student's end up dropping out, with thirty-five doing so within their first year. Most students who drop out do so during their first two years, yet they obtain almost as much aid in their freshman year as their senior year. This means the billions in Pell grants invested in these students' education goes wasted. Those who drop out have little to show for their efforts, with no degree, in debt and students can't even say they learned anything academic. A recent study suggests that because of the university focus on research over teaching, students don't actually learn until junior and senior years. This means dropouts walk away with little more than the right to check some college on paperwork (Poro, 2011).

The trouble comes about when students who are disadvantaged economically and want to go to college are academically subpar. What the Department of Education now does is just give these people loans as well as grants. What the Department of Education should do is to accompany the grants for these students with a caution that in the light of their records, success in college is problematical and an offer to make available programs to progress their chances of doing well at the college they wish to go to. Getting a grant should not be basis for contentment. Colleges need to set up remedial programs for underprepared grant students in order to reduce the dropout rate that now exists (Toby, 2010).

Giving grants to academically underprepared students to attend college and not helping them endure academically is heartless. It basically sets some Pell grant recipients up for failure and dropping out before finishing college, which is not what was intended in setting up these education grants for needy students. Unlike college commanded remedial programs, these programs would be considered for students whose prior academic records do not give good reason for federal education loans. They are on caution that getting a Pell grant does not mean that they are fully equipped to succeed. Students who genuinely accept the offer of help are much more likely to be successful. The financial burden of remediation is beyond the resources of many colleges. As a consequence, their efforts to repair shortages of student preparation lean toward remediation but are not demonstrably effective. Setting up separate programs for federal grant beneficiaries with academic deficiencies would alleviate colleges of part of their direct remedial burdens and help them economically to deal with their other students with remediation troubles more efficiently. The significance of these federally supported programs, tied as they would be to grants to needy students, is achievement in college, not just the repair of past deficiencies. Even though the money will come from the Department of Education, the program itself will be designed individually at each college under agreement with the Department,… [read more]

Low vs. High Discussion "Low Tuition/Low Aid Thesis

Thesis  |  1 pages (377 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2


Low vs. High Discussion

"Low tuition/low aid" versus "high tuition/high aid." Which pricing model best serves the colleges and universities of the 21st century?

Once upon a time, a high tuition / high aid model was accepted as the best way for private institutions to function and to realize their educational goals. Institutions such as Harvard, for example, would demand high tuitions of students whose parents could afford to pay the full costs for attending the school. The high price tag of attendance would subsidize the scholarships for poor students, or students from historically disadvantaged groups. Middle-class students would receive a combination of loans and scholarships, the former of which they could presumably pay for with the high salaries their educations would surely command upon graduation.

This model is growing increasingly problematic. Firstly, the availability of credit and student loans has contracted, making it more difficult for middle-class students to secure additional outside aid. Also, these students are often frustrated that they must work hard at work study jobs, often compromising the quality of their education, while the children of wealthier parents do not have to balance the…… [read more]

Grad School App it Is My Desire Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,051 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Grad School App

It is my desire to focus my future studies and endeavors to learning how and then implementing an integrated design model in to a worldwide community, that would allow for communications on a global scale. It is not only my goal to focus on those two countries with which I have deep and lasting ties, but I also intend on including every country in the world in my endeavors to design and create ties that will serve mankind no matter what country they hail from, or what language they speak.

In order to accomplish such a lofty goal, I will have to be endowed with a foundation and the knowledge necessary to implement such designs. After much research, I have come to the conclusion that the only method of achieving such a foundation and gaining such knowledge is by entering the program offered at the College of Design. With the intensity and focus that I have observed there, I will be able to achieve my goals and objectives as set forth in this application.

I will be able to go forth and add to the information I have already accumulated, researching the world, and perhaps giving back a tiny bit of what I will have gained by completing such a program as the one offered at the College of Design. Not often is the opportunity available for an individual to truly succeed in life, but it is my belief that I have actually found one in the field that I am most engrossed. It is my fervent desire to be able to rise to the next level of design by attending the College of Design.

Carpe diem rules the day, and it is my hope that I seize the opportunity to show exactly how the design world can benefit from my attending the College of Design.

The reason I am a strong candidate for the College of Design Alumni Scholarship depends on how the committee defines strong candidate. If a strong candidate is someone who will continue his or her design studies in order to gain the knowledge necessary to be an asset to the field, then I am that candidate. On the other hand, if the committee is considering someone who is bright, vivacious, a hard worker, diligent, studious and serious in their attempt at gaining the resources necessary to succeed at a high level in the design field, then I am also that individual.

I have proven in the past that I am serious about my goals and objectives and I plan to continue that behavior in order to reach my ultimate goal of becoming a proficient designer. I still have much to learn, but the knowledge I have already gained will bode well for my future and will assist me in my work and studies. I am the strongest candidate for this scholarship, not because I need it more than any other candidate (although I do) but rather because it would enable me to… [read more]

Analyzing Technology for Decision Making Essay

Essay  |  12 pages (4,158 words)
Bibliography Sources: 9


Technology for Decision Making

Information is of key importance in any company. For any organization to succeed, high quality information has to be produced. Decision Support Systems (DSS) are information frameworks that are based on computers. The manner in which they are designed helps administrators to choose one solution to a problem from a variety of solutions. A DSS is… [read more]

Democratic Republic of the Congo Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (2,779 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Mobutu Sese Seko Zaire/Drc Congo

Mobutu Sese Seko Zaire/Democratic Republic of the Congo

This report focuses on Mobutu's ruling in Zaire and its effects on the nation. Major happenings in Zaire during Mobutu's time in power from 1960 to1997 are discussed based on historical facts. There is no denial in the fact that Mobutu's ruling took place with the support… [read more]

Analyzing Commercial Real Estate Development Plan a Sports Complex Business Proposal

Business Proposal  |  5 pages (1,625 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Commercial Real Estate Development Plan: A Sports Complex

Services and Facilities

Due to a lack of a properly maintained facility in the U.S., more specifically in DC, Virginia and Maryland region, children are unable to learn and/or even play field hockey. The current state of the structure in use is poor, lacks quality, and is unable to provide children, their… [read more]

Startsups and Smes in Thailand Dissertation

Dissertation  |  55 pages (15,471 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 65


Business Development of Start-Ups and SMEs with the use of Technological Advancement in Thailand

Factors affecting business success of small and medium enterprises (SMEs)

Definitions of key terms

Factors affecting business success of SMEs

Virtual and augmented Reality impact on SMEs

Challenges Faced by SMEs in a Virtual World

Selected research method

Scientific approach

This study aims to investigate both… [read more]

Personal Admissions Statement Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (611 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


0. How could this be the same student, one might ask?

The reasons are less academic than they are personal, although I do believe that I have considerably improved my work habits as a student. However, at the first school I attended, my grandmother passed away quite suddenly in the middle of my studies. My mother fell ill shortly after, suffering a severe depression for almost half a year. I wished to leave school to care for her. Well-meaning friends and family advised me to stay and finish as best as I could, but my mind was never fully occupied with my studies, only with her. I left George Brown, soured to the place as a whole because it was so full of memories of a past I would prefer to forget.

After helping my mother through the difficult process of recovering from a major depression, I have become a mature human being as well as a more appreciative student. I have cared for my mother as she cared for myself, when I was a child. Now I am ready to become a student again, but not simply to have fun once again and to forget about life 'on the outside.' Unlike many first time students, I have learned to deal with personal problems in conjunction with my studies and work.

I have overcome obstacles both personal and alone, as well as helped my family through a time of crisis. Going back to school and helping my mother recover was difficult, but my 4.0 GPA and my current resolve are evidence that I have accomplished what I set out to do when I applied to Humber College.

I hope to attend York with an eased emotional burden, but full of renewed determination and an appreciation for the life of university that I lacked as a…… [read more]

Current Trends in 3D Printing Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,496 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … Printing

While very much still in its nascent stages, 3D printing has created a whole new world of possibilities. These possibilities range from the hobbies to medical applications. However, there are still some known and very present risks when it comes to 3D printing. On the whole, however, 3D printing is almost certainly here to stay and the… [read more]

Analyzing the Brics Situation Case Study

Case Study  |  5 pages (1,552 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


BRICS nations are made up of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The nations have become increasingly significant in international business for the reason that they are not only the fastest growing markets but also the biggest emerging markets. These nations, in the next two decades or so are considered to be the ones that will have the most… [read more]

Market Analysis of Entercard SWOT

SWOT  |  5 pages (1,950 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Swot

EnterCard is a finance company operating in Norway, Sweden and Denmark. The core product are credit cards, with consumer loans being offered in Norway, retail instalment payment plans in Sweden, and check the credit in Denmark (EnterCard, 2016). To examine the company, a SWOT analysis will be performed, as well as consideration of the company's corporate citizenship,… [read more]

Fiorina S Changes at HP Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,256 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Change effort that Fiorina implemented was only somewhat effective. Her change effort was ambitious, as she was described as wanting to change the entire company at once, rather than build the change incrementally. Thus, there were some initiatives such as the Compaq acquisition that backfired on the company, while other initiatives met with more success.

In the context of the steps of change, there were a few steps that Fiorina skipped. She essentially came to the company as someone who could bring about change, but neglected the first step, which was to create urgency. She had urgency because she had something to prove, but HP had been a successful company for a long time and had a strong culture that had contributed to that success. Most within the company accepted that maybe it had stagnated a little, but there was no meaningful appetite for change -- senior management lacked a sense of urgency and Fiorina did not cultivate it.

As an outsider both to the firm and to the industry, Fiorina never really set about doing a proper organizational diagnosis. She simply began instituting change for its own sake, and that move engendered hostility among most of the company's long-time employees. It would have been her personality to gather data to support the change initiatives, but she mistakenly believed that HP executives would be fully on board, when in fact she had not sold the change to them much at all. HP's cultural had encouraged collaboration, and Fiorina was not interested as much in honoring that part of the company's culture.

There were issues with respect to the team that was going to implement the changes. At the time, after the Compaq acquisition, the company was fractured, and going through an acrimonious court battle. David Hewlett, son of one of the firm's founders, was positioned against Fiorina and the Board. This left employees choosing sides, and many were loyal to Hewlett, who they saw as more of the person who understood the company, as an insider.

There were other change implementation issues as well. The vision was never really communicated. At no point was it clearly elaborated, for example, why they needed to buy Compaq. But it was more than just Compaq. When Fiorina was hired, she restructured the organization. There had been 80 autonomous units, and now there were basically two front end and two back end organizations. This meant that a lot of leaders within the company lost their autonomy. There was some sound business logic to this move, but it gutted entrepreneurial spirit at the company. Furthermore, it put a lot of people's careers at risk, which naturally caused pushback. Again, it came down to creating a sense of urgency and shared vision. Clearly, Fiorina felt that pulling the band-aid off quickly was the best approach. These practical realities, however, counteracted the work she was doing by traveling around the company selling her vision -- it was ultimately only her vision, and not that of anybody else… [read more]

Laws About Llcs in North Carolina Business Plan

Business Plan  |  7 pages (2,351 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Forming a Limited Liability Company in North Carolina

What industry are you doing business in?

This company competes in the service industry as a private protective service.

What state are you doing business in?

North Carolina

What is your business name?

"Professional Private Protective Services, LLC."

List in detail exactly & specifically what your company does

Generally, companies competing in… [read more]

Working at a Hotel Chapter Writing

Chapter Writing  |  7 pages (1,761 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Internship Report in Shangri-La Hotel, Changchun

Brief description of the job 1

The training received

Tasks actually performed and job skills developed on the job 3

Internal customer profile

External customer profile

Actual experience in relation to the expectations

Positive contribution made during the experience


Brief description of the job

Shangri-La Hotel, Changchun is a five star hotel and… [read more]

Analyzing Firm Selection Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,349 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Firm Selection and Background

The two publicly listed company selected are Apple Inc. and Samsung Electronics. These two companies compete and are the biggest players in the mobile phone industry. In particular, these two firms are major competitors in the mobile market, possessing the greatest market share and presenting the most pioneering products in the mobile industry. The purpose of this paper will be to analyze and discuss the internal environment and external environment of each of the two companies, Apple Inc. and Samsung Electronics.

Analysis of External Environment

The economy

The American economy has been on an upturn, recovering from the financial crisis and has not adversely influenced the financial performances of the two companies. However, both Samsung and Apple are experiencing the adverse effects of market saturation as well as the slump in the Chinese economy. As a result, projections indicate that Apple will possibly encounter its first sales decrease in over 12 years. At the same time, Samsung is still experiencing stringent competition from low-cost brands in China that have continuously decreased the profit margins of the firm and also eroded its market share. This problem is accentuated with the recent economic depression in China (Iglauer, 2016).

The industry in which the firms operate

Apple Inc. and Samsung fiercely contend in the mobile industry. In particular, the mobile market is currently a two-horse race, with regard to profitability shared between these two companies, as they command an unnaturally large share of the profits the industry makes. Such a scenario becomes possible because its rivals are in fact losing money in the smartphone business (Hughes, 2013). For instance, in the 2014 fiscal year, Apple took home 56% of the profits whereas Samsung took 53% (Hughes, 2013).

Major markets

Apple Inc.'s two major markets are North America and South America, with the two regions accounting for more than 35% of the total revenue generated by the company. Trailing these two expanses is Europe, which constitutes for just over 20% of the revenue sales. Lastly, there is China, which is a growing market for Apple, as it constitutes about 17% of its total sales (Mattera, 2015). On the other hand, Samsung's major markets include the Asia-Pacific region together with Africa and Europe. These two companies are constantly battling for market share in regions where they overlap. However, in terms of sales, Samsung still boasts of having the most revenue.

Major competitors

Apple Inc. has several competitors in the industries. However, the major competitors can be categorized into differentiation, technologies and range of products. Google is Apple's competitor in several areas. It offers Google Drive, which is in direct competition with Apple's own iCloud, in the cloud service field. Google is a parent company to Motorola, which revealed its android- based smartphone which would compete against the iPhone. Google has already beaten Apple on innovative, wearable tech products, by offering Google Glass. In the segment of PC's and laptops, Apple's main competitor is HP. It is the world's largest provider of… [read more]

Transforming a Contractual Recall Obligation Into a Profit Center Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (2,115 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Transforming a Contractual Recall Obligation Into a Profit Center

The field of operations management is primarily focused on transforming various types of inputs into outputs through the use of physical resources in order to produce the desired outcomes for purchase by customers while still satisfying the other organizational objectives of enterprises such as efficiency, effectiveness, and flexibility (Kumar and Suresh… [read more]

Effects of Employees Managers Interaction on Employees Attitude Towards Their Company Thesis

Thesis  |  12 pages (6,950 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 8


¶ … Employees'-Managers Interaction on Employees Attitude towards their Company

In the contemporary turbulent business environment, executive managers are very critical for the success of an organization. (Florescu, Stela, & Marian, 2014). A quality of a manager is to have a strong interpersonal relationship to enhance effective interactions with subordinates. An effective communication between managers and employees is critical for… [read more]

Problem of Domestic Violence in American Athletes a Marketing Perspective Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (3,226 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


Domestic Violence and Marketing in American Sports Leagues

In 2014 Ray Rice, an NFL player, was given an indefinite suspension and released from his contract with the Baltimore Ravens (Bien, 2014). With the event starting in February of that year, and the suspension only occurring in September, the long delay provided a significant level of fuel for the media, and… [read more]

Analyzing Ltl Company Business Plan Research Paper

Research Paper  |  25 pages (6,169 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Living the Lingo

Company Profile Summary

Market Research Summary

Marketing Summary

Finance Summary

Company Profile

Business Overview

Living the Lingo

Living the Lingo defines itself as a social enterprise and consequently claim to pursue a goal which contributes to the betterment of the society.

The project emanated from the observation of the latent disconnect slowly percolating in all spheres of… [read more]

International Business and Ethics Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (1,551 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Business Ethics -- Movie Commentaries


"Inequality for All"

The Plot

Documentary by Robert Reich, a political commentator who served in three presidential administrations: Gerald Ford's; James Carter's; and William Clinton's as the U.S. Secretary of Labor. Reich and director Jacob Kornbluth's 2013 documentary discusses the dangerous accumulation of U.S. wealth in the richest sector… [read more]

Analyzing Understanding Business Drivers and Improving Business Forecasts Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (590 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Business Drivers and Improving Business Forecasts

Understanding Business Drivers and Improving Business Forecasts

WidgeCorp is making consideration to branch out into cold beverages. The following paper encompasses deriving a regression model to predict monthly sales involving cold drinks for the subsequent fiscal year. In order to forecast the result, a simple linear regression has an explanatory variable and a response variable (Harrell, 2015). In particular, a regression model is calculated through the following equation:

y = ?0 + ?1x + ?

where: y is the response variable

is the y intercept slope

is the slope coefficient x is the explanatory variable is the random error term

However, this particular case will employ a multiple-linear regression model. In particular, a multiple-linear regression makes use of one response and numerous explanatory variables to forecast the result, tries to discover a mathematical correlation, and thereafter displays the relationship as a straight line that best estimates all the data points (Seber and Lee, 2012). The equation for multiple-linear regression is as follows:

y = ?0 + ?1X1 + ?2X2 + .... kXk + ?

where: y is the response variable

0 is the y intercept slope

1 and ?2 are partial slope coefficients

X1 and X2 are explanatory variables is the random error term

With regard to WidgeCorp making a forecast for cold beverage sales for the following year for every month, the regression model being considered will consist of the following variables:

1. Sales Price for the new beverages. This will function as x, the explanatory variable.

2. Sales for the cold beverages made by rival companies. This will function as y, the response variable.

3. Distinctive product line unveiled into the market. This will function as an explanatory variable as well.

4. Sales of the new beverage.…… [read more]

Profile of Lyft Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,228 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Lyft is an app that facilitates peer-to-peer ridesharing. It is a direct competitor to the much bigger Uber, and also to taxis, with whom both of the companies compete. Lyft makes its money as a facilitator, therefore, an intermediary between people who have cars and people who need a ride. Lyft was founded in 2012 in San Francisco as the idea of car ride-sharing became more popular. It is now in 200 cities. The main service is its app, and it enhances the value of this with the different deals that is has made with a variety of strategic partners.

The industry in general if favorable. Uber and Lyft have similar structures and business models. They are, however, the leading edge of a disruptive technology to the taxi industry. The competitive environment is challenging because there is basically a duopoly among the apps and Lyft is the smaller one, but also because there has been intense pushback from the taxi industry over both of these companies. This has created some issues in the political environment, though for the most part regulators have not been able to eliminate Lyft from the marketplace. Lyft and Uber scored a major win this past week in the key California market, gaining them better access (Rayle & Flores, 2016). The social and technological environments are highly favorable -- Lyft provides a service that people clearly want, and the ubiquitous nature of smartphones means that Lyft is basically available to everyone. The industry is growing, and there is a lot of demand for partnerships as well, with many established businesses wanting to get involved via partnership with a company like Lyft. The industry is favorable, at least for the two largest players.

3. Lyft does not really have any competitive advantages. It has strengths and core competencies but there is nothing it does better than other players in the market. Among its strengths is that it appears to have adequate financing -- not as much as Uber, mind you -- but enough to grow the business. In January, it raised $1 billion in financing, including $500 million from GM, which will be a partner in driverless cars (Kokalitcheva, 2016). Driverless cars are expected to be a critical success factor in this industry going forward -- while taxi companies are not pursuing this, Uber and Lyft very much are. So Lyft has that as an advantage over traditional cabs, as it is basically pursuing a future duopoly in the driverless car ride-sharing business.

Lyft has a number of other important strategic partners that are going to help it to build its market share, and the brand is starting to gain some momentum as well. Lyft is a distant #2 but is still fairly well-positioned in terms of finances, leadership and branding to grow with this market, and take over from taxicabs within the next 5-10 years.

It is not known if Lyft is profitable, but assumed not. The company does not have to release its financial data.… [read more]

Some British Business Law Concepts Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (511 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Business Law -- Winding Down a Business

a) Explain if Nikhil is liable to pay Namita the £2000 that she is demanding

Nikhil is not liable to pay the £2000 because Namita accepted £3000 as payment in full of the £5000 owed if Nikhil paid that to her right away. They had an oral contract, Nikhil kept his part of the bargain by sending the £3000 and Namita took it, so the oral contract was binding.

b) Explain misrepresentation in the law of contract and discuss whether Brian has a possible claim under the Misrepresentation Act 1967

Misrepresentation in the law of contract means that a person gets someone to agree to a contract by deliberately or innocently misrepresenting something important in the contract. Brian has a possible claim under the Misrepresentation Act of 1967 because Nikhil told him that the van used to belong to the Beastie Boys and Brian paid £5000 for the van because he is a big Beastie Boys fan. Even though the contract does not mention the Beastie Boys, Brian paid the money, so the contract duties were performed by him and he should get his money back.

c) Discuss whether a valid contract has been made between Nikhil and Vicky

A valid contract was made between Nikhil and Vicky because Nikhil advertised the van for sale, Nicky called him on March 4th and got him to agree to hold the offer of selling the van for £4000 until March 7; she tried to reach him by phone, couldn't, so…… [read more]

Threat of New Entrants for Publix Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (1,134 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3



There are two critical dimensions to the threat of new entry for Publix. The threat of new entry is considered to be moderate. On one hand, there are barriers to entry to the grocery business, but these barriers are not insurmountable given enough capital. Furthermore, while a there is low risk of a new entrant starting organically, there are many established grocery companies that are not presently operating in Publix' markets that could move into those markets if they wished, and without facing significant barriers.

In the grocery business, economies of scale are important. Economies of scale are critical in purchasing and operations. Most grocery retailers are highly efficient operators, and they use economies of scale not only to ensure adequate selection of products but turnover, high service levels from supply chain partners, and to lower costs. Publix is the third-largest grocery chain in the U.S. with just over $30 billion in sales (Statista, 2015). However, the total market is $593 billion (IBIS World, 2016, which gives Publix a share of just over 5%. Kroger is the market leader among supermarket chains, but Walmart has the largest share of the U.S. grocery market. Costco and Target are other non-grocery stores that have sizeable shares of the market. These are all firms that compete on economies of scale, low cost, and high efficiency. There is basically no realistic chance for a new entrant to achieve the economies of scale needed to compete with the likes of Publix. Realistically, only a major retailer can enter the grocery market with the scale required. The biggest external threats to entering the market are Amazon (Tuttle, 2013), or foreign grocery chains from Canada, Mexico or Europe (Springer, 2015).

Economies of scale are related to capital requirements. It would take time for any new entrant to the industry to be profitable, not to mention the amount of capital needed just to open a store. For this reason, only established retailers -- as noted above -- are plausible entrants to the grocery market in the United States. When a company does start from scratch, it takes years for that company to become an important industry competitor - Whole Foods started in 1980 as took at least twenty-five years to be even remotely relevant.

For the most part, new entrants are going to face cost disadvantages. Scale is the most important factor by far in these advantages. Grocery stores not only have better bargaining power with suppliers when they have scale, but their operations are more efficient at scale as well. This is because groceries are inherently a volume business -- stores need to have a lot of SKUs and high throughput in order for them to be profitable. There are few viable small grocery stores left, and those that have been successful, like Trader Joe's or Aldi, are owned by large corporations, thus getting scale advantages on the back end. There are few if any meaningful cost disadvantages that are unrelated to scale. The moot is… [read more]

Analyzing Expansion Into Turkey Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (959 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … Turkey

You are the CEO of XYZ manufacturing company. You have decided that you would like to market your product to Turkey.

Fallon (2015) said that after entrepreneurs have successfully built and maintained a local customer base, they feel they are ready to take the next important step, international expansion. Becoming an international organization is one very impressive feat only a few businesses can achieve.

Reasons for Expanding Overseas

In the pursuit of better profits and a bigger market, XYZ Company investigated and researched thoroughly on the advantages of opening branches in oversea locations like Turkey and were found to be as follows:

Diversification - Different nations are presently at varied stages of their economic growth, and so is Turkey. This kind of an ultra competitive and mature market in this nation may still be in its emerging stage, or even not exist at all. This gives us a chance to be less dependent on our local economic conditions (Gordin, 2011).

Profit Advantage - Global business is more lucrative than the local ones. When we carried out a standard unit production cost, we discovered that the standard production cost for every unit will be at its lowest rate if the production plant is run at the highest capacity (Venkateswaran, 2012).

Fuelling Financial Growth - From our studies, we found out that small and mid-size companies were advised to think about their possible international entrance into smaller markets, in countries like Turkey. This market can be a source of terrific added income and profits to any firm that utilizes the effort and time required to carry out a study on the market and get involved in it cautiously (Gordin, 2011).

Growth Opportunities - In several countries like Turkey, both the income and population are experiencing a very fast growth. So, a number of firms are very eager to institute a foothold in this type of market, bearing in mind the future possibilities (Venkateswaran, 2012).

Mode of International Business

Venkateswaran (2012) opines that when trying to enter global markets, firms must decide on the right way to execute their businesses. The mode of business operation for the XYZ Company will rely on the Imports and Exports of Merchandize.

Venkateswaran (2012) comments that the sales generated by companies depend on two main factors: the interest of the consumer in the company's products or services and the consumer's willingness and ability to pay for such products and services. The customer base and the extent of their purchasing power are much higher for the whole world as compared to just one country. This will expand and increase sales by opening up branches abroad and reaching global business.

Minimizing Risks and Acquiring Resources

Opening up branches overseas can expose the company to a number of risks like the ones discussed below:

Logistical Risk - There may be doubts about the ability of this…… [read more]

Analysis of Media Conglomerates Fox Inc and Walt Disney Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,380 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Media Conglomerates: Walt Disney and Fox Inc.

The Walt Disney and Fox Inc. are the conglomerate companies operating in the entertainment industry, and both companies have been able to achieve the competitive market advantages using an advance in the information technology. Moreover, both companies generate the largest percentages of their revenues by collecting the affiliation fees from their… [read more]

Company Advertising and Supply Chain Management Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,562 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


XYZ Company manufactures vaporizers and e-liquids for retail distribution. Currently it uses traditional channels of distribution but to get the company's products into the hands of consumers, who are not likely to visit specialty shops or purchase off the shelf at 7-11's or Walmart, it is necessary to market the product as something that the average consumer might enjoy. Doing… [read more]

Country Analysis for Samsung S Presence in Egypt and China Assessment

Assessment  |  10 pages (3,623 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 10


Country Analysis for Samsung in Egypt and China

Market Opportunity

Country Risk

Business Environment

Political factors

Economic factors

Environmental factors

Technological factors

e-Business Readiness Rating

Samsung Electronics comprises 150 worldwide subsidiaries, which include nine regional production and sales headquarters, each in the divisions of Information Technology & Mobile Communications and Consumer Electronics, and five in its Device Solutions division. Its… [read more]

Impact of Cross Cultural Differences on Workplace Relationships Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (754 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Cross-Cultural Differences on Workplace Relationships

In many organizations, the effects of globalization have created a workplace environment that is characterized by a diverse workforce that is comprised of people from different cultures. Not surprisingly, cross-cultural differences can have an enormous positive or negative impact on workplace relationships depending on whether these differences are understood and taken into account. To help develop a better understanding concerning how cross-cultural differences can have an impact on workplace relationships, this paper reviews the relevant literature including a comparison of China and the United States using Geert Hofstede's six cultural dimensions. A summary of the research and important findings about the impact of cross-cultural differences on workplace relationships are provided in the conclusion.

Background and Overview

Today, China is a rising superpower that is well situated to take advantage of its burgeoning economic infrastructure to become the leading economic power in the world within the next few decades, or perhaps just years. Although the Chinese economy has experienced some setbacks in recent months, a number of economic reforms that have been implemented in 2014 are expected to have a positive effect in the short-term (Chinese economy, 2016). To some extent, China's relationship with the United States has been responsible for much of this economic growth, and the U.S. remains one of China's largest trading partner today (Chinese economy, 2016).

Moreover, growing numbers of Chinese expatriates are living and working in the United States for Chinese or American firms (Miao, 2011). These trends mean that it is likely that many Americans will encounter Chinese people in their workplace in some capacity, making the need for developing a better understanding of salient cross-cultural difference more important than ever. For this purpose, the six cultural dimensions developed by Geert Hofstede and his colleagues provide a useful framework in which to evaluate these cross-cultural differences and these issues are discussed further below.

Geert Hofstede's Six Cultural Dimensions

Based on his analysis of dozens of countries around the world, Hofstede originally developed five cultural dimensions (power-distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, and long-term orientation) to which a sixth (indulgence) was later added. Briefly, these six cultural dimensions are defined as set forth in Table 1 below:

Table 1

Brief definitions of Hofstede's six cultural dimensions

Dimension…… [read more]

Is Dillard S Inc Doomed Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,249 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Dillard's Inc. Key Strategic Issues

That's the Dillard's dead zone. Nothing can survive over there. -- Mike Nagel, "The Twilight of the Indoor Mall," November 10, 2014

The above epigraph is indicative of the recent downwards trends that are being experienced by Dillard's, Inc. Founded in 1938 and currently headquartered in Little Rock, Arkansas, Dillard's, Inc. competes in the retail sector marketing a line of women's and men's fashion apparel, cosmetics, and home furnishing in 272 stores (including 25 clearance centers and a commercial Web site) throughout the United States (Company profile, 2015). The company also own and operates a general contracting construction company which provides it with renovation and construction services (Company profile, 2015). Today, Dillard's is faced with some serious challenges as it seeks to develop and sustain a competitive advantage in a highly competitive marketplace, and these issues are discussed further below.

Problem Statements

Today, Dillard's (hereinafter alternatively "the company") is faced with declining sales and increased operational costs in some of its markets (Waheed, 2015). Moreover, consumer spending for fashion apparel has stagnated and even declined in recent years, creating some significant challenges for the company's executive management team (Laden, 2013). In addition, consumer preferences for fashion apparel continue to change as well (Laden, 2013). Taken together, these problems represent significant challenges for Dillard's as it seeks to maintain solvency and regain its competitive advantage over major competitors such as J. C. Penney's and Kohls.

Major firm-specific problems/issues now facing the company

According to the company's most recent quarterly report (Form 10=Q) to the Securities and Exchange Commission, the company was forthright in assessing its current status as being less than optimal. For instance, Dillard's conceded that, "The Company's third quarter performance of fiscal 2015 was disappointing, as sales were weaker than expected. During the three months ended October 31, 2015, comparable store sales decreased 4% over last year's third quarter" (Form 10-Q, 2015, p. 2). Likewise, despite consistently paying modest dividends to its stockholders, the company's declining retail sales have also affected the value of its stock. As the company's Form 10-Q points out, "Net income decreased to $45.7 million ($1.19 per share) for the current year third quarter from $55.2 million ($1.30 per share) for the prior year third quarter" (2015, p. 2).

In response to the declining sales and increased operational costs in some of its markets, the company has elected to close some stores rather than attempt to resurrect their performance. For instance, Waheed reports that, "Dillard's, the upscale department-store chain, isn't expanding as consumer spending in the U.S. remains low. Instead, the company is cutting its operating costs to earn more profit" (2015, para. 3). Some of the retail outlets that the company has shut down in recent years include its Collin Creek location in Plano, Texas, the Euclid Square Mall clearance location in Euclid, Ohio and the University Mall location in Chapel Hill, North Carolina (Waheed, 2015).

Likewise, the company has converted some of its lower-performing retail outlets into clearance… [read more]

Analyzing the Team Building Phenomenon Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (652 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Team Building

Self-directed teams are also referred to as self-managed teams, natural teams or semi-autonomous work groups (Silverman and Propst, 1996). In definition, a self-directed team is a team that consists of personnel who have multiple sets of skills and can also function or operate cross-wise and share accountabilities for undertaking a certain task, producing a certain product or rendering a particular service. There is great significance with regard to having self-managed teams. One of the key significances for self-directed teams include the endeavor to promote and attain customer satisfaction. Through using self-directed teams, consumer needs and feedback are obtained directly instead of being filtered by means of a supervisor (Silverman and Propst, 1996). The importance of this aspect is that members of the team gain the capability to make the most of this direct information to react and respond in a fitting manner to consumers, and as a result, incessantly increase their own learning and knowledge in time (Silverman and Propst, 1996). More so, the phase period or time, for making decisions related to the consumer right on the spot, is decreased. Another significance for self-directed teams within any organization the aspiration to encourage employee satisfaction. The potential of any human being has the prospect of being nurtured and applied to its utmost degree as members of the team are able to deal with additional roles and responsibilities. The autonomy that is contained within the team makes the most of all the talents, abilities, skills conceptions and experiences of all the team members (Silverman and Propst, 1996).

Another significance of self-directed teams lies in the notion that it enables organizations to become more preemptive and hands-on. In essence, it frees up individuals from the supervisor roles and responsibilities that are characteristically responsive in nature and releases them up to take part in future-oriented undertakings and tasks that inspires organizational development. There is a great level of significance in self-directed teams with regard to boosting productivity…… [read more]

Medical World and Sales Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (961 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … uncommon qualities, which enabled him enter the process with Lohmann University Hospital (LUH) and as a Mediquip representative.


Mediquip was able to position the brand of products they wished to give out or put on display quite successfully. This integrity equally contributed to the corporate credibility Mediquip got in the market, which gave Thaldorf the extra kick of business strength needed to build a new strategy for business.

He was an ardent believer in the superiority of the Mediquip scanners, which gave him the much needed confidence and the motivation required to sell their products more effectively. This single attribute has been found to have a very positive effect on any new product line (Fu F.Q et al. (2010) and equally acted as a motivator for him.

The CT technology shown by Mediquip was quite new to the market. The sales representative was therefore able to have a huge impact on the sales procedures (Mediquip Case PDF).


Every other competitor is already established within the market, which shows that major relationships have been built and sustained with the buyers.

Mediquip CT scanner is a bit more expensive when compared to the prizes of other competitors.

2) Professor Steinborn, Dr. Rufur, and Carl Hartman are all members of the unit in charge of making decisions in Lohmann Hospital (Mediquip Case PDF).

3) Professor Steinborn is in charge of the department of Radiology. He is solely responsible for the study of all types of CT scanners found in the market today, which are used for Radiology (Mediquip).

Thaldorf gives him information about the scanner. As the Radiologist and the practitioner in charge of the scanner, Steinborn is more concerned about the best way to make use of the scanner and how to ensure its smooth operation to ensure the best possible care.

Steinborn submits the opinion that all Mediquip scanners are much more sophisticated than those of their competitors and has some good reasons to be a little more expensive (Mediquip Case PDF). However, this opinion of his is not considered to be enough when his status is put into consideration. When it gets to this point, it appears as if Dr. Rufur and Hartman possess the greatest authorities.

The overall director of the hospital is Hartmann. He is saddled with the responsibility of giving approval for things like the purchase of certain medical equipment like the CT scanner. All these concerns are all with regards to the finance. At the end of it all, Hartmann is unable to differentiate between the products presented (Mediquip Case PDF). Despite the excellent reviews of Mediquip, he still considers other offers and bids from others. Rufer is solely responsible for penning down every single specification about the scanner. Though, he simply copied another person's manual. His major area of concern is the safety of the patients, which can result in liabilities…… [read more]

Evaluation of Quasi Experimental Design Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,138 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … quasi-experimental design revealing the benefits and shortcomings of the research design. The paper also investigates the reasons the quasi-experimental design are used more often than the experimental traditional design. The study reveals that the quasi-experiments are used in educational environment than other research settings.

Benefits and Shortcomings of Quasi-experiments

A quasi-experiment is the type an empirical study that researchers use to estimate the causal effect of an intervention of a target population. While a quasi-experiment shares some similarities with the traditional experimental design, however, the traditional experiment lacks elements to enhance a random assignment. On the other hand, a quasi-experimental design allows a researcher to control the assignment in order to treat condition. The quasi-experiments have some concerns with regards to the internal validity, however, participants still have the equal chance of being placed in the comparison group or intervention group. The quasi-experiment is has both advantages and disadvantages. (Goldberg, 1990).

The advantages of quasi-experiments is that they are easier to set up compared to the traditional experimental design that requires a random assignment of participants. Moreover, the quasi-experimental is able to address the threats associated to external validity because the findings can be applied to a more general population. Additionally, the quasi-experimentation method is efficient in carrying out a longitudinal research that involves a long period. Other advantages of the quasi-experimental design is that it gives a room to a manipulation. Other benefits of the quasi-experiment is that it is able to draw a stronger conclusion, and contribute to the original body of knowledge. (Ellis, & Levy, 2011).

Despite the benefits associated to the quasi-experimental research designs, nevertheless, they are several drawbacks associated to the quasi-experiments. The quasi-experiments have a challenge in achieving an internal validity despite that they may allow a study to be more feasible. Moreover, a randomization is lacking in the quasi-experimental design, thus, and it will be difficult to determine a causal relationships from the conclusion. Moreover, if a threat to the internal validity is stressed, the researcher may not able to have a total control over the extraneous variables. Other shortcoming of the quasi-experiment is its inability to establish a causal relationships between two or more variables. (Ellis, & Levy, 2011).

Fundamental Weakness of the Quasi-experimental Design

The fundamental weakness of the quasi-experimental design is that its internal validity is more inferior to randomized experimental design, this weakness does not matter because a researcher may put more weight on the external validity to offset the weakness of the quasi-experiment. (Trochim, & Donnelly, 2007).

2. Randomly Assign Participants

In an experiment associated to a random assignment, the group has the same equivalents at the beginning or at the end of the study because a random assignment assigns the same chance to a group in a quasi-experimental design to ensure that both control and experimental are equivalent. It is not possible to assume that the group is equivalent at the beginning of the study, however, it is possible to assume the equivalent of the… [read more]

Literature Review on Laser Deposition Technology Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (2,102 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Laser Deposition Technology (LDT)

Laser Deposition Technology refers to the procedure whereby a metal powder is introduced in the focused beam of a high-power laser in strongly monitored atmospheric conditions. The surface of the target material is melted by the focused laser beam and a tiny molten pool of base material is produced by the target material. Powder supplied on… [read more]

What Happened at Bhopal Case Study

Case Study  |  2 pages (713 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Fault Tree Analysis of the Bhopal Disaster

The Union Carbide factory at Bhopal was the site of the world's worst industrial accident (de Grazia, 2014). Union Carbide India was a small subsidiary of a large established multinational corporation (de Grazia, 2014). The facility was located in India due to the comparative advantages which could be leveraged, including lower labor costs, and less stringent safety and environmental regulations (Ali et al., 2012). However, the cause of the disaster was not the lower levels of safety facilitating more risky behaviour, but a series of incidences, starting with a poor safety culture that impacted negatively on the way decisions are made, and a lack of planning.

There were multiple causes associated with the disaster. The issue start with the design of the facility. Despite the presence of a report in 1972 indicating that any additional plants to be built should be the same construction standards as the plant in Virginia, the plant in Bhopal was not constructed to the same standards. Stainless steel piping was replaced with carbon steel, which would corrode more quickly (de Grazia, 2014), the number and quality of safety devices were reduced in order to save somewhere between $3 and $6 million (Ali et al., 2012). The devices which were installed lacked any automation, automated backup, and the systems were not monitored through computerised processes (de Grazia, 2014). Importantly, in Bhopal there were not even emergency procedures developed in case of an adverse incident (de Grazia, 2014). In addition, the Bhopal plant only had one gas scrubber, meaning there was no additional redundancy in case of a flaw, likewise, the problem of no redundancy was also seen with the presence of only one flare tower; the Virginia site had four vent gas scrubbers, and to flare towers (de Grazia, 2014; Ali et al., 2012). This demonstrates that the overall design of the facility, and the safety equipment was present was lacking. In the preceding years, cost-cutting exercises had been undertaken to reduce the overheads at the plant, which resulted in safety measures that were present being reduced or eliminated, such as turning off the alarms,…… [read more]

Are Csr Reports for Show Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (821 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Csr Reports


Adidas is a privately-held company based in Germany. They make an interesting study because they are privately-held. It is not known whether being German matters for having a CSR report, but the private aspect, and the fact that Adidas is a highly-visible company may factor. Adidas produces a Sustainability Report. The report contains a management discussion of its approach and some key issues, then reports on metrics for targets that the company has set for people, product, planet and partnership. Adidas has produced this report for fifteen consecutive years.

The Adidas report is necessarily because the athetlic apparel industry has come under fire on a number of occasions for sweatshop labor. Adidas not only notes its philosophy but that it has hotlines for workers to report abuses, or deviations from Adidas' supply code. The company uses much of the document to discuss workers' rights issues in its supply chain, in a number of countries. In this effort, the company hits upon a number of different aspects of the issue that the reader might not have thought of -- at the very least, Adidas is comprehensive in their efforts to produce this document. It is worth considering that the public attention paid to this industry and the fact that they sell to consumers in a competitive marketplace seems to indicate that they need such a report, even though they are privately-held.

Bank of China

The Bank of China is an interesting company to study because it is a state-owned enterprise in the PRC. It does have some minimal operations overseas, however. The report is written in Mandarin, so they are not producing this for the Western audience, and since the BoC is not traded, they are not producing this for shareholders either. The target market for this is clearly domestic, and in all likelihood would be people who deal with the bank, such as customers. But there are only so many choices in China, and the different banks specialize in terms of what commercial work they do, so there is not that much competition. While I cannot read the text, it seems that the CSR report, being voluntarily disclosed and not for Western consumption, is a genuine attempt to communicate with stakeholders.


This was an obvious choice, because Monsanto comes under as much criticism for social resopnsiblity as any company in the U.S. Their CSR report weighs in at 168 pages. It is glossy, with lots of…… [read more]

Intrapreneurship Plan for Keller Williams Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,269 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Intrapreneurship Plan

Description of Proposed Business Action as an Innovative Idea

The economy is constantly influenced by several factors. This in turn alters the forces of demand and supply. The main idea being proposed is piloting of surveys, seminars and workshops with the purpose of brainstorming and identifying the needs of the prevailing market. Once these requirements are pinpointed, a determination of how to take advantage of them will be done. Owing to the experiences of the recession, Keller Williams ought to distinguish that the present economy is different from the one during the start of the century, which was nurtured by easy access to loans and credit. That epoch ended and financial institutions are more restricting, with respect to giving out mortgage loans to consumers. Therefore, Keller Williams ought to scrutinize what can be done to assist buyers secure loans. This will encompass ascertaining approaches for decreasing debt-to-income ratios, improving credit scores, and legitimizing income constancy (Keller, 2013). It ought to also concentrate on detecting the niche market that is still purchasing, retailing and spending in real estate, and advance a stratagem to target that market.

How the Idea Will Benefit the Business in Terms of Return on Investment (ROI)

The idea being proposed will largely benefit the business in terms of return on investment. In definition, return on investment is a financial metric that fundamentally compares the amount and timing of investment gains directly with the amount and timing of expenses and outlays (Schmidt, 2009). A high return on investment is indicative of gains being more favorable, in comparison to expenses. To start with, this idea will increase the number of clients for the company. The implication of this is that it will increase the revenues of the Keller Williams. By analyzing the market, the company will also be able to understand the approaches to use in becoming cost-effective. In turn, this will decrease the expenses incurred by the organization, which increases the returns generated in the fiscal period. In addition, this will increase the market share of the company. The inference of this is that the business will enjoy an increase in its consumer base. An increase in consumer bases implies an increase in revenues from the loyal clients. More so, having a greater market share and increased consumer base implies that the constructive image of the company will spread, and therefore, improve the number of return customers. An increase in revenue increases the returns generated by the organization (Jeffery, 2004).

Plan for Idea Presentation


The vision of a company lays emphasis on the potential that is intrinsic of a company. Taking a look into the current position of the company in the market, Keller Williams has a massive potential of becoming a leading firm in the market. The main vision in mind in presenting this idea is placing Keller Williams above all of its competitors, regardless of the state of the market. Imagine Keller Williams being the top prevailing company, and unaffected by any fluctuations… [read more]

Reasons to Buy Apple I Watch SWOT

SWOT  |  2 pages (744 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Consumer Behavior: How People Make Buying Decisions

Consumer Behavior Model: Environmental Factors

Business Sustainability Trend: Environmentally, improper disposal of used or spoiled electronics is the biggest problem facing Apple i-watch. It's expensive to dispose Apple devices, especially those with lithium. This forces the Apple i-watch to rarely, discard these materials into the environment. The company has, however, put in place a strategy for the development of reusable or recyclable devices (Makos, 2015).

Energy use: The energy consumption and other accompanying effects of data centers can increase the costs of operation as the watch relies heavily on data centers and other internet platforms that require high usage of electricity. The company has been improving on the batteries, processors and other parts that radiate less heat through technological advancements (Makos, 2015).

Consumer Behavior Model: Consumer factors

Purchasing Power: The behavior of the consumer depends on his/her purchasing power. A consumer will purchase a product or a service only after a thorough assessment of his/her ability to buy with an informed decision. Therefore, better purchasing results can be achieved through consumer segmentation of their capacity to purchase the Apple i-watch products and services (Carter, 2015).

Personal Preferences: Younger generations do not like wearing watches. Therefore, the initial target market for the watches was the baby boomers (Carter, 2015).

Marketing Strategy: The more young generations would first analyze how convenient the watch is compared to a cell phone, they would realize that the device is easier to carry, and hand-grip is more enhanced than the cell phones, hence marketable. (Carter, 2015).

3. Role of Involvement in Consumer Decision-making

Because the device is costly, the consumers are always involved in deciding where it is worth to buy such an expensive item. The significant financial commitment is the center of the consumer's decision making on the purchase of the Apple i-watch (Goodwin, 2014).

4. Consumer Decision-making Process

Problem Recognition: Health-wise, the Apple i-watch can help one in knowing how much calories he is burning just by moving around. It's a cool accessory that efficiently notifies calories to the customer, besides being light and comfortable to carry than a cell phone with many external features (Higgins, 2015).

Information Search: In the world of a digital realm, Apple i-watch is…… [read more]

Analysis of iWatch and Apple Inc SWOT

SWOT  |  2 pages (747 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Apple iWatch

Creating Value for Customers

The company greatly creates value for its consumers. Apple Inc. is all about the experience of the users and the consumers. One of the strategic ways that Apple does this is through the Apple stores where the consumers are able to experience the products. For instance, to understand how the Apple iWatch functions and its features, one is able to visit the Apple stores and have such experiences. The culture of Apple Inc. and its brand are also the basic aspects that create value for the consumers. The operational strategies undertaken by the company steer the Apple brand in the direction of market-leading products and superior consumer experiences. For instance, Steve Jobs once stated, "We put ourselves in the customer's shoes and ask: 'What do we want?' ... " This shows that the company is focused and fixated on ensuring the consumer experience is the best (Phipps, 2013).

Role of the Customer in the Company's Strategic Plan

Apple's current mission statement is, "Apple designs Macs, the best personal computers in the world, along with OS X, iLife, iWork and professional software. Apple leads the digital music revolution with its iPods and iTunes online store. Apple has reinvented the mobile phone with its revolutionary iPhone and App store, and is defining the future of mobile media and computing devices, with iPad" (Rowland, 2015).

The mission statement of the company is very distinct in designating what Apple Inc. does and will do. However, the mission statement of the company is not effective in showing its commitment to having a consumer focus. The mission statement is distinct, manageable, attainable as well as realistic, but it is too narrow. Therefore, it can be seen that the mission statement could have more focus on the consumer. I would recommend it be modified by including consumer oriented aspects such as corporate social responsibility and widening its scope to show what the company offers the consumer (Rowland, 2015).

SWOT Analysis

1. Strength

Strong Market and Advertising

This is one of the strong points of Apple Inc. The implication is that irrespective of selling its products at high prices, the company's marketing is extensive and therefore compelling and resounding to the consumers to purchase products.…… [read more]

Internalization Theory in the International World Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (667 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Internalization Theory

Many find it easy to understand that the Internalization theory describes the existence and running of a multinational enterprise. Research shows that the Internalization theory puts the emphasis on inadequacies in intermediate product marketplaces. (Casson 2009). There are two main types of intermediate products which are recognized as being distinguished. One of them is called knowledge flows and the other involves development (R&D) to production. The majority of applications of the theory emphasis on knowledge flow. (Buckley 2014). However, pproprietary knowledge is easier to correct when intellectual property rights for instance trademarks and patents are feeble. Even with strong protections, companies still manage to protect their knowledge through privacy. Rather than licensing their information to independent local producers, businesses abuse it themselves in their own manufacture services. Basically, they adopt the marketplace in knowledge within the company. The theory makes the assertions that the internalization is what guides the firm to larger, more multinational enterprises, for the reason that knowledge is a public good. (Delgado-Marquez 2011)Expansion of a new technology is focused within the corporation and the knowledge then reassigned to other services. This is important to understand because a lot of hard work in the global strategic- management sphere has unluckily not taken on board internalization-theory way of thinking and lacks the perceptions provided by this comparative institutional method. With that said, this essay will examine the Internalization theory and its role in business.

History of Internalization Theory

Internalization theory was put together by Buckley and Casson. According to Buckley (2014) Internalization theory for years has been demonstrated through some multinational enterprises. It is done by the way these MNE organizes packages of activities on the inside in a way that it is able to develop and abuse firm-detailed rewards in knowledge and other types of intermediate products. The privately-operated ownership of such FSAs aids to conquer the externality of knowledge being a public good (Buckley 2014). Provided the existence of marketplace disappointment, internalization, i.e., performing activities inside the multinational…… [read more]

Why Companies Produce CSR Report Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,965 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6



All publicly-traded firms are obligated to perform financial reporting by law, and this is done according to specified standards so that there is a high level of consistency between the reports. This makes for ease of comparability between companies, even those in different industries, and this transparency reduces risk to investors. Thus, financial reporting serves the purpose of promoting… [read more]

Ski and Deli Merger Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (1,827 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 8


Dunn's Emporium -- Consultancy Report

Dunn's Opportunity

Organizational Structure of the Company

Change Management

The Environment for Change Process

The case study presented covers the merging of two separate companies that have different strategies but are also complementary to each other. In such mergers there is the potential for a certain form of synergy to develop between the two organizations.… [read more]

Analytical Decision Making Style Chapter Writing

Chapter Writing  |  4 pages (1,187 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Reasoning Style Self-Assessment

My highest ranked style is the analytical reasoning style and my lowest is the behavioral decision-making style.

I believe that the assessment results are accurate. I think of facts as being very critical to the decision-making process and am honestly very frustrated when people confuse emotions with facts. How someone feels about an issue does nothing to change the facts of the issue, and I feel that this overemphasis on emotions leads people to make the wrong decisions because they allow their feelings about an issue to color their analysis of the issue. Therefore, I completely understand why the analytical reasoning style would by my highest ranked style and the behavioral decision-making style would be my lowest ranked style.

On the other hand, I think it is important to point out something about both styles. When engaging in analytical reasoning, the fact that some people feel a certain way about an issue is a factor to be considered in an analysis. There are well-established links between human emotions and human behavior. The fact that Chevy's Nova sold so poorly in Spanish-speaking countries is a powerful testament to the impact of human emotion on sales. Nova sounds like "no van," which means "no go" in Spanish, and regardless of the car's actual benefits, it was too much of a hurdle to get people to purchase a car with that connotation. Therefore, acknowledging that people are emotional and that emotions will impact their behavior should have an impact on an analytical analysis.

3. Three advantages of the analytical reasoning decision-making style are that: (1) it is objective, allowing people to make decisions without being influenced by emotions; (2) it is enduring, because facts are less impacted by fads than feelings are; and (3) it enables a person to be a trailblazer because an analytical reasoning decision-maker can be confident in decisions even if they are not supported by others in similar situations.

The disadvantages of the analytical reasoning decision making style are more difficult to describe, because I am naturally so led to the analytical model. The first disadvantage would probably be that, while it is possible to make decisions without any emotional input using this approach, it is not probable. No matter how logical a human being is, emotions are going to influence their approach to an issue. Therefore, a person might subconsciously seek out the facts and figures that supports a particular approach to an issue. As a result, a person with an analytical decision-making style who comes to an issue with some type of bias must be extraordinarily careful to examine all facets of a problem before coming to an answer. The second disadvantage of the analytical-decision making model is that it might not reflect state-of-the-art technology and innovation. Because the style relies heavily on facts and figures, it may focus on research on existing technology and not be great for innovation, since it is impossible to gather real data on future innovations. The third disadvantage… [read more]

Industry and Restaurant Trends 2015 Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (1,131 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Changing Trends in Restaurant Industry / Restaurant Trends, 2015

Trends Evaluation (Upcoming and Current) 3 Food


Nutrition 4 Equipment


New Services

New Methods for Training Employees

Impacts of these Trends

The backbone of the hospitality industry is the customer service and all segments of the industry share this concept. Restaurant industry reigns supreme in the hospitality industry. It remains the biggest element of the hospitality industry and can come in several forms like fast-food eateries, high-end restaurants, catering outfits, and several others (Reynolds, 2015). In the words of John Walker, the largest and fastest growing industry is the hospitality industry, and its main focus is on the delivery of products and services. Guest and customer impressions are always considered most critical for the restaurant industry as well (Walker, 2013).

Trend Evaluation (Upcoming and Current)


Poutine, a Canadian import, comes in its purest form, gravy, cheese curds, chips (which are very important comfort foods). Burgers have remained in focus as well, but the most recent reinvention offers much more than just the beef and adds other ingredients such as lobster, duck, scallops, squid and pork belly. Cepelinai, is one traditional delicacy, and is said to mean zeppelin, a name that came from its shape. Another popular food includes waffles dipped in caramel sauce largely laden with sweetness and richness from eggs, some milk and a combination of delicious and colorful dried fruit (Nice, 2015). Locally sourced produce includes the first two: seafood and meats. Mediterranean and Italian are some foods that are most likely to make an impact this year (Wolf, 2015). Natural nutrients and food processed minimally are also growing in demand (NRA, 2015b).


Foodie apps offering some incorporated loyalty programs include Level Up, Belly, Perka and Loyal Blocks. Geo-targeted ad options are offered by online advertising services, from Facebook and Twitter to Google AdWords. These app employ marketing strategies that instigate customers to celebrate success using the email newsletter and share special discount offers or talk about new menu items. Marketing strategies employed by social media has remained a force to be reckoned with in the world today. Blogs give you the chance to experiment with the personality and voice of your restaurant and keep your customers engaged. In today's internet-based business environment, the rule of the game is ease of use. Internet savvy-merchants enjoy taking advantage of most online delivery services that keep the ordering process streamlined (Marrs, 2015).


Most consumers request for low-fat and vegan food options without allergens. Food products made from wheat gluten and tofu such as lean beef breakfast options, meatless items, child-friendly foods are all trendy (NRA, 2015a).


Some of the most efficient equipments in the restaurant industry include: deep fryers that come with a cover known as FryerGate that provides a kind of barrier between the fryer cook and the hot oil; Heineken developed BrewLock for the provision of freshly-brewed beer in a format that is very easy to install. It occupies less space and does… [read more]

Differences Between Growth and Startup Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,251 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Entrepreneurship: Startup vs. Growth


In numerous occasions, the term startup has been employed wrongly by being associated to young ventures and huge tech business. In trying to describe it, Osorio (2015) stated that startup could be defined as the process and practice of planning, organizing, operating and also assuming the risks of a business venture. A startup business is an idea, which is taken up and thereafter made real by bringing it into existence. Robehmed (2013) considers a startup to be a company or a business constantly working towards solving an issue or problem where such a solution is not obvious and more so where success is not really assured (Robehmed, 2013).

What is more, numerous initiators and originators would also be against the idea that acquisition contradicts startup status. Even though the terms of acquisitions are different and vary, a startup that is acquired becomes or grows to become part of a greater business and essentially an independent entity (Robehmed, 2013). In essence, for a startup to come about there has to be recognition of an opportunity or prospect and action done in effect of it. The need that is to be fulfilled or satisfied ought to be investigated and a plan has to be developed. Lastly, the resources that are required have to be determined, acquired and managed thereafter (Osorio, 2015).


The context or structure encompassing the growth of business is centered on the fact that all of these businesses experience and go through similar problems that come about at similar phases in their development. Understanding and gaining knowledge of this conception permits the owner of the business to gain important and valuable insights (Chruchill and Lewis, 1983).

There are five stages of growth, enumerated as existence, survival, success, take-off, and lastly resource maturity. Each aforementioned phase is categorized by a dissimilar incentive to growth and susceptible by a dissimilar challenge. As a business progresses or advances through every stage, it is imperative for the business owner to be cognizant of the appropriate time to relinquish control and when to delegate duties and responsibilities (Chruchill and Lewis, 1983).

The first stage of growth is existence and it encompasses the stage of business gaining consumers. This is the starting phase of the business as it begins to evolve. Any business cannot be said to exist if it does not have consumers to serve or render products or services to. The main aspects taken into consideration here is whether the company can attain sufficient consumers, be able to deliver its products and products efficiently and smoothly in order to become a business that is viable (Chruchill and Lewis, 1983).

It encompasses whether the business is able to expand its production to attain greater sales base. In a number of instances, some business owners are not able to cope with the different demands such as finances and end up quitting. The businesses that are able to cross the first stage successfully are stage two enterprises. The second phase of… [read more]

Overview and Strategy American Airlines Case Study

Case Study  |  8 pages (2,623 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


American Airlines is one of the largest airlines in the United States. The airline filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 2011, and emerged from this two years later. The Chapter 11 was brought about by a combination of difficult industry conditions and by legacy expenses relating to employee pension plans. The industry conditions have improved significantly in the past… [read more]

Risk Avoidance and the Pharmacutical Industry Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (729 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Risk Avoidance Plan:

IP, intellectual property development and limitation, and product liability

For a company such as World-Wide which is dependent on unique ideas to thrive, protecting its intellectual property concerns is essential. Although trademarks and branding are less critical for pharmaceuticals and medical devices from a marketing standpoint, there is always a risk of counterfeiting, particularly in the developing world, as well as questions of other manufacturers capitalizing upon its research and development to generate innovative products (Meiners, Ringleb, & Edwards, 2015, p. 241). For drug manufacturers that have a limited patent on new drugs, it is critical to make a profit as long as possible before other companies are allowed to produce generic versions. Intellectual property also is linked to product liability concerns given that counterfeit products are often dangerous; they are often produced with inferior ingredients or parts to make them less expensive. "Guidelines are necessary for all types of IP within an organization. A full leadership team must be aware of and promote these policies, procedures and records. There should also be systems in place for managing IP with employees and among third-party supply chain companies," and the IP team should be constantly monitoring all potential areas of security 'leakage' along the supply chain spanning from computer systems which store critical data; to the construction of contracts; to employees and third party organizations with which World-Wide does business (Pressman 2013).

A pharmaceutical and medical technology company can only remain competitive through the constant cultivation of new products. "Over the last three years major pharmaceutical companies have lost tens of billions of dollars to smaller companies for one primary reason: the patent cliff -- a series of patent expirations of important prescription drugs" (Ahmed 2014). Careful planning is required to ensure that World-Wide does not have a series of patent expirations without a subsequent rise in new, unique brand-name drugs. This requires careful planning, foresight, and constant targeted research and development. "Innovation in drug discovery over the last decade has been considerably slower than before, and the necessity for a differentiable drug is imperative for sustained success among large pharmaceutical companies ... There will be a greater need to create a…… [read more]

Tuition Discounting Thesis

Thesis  |  4 pages (1,293 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


Tuition discounting is a phenomena associated with institutional competition, to a large degree and as in varied, flexible ways institutions use tuition discounting to attempt to fulfill certain goals of the competitive higher education market. The phenomena is multi-faceted in both intention and results as institutions attempt to compete for enrollment goals including academic achievement as well as diversity and overall institutional prestige. (Davis, 2003, Corey, 2005 & Redd, 2000) Different institutions use different goals and tuition discounting plans and strategies to meet the many goals of the institution, some of which are contradictory, i.e. institutional profit or growth and improved access for those unable or unwilling to pay increasing tuition rates. (Redd, 2000)

For the most part the form of tuition discounting plans is one where internal resources are used (or forgone) to supplement tuition and other costs associated with attending college. Current research indicates that tuition discounting plans do not always meet intrinsic or extrinsic goals of the institution, and some even continue to operate such plans even when they mean the institution will be operating at a revenue loss.

Under tuition discounting plans, colleges use their institutional grants to reduce the tuition and fee charges students would otherwise be unable or unwilling to pay to attend particular higher education institutions. The discounts may be funded by tuition and fee revenue (the collective amounts of tuition and fees students and their families pay to attend postsecondary education institutions), donations from alumni or other private sources, and earnings from endowments. Discounts also may be unfunded tuition waivers, with which colleges and universities simply forgo all or part of the total tuition and fee charge that students otherwise would have had to pay to attend their institutions (Allen 1999). (Redd, 2000, p. 5)

According to Redd, the reasons for tuition discounting and its increase across both private and public institutions are many, but all have to do intrinsically with overall increases in tuition, across the board and the limitations and/or failures of strategies that individuals and institutions use to pay for such increases. (2000, pp. 3-5) This idea is supported by Corey, who points out that institutional, government and individual strategies for achievement in higher education attainment (and how it's paid for) have not met the increases that have been seen in broad tuition rates or the overall costs of attending college. (2005, p. 2) The competing and often conflicting intentions of institutional demands are well describes by Davis who states that;

The press to accomplish four objectives simultaneously -- increase revenue, reduce expenses, improve quality, enhance reputation -- leads institutions to attempt an array of proven and unproven management techniques and approaches. By so doing, colleges hope to reconcile these competing and often conflicting demands. (2003, p. 1)

The demands to meet all these goals often lead institutions to tuition discounting, for the various goals of the institution, yet do not always accomplish everything that the institutions hope to accomplish by doing so. Market inflation to some degree is… [read more]

Marketing Plan Caninantics Company Overview & Market Research Marketing Plan

Marketing Plan  |  3 pages (1,061 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Marketing Plan: Caninantics Company Overview & Market Research

Overview of Company

The start-up firm, Caninantics, has come up with a revolutionary product -- a pet food dispensing machine that opens dog food cans, dumps their contents into the animal's bowl, and disposes of the can. Caninantics wishes to begin marketing this new pet-related accessory and, somewhere towards the year's close, expand its offering to include other doggy accessories. Its marketing approach endeavors to attract a larger share of the canine product market. Caninantics' focus has been designing products that meet the demands of the neglected economic niche. A number of individuals have been unable to discern market needs when it comes to canned pet food-related help, and hence, Caninantics aims to offer the required assistance. This new product being launched by the company will ensure efficient operations by canine owners. They no longer need to directly hand out food to their dogs -- they can conveniently depend on this mechanism for performing this function.

Market Research Strategies

i. Primary and Secondary Strategies

The specific purpose of primary data collection is tackling the issue in question. The decision-making party, an extension researcher, a marketing organization or a university performs this activity. Unlike data from secondary sources, one cannot find primary data anywhere else. Key primary data collection modes are focus groups, in-depth interviewing, experiments (e.g. taste tests) and surveys (Lev, Brewer & Stephenson, 2004).

The term, secondary data, is used to denote already-collected information, which can be availed in electronic or paper form. Gatherers, analysts and organizers of secondary data typically do so bearing a fixed purpose in their mind, which means that the information might have limited applicability to certain market researches. But secondary data also has its advantages, which include time and cost savings. Data published by governmental agencies is available for free, and easily, whereas that gathered, analyzed and compiled by private parties might sometimes not be available for use without permission. Secondary data may be obtained in corporate reports, Extension publications, newspaper articles, and governmental agency reports (e.g., U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) and Economic Research Service (ERS)) (Lev et al., 2004).


This is probably the most widely utilized primary data gathering mode. Various survey collection approaches exist, which include telephone surveys, direct one-on-one interviews, mail surveys, dot surveys, and Internet surveys. More informal survey collection methods include informal interviews and observation. Choice of survey collection technique depends on a number of factors, such as number of participants needed, time constraints, budget, and study population characteristics (Lev et al., 2004). One imperative point to bear in mind is that, with each of the above data collection techniques, acquired data will be hypothetical. In other words, participants may claim they look for particular product characteristics or are ready to purchase a product for a given price; this doesn't necessarily mean they will, in reality, actually purchase an item with those features or agree to pay the price cited.

ii. The Outside-in Approach

This strategy… [read more]

Analyzing and Making the Amazon Kindle Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (667 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Amazon Kindle --

Making the Amazon Kindle

Hill (2014) is of the opinion that Amazon's Kindle was invented as a magical combination of high functionality, economy, design elegance, and high reliability. The company's focus was aggressively reducing Kindle prices to ensure it functions as a home digital library and enjoys a competitive advantage.

The Criteria and Manufacture of the Kindle

Therefore, Amazon came up with its Kindle design in a Californian laboratory, where substantial R&D expertise is found. Cambridge-based (Massachusetts) firm, E-Ink designed and manufactured a key Kindle element-- its "ink" (i.e., minuscule microcapsule beads employed as part of its display). But the majority of its manufacturing is contracted out to Asian manufacturers. Its costliest single constituent -- the display -- took approximately $60 to manufacture. No American manufacturer possessed the expertise necessary to create an electrophoretic bi-stable display capable of showing images even while not consuming battery power. Eventually, the company outsourced this part of the project (i.e., manufacturing the display) to Prime View International, a reliable and efficient Taiwanese company with significant expertise in manufacturing LCDs. The next costliest constituent is its $40 wireless card, which enables the devise to wirelessly connect to the digital bookstore of Amazon. South Korean company, Novatel Wireless, renowned for its expertise in the manufacture of wireless cellphone chipsets, manufactures this part. The card incorporates a Qualcomm (San Diego)-designed, Asian-manufactured chip that costs thirteen dollars. The Kindle's brain is a microprocessor chip (cost of production $8.64), designed by Freescale Semiconductor, a Texas-based company that outsources chip manufacturing to Chinese and Taiwanese foundries. Its $7.50 Li polymer battery, another important component, is manufactured by a Chinese company (Hill, 2014). The criteria adopted in the Kindle's design and creation proved useful, enabling Amazon to create a popular, efficient and effective product.

The Decline of American Competitiveness

As per Hill's (2014) estimations, the total production cost of the Kindle is roughly $185; U.S.-based activities make up 40-50 dollars (i.e., E Ink, Freescale, and Qualcomm activities), while the remainder is…… [read more]

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